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Selkirk Rex Cat Breed: Origin, Features, and Pompous Albert

Linda Crampton is a former biology teacher, a writer, and a long-time pet owner. She has or has had dogs, cats, and birds in her family.

A long-haired Selkirk Rex at a cat show in Helsinki

A long-haired Selkirk Rex at a cat show in Helsinki

The Selkirk Rex and Albert the Sheep Cat

The Selkirk Rex cat has a curly and interesting coat that often looks as though it needs a good brush. Representatives of the breed are typically friendly and even cuddly cats. They are generally calm animals that are playful without being hyperactive. Their unique coats and pleasant personality make the cats attractive as both pets and show cats.

Pompous Albert was a Selkirk Rex cat with an unusual feature. He was light grey in colour and had the curly hair of his breed, which is why he was sometimes known as a sheep cat. He also had an almost permanent scowl on his face and looked very angry. His untidy grey hair reminded his owners of Albert Einstein, so they named him after the famous scientist. Pompous Albert was an Instagram star and had 307,000 followers (including me). Unfortunately, he died in late March, 2022. His death is said to have been sudden and painless.

Origin of the Selkirk Rex Cat

The Selkirk Rex breed arose from a kitten born in a Montana animal shelter in 1987. The kitten had curly hair. She was adopted by Jeri Newman, a lady who bred Persian cats. The adopted cat was given the interesting name of "Miss DePesto of Noface", or Pest for short, because she was always pestering for attention.

Pest was the only kitten in her litter who had curly hair. Her mother also had straight hair. Since the identity of her father was a mystery, it was unknown whether he had straight or curly hair. Still, Jeri suspected that a new rex mutation had arisen in the curly kitten. A mutation is a change in a gene. Rex mutations produce curly hair in animals.

When Pest reached adulthood, she and Jeri's black Persian male (PhotoFinish of Deekay) were mated. Three of the six kittens that were produced had curly hair like their mother. The existence of the Selkirk Rex gene had been confirmed. Most sources say that the breed of cats with the mutation is known as a "Selkirk" Rex after the family name of Jeri's stepfather.

In a very rapid progression of events after the breed's first appearance, TICA (The International Cat Association) accepted the Selkirk Rex as a new breed in 1990 and declared that it was eligible for competition in 1994.

Physical Appearance

The Selkirk Rex is a medium to large cat with a soft coat. The breed has a stocky and muscular body with big bones and large paws. The face often looks rounded and frequently appears to have large cheeks. The cat’s coat has a wide variety of colours and patterns. The hair may be long or short.

The curls are more obvious in the cats with long hair. The short-haired varieties have a plush coat. The long-haired varieties typically have an untidy appearance. TICA likens the short-haired cats to teddy bears and the long-haired ones to sheep. In both forms of the breed, the curls or waves are loose and appear to be arranged in random clumps instead of in an orderly and regular fashion.

The hairs come from hair follicles in the skin. In humans, one follicle produces one hair. In cats (in general), a single follicle produces multiple hairs of different types: the down, awn, and guard hairs. Due to their different lengths, the down hairs appear to form an inner layer, the awn hairs a middle layer, and the guard hairs an outer one.

All three hair types in the coat of a Selkirk Rex—down, awn, and guard hairs—curl. The breed’s whiskers are also curly. While the overall impression of the cat is that it has a curly coat, the curl is stronger in some parts of the body than others.

A sheep cat (aka a Selkirk Rex)

A sheep cat (aka a Selkirk Rex)

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Personality of a Selkirk Rex

The cats are often said to be sweet, affectionate, and easygoing in nature. Although they are usually calm animals, this doesn't mean that they are passive. They are curious about what is happening around them and like to explore their surroundings.

The breed is tolerant and generally gets on well with children and dogs. Of course, as in any other cat breed, these relationships depend on the cat being treated gently by the children and dogs. There is a limit to any cat's tolerance.

Genes, Alleles, and the Rex Characteristic


The gene for a particular characteristic comes in different varieties that are technically known as alleles. For example, one allele of a gene that controls hair appearance causes a cat to have curly (rex) hair while the other causes it to have straight hair.

Dominant and Recessive Alleles

Alleles may be dominant or recessive. Dominant alleles are active even when a recessive allele is present. Recessive alleles are active only when no dominant allele is present. In the Selkirk Rex, the allele for curly hair is dominant while the allele for straight hair is recessive.

Homozygous and Heterozygous Cats

If a Selkirk Rex cat has two dominant alleles for the rex feature, it's said to be homozygous. If it has one dominant allele for the rex feature and one recessive allele for straight hair, it's said to be heterozygous. In both of these conditions, the cat will have curly hair. A cat with two recessive alleles for straight hair won't have the rex feature.

Owners can order a DNA test from a cheek and gum swab of their Selkirk Rex to determine whether it's homozygous or heterozygous. Although it might seem that being homozygous is the better condition, heterozygous cats have some desirable body features compared to homozygous ones. This observation is due to the fact that genes and alleles don't work in isolation in the body and can indirectly produce unexpected effects.

Inheritance of the Rex Characteristic

Each egg or sperm cell is given only one allele for hair appearance. When an egg and sperm join to make the first cell of the new kitten, that cell and the ones that it produces to make the kitten's body will have two alleles for hair appearance.

If either the egg or the sperm that make a kitten contain the rex allele—or if they both do—the kitten will have curly hair. If the egg and sperm cells both contain the recessive allele for hair appearance, the kitten will have straight hair.

Rejected show cat, but I'll show them.

— Pompous Albert's Instagram profile

Pompous Albert the Sheep Cat

Pompous Albert was from Salt Lake City in Utah and was owned by Mike and Susan Singleton. It used to confuse me that Albert's posts often referred to a human named Ned, but in his last post he revealed that "Mike aka Ned" were the same person.

Albert spent his weekdays as an office cat at his family's business and was also a family pet. An article by Sage Singleton (referenced below) indicates that he had some commercial success in addition to being a social media star. Sage was one of Albert's human "sisters".

It often seems to me that Selkirk Rex cats have a sad and serious expression on their faces, despite their genial personality. Pompous Albert's expression went a step further, however. The photo of him in the video screen below shows his typical expression.

At times, Albert opened his eyes wide as though he was surprised by something, but generally his eyes glowered, apparently very suspiciously. For some people, his expression had a suggestion of evil. His owners reported that he had the intimidating habit of glaring in apparent anger at someone without moving. In reality, Albert had the typically pleasant personality of a Selkirk Rex. Some of his behaviour is shown in the video.

Pompous Albert on Instagram

Pompous Albert's fame was due not only to his expression but also to the humorous, creative, and often sarcastic captions created by whoever posted his photos and videos on Instagram. The captions were written as quotes from Albert and matched his expression very well.

Albert occasionally made a serious comment about an important real-life issue, which was nice to see. He had feline companions, who made an appearance in some of his posts. Sometimes his followers were invited to add a caption to his posts. The contributions were often amusing and witty. Occasionally, the posts were about Pompous Albert merchandise. The people who ran the account were careful to keep these posts infrequent.

I last updated this article shortly after Albert's death and don't know what will happen to his Instagram account. Viewing the photos and videos on the account while it exists is entertaining, despite Pompous Albert's sad death, and the activity enables people to learn more about the Selkirk Rex breed.

Buying or Adopting a Selkirk Rex Cat

If you decide to bring a Selkirk Rex into your family, do some research to make sure that you visit a reputable breeder. Also investigate the health background of a kitten's parents and grandparents. The breeder should be able to offer advice about feeding and other aspects of cat care. The breeder and the cat's veterinarian can both be valuable sources of information.

Before you actually buy a Selkirk Rex, I urge you to check with your local animal shelter. It's possible—though not very likely—that you'll find a representative of the breed there. Even if you don't discover a Selkirk Rex who has lost his or her home, you may find a cat that attracts you. The cat will almost certainly appreciate being adopted.

If the plan is practical for you, you could buy a purebred cat such as a Selkirk Rex and also bring an adopted or rescued cat into your home. My family contains two purebred cats and one rescued cat (as well as other pets). They are all wonderful additions to the family.


  • Information about the Selkirk Rex from Vetstreet
  • Selkirk Rex breed profile from the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA)
  • Facts about the Selkirk Rex breed from TICA
  • "My Parents' Cat Is Richer and More Famous Than Me" by Sage Singleton (in reference to Pompous Albert) from Apartment Therapy

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2016 Linda Crampton


Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 03, 2020:

Hi, Liza. The breed does have an unusual appearance. I think cats are lovely animals, even the feisty ones! Thanks for the comment.

Liza from USA on July 03, 2020:

Omg. The cat has a funny and unusual look but, still cute! I don't think I'm aware of this breeding, Linda. My husband and I have a Russian Blue. My husband adopted him when he was a little baby kitten from the Animal Humane Society. Cats are very playful but, sometimes they can be feisty.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on November 21, 2016:

Thank you very much, Linda. I think the cat is cute, too! It belongs to an interesting breed.

Linda Rogers from Minnesota on November 21, 2016:

Hi Linda-That cat is so funny looking, it's cute. Thanks for the great information on this unique breed of cat.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on August 23, 2016:

Thanks for the comment, vespawoolf. It is an unusual breed of cat, but I think that it's a nice one, too.

Vespa Woolf from Peru, South America on August 23, 2016:

What an unusual cat! I appreciate that they have a long lifespan and their serious expression is comical. I thought this article was pretty technical with the genetic information. Well-written. Thank you!

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on June 06, 2016:

Hi, Rachel. I agree - the Selkirk Rex is beautiful! I hope your daughter and granddaughter enjoy looking at the photos if they see them.

Blessings to you, too.

Rachel Alba on June 05, 2016:

Hi Alicia, I never saw a cat like this before. I love it. It is a beautiful cat. My youngest daughter and youngest granddaughter would love it. I'll have to show it to them. Thanks for sharing all the information and videos of this cat.

Blessings to you.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 22, 2016:

Larry, I'm so very sorry for the loss of your mother. I can imagine how difficult life has been for you lately. Thank you so much for making the effort to comment. Of course, everyone's experience is unique, but I know from my own experience that while the sadness of losing a parent remains, life gradually gets easier. I hope this is true for you, too.

Larry Rankin from Oklahoma on April 22, 2016:

I'm back and trying to get caught up. I'm sorry for being gone. My mother passed away. You're among the few followers I'm sending this message, because I have always valued your feedback whether we agree with one another or not.

I feel like I owe you an explanation for why I haven't been supporting our writing community lately. You will see this message on other people's comments, but I assure you it isn't being sent out blindly. It is only going to those who in my experience have been give and take supportive in our little community as to warrant an explanation.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 06, 2016:

Hi, RTalloni. Thank you for the comment. I think that Selkirk cats are beautiful, despite their strange appearance! I like their personality, too. I hope you find a lovely cat, whatever kind it is.

RTalloni on April 06, 2016:

What a neat read! :) Thanks for this great introduction to Selkirks. I've considered what our next cat would be and you may have found him/her for us (shorthaired). Selkirks should have a nickname–The Assumption Teacher: A Living Lesson in not Making Assumptions. Enjoyed the details very much and will be back to review with the intent of remembering them better. Curly whiskers…I'm in love!

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 06, 2016:

That's a good point, Flourish. I wonder what happened to the adopted kitten's mother and siblings. Thanks for the visit.

FlourishAnyway from USA on April 06, 2016:

Although I sure love his unusual looks, I think the lady who adopted him from the shelter took advantage of him, selecting and breeding him for his curly hair in the hopes of creating a new breed. Although they probably didn't have early spay/neuter back then or in that community like they do in some places, it's a good example of why animals need to be adopted out already spayed or neutered.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 25, 2016:

Hi, Deb. Thank you very much for the visit and the kind comment.

Deb Hirt on March 25, 2016:

I was not aware of this breed. Your material is always so interesting. Thanks for the wonderful introduction to a very unusual cat.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 25, 2016:

I can't resist stroking cats (or dogs) that I meet, either! Thanks for the visit, Mel. I appreciate it.

Mel Carriere from Snowbound and down in Northern Colorado on March 25, 2016:

I see dozens of cats in my daily rounds, among them some unusual specimens, but have yet to come across a Selkirk. I am not a cat owner, and I am in fact allergic to them, but can't help stroking the back of a cuddly kitten. Great article!

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 23, 2016:

Hi, Nell. Yes, I think they got the name right, too! The Selkirk Rex is certainly an interesting breed of cat. Thank you very much for the comment.

Nell Rose from England on March 23, 2016:

What an amazing cat with an amazing name! Pompous Albert! lol! but they got it right didn't they? on a serious note how fascinating and its interesting to see about the dna etc. I have never seen them before, so this is wonderful!

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 20, 2016:

Hi, Suhail. Thank you for the visit and the comment. It's interesting to hear that K2 is known as a sheep dog!

Suhail on March 20, 2016:


You have covered a beautiful cat breed that I had never heard of before. Interestingly, its curly coat resembles my boy K2, the Great White Kuvasz, ha-ha. That is why he is also called dog with a sheep's coat in the neighbourhood.

I am going to watch some youtube videos on this breed to understand it more.


Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 19, 2016:

Hi, Bill. Thanks for visiting. I suspect that Pompous Albert is a pampered cat, too! I hope you have a nice weekend as well.

Bill De Giulio from Massachusetts on March 19, 2016:

Hi Linda. I have never seen or heard about this breed of cat. How interesting. Pompous Albert may look unhappy but I'm sure he's one pampered pet. He's also beautiful. Thanks for the education. Happy a nice weekend.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 19, 2016:

Hi, Peggy. Thank you for rescuing so many cats. My family has had several rescue cats over the years. All of them have been great pets. I appreciate the share, pin and tweet.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on March 19, 2016:

You have educated me about a breed of cat of which I knew nothing. They surely do look as though they need a good brushing! Our cats and those that my family had were always rescues. None of them however had their own Facebook or Twitter accounts! Ha! Sharing, pinning and tweeting.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 19, 2016:

Thank you for the comment, Faith. I appreciate your visit. I think that cats with curls are very interesting!

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 19, 2016:

Hi, Manatita. Thanks for visiting. Six horses would definitely be hard to take care of! I think the result could be very rewarding, though. Best wishes to you.

Faith Reaper from southern USA on March 19, 2016:

A cat with curls! This is an interesting read here. I've never heard of this breed. It is amazing to me that there is history on the life of one particular cat. They are so beautiful and unique. That is too cute about the cat with his own Facebook and Twitter account! Your hubs are never boring and we learn something new each time you publish. Well, I know I do.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 19, 2016:

Hi, Buildreps. Yes, it is a strange cat. I doubt that Pompous Albert is as brilliant as Albert Einstein, too! Thank you very much for the comment.

manatita44 from london on March 19, 2016:

Well, well, Alicia. Very useful information and quite new and vibrant too. I did not know that much.

I have an aversion to pets even though they are so cute, as I feel that they take up a lot of time. But then I'm always busy.

Emge wrote a Hub about a writer (full time) who has six horses. Yes, six. God bless her.

Your Hub is excellent and your cats explained well. Much Love.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 19, 2016:

Hi, Jodah. Thanks for the visit and comment. I have the feeling that the breed isn't as widely known as some other breeds. It's an interesting cat.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 19, 2016:

Thank you very much for the kind comment and the tweet, Devika!

Buildreps from Europe on March 19, 2016:

Haha Linda, that was funny to read. What a strange cat! Like a sheep with claws that could use a good shave. Never heard of this breed. This angry Albert type indeed resembles Albert E., although I doubt it is equally brilliant.

John Hansen from Gondwana Land on March 19, 2016:

A very comprehensive and interesting hub about a breed of cat I wasn't aware of. Thank you for sharing.

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on March 19, 2016:

Incredible! You write such interesting and informative hubs. New to me and a useful hub indeed! I Tweeted!

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 18, 2016:

Hi, Bill. I can understand why Bev would want one of these cats! They are very appealing. Thanks for the visit.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on March 18, 2016:

Those cats do not look happy. LOL I've never heard of this breed. Thanks for the information.....I don't think I'll let Bev read this or she'll want to get one. :)

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