Top 30 Cat Breeds
There are more than 70 different cat breeds, but fewer than 40 are true house cats. Every cat has its own personality, and a cat's character very much depends upon the breed. Learn more about each cat breed—you will be better prepared to find a cat that suits your personality and lifestyle. Below are the 30 most popular cat breeds, with photos and video.
Top 30 Most Popular Cat Breeds
- American Curl
- American Shorthair
- Colorpoint Shorthair
- Cornish Rex
- Egyptian Mau
- Havana Browns
- Japanese Bobtail
- Maine Coon
- Norwegian Forest Cat
- Russian Blue
- Scottish Fold
- Selkirk Rex
- Turkish Angora
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The Abyssinian is one of the most popular (and smartest) cat breeds in the U.S. and is considered to be the Border Collie of the cat world.
The Abyssinian has alert, relatively large, pointed ears. The head is broad and moderately wedge shaped. Its eyes are almond-shaped and eye colors include gold, green, hazel, or copper.
Abyssinians are extroverted, extremely active, playful, willful, and intelligent. They are usually not "lap cats," being too preoccupied with exploring and playing. They have quiet, engaging voices. They need a great deal of love and interaction with the family to keep them happy and can get depressed without daily activity and attention. They generally get along well with other cats, although they need their space. The females can sometimes be irritable around other cats. Abyssinians are known for their curiosity and enjoy exploring their surroundings, including heights. They are sensible cats that do not take unnecessary risks. As one might expect from such an intelligent and physically capable breed, Abyssinians are known to be formidable hunters. They adore toys and can play for hours with a favorite ball. Some will even play fetch.
2. American Curl
The American Curl is called the "Peter Pan" of felines because it retains its kitten-like personality throughout its adult life.
The American Curl is characterized by its unusual ears, which curl back from the face toward the center of the back of the skull.
Due to its large genetic pool with non-pedigree cats, the American Curl is generally a healthy breed and is not known to suffer from any genetic defects. However, their ears require frequent cleaning to prevent infections and need gentle handling to prevent damage.
3. American Shorthair
The American Shorthair is one of the most common breeds in the U.S. The American Shorthair is a very athletic cat. They have larger, leaner, and more powerfully-built bodies than their relation, the British Shorthair. It is also known as a "working cat."
American Shorthairs are low-maintenance cats that are generally healthy, easy-going, affectionate with owners, and social with strangers. Males are significantly larger than females, weighing 11-15 pounds when fully grown. Mature females weigh 8-12 pounds when they achieve full growth at three to four years of age. American Shorthairs can live up to 15-20 years, like most felines, and often require only annual vaccinations, veterinary checkups, and a quality diet. These cats usually have long tails and slender bodies.
The American Shorthair is recognized in more than 80 different colors and patterns, ranging from the brown-patched tabby to the blue-eyed white, shaded silver, smoke, cameo, calico van, and many colors in-between. Some even come in deep tones of black, brown, or other blends and combinations. The most well-known American Shorthair color today is the silver tabby, with dense black markings set on a silver background.
Birmans not only look sweet, but they really are sweet! This gentle kitty originated deep in Asia, where it was the breed of priests. The Birman is a domestic cat breed. While it is called the "Sacred Cat of Burma," it is not to be confused with the Burmese, which is a separate and dissimilar breed. The Birman has medium-long hair, a pale colored body, and darker points with deep blue eyes. Even though the cat is pointed, the paws have white gloves. Birmans have semi-long, silky hair, a semi-cobby (round) body, relatively small ears (compared to other cat breeds), and a Roman nose. In order to comply with breed standards, the Birman's body should be of an eggshell colour or golden, depending on the intensity of the markings colour. The markings can be pure seal, chocolate, blue, red, lilac, or cream. Tabby variations are also allowed. Tortie cats can be seal, chocolate, blue, or lilac.
Birmans have sapphire-coloured eyes and their coat is unusual due to the white "gloves" on each paw. They are one of the few cat breeds in the colourpoint coat that has fingers and toes in pure white colour. The genetics of this feature may not be fully clear, though a gene conferring the white "gloves" has been identified. The coat is medium-length, not as long and thick as a Persian's, and does not mat. A notable feature is their blue eyes which remain blue throughout their life.
The Bombay is a stunning cat. Bombays are extremely affectionate. They tend to become attached to their families and crave attention, and for this reason, this breed is highly suitable for children. Bombay cats are not independent. They seek attention from their owners and people around them and dislike being left alone for extended periods of time. Although they like attention, Bombay cats also tend to have a special person which they pay close attention to in their lives.
Overall, the Bombay breed is intelligent, playful, and attention-seeking. They tend to get along well with other cats, as they have an established pecking order in the household. They have a very distinctive purr and love to snuggle. On cold days they can be found next to any source of heat they can find.
Toilet-Trained Bombay Cat
The Burmese cat knows the secret to aging gracefully. One Australian Burmese lived to be 24! This breed is also known for its weight and for being the "Chatty Cathy" of the cat world. Burmese are also playful and maintain a kitten's interests and energy throughout their adulthood. They have a number of dog-like characteristics, often learning to play fetch and tag. Burmese are good with children and dogs. They are suitable as an indoor breed of cat, will usually stay more affectionate if kept indoors, and are comfortable traveling in cars.
Burmese cats have gold or yellow eyes. Their coats are glossy, with a satin-like finish. As with most short-hairs, these cats require no additional grooming. The shape of the British breed is more moderate, while the American breed is sturdier in build. They often reach 16 to 18 years of age, living longer than most pedigree cats. Burmese are a small to medium size breed and tend to be about 4-6 kg in weight, even though the breed are a lot heavier than they first appear.
Burmese are vocal like Siamese cats, but have softer, sweeter meows. They are very affectionate and enjoy company, being people-oriented cats that form strong bonds with their owners and gravitate toward human activity. Burmese need a reasonable amount of human attention, are not as independent as other breeds, and are not suited to being left alone for extended periods of time.
7. Colorpoint Shorthair
The Colorpoint Shorthair is one of the most vocal cats out there. Intelligent, playful and needy, these cats will keep you busy!
Colorpoint Shorthairs are the first cousins of the Siamese. This breed is distinguished by its elegance in sixteen different "point" colors, beyond the four Siamese colors. The Colorpoint Shorthair shares body style, personality, coat length, and color pattern with the Siamese, but not its nontraditional colors: red, cream, tortoiseshell, and lynx (tabby) points.
The Colorpoint Shorthair is a highly intelligent, playful, and people-friendly breed. They are extremely affectionate and outgoing and enjoy lounging around and playing with people, causing them to also be described as extroverts. They can also be very sensitive with nervous temperaments, which do not adapt well to strangers or changes of environment. Like Siamese cats, they can be extremely vocal and attention-demanding, feeling a need for human companionship. They have over 100 different vocal sounds, much more than regular cats, making their meows very unusual. Males are sometimes overly aggressive towards other animals. They will fight with other cats whenever they feel their territory has been invaded or just to express dominance.
8. Cornish Rex
Long and lean, the Cornish Rex is often called the greyhound of the cat world because of its galloping run. The coat of a Cornish Rex is extremely fine and sometimes curly—the softest of any cat breed. However, their light coat means that they are best-suited for indoor living in warm and dry conditions. They might get hypothermia if they stay outdoors in the winter. Their body temperature is slightly higher than most cats (102 F). These cats tend to hang around light bulbs, the tops of computer monitors, and other warm places including laps and shoulders. Some Cornish Rexes also have a mild, cheesy smell peculiar to the breed, which comes from scent glands in the paws.
A Cornish Rex will tend to stay playful and kittenish throughout its long life. Some Cornish Rexes like to play fetch, race other pets, or do acrobatic jumps. The Cornish Rex is an adventurous cat and very intelligent. It can readily adapt to new situations and will explore wherever it can go, jumping into refrigerators and examining washing machines. The Rex is extremely curious, seeks out the company of people and is friendly towards other companion animals. It is a suitable pet for timid children.
Cornish Rex cats come in a wide variety of coat coolers: white, black, chocolate, orange, and diluted shades of blue, lilac, and cream. Patterns include all forms of tabby including classic, mackerel, ticked tabby, bicolor "tuxedo," tortoiseshell, "smoke" colors, and the colour-point pattern standard in the Siamese breed.
9. Devon Rex
The Devon Rex is a breed of cat with very soft, short, curly hair similar to that of the Cornish Rex. They have uncommonly large ears set low on the sides of their wide heads. Their eyes are large, and their noses are slightly upturned. Unlike most cats, their whiskers are very short and often curled.
The Devon Rex cat is active, mischievous, playful, and very people-oriented. They are high-jumpers and will try to occupy any space large enough to admit them. Devons prefer to be in high places and will go to great lengths to get to the highest spot in a room.
The Devon Rex is a loyal companion and will usually follow the object of their affection from room to room, waiting for the opportunity to leap onto their arms, lap, or shoulder. Most of them find one central person to whom they devote their love.
This a very intelligent breed that can be trained to walk on a leash, fetch or perform all manner of tricks usually associated with canines, like jump, heel, and tag.
10. Egyptian Mau
These cats are extremely fast! In fact, the Egyptian Mau is the fastest cat breed.
Egyptian Maus are a small-to-medium sized short-haired cat breed. Along with the Bahraini Dilmun Cat, they are one of the few naturally spotted breeds of domesticated cat. The spots on an Egyptian Mau are not only on the coat; a shaved Mau has spots on its skin.
The Egyptian Mau is fast because it has longer hind legs than other cats and a unique flap of skin extending from the flank to the back knee that allows for greater agility and stride length. Maus have been clocked at running over 36 mph (58 km/h).
Maus often possess very musical voices. They are known to chirp, chortle, and emit other unusual vocalizations. Another behavior, quite common in happy Maus, has been described as "wiggle-tail." The cat, male or female, wiggles and twitches its tail, and appears to be marking territory, also known as spraying, but it is not actually releasing urine.
The most popular cat behind the Persian is the Exotic. is one of the best lap cats. The Exotic has a compact, rounded, powerfully-built body with a short, thick, "linebacker" neck. Its large round eyes, short snub nose, sweet facial expression, and small ears give it a kittenish appearance that some people consider cute.
The Exotic Shorthair has a gentle and calm personality reminiscent of the Persian, but it is livelier than his longhaired ancestor. Curious and playful, it is friendly to other cats and dogs. It rarely meows. It doesn't like being left alone and needs the presence of its owner (or of voices or smells reminiscent of its master, such as a radio kept on). These cats love to sit on laps and tend to show more affection and loyalty than most breeds. Their calm and steady nature makes them ideal apartment cats for city dwellers. Nonetheless, Exotics retain some of the energetic spark of their American Shorthair forebearers and they are often capable mouse hunters.
Unlike the high-maintenance Persian, the Exotic is able to keep its own fur tidy with little human assistance, though weekly brushing and combing is recommended to remove loose hair and reduce shedding and hairballs. As with other flat-faced animals, the Exotic's tears are prone to overflowing out of the nasolacrimal duct, dampening and staining the face. This can be relieved by periodically wiping the cat's face with a moistened cloth.
A Playful Cat and a Helicopter
12. Havana Brown
The Havana Brown is a moderate-sized, muscular, short-haired cat with a body of average length. The coat color must be brown, typically reddish-brown, with no tabby markings. Whiskers should also be brown and the eye color should be green. The head should be slightly longer than wide, and the nose should have a distinct stop at the eyes. Males tend to be larger than females, and are average in weight compared to other breeds.
The Havana Brown is an intelligent cat that often uses its paws both to examine objects and to communicate with its owners. The most likely explanation of the breed's name is that its coat color is very similar to that of Havana cigars; however, some have also argued that the breed's name is also derived from the Havana rabbit, which shares the color.
Himalayans are the most popular of the Persian breed. The Himalayan cat is a breed of long-haired cat identical in type to the Persian, with the exception of its blue eyes and its point coloration, which were derived from the crossing of the Persian with the Siamese.
Like Persian cats, Himalayans tend to have a round body with short legs, which makes it harder for them to jump as high as other cats. Some do have more of a Siamese-like body though and can jump as high as seven feet.
These cats are sweet-tempered, intelligent, and generally very social companions. Because of their heritage from the Siamese cats, they tend to be more active than Persians.
Himmies, as fanciers call them, are perfect indoor companions. They are gentle, calm, and sweet-tempered, but they possess a playful side as well. Like the Siamese, Himalayans love to play fetch, and a scrap of crumpled paper or a kitty toy will entertain them for hours. Himalayans are devoted and dependent upon their humans for companionship and protection. They crave affection and love to be petted and groomed. Like many long-haired cats, Himalayans need to be brushed daily to keep their coats healthy and looking their best. In addition, they may need their face wiped daily.
14. Japanese Bobtail
The Japanese Bobtail is a breed of domestic cat with an unusual "bobbed" tail that resembles the tail of a rabbit. The short tail is a body-type mutation caused by a recessive gene.
Occasionally, a Japanese Bobtail may have eyes of mismatched colors. Regardless of breed, cats with this trait are known as odd-eyed cats. In this breed, one iris is blue while the other is yellow. This trait is more common in this breed than in most others.
On average, members of the breed are active, intelligent cats, with a strongly human-oriented nature. They are easier to train to perform tricks than most breeds and are more likely to enjoy learning human-mediated activities like walking on a harness and leash, and playing fetch. Considered an unusually "talkative" breed, they often interact vocally with people. Their soft voices are capable of nearly a whole scale of tones, leading to a folk belief that they can sing.
15. Maine Coon
This breed is the one that originated in America. The Maine Coon is a long-haired or medium-haired cat. The coat is soft and silky, although texture may vary with coat color. The length is shorter on the head and shoulders, and longer on the stomach and flanks. Some cats have a lion-like ruff around the neck. Minimal grooming is required for the breed, compared to other long-haired breeds, as their coat is mostly self-maintaining due to a light-density undercoat. The coat is subject to seasonal variation, being thicker in the winter and thinner during the summer. Maine Coons, due to their large size, have larger claws. There have been cases of Maine Coons using their claws to grip into walls.
The most common color seen in the breed is brown tabby. All eye colors are accepted under breed standards, with the exception of blue-colored or odd-eyes (i.e., two eyes of different colors) in cats possessing coat colors other than white.
The Manx may look a lot like any ordinary cat, but it's missing a tail! Many Manx have a small stub of a tail, but the breed is best known as entirely tailless. This is the most distinguishing characteristic of the breed, along with elongated rear legs and a rounded head. Manx cats come in all coat colours and patterns, though all-white specimens are rare, and the coat range of the original stock was more limited. Long-haired variants are sometimes considered a separate breed, the Cymric. Manx are prized as skilled hunters and thus have often been sought by farmers with rodent problems. It is a preferred ship's cat breed. They are said to be social, tame, and active.
17. Norwegian Forest Cat
The Norwegian Forest Cat has been named the national cat by King Olaf of Norway. It's a cat fit for a Viking! It is a strong, big cat, similar to the Maine Coon breed, with long legs, a bushy tail, and a sturdy body. The breed is very good at climbing since they have strong claws. The lifespan is usually 14 to 16 years, though kidney and heart diseases have been reported in the breed.
The Norwegian Forest cat has a quiet voice but can develop a louder one if kept in a house with a dog. Generally, these cats are quiet and can even seem shy. They are good with people, but have a high amount of energy, and can be very demanding of attention. Many Norwegian Forest cats prefer to be outdoors, where they make swift and effective hunters, but the breed can also adapt to life indoors.
The Ocicat resemble an ocelot but are as playful and domestic as can be. The breed is unusual in that it is spotted like a wild cat but has the temperament of a domestic animal. It is named for its resemblance to the ocelot, yet there is no "wild" DNA in the Ocicat's gene pool. The species is actually a mixture of Siamese and Abyssinian. Later American Shorthairs were added to the mix and gave the breed their silver color, bone structure, and distinct markings.
Ocicats are a very outgoing breed. They are often considered to have the spirit of a dog. Most can easily be trained to fetch, to walk on a leash and harness, to come when called, to speak, to sit, and to lie down on command. Some even take readily to the water. Ocicats are also very friendly and sociable. They will typically march straight up to strangers and announce that they'd like to be petted. This makes them great family pets, and most can also get along well with animals of other species. Eventually, however, they will assert their dominance over all involved. Ocicats make excellent pets for people who want to spend a lot of time with their cat.
19. Oriental Shorthair
Known as the "rainbow cat," the Oriental Shorthair are intelligent, social animals that bond very closely with people. They are inquisitive, friendly, emotional, demanding, and often quite vocal. Their purr can be extremely loud when they are happy.
The Oriental Shorthair is a member of the Siamese family. They can be found in solid colors (white, red, chocolate, cream, ebony, blue, lavender, cinnamon, or fawn), smoke (white undercoat to any of the above, except white), shaded (only the hair tips colored), partially-colored (red or cream splashes on any of the above), tabby (mackerel/striped, ticked, spotted, and blotched/classic), and bi-colored (any of the above, with white). In total, over 300 color and pattern combinations are possible.
One of the most popular breeds in the world, the Persian oozes luxury. The traditional Persian cat, also known as the Doll Face Persian, is considered to be the true Persian breed. The most popular varieties are Seal Point, Blue Point, Flame Point, and Tortie Point Himalayan, followed by Black-White, Shaded Silvers, and Calico Persians.
The name "Ragdoll" refers to this breed's tendency to go limp when picked up. Ragdoll cats have blue eyes and a distinct colorpoint coat. They are large and muscular semi-longhair cats with soft and silky coats.
The docile and floppy nature of the Ragdoll is a characteristic thought to be passed down from the Persian and Siamese breed. There are contrary statements on whether this trait might be the result of genetic mutation. The extreme docility of some Ragdoll cats has led to the myth that they are pain-resistant. There have been multiple reports of Ragdolls nonchalantly approaching moving cars and vicious dogs and getting hurt. The Ragdoll is affectionate, intelligent, relaxed, gentle, and easy to handle.
22. Russian Blue
The Russian Blue is a quiet, elegant cat with a silver-blue coat. These cats are known to be highly intelligent, curious, and tranquil animals. They have been known to play fetch and are sensitive to basic human emotions. They enjoy playing with a variety of toys, and they develop extremely strong bonds to their loved ones.
The Russian Blue is also known for getting along very well with children and other pets. They are known as quiet and clean animals that are normally reserved around strangers unless they are brought up in a very active household. They also love to play with other small pets, such as dogs and other cats. Russian Blues have an average life expectancy of around 10-15 years, and have few health problems, as they tend to have little to no genetic problems and are not prone to illness. They are moderate-sized cats with an average weight of 8-12 pounds when fully grown. Males will typically be larger than females.
Banned in some parts of the United States, Savannah cats behave somewhat like their cousins, the cheetah. One of the main difference would be that this cat would rather cuddle than chase you! Savannah cats are one of the larger breeds of domesticated cats. The Savannah's tall and slim build make them look bigger than their actual weight allows. Size is very dependent on generation and sex, with F1 hybrid male cats usually being the largest. Savannahs are commonly compared to dogs in their loyalty, and they will follow their owners around the house like a canine. They can also be trained to walk on a leash and even fetch.
Savannahs often greet people with head-butts or an unexpected pounce. Some Savannahs are reported to be very social and friendly with new people and with other cats and dogs, while others may run and hide or revert to hissing and growling when they see a stranger. Sociability can increase for a Savannah kitten if they are exposed to other people and pets as they grow up.
A Savannah Cat's Relationship with a Child
24. Scottish Fold
The Scottish Fold is a breed of cat with a natural dominant-gene mutation that makes its ear cartilage contain a fold, causing the ears to bend forward and down towards the front of their head. This trait gives the cat what is often described as an "owl-like" appearance.
Scottish Folds, whether with folded or normal ears, are typically good-natured and placid and adjust to other animals within a household extremely well. They tend to become very attached to their human caregivers and are by nature quite affectionate. Folds receive high marks for playfulness, affection, and grooming, and are often intelligent, loyal, softspoken, and adaptable to home situations, people, and children. Folds are also known for sleeping on their backs. Scottish Folds typically have soft voices and display a complex repertoire of meows and purrs not found in better-known breeds. Folds are also known for sitting with their legs stretched out and their paws on their belly. This is called the "Buddha Position."
25. Selkirk Rex
Known as the cat in sheep's clothing, the Selkirk Rex is one of only four cat breeds that has curly fur including the whiskers. It is distinct from all other Rex breeds. Unlike the Devon Rex and Cornish Rex, the hair of a Selkirk is of normal length and not partly missing. There are longhair and shorthair varieties. It is a large and solidly built breed, similar to a British Shorthair.
The coat is very soft and has a woolly look and feel with loose, unstructured curls. The head is round, with large rounded eyes, medium-sized ears, and a distinct muzzle whose length is equal to half its width. The temperament of the Selkirk Rex reflects that of the breeds used in its development: They have a lot of the laid-back, reserved qualities of the British Shorthair, the cuddly nature of the Persian, and the playfulness of the Exotic Shorthair. They are very patient, tolerant, and loving.
The Siamese is the most vocal cat breed. Siamese are usually very affectionate and intelligent cats, renowned for their social nature. Many enjoy being with people and are sometimes described as "extroverts." They often bond strongly with a single person.
The Thai or traditional Siamese shares some features with the Modern Siamese (e.g., the colour pattern and the short single coat, although not so short and "painted on" as the modern) but differs from it in head and body type. It has a "foreign" body type (rather elongated, high on the legs, lithe but substantial, with medium boning), not an "Oriental" type, as in the modern Siamese and Oriental breeds) and it has a modified wedge head, with rounded cheeks from which their wedge-shaped muzzle projects. The ears are moderately large but not huge and are placed higher than those of the modern Siamese cats. The eyes are medium to slightly large, a full almond shape, but not extremely "Oriental."
The Siberian is the national cat of Russia and is the perfect mix between a ballet dancer and a linebacker. They are one of the best jumping cats in the world! The Siberian is very dog-like. They are loyal cats that will come to greet you. This cat breed appears to be fascinated with water, and they are likely to drop toys in it. They are a friendly breed, good with dogs, energetic, and smart. They also tend to be a talkative breed, commenting with short, soft "mewing" sounds when they encounter an object of interest, or pleading for a door to be opened at night so that they can sleep with a favorite person.
These cats live well indoors with others. With their unique triple fur, they are adapted well for cold environments. Siberians are commonly found outside their owners' homes in heavy ground snow, peacefully sheltering under some old boards. While there is little scientific evidence, breeders and pet owners claim that Siberians can be safe for many allergy sufferers.
Do you like personality in a cat? Then you want the tiny Singapura.
The Singapura is a moderately stocky and muscular small-to-medium-sized cat, with a very short and fine coat. A full grown female usually weighs 5-6 pounds while the male weighs 6-8 pounds. The breeds typically feature large, slightly pointed and deep-cupped ears and large, almond-shaped eyes. Their tails are slender and slightly shorter than the lengths of their bodies and have blunt tips. The breed's coat pattern is that of a ticked tabby. That is, individual hair strands have alternating sections of dark and light color—typically two dark bands separated by two light bands, with a dark color at the tip.
The Singapura is described as active, curious, and playful. They are affectionate and desire human interaction. They have a tendency to perch on high places, to allow them a better view of their surroundings.
It may look like a fox, but it's actually a Somali! A quick and agile cat, a Somali may jump on the dinner table and ask for seconds!
The Somali is a cat breed created from long-haired Abyssinian cats. The body type and markings of the two breeds are similar; however, the fur length of the Somali requires more grooming than that of the Abyssinian. Unlike most long-haired cats, Somalis shed very little excess hair. Their coat is generally shed en masse, or "blown" once or twice a year, rather than constantly shedding like a Persian or other long-haired cats. The Somali, along with its parent breed the Abyssinian, have been found to suffer from Pyruvate kinase deficiency (PKDef). About 5% of the breed carries the defective gene. There is now a genetic test to identify this recessive disorder within the breed. All breeding stock should be tested to ensure that no affected kittens are born.
The Sphynx appears to be a hairless cat, but it is not. The skin texture resembles that of Chamois leather and may be covered with vellus hair. Because Sphynx cats have no pelt to keep them warm, they huddle up against people and other animals. They even cuddle up and sleep with their owners under the covers. Lack of coat makes the cat quite warm to the touch. Whiskers and eyebrows may be present, either whole or broken, or may be totally absent. The skin is the colour their fur would be, and all the usual cat marking patterns (solid, point, van, tabby, tortie, etc.) may be found on Sphynx skin.
Sphynxes generally have wedge-shaped heads and sturdy, heavy bodies. Standards call for a full round abdomen, also known as "pot bellies." Sphynxes are known for their extroverted behavior. They display a high level of energy, intelligence, curiosity, and affection for their owners.
Sleeping Sphynx Kitten
Bonus! Turkish Angora
Turkish Angoras are said to be dog-like. Some respond to voice commands and even play fetch! Turkish Angora cats have a silky tail, medium-long length coat, no undercoat, and fine bone structure. There seems to be a connection between Ankara cats and Persians, and the Turkish Angora is also a distant cousin of the Turkish Van.
Although they are known for their shimmery white coat, currently there are more than twenty varieties, including black, blue, and reddish. They come in tabby and tabby-white, along with smoke varieties, in every color except pointed, lavender, and cinnamon. Their eyes may be blue, green, or amber, or even one blue and one amber or green. The W gene responsible for the white coat and blue eye is closely related to deafness on the side where the blue eye is located. However, a great many blue and odd-eyed white cats have normal hearing, and even deaf cats lead a very normal life if kept indoors.
Some Turkish Angora kittens suffer from ataxia, a rare condition which is thought to be inherited as an autosomal recessive. The kittens affected by ataxia have shaking movements and do not survive to adulthood.
Another genetic illness that is rare but known to the breed is Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, a cardiac condition usually found between the ages of two and six. Males are affected more commonly and severely than females.