Can You Really Train a Hound?
What's in a Hound?
If you own a scent hound or a hound mix, you may wonder if it's really true that they are hard dogs to train. You may have heard that they are stubborn, easily distracted, and some even have the courage to say they are stupid. Truth is, they are often simply misunderstood, and people who claim they are not the brightest dogs do not take the time to study these breeds and delve into their pasts to see what they were really bred for.
This article is in defense of hounds, and is meant to be an eye-opener for those interested in this breed. Just to clarify, there are two types of hounds, the scent hounds comprised of beagles, basset hounds, fox hounds and coonhounds, and the sighthounds, comprised of greyhounds, whippets,Irish wolfhounds etc. This article will only focus on the scent hounds.
So what is a hound? How does its brain work? What was he bred for? When you look at a hound, you may get an oxytocin overload as you look at those pendulous ears, sad,droopy eyes and big black nose. Yet at a closer look, a hound's anatomy is built to ultimately make him a strong sniffing machine, meant to do what it was bred for. One theory has it that those long ears were crafted to collect scent from the air and sweep it right under the nose. And what about those large nasal cavities? They were meant to better process scent. And wow, are they good at that!
It's estimated that bloodhounds have roughly about 230 million olfactory cells which gave them the reputation of being a " nose with a dog attached." A blood hound's sniffing abilities are so impressive that according to PBS.org they are admissible in court. You may have noticed too those loose, moist lips which are there to aid in trapping scent particles. Some scent hounds are equipped with booming loud voices which can be a nuisance if you live in the city, but a blessing if you are a hunter.
So we know these creatures are powerful sniffers; indeed, their noses are some of the most sensitive in the canine world, next let's take a peak at what they were precisely bred for. Scent hounds are are a type of hound that primarily hunts by scent. They are built for endurance so they can follow a scent for several miles over rough terrain. Several hounds work mainly in groups known as "packs." Yet, even within the different types of hounds, we can see different hunting styles. Let's take a look at some.
- Beagle: Along with the Bloodhound and Basset Hound, Beagles are blessed with very powerful sniffers.They do best in ground-scenting (following scent with their noses to the ground) rather than air-scenting. They were selectively bred primarily for tracking hare, rabbit, and other small game. As other hounds, they work in packs and at a distance from their masters. They are often encouraged to hunt by voice and the use of a horn. They may bay when they catch scent so the hunter can keep track of where the beagles are. These dogs are actually too slow to catch rabbits, but when they flush a rabbit from a hiding spot, the hunter has a chance to shoot as the rabbit circles back to the hiding spot. The horn the signals the end of the hunt as assistants aid in packing up the beagles.
- Basset hound: a basset hound's sense of smell is second only to the bloodhound. Their main purpose is to hunt rabbits and hare. They are also capable of covering heavy terrain with little effort. Yet, their slower speed compared to the beagle is appreciated by hunters who like to keep up.
- Coon hounds: this category includes several breeds such as the Black and Tan Coonhound, the Bluetick Coonhound, the Plott Hound and the Redbone Coonhound. In ancient times, fox hounds were found to be inadequate and confused when hunting animals who took off and climbed on trees such as raccoons and opossum. So treeing dogs were given this task. Their purpose was to track, chase and bark while keeping their prey treed until the hunters arrived and could shoot.
- Foxhound: while the shorter-legged hounds were often followed on foot, the taller hounds were followed by hunters on horses. The fox hound worked in packs for the purpose of hunting foxes by scent. These are very active dogs full of energy that were bred to hunt for miles.
These are just a few examples of hound dogs who were selectively bred to work with their noses. Whether they hunted rabbits, foxes or raccoon, these dogs have several traits in common that add a few challenges to training. In the next paragraph, we will look at some.
Why Are Hounds Hard to Train?
As seen, hounds were accomplished hunting pals before being considered pets. Sniffing smells for these fellows often takes precedence over other activities such as sleeping and eating, explains Joe Stahlkuppe when describing basset hounds in the book "Basset Hounds." Bringing them into our homes and keeping them as pets has added a few challenges for those who have high expectations for a completely obedient companion. Following are some reasons why.
Hounds were used to hunt at a distance from the owner, they are quite independent creatures overall and won't mind much if their owners are out of sight. The recall command can be a challenge with this breed. When you call them they often look up at you as if saying " What is wrong with you? Why do you keep calling me when this is what I was bred to do? You know... I have been doing this for centuries, no hunter in the past has ever dreamed of calling me when dinner is right there in front of my nose! Now let me do my job so we have dinner for tonight!"
When tracking a trail, hunters used to often rely on their hounds' baying to help them locate them. Their independent thinking doesn't make them much eager to please you, unless you find a way to motivate them. Yet, because hounds were used to hunt in packs, they have a strong pack drive which ironically makes them predisposed to suffer from separation anxiety.
You will hear a lot of people saying that hounds are stubborn. In reality, what we consider stubborn, is often this dog's desire to sniff and hunt that clashes with our desires. So if you are asking your hound to heel and your hound wants to go sniff a spot instead, you may label him as stubborn, when in reality, he is just doing what he was bred to do with his nose. When I ask owners of hounds how they managed to put titles on their pooches despite them being accused of being "stubborn", often I hear them remark "I became equally if not more stubborn than him."
Yes, these dogs are intelligent.. but in their own ways. Many can learn a trick very quickly if you let them acknowledge what is in for them. They love stinky treats and become champion beggars when they smell something good. These dogs live for food so take advantage of this to train them. Those who have managed to bring a basset hound in the obedience ring, know that with patience, persistence and a touch of creativity you can accomplish quite some impressive things with a hound--things that can make other dog owners green with envy.
Training Tips for Hound Owners
I believe that dogs of different breeds have different needs when it comes to training. For instance, some sighthounds may find more rewarding chasing little furry toys attached to a pole versus eating treats. Scent hounds though seem to do best with treats-- the stinkier the better. Following are some tips.
The earlier you start training your hound, the better. Older hounds may have ingrained habits that may take some time to change. You can start training little things as a sit as early as you get your puppy home. All you need is a tasty treat you can use as a lure to position your pup in a sit. Potty training a hound may be challenging because of their powerful sniffers, which they may use to find previously soiled areas where to soil again. Make sure you use potent enzyme-based cleaners to clean up all accidents.
Manage the Environment
Hounds can be easily distracted. They can be heeling next to you one minute and the next minute you are dog-less as you realize you are talking to yourself while your hound took off distracted by a smell. You want to start in a quiet room where there is not much going on so that your hound won't switch into "beagle mode". Always work with your hound on leash or in a safe fenced area. There are too many accidents happening when hounds take off only to end in a road full of traffic, poisoned by neighbors or falling prey to large animals.
Use High-Value Treats
The best way to a hound's heart is often through his tummy. Invest in high-value treats to keep your hound's interest and motivation high. Yet, you may want to monitor treat intake and adjust accordingly as many hounds are predisposed to becoming obese. If you are training indoors, and your hound is interested in his kibble, you can take advantage of using his kibble for training. Outdoors, things can change drastically so you'll need to use pretty high-value treats since many hounds love to track more than anything else and when you ask him to obey a command, you're basically ending the fun.
Hounds do best with positive reinforcement training. Despite being often labeled as stubborn, they are quite sensitive creatures that don't do well (as all dogs after all!) with harsh training techniques. You will find that their noses may often interfere with your training causing them to stray away and want to pull on the leash to go sniff. Make coming to you very rewarding and teach that great things happen when your dog is next to you and not pulling on the leash. For more tips on recalls read " dog recall training tips"
If you are planning to get a hound, make sure you know what you are getting into. If you are dreaming about competing in the obedience ring, you may want to choose a different breed. Yet, there are several hounds who accomplish impressive milestones, but it all boils down to a few lucky instances of the right hound paired with the right owner. Some hounds are more biddable than others and some owners are more willing to attain results using persistence and creativity.
Put Talents to Work
Just because hounds may not excel in the obedience ring, doesn't mean they should give up competing for ribbons. Letting your hound do what he was bred to do is the biggest reward. Enroll your beagle in K9 nosework, tracking search and rescue and field trials where he can put his nose to work. It doesn't hurt though to experiment and see what your hound enjoys doing best. Countless hounds enjoy agility even though they may not be the fastest.
Basset Hound Earns Novice Obedience Title
For Further Reading
- Pros and Cons of Owning Beagles
jomansdesign,morguefile.com Why are Beagles so popular and much loved? Ask any Beagle owner and they will be happy to say it all! Indeed, Beagles can bring lots of joy to the household of many dog lovers. This breed is known for its irresistible...
- Are Hounds Hard to Train?
Hounds have a reputation for being headstrong and difficult to train. If so, you may be wondering why and what can be done to train a good recall and basic obedience.
- How to Train Your Scent Hound Dog to Come When Calle...
Learn effective strategies to polish your recall command with your scent hound. Also, understand why training these types of dogs can get so challenging at times!
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© 2013 Adrienne Janet Farricelli