5 Dog Breeds That Can Have a Merle Coat
The merle coat is characterized by a patchwork of colors such as tan, white, and black. The gene that cause merle coats in dogs can also affect eye color, such as causing ice blue eyes, and can also effect skin pigment. The dog most associated with the merle gene is the Australian Shepherd, however, many other dog breeds can carry the merle gene and have the beautiful merle coat. In this article, I will share the breeds that can carry the merle coat accompanied by beautiful pictures of these merle-coated dogs.
1. Australian Shepherds
Australian Shepherds top the list because they are the dog breed that is most associated with the merle gene. Australian Shepherds with the merle gene will often have icy blue eyes. They come in two merle variations; Red and Blue.
Due to the heavy demand on breeders for merle Australian Shepherds, some breeders practice irresponsible practices such as breeding two merle-coated parents together to achieve more Merle puppies in the litter, therefore increasing their profits. Breeding two merle-coated parents together can result in a puppy being born with two merle genes, which can result in the puppy developing blindness or deafness. This will happen to one in four of the puppies in the litter, statistically.
The Corgi is a beautiful breed famous for being the favorite breed of the English Royal Family. Typically, the Corgi has a tan and white coat. However, Corgis can carry the merle gene, resulting in a merle coat.
Merle Corgis are in very high demand, resulting in merle Corgi puppies being sold by breeders for a premium, sometimes reaching up to $1500 for a single puppy.
3. Border Collies
Border Collies, classical working dogs that are known for their high intelligence, can come in a merle coat pattern. They typically come with a white and black coat, so merle Border Collies are the least common color pattern found naturally in the breed. As with Australian Shepherds, because of the high demand for merle-coated Border Collies, some breeders do practice unsafe breeding practices which can cause health problems within the litter.
Dachshunds can come in a red or blue merle color pattern. Although the merle color is not common for Dachshunds, it is an acceptable color according to breed registries. Merle Dachshunds can come as either short or long hair. Because the merle gene is dominant over other color genes, breeding a merle parent with a non-merle parent will statically guarantee at least one puppy in a little of four or more will be born with a merle-patterned coat.
5. Great Danes
Merle Great Danes are extremely beautiful and can result in breeding Great Danes with standard coat colors. Although the merle color pattern is considered to be a marked pattern by official registries, this rare color pattern is still sought out by many people who are looking to adopt a Great Dane.