11 Excellent but Endangered Indian Dogs
Dogs have been a part of the history of human beings since before the written word. In ancient India the dog was also highly regarded. The Indian Pariah Dog, which still exists today, is considered by many to be the first truly domesticated dog in history and the oldest in the world (though this has been challenged). The great cultural epic The Mahabharata (circa 400 BCE) significantly features a dog who may have been one of these Pariah Dogs. The epic relates, toward the end, the tale of King Yudisthira, many years after the Battle of Kurukshetra, making a pilgrimage to his final resting place. On the way he is accompanied by his family and his faithful dog.
One by one his family members die along the path, but his dog remains by his side. When, at last, Yudisthira reaches the gates of paradise he is welcomed for the good and noble life he has lived, but the guardian at the gate tells him the dog is not allowed inside. Yudisthira is shocked that so loyal and noble a creature as his dog would not be allowed into heaven and so chooses to remain with his dog on earth, or even go to hell, then enter into a place which would exclude the dog.The guardian at the gate, then tells Yudisthira that this was only a last test of his virtue and that, of course, the dog is also welcome to enter. Reference: "ancient.eu.com/article".
The Indian Pariah dogs are the original breed of the India, known today as INDogs, Desi or Pariah. Being a naturally evolved and perfected breed, they have very few health concerns and thrive with minimal "maintenance", especially in tropical weather and dogs themselves are relatively clean. Dogs were seen as faithful companions, hunters, guardians, and as a treasured part of the family. This article is going to enlist few other Excellent Indian Native dogs who are endangered and facing a survival crisis.
Taji is a sight hound dog, which has an athletic and strong built. It was used for the hunting of bare, fox, gazelle, wildcat and marmot. It was found in India, but now mostly found in Russia. It’s very difficult to find an original Tazi in India. Compared with Russian Tazi dogs, Indian Tajis are shorter in height with comparatively less fur and sturdy. The dog is very playful, loyal and affectionate, who is always keen to please his master. It’s a very energetic and alert dog.
2: Kai Kadi Dog
Kaikadi dogs are from terrier dog category, which got his name after a nomadic tribe in Maharashtra, India. They are very alert and athletic dogs and make an excellent watchdog. Kaikadi tribes were using these dogs to hunt hare and vermin, they share many similar traits to the whippet dogs. It's imperceptible to locate original Kaikadi, the breed has been mingled with Indian stray and Pariah dogs.
They can have white, tan and black color, but most common color are red brindle. These dogs are small in height (about 40 cm, or less) with thin and long legs, but powerful thighs and hocks. Their tail is long and tapering and head is long that help them in running and chasing. They have thin with prominent eyes and long ears that stand erect when alert.
Jonangi is a native Indian dog, from the east coast of India “Bengal to Kanyakumari”. It does not usually bark, but makes a yodelling sound. Janangi has extremely short and fine coat, in solid colours of fawn, biscuit, chocolate, black or white and a wrinkled forehead, then curled tail with tulip ears.
At first look it appears like a red fox, but it has a curly tail and stiff structure. This dog is average intelligence, but very affectionate and devoted to his owner and family. At present pure breed dog of this breed has been rarely available.
#4: Soriala Greyhound or Bengal Hound (Sarail Greyhound in Bangladesh)
The Soriala Greyhounds are a sight hound dog, native from West Bengal, India which is also known as Sarail Hounds in BanglaDesh and Bengal Hounds in West Bengal, India. This dog is a further addition of Rampur Hound dogs from Northern Indian city Rampur, which lies between Delhi and Bareilly.
Soriala hounds were created by combining the bloodlines of very aggressive and ferocious dogs, which have athletic built with strong jaws. Soriala Greyhounds has inherited a broad and strong skull. A powerful Soriala hound dog can bring down a large bull. They also hunt vermin, deer and jackals. They are at high risk for extinction, Very few Soriala hounds are left.
#5: Himalayan Mastiff
Himalayan Mastiffs are known as Himalayan Guard Dog or Indigenous Tibetan Mastiff. Compared with Tibetan mastiffs, Himalayan Mastiffs are a bit taller and more athletic. They could be located in Laddakh region of Himalaya, even they look very similar to Tibetan mastiffs but their nature and behaviour is different.
Himalayans are calm and loving dog who loves to please their master and his companion and like to be with his owner and family. But doesn’t like the company of other dogs, a full grown male Himalayan Mastiff is capable to take down 2 wolves. This dog has introduced to endangered category.
#6: Alangu mastiff
Alangu Mastiffs are tall and massive, powerful dogs which were mostly used as a guard or war dog. They are renowned for their sharp instinct and guarding skills. They are the successor of Indian Bully (Indian Mastiff) dogs. This breed was originated from, Sindh area of India and Pakistan. In Southern India they are mainly available in cities Tanjavur and Trichi.
TThe origin of the Alangu Mastiff's can be traced back to the Bhawalpur area of Punjab, parts of Rajasthan and the desert area of Kutch. They are also known as the Sindh Mastiff. Alangu have erected ears and powerful and broad black muzzle. Alangu dogs are robust and sturdy, commonly used for dog fighting and as a guard dog they are aggressive, Ferocious and courageous dog. But very loyal and protective to the owner, Because of their dominant and aggressive nature, they are not suggested for an inexperienced owner.
#7: Dhole or Asaiatic/Indian Wild dogs
Dhole is an Indian Wild Dog known as Red Dog or Red fox dog because, it looks like red fox. This dog has very similar physical structure like Australian Border coolie, but Dhole is truly comparative in presence to the African Wild dogs and can kill a prey up to 10 times of their size. The Dholes are classed as endangered by IUCN. They are suffering to die possibly, because of diseases from domestic and feral dogs. This dog is very social animal and lives in large clans which occasionally split up into small packs to hunt.
#8: Kashmiri Sheepdog
The Kashmiri sheep dog or Bakharwal Dog is an indigenous breed of Himalayan origin (from, Pir Panjal mountain range of the Kashmir Himalayas) and was bred exclusively by a Muslim nomadic group called "Gujjars" to protect their livestock from predators like wolves and bears.
Its name Bakharawal is taken by the word "Bakri" means goat because the dog was bred to protect Goats and sheep from Himalayan wolfs and bears. It’s also known as Kashmir Sheepdog, Bakharwal Mastiff, Kashmiri Bakharwal Dog, Gujjar Watchdog, Bakharwal, Gujjar Dog, and Kashmiri Mastiff.
This dog was used for herding sheep and goats in "Kashmir" India, from where It took its another name "Kashmiri Sheep Dog".
It has been bred for many centuries by the Gujjar nomadic tribes as a livestock guardian dog and settlement protector. Bakharwal dog is a heavy and agile dog with straight back, broad shoulders and long legs. The body is strongly boned and head is powerful and large.
This dog has lot of speciality that makes him unique and different from other dogs.
-This dog doesn’t like non-vegetarian food and its favourite food is milk and bread.
- Has very low birth ratio.
- Bakhrawals are very friendly with other pets and some time very caring also, the breed is not listed with major kennel club and identified endangered by IUCN.
#9: Chippiparai or Shippiparai Dogs
The Chippiparai is a sighthound dog, Native from south India mainly available in the southern part of Tamilnadu, This dog is used for hunting wild boar, deer and hare and for guarding the home. Chippiparai was bred by royal families in Chippiparai near Madurai district Tamil Nadu, from where it takes its name. It was kept as a symbol of royalty and dignity, by the rulers of Tirunelveli and Madurai. But now only few Chippiparai are left, if steps are not taken to ensure its survival then blood line may be lost.
Appearance:The typical color is a silver-grey, with very limited or no white markings. Other colors, particularly variations of grey and fawn, also occur.
#10: Dhangri, Maharashtrian Shepherd Dog
This dog is developed by Korku tribes of Maharashtra, by mixing between native Pariah dogs with native Hounds (Kakadi and Caravan Hound) - to heard sheep and goats. This is a very rare livestock guardian of the Korku tribes of Western India. Some authorities believe that the breed is extinct and dismiss the modern specimens as tainted, due to common working crosses with the Pashmi Hound.
The Maharashtrian Shepherd Dog used to be more massive in the past and used primarily for protection duties, but the present-day incarnation makes a capable herder and hunting dog as well. Dhangaris are slim, thin dogs like a greyhound, and very sharp and loyal, also they are very aggressive and powerful dog, this breed is best suited for rural environments.
The coat is thick, hard and rich, always black in colour with small white markings allowed on the feet, chest and tail. Some puppies are available in Pune or Satara or in Rohilkhand in Uttar Pradesh in India.
#11: Soneri Kutta
This Dog is native from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar state, this dog was basically used to retrieve buffaloes from water. India farmers around Son River were using dogs to retrieve the cattle from water when they need to take them back to home.
This dog is a good swimmer and very active at temperature ~40-45 degrees, when buffaloes deny to come out of water, they were taking them out forcefully. This dog has capability to swim for hours and is very athletic and sturdy. The blood line of these dogs is yet not confirmed according to local people, when Britishers came to India then they bought some water dogs like Labrador and others who were good swimmers and these dogs are mix of them with Indian pariah dogs. Thus Soneris are good swimmers and very robust for Indian climate and conditions.
Usually it’s black but some has red (fawn) and red-white mixed colour also. Dog is known for its great stamina and energy and is very loyal, alert, protective dog but usually one man dog.
11 Endangered Indian Dogs
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