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11 Unrecognized and Rare Hunting Dogs From Asian Countries

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I like to share information about wildlife, animals and pets—dogs in particular.

This dog is a blue Thai Ridgeback. Learn more about this and other breeds below!

This dog is a blue Thai Ridgeback. Learn more about this and other breeds below!

Are you looking for a dog in the hound or hunting category? If you want a canine companion that has good hunting skills and distinctive looks, you might be interested in the following 11 breeds. Read on to learn about some excellent, unrecognized hounds and hunting dogs from Asian countries.

In addition to hunting and working as guard dogs, Formosan Mountain Dogs may be trained as rescue dogs or even do stuntwork.

In addition to hunting and working as guard dogs, Formosan Mountain Dogs may be trained as rescue dogs or even do stuntwork.

1. Formosan Mountain Dog

The Formosan Mountain Dog is a landrace (domesticated) dog in the working category. This medium-sized breed is indigenous to the hilly, forested areas of Taiwan and is also known as the Taiwanese Dog/Canis, Taiwanese Native Dog, and Takasago Dog. This is a naturally healthy, hardy, and athletic dog that learns quickly and makes a good companion.

These days, Formosan Mountain Dogs are used mainly for hunting, guarding, rescuing, and doing stunts. This breed is known for being tough and wild. These dogs need early training and firm owners because they have a pack-leader mentality and a tendency to grow dominant and stubborn.

  • Country of Origin: Taiwan, Republic of China
  • Weight: Male 14–18 kg (31–41 lb); Female 12–16 kg (26–36 lb)
  • Height: Male 48–52 cm (18–21 in); Female 43–47 cm (16–19 in)
  • Coat: Smooth and oily
  • Life Span: 10–13 years
The Dingo Indochina from Vietnam is the descendant of native wild dogs.

The Dingo Indochina from Vietnam is the descendant of native wild dogs.

2. Dingo Indochina

The Dingo Indochina is a lesser-known hunting breed from Vietnam. These dogs were bred as watchdogs. Though this breed's history isn't clear, it's commonly believed to be a mix between primitive Asian dogs and the native wild dogs of Vietnam.

  • Country of Origin: Vietnam
  • Weight: 12–20 kg (26–44 lb)
  • Height: 38–57 cm (15–20 in)
  • Coat: Smooth and dry
  • Life Span: 10–14 years
The Xiasi Quan is named after the town it comes from. This dog is thought to bring wealth to its owners.

The Xiasi Quan is named after the town it comes from. This dog is thought to bring wealth to its owners.

3. Xiasi Quan or Bai Long Quan

Xiasi Quan dogs are medium-sized hunting dogs. They originate from Guizhou Province in China, and they take their name from the town of Xiasi, Majiang City, where they are from.

Xiasi Quan dogs have distinctive characteristics and traits that make them ideal hunting dogs: They are healthy, sturdy, and intelligent, with good hunting and guarding instincts. They also have an excellent sense of smell and impressive speed and stamina. According to tradition, these dogs bring wealth to their family, and the breed is well-respected overall.

  • Country of Origin: Guizhou Province, China
  • Weight: 10–30 kg (22–66 lb)
  • Height: 43–51 cm (17–20 in)
  • Coat: Thick, double-coated, medium to long
  • Life Span: 11–15 years
Some Bone-Mouth Dogs are more wrinkled than others, depending on their bloodline.

Some Bone-Mouth Dogs are more wrinkled than others, depending on their bloodline.

4. Bone-Mouth

Originally from Namhoi City in the Guangdong Province of China, these dogs take their name from their loose skin and meaty mouths. These dogs have two bloodlines. One has fewer wrinkles, a pointed tail, and a short, thick, straight coat. The other has heavier wrinkles, a straight, hanging tail, and a comparatively longer coat.

No matter the bloodline, this is a cool, calm, and affectionate dog that loves its family and is usually friendly with strangers and other pets. They are known for their fighting and hunting skills, and they also make good watchdogs.

  • Country of Origin: China
  • Weight: 18–29 kg (40–65 lb)
  • Height: 48–58 cm (19–23 in)
  • Coat: Short, hard, bristly, and as straight as possible
  • Life Span: 7–15 years
This is a black Thai Ridgeback; their coat also comes in blue and red. You can just see the darker ridge of fur along its back that gives the dog its name.

This is a black Thai Ridgeback; their coat also comes in blue and red. You can just see the darker ridge of fur along its back that gives the dog its name.

5. Thai Ridgeback

The Thai Ridgeback is an ancient breed from Thailand. These dogs have become increasingly popular outside of Thailand, and they're recognized by some major kennel clubs; however, they're not yet recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). They are also known as TRD, Mah Thai, Thai Dogs, and Mah Thai Lung Arn.

This dog has three different coat colors: red, black, and blue. They are ridged along the back, a feature shared by only a few other dogs (such as Rhodesian Ridgebacks and Phu Quoc Ridgebacks). These are strong, brave, healthy, and calm dogs that have been used for generations as hunting companions. They also make good watchdogs and family pets.

  • Country of Origin: Thailand
  • Weight: 23–34 kg (51–75 lb)
  • Height: Male 56–60 cm (22–24 in); Female 51–56 cm (20–22 in)
  • Coat: Short, thick, and straight
  • Life Span: 12–13 years
Believe it or not, the Telomian can climb trees.

Believe it or not, the Telomian can climb trees.

6. Telomian

This is a medium-sized, average-weight night watchdog. Originally from Malaysia, these dogs were bred by indigenous people to hunt vermin and small prey. The Telomian comes from an area near the rainforest where snakes, scorpions, poisonous insects, army ants, and hungry mammals used to roam. As a result, these dogs developed a unique ability to climb trees!

It is commonly believed that these dogs are the missing link between the African Basenji and the Australian Dingo. Sadly, there is a shortage of purebred Telomians today, and the breed is identified as endangered.

Standards for this breed are not set, so clear records for physical traits are not available. Below are the approximations.

  • Country of Origin: Malaysia (Telom)
  • Weight: 16–25 kg (35–55 lb)
  • Height: 38–48 cm (15–19 in)
  • Coat: Short and smooth
The Sarail Hound is an extremely rare dog.

The Sarail Hound is an extremely rare dog.

7. Sarail Hound

The Sarail Hound is a sighthound breed. Originally from Bangladesh, some of these dogs are also found in West Bengal and Assam in India. This dog was created to hunt deer and hares and to protect livestock from jackals and wolves. It is believed to be a further extension of the Indian Rampur Hound mixed with local primitive dogs, though the breed's history is not clear. This breed is endangered and at risk of extinction, and purebred Sarail Hounds are very difficult to find.

  • Country of Origin: Bangladesh
  • Weight: Male 23–27 kg (51–60 lb); Female: 21–24 kg (46–53 lb)
  • Height: Male 56–69 cm (22–27 in); Female: 53–61 cm (21–24 in)
  • Coat: Short, thick, and straight
Pashmi Hounds are friendly and affectionate pets in addition to being hunting and field dogs.

Pashmi Hounds are friendly and affectionate pets in addition to being hunting and field dogs.

8. Pashmi Hound

Pashmi Hounds are an Indian sighthound breed from the village of Paschmi. They are also known as Mudhole or Caravan Hounds. This is an athletic, strong hunting dog that was was bred to hunt bears, foxes, gazelles, wildcats, and marmots. They also do well in hunting and field games. Pashmi Hounds are intelligent and affectionate dogs that love to be around their family members. They are usually friendly with strangers and get along easily with other pets.

  • Country of Origin: India
  • Weight: Male 16–21 kg (35–46 lb); Female 13–16 kg (29–35 lb)
  • Height: Male 56–64 cm (22–25 in); Female 53–58 cm (21–23 in)
  • Coat: Short, thick, and single-coated
  • Life Span: 9–11 years
The Chippiparai Hound may be related to the Egyptian Saluki.

The Chippiparai Hound may be related to the Egyptian Saluki.

9. Chippiparai Hound

Chippiparai dogs are sighthounds originally from southern India. The breed hails from the district of Tamil Nadu and has been used to hunt bears, wild boars, deer, and hares. These dogs also do well as companion and guard dogs.

The ancient rulers of Tirunelveli and Madurai kept these dogs as symbols of royalty and dignity. Many breeders believe that they are related to the Egyptian Saluki, which was brought to India by Arabian invaders and soldiers and later bred with local dogs.

  • Country of Origin: India
  • Weight: Male 15–20 kg (33–44 lb); Female 12–16 kg (26–35 lb)
  • Height: Male 58–66 cm (23–26 in); Female 53–58 cm (21–23 in)
  • Coat: Short, thick, and single-coated
  • Life Span: 12–15 years
This is a wild dog in Sri Lanka that is likely a mix between a Sinhala Hound and a local stray.

This is a wild dog in Sri Lanka that is likely a mix between a Sinhala Hound and a local stray.

10. Sinhala Hound

Sinhala Hounds are hunting and working dogs native to Sri Lanka and some parts of India. They lack a clear breed history, but it's commonly believed that these dogs are a cross between Kadar dogs and primitive Indian dogs. Some think that this breed was created around 4500 BCE when people began keeping domestic dogs to drive game. They were used by the Vedda people for hunting.

This breed is identified as endangered, and there is a shortage of purebred dogs. It's more common to see dogs that are a mix between Sinhala Hounds and local stray dogs.

Little information is available about this breed's physical characteristics.

  • Countries of Origin: Sri Lanka and India
  • Coat: Short and thick
The Nippon Terrier is seldom seen outside of Japan.

The Nippon Terrier is seldom seen outside of Japan.

11. Nippon Terrier

The Nippon Terrier is a rare Japanese dog that's also known as the Japanese Terrier. This breed is native to Japan and may have descended from fox-type terriers, pointers, and indigenous dogs. This dog is short, muscular, and athletic, much like English Rat or Fox Terriers, and it has an aptitude for hunting.

Nippon Terriers are recognized by some major kennel clubs, and they were registered with the National Kennel Club in Japan in 1930. However, this dog is rarely found outside of Japan.

  • Country of Origin: Japan
  • Weight: 3–4 kg (6–9 lb)
  • Height: 28–33 cm (11–13 in)
  • Coat: Short and double-coated
  • Life Span: 12–13 years

Hunting Dogs of Asia

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