Teaching Attention for You and Your Pup
Learning how to teach your pup is an important first step in building your relationship. Dogs learn differently than humans. Teaching your pup to pay attention to you, and learning to pay attention to what your pup is doing is an important foundation for all future teaching.
Dogs are thinking about what they are looking at. If your pup is not looking at you, then you can be he is not thinking about you or what you want him to do.
At its most basic, attention teaching is teaching your pup to know his name. Mealtime is a great time to start working on this activity. Take a small handful of puppy’s meal in your hand (put the rest of the bowl up and out of reach), and say his name. As soon as he makes eye contact with you, mark the correct behavior with a word (yeah! OK, or good! are all appropriate marker words – the word should be short, spoken in a happy tone and used every time) and give a small bite of food. You may need to position to food right in front of your face initially to get the eye contact you want. Make sure you reward as soon as eye contact happens.
Once your pup consistently looks to you when he hears his name, it is time to add a behavior word. In this case, you can add “watch”. As Judi Adler tells us in her book “Water Work, Water Play” “Using his name first swings his mind in your direction, so he is fully alert to what follows. A dog who is seriously concentrating is more apt to do what you bid.”
When you have established a good routine of attention with “Puppy, Watch!” at mealtime, then expand your practice sessions to other times of the day, and other locations (different rooms, outdoors, where there are distractions, etc.) Remember to always end on a positive note, so if your pup is having trouble go back to inside in a quiet spot to finish your training session on a positive note.
Give your reinforcements on a variable schedule. Vary your reinforcers. It's always a good idea to have several different types of food treats. If one type of treat isn't reinforcing enough pull out something better. If the dog has ignored a really difficult distraction, reinforce with your best treat. Intersperse physical praise, if your dog likes petting, & verbal praise with your food treats. If you are upbeat & unpredictable your dog will be too interested in you to care about anythi— Arlene Courtney, Trainer at Western Oregon University
After you have successfully changed your time of day and setting and your pup is a pro at giving you attention when asked, then start holding eye contact a little longer each time before giving the reward. The goal of this training is to get your dog to focus on you, despite distractions. You can start out by holding the treat in front of your face for a dog that is very food motivated, and then gradually move the food away from your eyes, but only reward when the dog focuses on your eyes, not on the treat. Work to lengthen the amount of time between the initial eye contact and the treat reward until your pup can go for several seconds of intense focus before being rewarded.
Attention training will pay off in all future training because your dog will be able to focus on you without being distracted by other things going on around you.
Attention Training with Ian Dunbar
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.
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