The 5 Best Natural Remedies for Canine Joint Pain and Arthritis
The 5 Best Natural Supplements for Aging Dogs
The following five supplements have greatly helped arthritic dogs, while offering additional benefits such as improved coat quality, improved lung function, and heart health. They can substantially improve your dog's quality of life as he or she ages. We will review the properties of each of these products, discuss how to use them, and explain why they are considered favorites among vets and pet owners.
Top 5 Supplements for Arthritic Dogs
- Ark Naturals Sea Mobility Joint Rescue Chews
- Wapiti Labs Dog Mobility Tablets
- Gnawtlers Premium Elk Antlers for Dogs
- Nordic Naturals Omega-3 Fish Oil
- Raw Chicken Wings and Feet
The Benefits of Glucosamine and Chondroitin for Dogs
What Is Glucosamine?
Glucosamine is an amino sugar that naturally occurs in the body. It plays an important role in making glycosaminoglycans and glycoproteins, which are the building blocks of joints, tendons, ligaments, cartilage, and synovial fluid (which lubricates joints). It can be found as a supplement for dogs and comes from shellfish, elk, or deer antlers; these supplements can also be prepared chemically in a laboratory.
What Is Chondroitin?
Glucosamine is frequently paired with chondroitin, another naturally occurring substance found in the cartilage of animals. Chondroitin is frequently sourced from shark fins, sea cucumbers, and beef cartilage.
Are Natural and Synthetic Glucosamine Equal?
According to our research, naturally occurring glucosamine that is harvested from creatures intrinsically high in glucosamine is often more effective in providing a rapid and noticeable improvement in joint function. It appears that synthetic glucosamine that is made in laboratories provides a fraction of the relief that the natural supplements offer.
When researching a product, consider purchasing sustainable sources—avoid those made from shark fin and/or species that are currently threatened due to overharvesting or irresponsible harvesting.
Why Glucosamine and Chondroitin Work Together Synergistically
Cartilage acts as a pad and shock absorber in the joint. Once damaged, the bones in the joint grind directly against each other, causing pain and dysfunction. When used in combination, glucosamine and chondroitin help repair and protect cartilage in the joint. Rebuilding and protecting cartilage reduces the wearing of bone against bone and provides substantial pain relief to dogs suffering from arthritis.
Anecdotal evidence from owners suggests that glucosamine can significantly improve activity levels in senior dogs (medical studies are inconclusive due to challenges surrounding sourcing and quality). Lab animal studies also show that glucosamine supplements can help repair and even prevent further breakdown of cartilage in dogs.
Can These Supplements Prevent Arthritis in Dogs?
Unfortunately, dog arthritis is common in aging dogs and the hip and elbow joints are most commonly affected. Additionally, vertebrae may compress over time, and discs in the spinal cord may begin to degrade as well.
A major study of 1500 humans with arthritis published in The New England Medical Journal determined that relief brought by glucosamine and chondroitin depended on the severity of the arthritis that the individual had (severe cases benefitted more greatly from the supplements). Additionally, glucosamine and chondroitin supplements may help prevent or slow the progress of further joint damage.
Given that human and dog arthritis progresses similarly, we have surveyed dog owners who have tested a variety of natural supplements as well as compounds developed by veterinary pharmaceutical companies to see which joint supplements produced the best results for symptomatic dogs.
1. Ark Naturals Sea Mobility Joint Rescue Chews
makes a variety of joint supplement treats for dogs in four flavors: beef, chicken, lamb, and venison. These treats are highly palatable. In the two case studies below, both dogs showed noticeable improvements after one week of daily Sea Mobility treats. Ark Naturals
Dosing: One jerky strip (three squares) a day per 50 pounds.
- Buckshot or "Buck": 12-year-old bird-dog with arthritis
- Ruby: Six-year-old Border Collie with hip dysplasia
Buck had been unable to stand on slick hardwood floors; his legs would slowly slide out from under him. As a result, he spent most of his time on area rugs scattered throughout his house.
Progress: After a week with the Sea Mobility treats, Buck's owner reported that he was "puppyish" again, more playful, and able to walk more easily on the hardwood floors. After six months on the supplement, the improvements he had experienced were maintained.
Within four days on the Sea Mobility treats, Ruby, who was previously unable to climb stairs or stand up on her hind legs, was able to climb stairs again and even jump up to "hug" her owner.
Progress: At six months from initiating the supplement treats, Ruby's gains in mobility were maintained. At the one year interval, her overall health was still good and her positive response to the supplements was still maintained.
Ingredients and Properties
- 100 mg sea cucumber extract, an excellent source of chondroitin
- 200 mg MSM-methylsulfonylmethane, a sulfur compound essential for connective tissue health, which helps to reduce inflammation and increases flexibility
- 200 mg glucosamine HCL, to help repair and maintain healthy cartilage, inhibit inflammation, and stimulate regeneration of synovial fluid for joint lubrication
- Grain-free and gluten-free
- Made in the USA
Owners of senior and arthritic dogs praise these treats. They are easily consumed by elderly dogs that have trouble swallowing pills. Owners report that their dogs are more energetic, steadier on their legs, and more mobile and flexible.
2. Wapiti Labs Dog Mobility Tablets: Chinese Herbal Meds
An ancient Chinese remedy from 2,000 years ago, elk velvet contains nearly 40 essential compounds. Elk velvet supplements are derived from new-growth antlers, still in "velvet," and are humanely and sustainably harvested.
The young antlers used in this supplement are still in a cartilaginous state and are rich in nutrients, minerals, growth hormones, proteins, and trace elements. Studies have shown that elk velvet supplements help bone fractures heal faster.
Ingredients and Properties
The series comes in two variations: "mobility" (for adult dogs) and "senior mobility" (for senior dogs). Both are high in glucosamine and chondroitin and natural herbs such as ginseng for additional support. These products are known for being: Wapiti Labs "mobility"
- High in naturally occurring glucosamine and chondroitin
- High in calcium, potassium, phosphorus, collagen, amino acids, and growth hormones
- Made in the USA
Wapiti Labs' products produce quick results. They off trial packs on their website to allow you to test them on your dog without making a large initial investment. Expect to see results within 7–10 days.
3. Gnawtlers Premium Elk Antlers for Dogs
are naturally shed annually and are harvested for a variety of uses, including dog treats. Naturally rich in glucosamine, they also contain many other beneficial minerals—some of which are listed below. Deer and elk antlers
Ingredients and Properties
- Iron: 38-42 PPM
- Calcium: 22–24%
- Magnesium: 10.5%
- Potassium: 970–980 PPG
- Phosphorus: 9–11%
- Sulfur: 0.21–0.25%
- Zinc: 62–65 PPM
Deer and elk antlers are long-lasting chews that provide days to weeks of entertainment for your dog. As the dog chews to get at the marrow, natural and fully digestible nutrients are slowly released. Joint healthy glucosamine is released in a readily available form to improve canine joint health.
Additionally, antlers remove plaque and tartar naturally from senior dog teeth. As dogs age, risks associated with anesthesia for routine dental care increase. Antlers help maintain oral health, with minimum risk to tooth health.
Safety: Dogs should not eat more than one inch of antler a day. The antlers should be discarded once their remnants are small enough to be swallowed.
4. Nordic Naturals Omega-3 Fish Oil for Anti-Inflammatory Joint Health
is the gold standard for human fish oil supplements, and they make a pet version as well. There are no major side effects with these supplements, outside of the possibility of loose stools, and fish oil capsules can be given with glucosamine and chondroitin. Nordic Naturals
Ingredients and Properties
- Derived exclusively from wild anchovies and sardines
- Convenient capsules for ease-of-use
- Specially formulated to maximize the health benefits for your pet
- Omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) support the skin, joints, heart, and the development and maintenance of the brain and eyes
Salmon oil and fish oil have anti-inflammatory properties that can reduce inflammation in the joints and aid in the absorption of other essential nutrients. The added benefits of consuming fish oil include improved coat shine and skin health, improved lung function and heart health, and systemic antioxidant protection from free radicals.
Grizzly Salmon Oil also makes a series of fish oil supplements that come in squeeze bottles that you apply directly to your dog's food. Most dogs enjoy the smelly goodness of salmon oil.
Tip: If you purchase dog supplements and have only one dog, purchase a small 8-ounce bottle, as the 16-ounce bottle will go rancid before you use it up. You can also consider sharing your salmon oil supplements with your pup, if he is 30 pounds or larger.
5. Raw Chicken Wings and Feet for Dogs With Arthritis and Joint Disease
Raw chicken wings and chicken feet are rich in both glucosamine and chondroitin. Dogs naturally love them, while you may not love the potential for salmonella. Therefore, feed these treats outside to keep your home germ free. Other natural animal sourced treats which have been cured that are rich in chondroitin include:
- Beef Trachea
- Pig Ears
- Pig Noses
- Cow Hooves
Have you tried glucosamine supplements before?
Tips for Managing Dog Arthritis and Joint Pain
If your dog has arthritis or hip or elbow dysplasia, there are several things you should try to do to ease their pain and improve their quality of life:
- Manage their weight: Don't let your dog become overweight; excess weight puts increased pressure on the joints. If you need to cut back on food because of decreased activity levels, you can add in canned or frozen green beans to satisfy their appetites without the added calories.
- Go for short walks: If your dog responds to any of the treatments listed here, go for short walks (15–20 minutes) twice a day and increase the frequency as your dog's stamina builds. Short walks are better than one long walk.
- Swim: Swimming is an excellent form of exercise as it relieves stress on the joints. For large or elderly dogs, invest in a life jacket to give them additional support and to keep them from tiring too soon.
- Invest in bedding: Invest in a therapeutic pet bed with memory foam or an egg-crate design.
- NSAIDs: Your vet can prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications to help manage inflammation in more severe cases.
Dog Arthritis Hydrotherapy Rehabilitation
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.
© 2014 Barbara Fitzgerald