How To Induce Vomiting in Your Dog
How to prevent or delay toxin absorption
A time may come when you find out too late that our puppy or dog has ingested something potentially harmful or even poisonous requiring treatment at once. There are are a few things that can be done at home to prevent absorption right before heading to the emergency vet.
A common method that many vets recommend is to induce vomiting prior to having the pet seen. Induction of vomit may help the dog remove the potentially harmful object or toxin igested or at least may limit its absorption.
In order to be effective the induction of vomit must take place at least WITHIN 2 HOURS from when the suspected harmful toxin has been ingested. If more than 2 hours have passed the toxin or object has already left the stomach and is already being absorbed or forwarded to the intestinal tract. It is very important to realize that the induction of vomit may be harmful or even fatal when some particular toxins are ingested.
Keep this product always handy!
When NOT to Induce Vomiting in Dogs
First, and foremost, you need to learn when you shouldn't induce vomiting as this can do more harm than good. Do NOT induce vomiting when your dog has ingested the following items listed below. The problem with these items is that if they are brought back up they may cause significantly more damage than if they remain in the stomach. Therefore, avoid inducing vomiting if your dog ingested any of the below items:
- An acid based chemical
- An alkali based chemical
- A caustic like bleach or drain cleaner
- A household cleaning solution
- A household chemical
- A petroleum product such as gasoline, turpentine, kerosene
- A sharp object
- A product whose bottle clearly states do not induce vomiting
These are therefore toxins that potentially may burn the esophagus on the way up or they are objects that may injure tissues severely when brought up. Also do not induce vomiting when:
- Your dog has vomited already
- Your dog is unconscious
- Your dog has labored breathing
- Your dog is exhibiting nervous system disorders and seizures
Should your dog exhibit any of the above do not induce vomiting but rather rush him/her to the emergency vet. If you are unsure if your dog should be induced to vomit, don't risk, rather call your vet or the ASPCA poison control number at 888-426-4435 (a $65 consultation fee applies).
Examples of When Inducing Vomiting is Helpful
- Your dog ingested rodenticide poison. Immediate induction of vomiting is important upon witnessing such consumption. Your dog wil still need immediate veterinary treatment since these poisons cause blood clotting disorders. Bring along the rodenticide product. For more on this read: Dog Ate Rat Poison
- Your dog ingested chocolate. The worse chocolate is baker's chocolate followed by milk chocolate. As little as 4 ounces of baker's chocolate can prove fatal to a 5 -10pound dog. Call your vet after inducing vomit with your dog's weight, type of chocolate and quantity ingested for follow up instructions.
- Your dog ingested antifreeze. Antifreeze is often ingested because it has an attractive sweet taste and drops may be easily found under the car. Inducing vomiting followed by charcoal administration in this case will delay and reduce absorption however, a vet must be still seen at once to prevent kidney failure.
- Your dog ate some of your prescription pills. People's medicines can be very toxic to pets. Even common over the counter pain killers like Tylenol or Advil can prove fatal in dogs. Induce vomiting should your dog have ingested pills as described below. Make sure the dog brings up the pills, follow up with the vet to seek further treatment such as administering fluids or antidotes.
Important Note: always consult with your vet before inducing vomiting. Have your dog's weight available and the product label of the product ingested.
Instructions on how to induce vomiting from veterinarian
How to Induce Vomiting in Dogs
You will need:
- Hydrogen Peroxide 3% -do not use any other type!
- 1 teaspoon
- A watch
- Paper towels
Strictly only use hydrogen peroxide 3%. You will need to administer one teaspoon of hydrogen peroxide (5 ml) per 10 pounds of body weight. You may repeat this dose for a maximum of two times. Therefore, administer the hydrogen peroxide dosage once and then wait 15-20 minutes. Walking your dog around may help to expedite the process.
If the dog vomits, well, if not, repeat again. If still does not vomit after another 10 minutes, bring your pet and the chemical bottle or other toxin to the vet at once as the vet may have more effective products to induce vomiting.
*Note: the bottle of hydrogen peroxide may say "toxic to pets", this simply means that it makes them vomit. If you follow the instructions and dosages carefully, you dog will vomit and there will be no long-lasting effects from ingesting the hydrogen peroxide.
How to Prevent/Delay Poison Absorption After Having Induced Vomiting
You can purcase some activated charcoal and administer it after the dog vomits up the toxin. The dosage of compressed activated charcoal is one 5 gram tablet per 10 pounds of weight according to the Dog Owner's Veterinary Handbook. Simply burning some toast in the toaster until black and giving burnt toast to the dog is not as effective
Always contact your vet or have your dog immediately seen by your vet regardless of the fact he/she has vomited or not. Many toxins need further flushed out of the system and the dog may need emergency supportive care before complications such as seizures may arise.
Always keep the poison control number handy. The ASPCA'S Poison Control center's phone number is 888-426-4435 or try Angell Animal poison control hotline at 877-226-4355 or PROSAR international animal poison control at 888-232-8870. Please keep in mind that there is usually a credit card charge around 50 to 60 dollars for the consultation.
DISCLAIMER: This article must not be used as a substitute for veterinary care nor should it be used as a diagnostic tool. Always consult a vet should you believe your dog has been in contact with toxins or poisons, a delay in doing so can turn potentially dangerous or even fatal. Always keep handy the Poison control phone numbers to refer to during such emergencies.
REFERENCE: Dog owner's home veterinary handbook Debra Eldredge DVM, Liisa Carlson DVM, Delbert G. Carlson D.V.M and James M. Giffin M.D Wiley Publishing, INC
For further reading
- Dog Health: Dog Ate Rat Poison, What to Do?
What to do if your dog ate rat poison? Learn why you should not wait to seek veterinarian care and how rat poison affects your dog.
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