How to Breed Your Female Dog Successfully

Updated on February 8, 2018
DrMark1961 profile image

Dr. Mark is a small animal veterinarian. He works mostly with dogs and exotic animals.

A successful breeding.
A successful breeding. | Source

Do you know how to breed your female dog? A female dog will have her first heat cycle from 4 months of age up to the second year, (tiny dogs come into heat early so the first heat can depend on the size and the breed), but although she can get pregnant that early she should not be bred until her second or third estrus.

After that first cycle she will come into heat about every six months, but it can vary from 4 to 12 months.


Before Breeding Your Dog

  • Make sure that have a home for any puppies that will be born. There are already too many puppies and adult dogs being killed at animal shelters, so you should not breed your dog just because she is nice or you want to show the kids the miracle of birth.
  • If you are sure, take her in to your regular veterinarian for a health exam.
  • Have her blood tested for any genetic diseases the breed is affected by.
  • Have her hips or other potential problem joints x-rayed and certified.
  • Contact the owner of the male dog so that he or she knows the approximate date you will be bringing your female dog.

Is My Dog Ready?

If you have been watching your dog carefully you will know when she is ready to be bred. The “spotting” that she has been doing around the house will first turn clear, and then might stop altogether. That is when your dog will stand and allow a male to mount and breed her.

Some breeders recommend having vaginal smears completed before breeding so that you will be aware of the best breeding date. Others have vaginal swabs done both before heat and during the first few days of her heat cycle. The most accurate way of determining her best breeding date would be a progesterone assay. You can have this test done by your local veterinarian. Your dog will have her blood sample taken every one or two days and when the level of progesterone peaks she will be ovulating and should be bred.

How Often Should The Male Breed Her?

If you are using frozen sperm (artificial insemination), knowing the time of ovulation is important, but if a male is available this is not really necessary. The sperm will last inside her for about 5-7 days so if you breed her as soon as she is willing to stand, then breed her again every two or three days until she is no longer willing to allow the male to mount, all of her eggs will be fertilized. Healthy sperm will be present inside her when she ovulates (and the eggs are too immature to be penetrated), when the eggs are ripe, and even later when the eggs are dying.

If your female dog will not stand to be bred there are several possibilities. She may not even be in heat, but if you are sure she is the most likely problem is that she does not want to mate with the male. A female that does not want to mate with a male will need a little assistance.

If you have an experienced breeder working with you, they can show you the best way to restrain your dog. If you are not working with a breeder, be careful as it can be dangerous for you and for the dog.

What Should I Do During the Breeding?

Stay with your dogs during breeding. My Siberian Huskies always knew what to do and never required any interference. When dealing with some breeds, though, you will need to support the female (so that she does not collapse under the weight of the male) or even lift the male up into place.

The male will mount the female and the bulbis glandis will swell so that he is “tied” to the female for about twenty minutes (it may be as short as two minutes or as long as half an hour). He will usually swing a back leg over and will stand, tied with the female in a tail-to-tail position.

Do not separate your female from the male at this point. Do not yell at them, throw water on them, pour ice on them, or try any of the other crude methods I have heard about over the years.

Stay close and keep the female from rolling around and damaging the male, but do not try to separate them. It will all be over soon enough.

What Should I Do After the Breeding?

After the dogs have bred successfully it is a good idea to walk the female around but, if she crouches to urinate, do not allow her to do so for at least 20 minutes. This may not be necessary, as by that time most of the sperm is up inside the female, but it is a good practice to follow.

Try it again in two or three days. Some breeders will keep your female dog during this time, but it is okay to take her home if you prefer to do so.

Do not forget that you´ll be buying a lot of food if the breeding is successful.
Do not forget that you´ll be buying a lot of food if the breeding is successful. | Source

What Comes Next?

If you do everything correctly, puppies will come along about 58-63 days after your female has been bred.

Breeding a female dog, though, can be a real gamble. If you have a breed like the English Bulldog, and think you will make money breeding her since her purchase price was so high, you may end up paying for a C-section and may even end up losing your dog when she dies in labor. Some breeds produce puppies more easily but, after the genetic screening costs, x-rays for hip dysplasia, the medications for worms or any other illness, the vaccinations, and the increased food bills, you may end up losing money.

Unless your female has something to contribute to the breed, and you are ready to find homes for all of the puppies, she should be spayed.

You do not need to breed every female dog.

Do you know how to breed your dog?

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This video will give you some idea on finding a breeder who keeps high quality males to cross with your female.

Questions & Answers


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    • DrMark1961 profile image

      Dr Mark 7 weeks ago from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil

      Ganesh, if your Pug will stand to be bred you can allow her to mate.

    • DrMark1961 profile image

      Dr Mark 2 months ago from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil

      Shawn, if your female is really in heat then she is not going to be nervous when you are present. You can just take a chair, sit down, and even if the female hangs around your legs she is going to become curious about the male and go on over there to check him out. Just sit there and let them do their thing. Another breeding is not going to hurt. If you send the male home now you are not sure if you are not going to be sure if your female is bred.

    • profile image

      Shawn 2 months ago

      My female sits when dog approaches. So i move them to smaller barn. When i check on them, she is humping him. When she came out hours later, she was soaked head to toe and smelled like a hore. Day 2, same thing after hours of being together, come out wet and smelly. How do i know if they bred? She doesnt want me around, she is super nervous and hides in my legs. So do i go for day 3 and do it all again? Or send stud home!

    • DrMark1961 profile image

      Dr Mark 2 months ago from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil

      Joseph, if the female dog was willing to stand to be bred it was close to ovulation. The sperm will be available at the time of ovulation---in fact it has probably already happened. Good luck with your new puppies.

    • profile image

      joseph 2 months ago

      The male dog was tied to the female two times within three days and I think it was closer to the beginning of her cycle. He is still trying to mount her over and over but now she hips and sits down. My question is this: will the sperm last until she ovulates or did she ovulate early?

    • DrMark1961 profile image

      Dr Mark 3 months ago from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil

      Lynna, if she will not take that male, offer her another. Some females will not accept some males, and unless you know how to hold the female, it does not work out.

      If you want to learn how to hold the dog to assist breeding, you will need to find a breeder close to you. It does not need to be the same breed of dog.

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      Majek 7 months ago

      I have a rottweiler stud that's refuse to mate with female in heat. Please help cos I'm worried if something's wrong with the male

    • DrMark1961 profile image

      Dr Mark 10 months ago from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil

      Every other day, or every third day, for a week or so

    • profile image

      SANDRA BUSH 10 months ago

      What is the reasonable amount of times you should breed your dog?

    • profile image

      Lala lopez 11 months ago

      Hi i need help i bred my male dog 2 times with 2 different females and they turned out not to be pregnat why is that and is it my male?

    • profile image

      dattatray bhawar 3 years ago

      I have a greatdane female breeded for pupys contact 9049319189

    • profile image

      angelag843 4 years ago

      @myranda I also have a mini dachshund. I'm trying to breed her but not sure why she's not accepting the stud.she lifts her tail but then sits or leaves. What's wrong? Is he just not her type??? Lol please help! I'm also emailing you. Thanks

    • profile image

      Myranda 4 years ago

      I breed miniature dachshunds. As a matter of I am in the middle of breeding my long hair black and tan female to my short hair brindle male. If interested you can email me at

    • Farmer Rachel profile image

      Rachel Koski 5 years ago from Pennsylvania, now farming in Minnesota

      "Unless you are willing to lose her, it is not worth it." Well, that about says it! I'm really not willing to lose her. I think I'll just buy another puppy or two when the time comes that I need more farm dogs :) Thanks for the advice!

    • DrMark1961 profile image

      Dr Mark 5 years ago from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil

      Australian cattle dogs have a lot fewer problems so I would be more likely to cross her with a male of that breed, but there is always a risk when breeding dogs. Unless you are willing to lose her, it is not worth it. Many people see my dog on the beach and ask about a puppy, but I do not plan on breeding her.

      Dogs eat a lot more, and you need to be sure and provide a good quality dog food or supplement a cheaper food. When I bred Huskies we always supplemented the dogs food with table scraps, and although that is looked down upon by many people the human food usually provides a rich source of vitamins.

    • Farmer Rachel profile image

      Rachel Koski 5 years ago from Pennsylvania, now farming in Minnesota

      Nice hub! I'm still debating abot breeding my cattle dog/border collie cross. She just turned 2. I've read about problems during labor and I would hate to breed her and have something bad happen. I guess I'll either spay her or breed her this winter. I don't really want to sell puppies so much as keep two for myself, and either give away or sell the others. I'm also not sure whether to breed her to a cattle dog or a border collie. Do you know anything about the extra nutritional requirements during gestation? My sheep and hogs always need extra feed and certain minerals. Pinned this one for future reference!

    • DrMark1961 profile image

      Dr Mark 5 years ago from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil

      When I was a kid we used to have a male Pomeranian that needed to be guided in every time. Needless to say, everyone disappeared on the days that he was due to be used!!!

    • Just Ask Susan profile image

      Susan Zutautas 5 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      I worked for a breeder and the first time she asked me to help her with breeding two Leonbergers I thought sure okay .. there can't be much to it. Then when my boss told me that I had to hold the male I was like WHAT are you serious??? Let's just say it was a learning experience.