Dr. Mark is a veterinarian. He works mostly with dogs and exotic animals.
How to Breed Dogs
Do you know how to breed your female dog? A female dog will have her first heat cycle from 4 months of age up to the second year (tiny dogs come into heat early, so the first heat can depend on the size and the breed), but even though she can get pregnant that early, she should not be bred until her second or third estrus.
After that first cycle, she will come into heat about every six months, but it can vary from 4 to 12 months.
Before Breeding Your Dog
- Make sure that you have a home for any puppies that will be born. There are already too many puppies and adult dogs being killed at animal shelters, so you should not breed your dog just because she is nice or you want to show the kids the miracle of birth.
- If you are sure that you want to put your dog through this process, take her in to your regular veterinarian for a health exam before you start.
- Have her DNA tested for any genetic diseases the breed is affected by. The test needs to be evaluated by an experienced breeder as not all genetic diseases are heritable.(1)
- Have her hips or other potential problem joints x-rayed and certified.
- Contact the owner of the male dog so that he or she knows the approximate date you will be bringing your female dog.
When Is the Best Time to Breed a Dog in Her Heat Cycle?
If you have been watching your dog carefully you will know when she is ready to be bred. The “spotting” that she has been doing around the house will first turn clear, and then might stop altogether. That is when your dog will stand and allow a male to mount and breed her.
Some breeders recommend having vaginal smears completed before breeding so that you will be aware of the best breeding date. Others have vaginal swabs done both before heat and during the first few days of her heat cycle. The most accurate way of determining her best breeding date would be a progesterone assay (2). You can have this test done by your local veterinarian. Your dog will have her blood sample taken every one or two days and when the level of progesterone peaks she will be ovulating and should be bred.
How Often Should the Male Breed Her?
If you are using frozen sperm (artificial insemination), knowing the time of ovulation is important, but if a male is available this is not really necessary. The sperm will last inside her for about 5-7 days so if you breed her as soon as she is willing to stand, then breed her again every two or three days until she is no longer willing to allow the male to mount, all of her eggs will be fertilized. Healthy sperm will be present inside her when she ovulates (and the eggs are too immature to be penetrated), when the eggs are ripe, and even later when the eggs are dying.
If your female dog will not stand to be bred, there are several possibilities. She may not even be in heat, but if you are sure she is, the most likely problem is that she does not want to mate with the male. A female that does not want to mate with a male will need a little assistance.
If you have an experienced breeder working with you, they can show you the best way to restrain your dog. If you are not working with a breeder, be careful as it can be dangerous for you and for the dog.
What Should I Do During the Breeding?
Stay with your dogs during breeding. My Siberian Huskies always knew what to do and never required any interference. When dealing with some breeds, though, you will need to support the female (so that she does not collapse under the weight of the male) or even lift the male up into place.
The male will mount the female and the bulbis glandis will swell so that he is “tied” to the female for about twenty minutes (it may be as short as two minutes or as long as half an hour). He will usually swing a back leg over and will stand, tied with the female in a tail-to-tail position.
Do not separate your female from the male at this point. Do not yell at them, throw water on them, pour ice on them, or try any of the other crude methods I have heard about over the years.
Stay close and keep the female from rolling around and damaging the male, but do not try to separate them. It will all be over soon enough.
What Should I Do After the Breeding?
After the dogs have bred successfully, it is a good idea to walk the female around but do not allow her to crouch to urinate for at least 20 minutes. This may not be necessary, as by that time most of the sperm is up inside the female, but it is a good practice to follow.
Try it again in two or three days. Some breeders will keep your female dog during this time, but it is okay to take her home if you prefer to do so.
What Comes Next?
If you do everything correctly, puppies will come along about 58-63 days after your female has been bred. If you want more information on what to expect every week here is a short article that will help.
Breeding a female dog, though, can be a real gamble. If you have a breed like the English Bulldog and think you will make money breeding her since her purchase price was so high, you may end up paying for a C-section and may even end up losing your dog when she dies in labor. Some breeds produce puppies more easily but, after the genetic screening costs, x-rays for hip dysplasia, the medications for worms or any other illness, the vaccinations, and the increased food bills, you may end up losing money.
Unless your female has something to contribute to the breed, and you are ready to find homes for all of the puppies, she should be spayed.
You do not need to breed every female dog.
This video will give you some idea on finding a breeder who keeps high quality males to cross with your female.
- How to Get a Dog to Produce More Milk for Her Puppies
If the breeding goes well but your dog whelps and does not have enough milk for her puppies, there are a few simple things to try.
(1) Indrebø A. Animal welfare in modern dog breeding. Acta Vet Scand. 2008 Aug 19;50(Suppl 1):S6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4235000/
(2) Santos NR, Beck A, Maenhoudt C, Billy C, Fontbonne A. Profile of Dogs' Breeders and Their Considerations on Female Reproduction, Maternal Care and the Peripartum Stress-An International Survey. Animals (Basel). 2021 Aug 11;11(8):2372. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8388678/
Wang S, Laloë D, Missant FM, Malm S, Lewis T, Verrier E, Strandberg E, Bonnett BN, Leroy G. Breeding policies and management of pedigree dogs in 15 national kennel clubs. Vet J. 2018 Apr;234:130-135. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29680385/
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.
Questions & Answers
Question: Can my dog still get pregnant if the tie does not occur?
Answer: If the male did not tie with your dog, that indicates that semen was not released. Dogs will sometimes mount but then jump off even before finishing.
Although I cannot guarantee it, as the male may have had a bizzare physiology, the female is not likely to be pregnant.
Question: My male dog mounted on my female dog that isn't in heat and ejaculated inside her. Will the sperm live until she goes in heat, and will she get pregnant immediately because of that?
Answer: A female dog that is not in heat will not allow a male to mount and ejaculate inside of her.
Question: My Cane Corsos have tied four mornings in a row, however, my female is still bleeding and willing to stand. Is that normal?
Answer: That can be very normal. Good luck with your new puppies.
Question: My Chihuahua normally bleeds for up to two weeks. When is the best time to mate her?
Answer: You should mate your dog when she stands to be bred. If her bleeding continues for more than about ten days, try putting her with the male each day and start breeding her as soon as she stands.
Question: Is it ok to not breed my female dog for two years before finally breeding?
Answer: That is definitely okay. She will be fully grown but still young enough to be flexible (to pass the pups).
But what about waiting two years between litters? I do not see any problem with this, but it is not normal practice for most breeders I am familiar with. The only problem would be if the female were old. I do not know what country you are in but in the US the AKC will only register puppies from a young female. An older female might still whelp, but her puppies cannot be registered.
Question: Does a male dog also need to be in heat?
Answer: Male dogs do not need to be in heat. They are responsive and able to fertilize the female dog at any time.
Question: Is it ok to bathe my female dog after breeding?
Answer: Many dogs come home from breeding covered in mud, dirt, or fluids, so they usually need a bath. As long as your dog does not get very excited, it is fine to bathe her as soon as you get home. If your dog gets very upset during bathing, you should wait a few days, or give her a dry bath with finely ground oatmeal and then brush the coat out thoroughly.
Question: I noticed my Doberman trying to mate my female pitbull, but she has been bred, and I thought she was no longer in heat. If the Doberman gets to the female, can he breed with her even if she has already been bred?
Answer: If your Doberman mates with your Pitbull, you might end up with a litter of mixed pups; some will have one father, some another. This is common in street dogs where breeding is not controlled. The best thing you can do is keep them separated until the female will no longer allow the male to mate.
Question: My female dog lets my male dog mount her, but then she runs away and yelps. What should I do?
Answer: If your female dog is not allowing your male dog to mount, or if she will not stand to be bred, it might be too early for her. If it is the right time, and she still will not stand, you can hold her in position, but you usually need help.
You really need to contact an experienced breeder in your area to help you with the dogs. Some vets will also help you with this, but you need to call around and find out if the vet is willing and able to help before making an appointment.
Question: Should I put my female dog with the male dog in same cage to get them to breed?
Answer: Do you mean a crate? No. When you are not with the female, she should not be with the male. Do not lock them together and walk away.
Question: My female dog was successfully stuck with a male four times in two days. After two days she refused the male. Now, it’s the 50th day but no pregnancy signs have appeared. Is she really pregnant?
Answer: If her abdomen has not increased in size then she is probably not pregnant, but it is possible and I cannot tell you for sure. You need to take her to your regular vet and have an ultrasound done.
If your female is not pregnant, it is possible that she is not fertile. If the male is not a proven breeder he too may have problems.
Question: Is it normal for a female dog to let out a lot of the male's sperm after unlocking?
Answer: Yes. I have seen some breeders hold the female up (like a wheelbarrow), but there is so much sperm, a lot more semen cells than are even needed, that this is not necessary. Most of the semen is traveling up the females reproductive tract even before the male dismounts.
Question: After noticing her heat period, how many days do I count before taking her to a male dog?
Answer: It will vary from dog to dog. It is usually about one week from when she starts bleeding until the day when she will stand to be bred.
If the owner of the male has a kennel and will allow you to bring the female there to stay, do so a few days ahead of time.
Question: Will the female still get pregnant if the male slips and they don’t tie?
Answer: There have been rare instances of a male not tying and still inseminating a female, but in general if the male does not tie the female will not be pregnant.
Question: My 4-year-old German Shepherd has been bleeding for 11 days. When should I put her with a male?
Answer: Dogs usually are swollen about a week, bleed about a week, and then are ready to breed in the final week. It can vary, as you have seen. Try to put your dog with the male now and see if she will stand to be bred.
Question: My dog (Lhasa) is five-years-old. Can she still be in heat and get pregnant at this age?
Answer: A five-year-old Lhasa is still a young dog, and will be able to go into heat and bear puppies. If she has never had a litter, be sure to have her examined by your regular vet.
Question: I have a dog in heat. She got tied by my male on the 16th day. Is it possible she could get pregnant?
Answer: If a female is willing to stand to be bred, and the male ties, it is definitely possible that she will become pregnant.
Question: I saw sperm dripping out of my female dog three days after her last crossing. Is that bad?
Answer: I think what you most likely saw was pus dripping from her vagina, not sperm. If she was bred and inseminated, it does not take that many cells, so if there was so much present that it was leaking out of your dog that is not a problem.
There would be two possible outcomes if it were pus. Your dog will have an infection and will not become pregnant, or your dog will have an infection and can give birth to dead or sick puppies. If this were my dog, I would want her to be checked out and have a vaginal swab, and maybe a culture.
Question: My dog is just 9 months old. Today my neighbor’s Lhasa mounted her and they got stuck for over 15 minutes. She’s not up to a year! What should I do?
Answer: Your dog is too young to have puppies safely. The best thing for her would be to take her to your vet immediately before the pregnancy is too advanced and have her spayed.
Question: Is there a chance for my female dog to get pregnant if the male successfully ties but only for a very short time?
Answer: It is possible. If the male was "tied" to the female, that indicates that sperm was released. To be sure, however, you can schedule an appointment with your vet for an ultrasound. Call and find out at what time your vet wants to do the procedure.
Question: Does the male dog's weight have to be the same as the female?
Answer: It does not need to be the same, and in most cases, it is not. In large dog breeds, the males are considerably larger. Some breeders want heavier females (small dog breeds) but use very tiny males.
If the male is tiny, he may need to stand on something to reach the female.
Question: My female dog sits down and won’t let my male dog do his business. What can I do?
Answer: If your female is sitting down the solution is simple. You need to support her at the waist so that the male can mount and she is not able to sit down.
Some dogs will not like being forced and will try to bite. You may need to muzzle her for this.
Question: My dog is five-months-old. When should I breed her?
Answer: Your dog is still a puppy. She is not finished growing so if she has puppies now her bones will stop growing in length, and she will not attain her full size. Never breed a dog until she is mature. Wait until she is about 18 months old.
Question: My dog had 1.7 Progesterone last Wednesday, then 8.9 on Monday. She was bred Tuesday evening, at a 25 min tie. We tried Wednesday evening again, but the male showed no further interest, and neither did she. Do you think one breeding was enough?
Answer: One time is sometimes enough. If the male was not willing to mate, and she did not want to stand to be mated, that would indicate that her hormone levels had fallen.
She is probably already bred. Take good care of her for the next two months.
Question: My Golden Retriever is in heat, so what should I do to breed her successfully?
Answer: If you have never bred your dog before you need to discuss this with a Golden breeder before proceeding. Are you even sure your female should be bred? Do you have homes for the puppies? If the new owner brings a puppy back, are you going to find him a new home or adopt him yourself? These are the questions you should have the answer to before moving forward.
Question: My female lab is one-year-old now. and she is allowing the male to mate with her. so should I just let them do their thing or keep them apart?
Answer: You should keep the dogs apart even if the female is willing to stand to be bred. The earliest that you should consider breeding a dog is eighteen-months, but two years is even better.
Question: My boy and girl dog mate several times a day. Is this normal during her heat?
Answer: There is nothing wrong with dogs breeding multiple times. As a breeder though you should have facilities that allow you to keep your dogs apart so that you can control whom they breed with.
The only problem that a female may experience if she is bred too often is a vaginal infection from the introduction of numerous bacteria (from the male). This does not happen very often, and street dogs usually breed with every available male in the neighborhood and have no problems.
Question: I have crossed my female dog on both her 3rd and 4th heat but she didn’t get pregnant. During her 3rd heat, I crossed her on the 9th, 11th and 13th day: she bled on the 13th day in the morning but the vet said it was as a result of forcing her to be crossed on the 9th day. On her 4th heat, I crossed her with a different male from her 9th, 10th, 12th, 14th and even 17th day but still she didn’t get pregnant. Please what should I do?
Answer: It sounds like you are doing everything correctly. If you had not tried to mate her to another male already, that would be my first suggestion.
The other big possibility is that she is not ovulating and will not become pregnant. It does happen, although it is very unusual.
When her next heat occurs I would try another male. Allowing the male to mount at the time you indicated is the correct thing. If she fails to get pregnant again, you can keep trying the same thing (because sometimes these things do happen), get her spayed so that you no longer have to monitor her when she comes in heat, or take her to your closest veterinary college for a full work up.
The vet team at the university might decide to examine her uterus and ovaries with an endoscope. They might try hormonal treatment to bring her into estrus and then flush her uterus to examine any eggs that are shed.
This is going to cost you money. If the potential gains from the puppies is not worth it then it would be better to have her spayed. If you are a hobby breeder then you may just be looking for one of her puppies, in which case the costs are not the main issue. You really have to decide.
Question: Is ten-years-old too old to breed a female Brussel Griffon?
Answer: A middle-aged dog can still be bred if she has had puppies before. At ten, however, even a small breed like a Brussels Griffon should not be bred. If you are planning on selling the puppies, it is unlikely that the registering organization (like the AKC) is even going to allow the litter to be registered.
Question: My female Rottweiler has been bleeding for two days now. When should I take her to a male?
Answer: Most dogs bleed for about a week. They are not willing to stand to be bred until the bleeding stops.
You can take her at any time but she will probably not stand to be bred. This varies from dog to dog so the best thing you can do is take her to the male, let him try to breed, and if she is not interested, take her back in two days.
Question: How well are Doberman Pinchers in labor? I was thinking of breeding my female, but I'd be lost if she didn't survive.
Answer: There are always issues and some dangers of breeding your dog. Have you had your Dobie checked for Von Willebrands disease? If she starts bleeding after delivery, she could bleed out and die.
If she were my dog, I would prefer not to risk her life.
Question: I artificially inseminated my dog, and some came out. Could she still be pregnant?
Answer: There is no way to know how much, if any, went into your female dog. The only way to know for sure is to have her pregnancy tested.
Question: I have a 2-year-old female lab. How many times should she mate to become pregnant?
Answer: Once may be enough. However, to ensure that all of the eggs released by your Lab are fertilized, I always let my dogs mate every two days while the female will stand to be bred. Usually, it is 3 or 4 times.
Question: My male husky tied with my female husky once, and now she won’t stand for him. What can I do to help her?
Answer: If your female will no longer stand for the male, it is usually because she is no longer in heat. If you want to force her to breed, you might be able to if the male is interested in mounting.
Question: Why is it not good to breed my female dog the first time she comes into heat, and what would it do to her if I do?
Answer: Breeding a dog the first time she comes into heat is not a good idea. To give you an example, this would be like allowing a 12-year-old girl to have a child. She might be able to do so physically, but she is not really mature.
There are many possible side effects. If you allow this to happen, your dog will probably be stunted physically and possibly mentally.
Question: My female dog is 8. I'm wondering if it's too late to mate my pitbull. I kinda feel like she needs at least 1 litter. Am I crazy?
Answer: Eight is too old for a large dog like a pitbull to have her first litter. That would be like asking a 50 year old woman to have her first child. It may be possible in some instances, but it is not a good idea.
Does your dog NEED to have a litter? Not at all. She is going to be just fine without it. To avoid the development of pyometra (a uterine infection, which can cause her to die) and uterine and ovarian cancer, you should talk to your vet about having her spayed.
Not crazy! Thanks for asking before putting her through this.
Question: The male we have chosen to mate our lab is slightly taller, and not finding the right spot. They are both willing and happy, but he's way off target. How do we assist, or will he eventually find her?
Answer: The only way to help a dog that can not find the target is to guide him in. This is a fairly common problem in some purebred dogs. I have seen this in both dogs and horses.
If you do not feel like you can do this, then you need an experienced breeder to help you. If there is no one in your area that you are familiar with, call your local vet. They may be able to help, but of course, you will have to pay for their time.
Question: My three-year-old German shepherd will not let our male breed her; not at any point in her cycle. What can I do?
Answer: Not all females will allow all males to breed. Your first step should be trying her with another male. If you do not want to do that, you need to get the assistance of an experienced breeder that will know how to restrain the female so that the male will be able to mount no matter what she wishes;
There is not necessarily anything wrong with the male. Sometimes he is just not acceptable to the female, and she will sit down so that he cannot breed.
Question: My dogs has been in heat for seven to eight days. When should I let the male dog try to mate?
Answer: Your dog is ready to be bred when she will stand to be bred. If she has been in heat for about a week, and is no longer bleeding, you should put her with the male and see if she will accept him. If she will not, try it again in two days.
Question: My dog is a year old, but doesn’t have many puppy tendencies left in her. Is it okay to breed her now?
Answer: Although your puppy may be an adult emotionally, it does not mean she is an adult physically. Breeding her now is not a good idea. Wait until her next heat cycle, when she will physically more mature at eighteen-months-old.
Question: I have an 11-12 lb female Chiweenie, and a 15 lb male Chiweenie who is a bit taller. Is he too large to breed with her?
Answer: The weight difference should not be a problem. Your female Chiweenie is probably large enough to have puppies with no problems, but after breeding and before the puppies are born to be sure to have an ultrasound done to evaluate the size of the puppies.
Question: Is it okay if I walk my female dog three days after mating her?
Answer: There are no problems if you want to start exercising your female dog after mating. Do not overdo it, but a normal walk is fine.
Question: I am a dog breeder, and I have a female to breed with my male. He showed all the interest in the world when she wouldn't stand and was quite aggressive. But now that she is ready and begging for it, he shows no interest at all. What should I do now?
Answer: It sounds like your male is afraid of her now. It does happen, even with very tough dogs. It sometimes helps if you muzzle the female and have someone hold her so that she can not move around and smell him. (Even if she is not aggressive now, he does not know that. It may help him to see you in control of her.)
But this is not always the case. I saw this happen when a male Sibe jumped over a fence and attacked the breeding male before he had mounted. He was so nervous after that incident that he would not breed.
The best solution is to use another male for breeding. Since he was intimidated by this female, he may never have a problem again.
Question: Is it normal for the male dog to be mean and cross with the female before trying to breed?
Answer: I guess that depends on your definition of mean. Yes, they can be pretty rough. It is nothing breeding that takes place with humans. If he bites her so much that he is ripping open her skin it is excessive. If he is just nipping at her, it is normal for some males.
Question: My American bully showed all the signs of heat, and we did AI’s on her; now four weeks after her last AI, she allowed the male to mount her. Is this normal?
Answer: It is never normal for a dog to come back into heat after only four weeks. Even if the ai was not successful, your dog should not come into heat for six months.
Question: How do I know when a female dog is in heat?
Answer: The first thing you will probably notice is a swollen vulva. She is also much more likely to be crouching down and urinating a lot more frequently. (Her urine contains hormones that signal to males that she is coming in heat. She wants to urinate as often as possible, in as many spots as possible, to alert all local male dogs.)
A little later she will start dripping blood. This is the first thing some people notice.
Be sure to call the owner of the male at that time so that she will be able to take your dog in. She will usually stand to be bred in a few days to a week, and often when the bleeding has stopped.
Question: After my female Rottweiler gave birth, she was still dripping some bloodlike substance. Do you know what it is?
Answer: It depends on how long ago the dog gave birth. If it only happened right after and then stopped, this is a normal part of birth. If it continues, however, you need to get her to your local vet since it may indicate internal hemorrhaging or a retained placeta and a secondary infection.
Question: How can I teach my dog to mate with my other Golden?
Answer: Dogs do not need to be taught to mate. If your male is not willing to mount the female during her heat, when she will stand to be bred, there is something wrong. You can consult with your local vet or find a local breeder that is willing to share her time to help your dogs.
Question: My Bernese mountain dog is five years old. Is she too old to breed?
Answer: A Bernese Mountain dog is good condition can still be bred at that age. Breeding a dog of that age for the first time has its risks, however, and if she is overweight or has any other problems (like with her hips) there are going to be problems before deciding.
Please take her to see a Bernese breeder close to you and have her checked out.
Question: If I breed my two dogs (brother and sister) will something be wrong with their babies?
Answer: Not always. However, if they both have a recessive gene for a genetic problem (like hip dysplasia) the puppies will have the problem even if the parents appear okay. If you want to breed, why not look for a higher quality male, and not a pet?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on August 11, 2020:
JP--I usually try to get them together more to increase chances but if the male will not mount she is probably no longer able to mate. Yes, sometimes once is enough.
JP on August 11, 2020:
My dog is one year and 10 months, on her 3rd heat. Got tied once and still showed interest but it seemed as the male was no longer interested. Was the one tie enough for her to be pregnant
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on June 27, 2020:
Jess, you really need an experienced breeder to help with this. We had a Pomeranian years ago that could not mate alone, and I have also seen Maltese like this. If you put it off the female will no longer be willing to stand.
Jess on June 26, 2020:
We are trying to get a female dog pregnant and the male just dances his feet and even circles around her while he mounts her. Is there a way to help him penetrate her so that they tie? They have been together for a week and haven't tied.
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on April 24, 2020:
Omotola on April 17, 2020:
How can i confirm 5weeks pregnancy in my dog
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on March 20, 2020:
Brenda, more semen is used during natural breeding, so there are more contaminants. It is much less expensive, does not need to be monitored as closely. AI is not used much in dogs.
Brenda Olvera on March 18, 2020:
What’s the difference between naturally breeding two dogs (male and female) and artificial insemination?
Daniels Mmesoma C.E. on March 11, 2020:
My lhasa would not allow a male Eskimo mount her and she is currently on heat, the 13th day to be precise.
What's the matter
Odinakachi chimezie on March 09, 2020:
After mateing my female dog and she got pregnant at a time I discover that her Belle was graduerly desolveing it was letter I was told she leap a hypo or jike, can this remove her pregnancy
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on February 09, 2020:
Worried, immediately after a neutering a male dog is still fertile but six months is highly unlikely. The fluids that he put into the female will not affect the sperm of the beagle.
Worried Pawrent on February 08, 2020:
Hi Dr. Mark!
My female beagle is currently in heat and she was successfully mounted and locked by a beagle twice already (her 9th and 11th day). Unfortunately, I have another male dog (mixed breed). Though neutered about 6 months ago, I caught him mounted and locked with my female beagle on her 12th day.
Should I be worried? I meann will it have an effect on the male beagle’s sperm?
Thank you so much!
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on December 05, 2019:
DP bell 44- that is not normal. He should be examined by the vet that performed the surgery to see if he has a retained testicle. Most likely the female will not become pregnant but this cannot be guaranteed.
DP Bell 44 on December 04, 2019:
My male dog was neutered at least eight months ago. BUT he still mounted and got stuck to my female dog who is in heat. Is there any chance that the female will get pregnant ALTHOUGH the male was neutered?
Vicki on November 16, 2019:
My golden has hadn’t a few litters so far last litter was fading pup syndrome . About 1 year ago we tried to breed recently she would not breed what can we do looking forward
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on November 16, 2019:
Jade,your dog can be pregnant and still show signs.
Jade smith on November 14, 2019:
Okay so my dog mounted and tied with my female one day and the next day once as well . Shes showing shes still in heat bc she is trying to mount him now. Is this a sign of a non success pregnancy or can she still be pregnant
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on November 10, 2019:
Tina, that is normal. The only way to tell if she is bred is to a blood test or an ultrasound later.
Tina on November 05, 2019:
My dogs tied and were together for 20 or so minutes. When they came apart a lot of fluid came out of her. Is this common? Should I expect her to become pregnant?
Ganesh on September 21, 2019:
My Dog In A Heat Time Haved a Metung just one 1time Seh isp pregnancy or not
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on August 21, 2019:
Ekaterina, if your Pit will still stand to be bred and accept the male, continue to breed her for better chance of success.
Ekaterina on August 19, 2019:
We just bred my pit twice. She is still bleeding. Is that normal or do we need to breed her again to be sure?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on August 11, 2019:
Joy, 20 months may seem like a lot but it would be a lot better for her long term health than 10. If this were my dog, I would definitely wait until next time.
Joy Night on August 10, 2019:
My 3and1/2yr old purebred mini dachshund is on heat, its been 10months since last which she had 3 very healthy puppies. Is it too soon to mate her again or should i wait till next one which will possibly be another 10 months. She had no troubles giving birth and feeding. Great mum.
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on July 14, 2019:
Raigan, if a female is not in heat she will not stand, so the answer to is no. If your dog is still a puppy and she tries to whelp she might die during delivery. You need to consider getting her spayed immediately.
Raigan on July 11, 2019:
Hello i havent been watching my female pup to see if she is in heat because i disnt thi k she was old enough but my male dog has been like non stop humping her. And she has a coupke times humped back. Well its been going on for a bout 4 days now. Well today he tied with her. Can a male dog tie with a female even if she aint in heat?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on July 05, 2019:
Donna, you will need to contact a breeder in your area to help you. If your female is attacking the male, she is already out of heat or does not want to accept that male.
Donna Antley on July 04, 2019:
My female miniature dachshund is in her second i have put her with the male thtee timrs but she keeps attacking him
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on June 27, 2019:
Irma, you really need to find an experienced breeder to help your dogs. Some vets will also help, but you would need to call first and make sure before taking your dogs in.
Irma Quiambao on June 23, 2019:
I have a male and a female mini dachshund. The female just finish bleeding and willing to mate.
My male don't know how to mate. When he mount to the female he don't know where the vagina is. It's always at the back of the female. Any suggestion?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on June 08, 2019:
Bells, if your dog is a pet, are you sure you want to breed her? You have to ask yourself if you can keep the puppies you cannot sell, and if you even have homes for all of them. Her personality will change. If you are not willing to lose your dog (it is rare but dogs do die during pregnancy and birth) then do not get into this.
If you still want to proceed, you need to find a breeder to help you. The female is usually boarded at the males kennel during the time of breeding. Once she is bred, you will not need to worry about separating the other male because her personality will change. She will be a mom and will be more likely to defend her territory.
18 months is fine. If you do not have things arranged beforehand there is no problem waiting for the next heat cycle. She is still young.
Call around and find a Lab breeder in your area before you proceed. Best of luck.
Bells on June 05, 2019:
Hello Dr Mark,
I have read many different websites on how to breed your dog but they don't actually tell me how to breed
. I need to know where I can get a male to breed with my female, does my female dog need to go to the male or does he come here, will I need to separate my other male dog away from my female wile she is pregnant and where do you find males to breed with. My female is called Nala she's a lab and she's 18 months is it the right time to get her bred or shall I need to wait until her next heat???
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on June 02, 2019:
Christian, no, it is not necessary.
christian pamisa on June 01, 2019:
Is it necessary to put the female dog in a small cage after mating?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on April 30, 2019:
Ebodeba--9 is usally too old to be bred.
Ebodeba Edward on April 28, 2019:
I want to breed my 9 years old dog..
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on April 25, 2019:
Sam on April 24, 2019:
My male dog was done January he can not get the female pregnant
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on April 10, 2019:
Chantelle, I do not understand your dates here, but as far as your question: no, there are no guaratees, even if your dog mates normally. You have to have an ultrasound or blood testing done to be sure that your dog is pregnant.
Chantelle on April 10, 2019:
My female started her heat cycle on the 30th of March I brought her to her stud on the 8th of February and they tied. She has been anxiously wanting to return to see him so I brought her back the 9th and today each day they tied is that normal and will we definitely have puppies?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on March 28, 2019:
Fable, male dogs usually want to mate, and if he has done so before and no longer is mating that indicates a physical problem. The only thing I can suggest is that you take him to your local vet for a full physical and blood screening.
Fable on March 28, 2019:
My male German Shepherd mounted and successfully tied with a female one day, and again the next day. We gave him a day rest and then brought her over again. On this day, 4th day after the first mating, he would mount up but would just stand there then drop off. The female is flagging and very interested in him. He also seems interested but just won't perform. This happened again on the 5th day as well. Why would this be?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on March 28, 2019:
Ruth, that is called artificial insemination. Yes, you can, but the sperm needs to be collected correctly and you need to put it into your female correctly. it is not easy. You really need to get help from a breeder or a vet.
Ruth on March 27, 2019:
My female duchund didnt want to breed and i have a male duchund too.can i put his sperm into injection and i inject it into her
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on March 24, 2019:
Zynab, sorry there is no way to tell. I had this happen years ago to one of my Siberians when a local dog climbed over the fence and bred her after she had been bred to a Siberian breeding male. Some of the puppies looked SIberian but even when they became older there were doubts.
Zynab Ann on March 23, 2019:
Hi Dr Mark, that you for the reply. My another querry is assuming my female produce a crossbreed can I possibly distinguish which is the Labrador? She was breed on her 11, 12, 13, day of heat by Labrador and yesterday I was informed that the dog who breed her on 17th is crossbreed I thought it's a husky.
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on March 22, 2019:
Lou, some dogs just will not breed. It is possible that there is something wrong with your Pug, behaviorally, and it is also possible that the AI was not done correctly. If you really want to find out if this is behavioral or a medical problem, the first thing you need to do is take her to a vet that specializes in breeding for an exam and an ultrasound. It is possible that she has ovaries that are not functioning, and it is also possible that she cannot be bred because of a persistant uterine infection.
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on March 22, 2019:
Zynab, there is no way to know. Assume all of the puppies are crossbred.
Zynab Ann on March 21, 2019:
My dog mated or breed on her 11th, 12th, 13th day of heat cycle by a. Labrador stud, made me worried because on 17th a husky were able to breed her too, which one will likely be a father of her puppies? Labrador or husky? I am disturbed thinking pls reply me
lou on March 21, 2019:
my female pug has had 3 seasons on her 2nd one we tried breeding her on 10th and 12th day but both days she wouldnt let the male near her and the professional breeeder used artificial insemination but it didnt work , so this time she is in heat again and we tried on 10th day and 12th day but again she wouldnt let male near her and teh breeder used artificial insemination but why wont she let a male near her , were going back to the breeder for a scan in 5 weeks but if it dont work what could the problem be?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on February 24, 2019:
Kathleen, not all females will accept all males. If you really want to breed this dog, you may need to try another male. If it is too late to find one, you will have to wait until the next cycle.
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on February 22, 2019:
Frog--it means that the male dog passed his sperm into the female when she was ready to be impregnated. It is not a guarantee, and the only way you can be sure is by having an ultrasound or a blood test later.
Wayne on February 21, 2019:
I bred my female with my male February 14th an she got loose an went across the street an got tied feb 20 with a mixed breed how will the puppies turn out
Frog on February 17, 2019:
My male dog and my female dog tied today. Does that mean the female is pregnant?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on February 07, 2019:
monish, yes dogs do become pregnant after only one breeding.
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on December 15, 2018:
Nicole, I cannot tell you if she has a uterine infection without blood work and an examination. Were there no other abnormalities besides the UTI?
If this dog is very good quality, she needs an ultrasound and may need to be treated for a uterine infection. If she is not, it would be easier and cheaper to get her spayed.
Nicole on December 13, 2018:
My female went in heat in October but she never bled. Is that a problem? We tried to breed her with a nice male but she ended up having a false pregnancy, I also found out she has a really bad UTI when I took her to my vet yesterday. She probably had it during her heat would that cause her to not get pregnant?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on November 12, 2018:
Karan, that is not normal. It is probably just seepage from the uterine walls but you really should have her examined by your local veterinarian.
Karan on November 11, 2018:
My female dog tied with the male dog for 30 minutes on the 10th day of heat period.After that for 5-6 days she bleed with light red coloured blood and nowdays(18th day) she's bleeding little bit with dark black blood. Is there any problem??
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on October 30, 2018:
Kevin, if she stood to be mounted she is most likely bred.
Kevin Dankwah on October 28, 2018:
My female dog was forced to be mated on day seven of her heat period.I thought of it and decided to breed her when she will allow the male dog to mount on her and that took place on the 9th day and 13th day which is yesterday. Please will she get pregnant
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on October 27, 2018:
When she stops bleeding.
Regina on October 26, 2018:
My female started bleeding yesterday when are her fertile days?
Mandy on October 10, 2018:
My dog has been swollen for about 5 days and bleeding for 2 is 5 days from now a good tine to take her to see a stud?
Pittie Mama from Olympia, Washington on October 10, 2018:
I have an almost 9 yr old intact pitbull, who has NEVER bred . . . Is there a problem mating him at this point, or is age only a problem when talking about the female??
Azram on October 06, 2018:
Dear, I have Rottweiler female she is 2 and half year old but still not pregnant problem is her heat cycle is not coming until what should I do or there is any injection plz
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on September 26, 2018:
Yes, it is possible. It depends on the day of ovulation, which I do not know.
Joyce on September 25, 2018:
My american bully's first day of Heat was last 18. Yesterday, a dog tied with her. if there will be no other mating that will happen, would it be possible that my dog will still get pregnant? Thank you so much
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on September 20, 2018:
It depends on when she ovulates.
Kelly Roberts on September 19, 2018:
Our female dog was inseminated this morning at 9:00 because our male has not been able to tie. At 1:30 on the same day the male and female bred naturally. Will the sperm from the second breeding affect the number of possible puppies? Or will the sperm from the second breed be ineffective?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on August 30, 2018:
Lyra, if you could not have your dog vaccinated at this time, what about now? If you breed a dog that has no protection against contagious diseases, and her puppies are exposed, then they will die. Painfully.
Also, it is not a good idea to breed your dog just because you want her to have a baby. She does not usually have one puppy, so what are you going to do with the rest?
Lyra Dinnisse Zorilla on August 30, 2018:
My dog is 4 years old this September. I want her to get pregnant and have a baby. But she doesn’t have any vaccinations or deworming because I was a high school student when I got her and I didn’t know those things during that time so don’t judge me please. Is that can make conflict if I breed her?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on August 16, 2018:
If your dog stood to be bred on that day, and the male was okay, she will most likely be pregnant. There is no way I can guarantee this though so if you really want to know take her to your regular vet for an ultrasound. Call first to set up an appointment on the appropriate day.
Rituraj on August 16, 2018:
I have mated my female spitz dog in the 7th day from her menstrual period. Will she conceive or not???
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on August 15, 2018:
Arvin, you can possibly breed her at the next heat cycle but it would be even better to wait for her 3rd cycle to mate, so about a year from now.
Arvin on August 15, 2018:
My dog is 9mos now and this is her 1st heat is it time for mating or do i need to wait for 2nd or 3rd cycle before mating
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on August 13, 2018:
Kristel, it is okay to breed your dog at 16 months as long as she is fully developed.
Kristel on August 13, 2018:
My Siberian Husky is 1 year and 4 months, and she started on her 2nd heat cycle, which is 5 months after the 1st cycle. Is it ok to let her mate in this cycle with her age now?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on August 11, 2018:
Ellie, since this is the first time for both dogs things might not work out.Is the female standing to be bred? If she is, it is probably a problem with the male. Are you not willing to find a GSD breeder in your area to use her male?
If this is not an option, and the female is standing and willing be be bred, the only option is to guide him into the right spot. If you are not able to help him contact a breeder for assistance, or your local vet. (Call first, as not all vets are able/willing to do this.)
Ellie on August 10, 2018:
My shepherds, the male 1 year n 10 months old and my female is 1 year 9 months old and he has been trying to breed her for days and still nothing. What should i do?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on August 08, 2018:
John, not usually, but if she stood to be bred she might be and the cytology was wrong. If it was by AI it is not as likely.
John assie pagulayan on August 06, 2018:
Is there a possibility that ny female dog become pregnant if the mating is done during the proestrus cycle?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on July 08, 2018:
Brandon, the sperm that is needed to fertilize the eggs were already passed up into the uterus after breeding. Your dog cannot wash them out with urinating.
Brandon on July 07, 2018:
If my dog urinates after breeding does that mean all the sperm was washed out
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on May 08, 2018:
Michael, your dog is still growing. If you breed her at 7 months she will never develop correctly. You should wait until her third heat cycle, when she is about 1.5 years old.
Michael on May 08, 2018:
Should I mate my dog at seven months
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on May 02, 2018:
Marion, if she will stand to be bred today, (allow him to mount), go ahead and put her with the male. If she will not allow him to mount, try them together tomorrow.
Marion on May 02, 2018:
My German Shepard is 11 days after she started to bleed when should I mate her?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on April 25, 2018:
Kathy, it is customary to take the female to the male. If the male is taken to the females territory she may become defensive and will not allow him to mount. Not sure if that really happens, but that is the explanation that is used.
Kathy on April 24, 2018:
Should you take the female to the male to be bred?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on March 05, 2018:
Ganesh, if your Pug will stand to be bred you can allow her to mate.
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on February 15, 2018:
Shawn, if your female is really in heat then she is not going to be nervous when you are present. You can just take a chair, sit down, and even if the female hangs around your legs she is going to become curious about the male and go on over there to check him out. Just sit there and let them do their thing. Another breeding is not going to hurt. If you send the male home now you are not sure if you are not going to be sure if your female is bred.
Shawn on February 14, 2018:
My female sits when dog approaches. So i move them to smaller barn. When i check on them, she is humping him. When she came out hours later, she was soaked head to toe and smelled like a hore. Day 2, same thing after hours of being together, come out wet and smelly. How do i know if they bred? She doesnt want me around, she is super nervous and hides in my legs. So do i go for day 3 and do it all again? Or send stud home!
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on February 08, 2018:
Joseph, if the female dog was willing to stand to be bred it was close to ovulation. The sperm will be available at the time of ovulation---in fact it has probably already happened. Good luck with your new puppies.
joseph on February 07, 2018:
The male dog was tied to the female two times within three days and I think it was closer to the beginning of her cycle. He is still trying to mount her over and over but now she hips and sits down. My question is this: will the sperm last until she ovulates or did she ovulate early?
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on December 29, 2017:
Lynna, if she will not take that male, offer her another. Some females will not accept some males, and unless you know how to hold the female, it does not work out.
If you want to learn how to hold the dog to assist breeding, you will need to find a breeder close to you. It does not need to be the same breed of dog.
Majek on September 14, 2017:
I have a rottweiler stud that's refuse to mate with female in heat. Please help cos I'm worried if something's wrong with the male
Mark dos Anjos DVM (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on June 05, 2017:
Every other day, or every third day, for a week or so
SANDRA BUSH on May 31, 2017:
What is the reasonable amount of times you should breed your dog?
Lala lopez on May 01, 2017:
Hi i need help i bred my male dog 2 times with 2 different females and they turned out not to be pregnat why is that and is it my male?