How to Breed Your Female Dog Successfully
Do you know how to breed your female dog? A female dog will have her first heat cycle from 4 months of age up to the second year (tiny dogs come into heat early, so the first heat can depend on the size and the breed), but although she can get pregnant that early, she should not be bred until her second or third estrus.
After that first cycle, she will come into heat about every six months, but it can vary from 4 to 12 months.
Before Breeding Your Dog
- Make sure that have a home for any puppies that will be born. There are already too many puppies and adult dogs being killed at animal shelters, so you should not breed your dog just because she is nice or you want to show the kids the miracle of birth.
- If you are sure that you want to put your dog through this process, take her in to your regular veterinarian for a health exam before you start.
- Have her blood tested for any genetic diseases the breed is affected by.
- Have her hips or other potential problem joints x-rayed and certified.
- Contact the owner of the male dog so that he or she knows the approximate date you will be bringing your female dog.
Is My Dog Ready?
If you have been watching your dog carefully you will know when she is ready to be bred. The “spotting” that she has been doing around the house will first turn clear, and then might stop altogether. That is when your dog will stand and allow a male to mount and breed her.
Some breeders recommend having vaginal smears completed before breeding so that you will be aware of the best breeding date. Others have vaginal swabs done both before heat and during the first few days of her heat cycle. The most accurate way of determining her best breeding date would be a progesterone assay. You can have this test done by your local veterinarian. Your dog will have her blood sample taken every one or two days and when the level of progesterone peaks she will be ovulating and should be bred.
How Often Should the Male Breed Her?
If you are using frozen sperm (artificial insemination), knowing the time of ovulation is important, but if a male is available this is not really necessary. The sperm will last inside her for about 5-7 days so if you breed her as soon as she is willing to stand, then breed her again every two or three days until she is no longer willing to allow the male to mount, all of her eggs will be fertilized. Healthy sperm will be present inside her when she ovulates (and the eggs are too immature to be penetrated), when the eggs are ripe, and even later when the eggs are dying.
If your female dog will not stand to be bred there are several possibilities. She may not even be in heat, but if you are sure she is the most likely problem is that she does not want to mate with the male. A female that does not want to mate with a male will need a little assistance.
If you have an experienced breeder working with you, they can show you the best way to restrain your dog. If you are not working with a breeder, be careful as it can be dangerous for you and for the dog.
What Should I Do During the Breeding?
Stay with your dogs during breeding. My Siberian Huskies always knew what to do and never required any interference. When dealing with some breeds, though, you will need to support the female (so that she does not collapse under the weight of the male) or even lift the male up into place.
The male will mount the female and the bulbis glandis will swell so that he is “tied” to the female for about twenty minutes (it may be as short as two minutes or as long as half an hour). He will usually swing a back leg over and will stand, tied with the female in a tail-to-tail position.
Do not separate your female from the male at this point. Do not yell at them, throw water on them, pour ice on them, or try any of the other crude methods I have heard about over the years.
Stay close and keep the female from rolling around and damaging the male, but do not try to separate them. It will all be over soon enough.
What Should I Do After the Breeding?
After the dogs have bred successfully it is a good idea to walk the female around but, if she crouches to urinate, do not allow her to do so for at least 20 minutes. This may not be necessary, as by that time most of the sperm is up inside the female, but it is a good practice to follow.
Try it again in two or three days. Some breeders will keep your female dog during this time, but it is okay to take her home if you prefer to do so.
What Comes Next?
If you do everything correctly, puppies will come along about 58-63 days after your female has been bred.
Breeding a female dog, though, can be a real gamble. If you have a breed like the English Bulldog, and think you will make money breeding her since her purchase price was so high, you may end up paying for a C-section and may even end up losing your dog when she dies in labor. Some breeds produce puppies more easily but, after the genetic screening costs, x-rays for hip dysplasia, the medications for worms or any other illness, the vaccinations, and the increased food bills, you may end up losing money.
Unless your female has something to contribute to the breed, and you are ready to find homes for all of the puppies, she should be spayed.
You do not need to breed every female dog.
Do you know how to breed your dog?
This video will give you some idea on finding a breeder who keeps high quality males to cross with your female.
- How to Get a Dog to Produce More Milk for Her Puppies
If the breeding goes well but your dog whelps and does not have enough milk for her puppies, there are a few simple things to try.
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.
Questions & Answers
My male dog mounted on my female dog that isn't in heat and ejaculated inside her. Will the sperm live until she goes in heat, and will she get pregnant immediately because of that?
A female dog that is not in heat will not allow a male to mount and ejaculate inside of her.Helpful 46
My female dog lets my male dog mount her, but then she runs away and yelps. What should I do?
If your female dog is not allowing your male dog to mount, or if she will not stand to be bred, it might be too early for her. If it is the right time, and she still will not stand, you can hold her in position, but you usually need help.
You really need to contact an experienced breeder in your area to help you with the dogs. Some vets will also help you with this, but you need to call around and find out if the vet is willing and able to help before making an appointment.Helpful 45
Why is it not good to breed my female dog the first time she comes into heat, and what would it do to her if I do?
Breeding a dog the first time she comes into heat is not a good idea. To give you an example, this would be like allowing a 12-year-old girl to have a child. She might be able to do so physically, but she is not really mature.
There are many possible side effects. If you allow this to happen, your dog will probably be stunted physically and possibly mentally.Helpful 5
My 4-year-old German Shepherd has been bleeding for 11 days. When should I put her with a male?
Dogs usually are swollen about a week, bleed about a week, and then are ready to breed in the final week. It can vary, as you have seen. Try to put your dog with the male now and see if she will stand to be bred.Helpful 7
Is ten-years-old too old to breed a female Brussel Griffon?
A middle-aged dog can still be bred if she has had puppies before. At ten, however, even a small breed like a Brussels Griffon should not be bred. If you are planning on selling the puppies, it is unlikely that the registering organization (like the AKC) is even going to allow the litter to be registered.Helpful 7