Adrienne is a certified dog trainer and former veterinarian assistant who partners with some of the best veterinarians worldwide.
Post-Surgery Care for a Neutered Dog
If your dog's neutering surgery went smoothly with no complications, and he had an uneventful awakening, the veterinary staff will call you to pick your pet up. The phone call usually arrives after the vet's staff have assessed the dog and decided he is ready to go home. Usually, a dog that appears awake and is able to stand up is one that is ready to leave the hospital. Dogs that still appear to be groggy and are unaware of their surroundings are generally given a little more time to recover from the anesthesia.
Before leaving for the veterinarian clinic, remember to bring a leash and collar. You will be given some post-surgical instructions either verbally or on a form. When given verbally, many owners forget all about them because they are distracted at the moment and fail to pay close attention. Generally, post-surgical instructions consist of the following:
No Food or Water for a Couple of Hours
This is to prevent an upset stomach since this is a high possibility in dogs that just underwent surgery. Some dogs get very excited upon being home again and may gulp up their food and vomit. Food and water, therefore, are generally not recommended until at least a few hours after surgery.
Dogs that just underwent a neuter surgery are often sent home the same day, so it is normal for them to be groggy, sleepy, uncoordinated, and sometimes irritable from pain upon coming home. To ensure your dog doesn't fall or hurt himself, he should be kept in a crate or small room and carefully monitored as he recovers from the anesthesia.
Often, dogs are sent home with pain medications in case they appear to be in pain. Such pain medications should be given as directed, and the dog should be monitored carefully for side effects.
A newly neutered dog should be kept in a crate or small room for the first few days. No running, jumping, or going up and down stairs should be permitted. The dog should only be allowed to get up for potty breaks and trips to the food and water bowls. This may be tough for dogs that are very hyperactive, but it is in the dog's best interest. A crate will be a great way to confine the dog, and interactive toys such as Kongs may help keep the dog occupied.
Because dogs tend to lick when they are hurting, it is natural for newly neutered dogs to want to lick their incisions. For this reason, dogs are often sent home with a ''lampshade collar,'' better known as ''Elizabethan collar,'' that is fit by the vet. This collar comes in handy when dogs try to aggravate their incision areas. Some dogs who are not given cones may rip out their stitches and require another surgery in order for them to be redone.
The incision area should be carefully observed at least twice a day. Owners should watch for signs of infection, such as swelling, reddening, bleeding, and oozing fluids. Other signs of trouble can include pale gums, depression, difficulty urinating, labored breathing and episodes of vomiting and diarrhea. Any of these should be reported to the vet promptly.
Lack of Bowel Movements
It is possible that your dog may not have any bowel movements right away. This is understandable since the dog was on an empty stomach from the night before surgery (no food, no stools to produce) and may be a bit groggy. Bowel movements usually resume within a day or two. Should the dog not go for more than a couple of days and appear uncomfortable, consult with your vet right away.
Good Luck With Your Dog's Recovery!
Generally, dogs that were neutered and had an undescended testicle (cyptorchidism) undergo a more extensive (and expensive!) surgery, therefore recovery times may bit a bit longer. There are various things dog owners can do at home to shorten recovery times and assist with healing. Monitoring and careful observation are the two main keys to an uneventful recovery. Anything abnormal should be reported to the vet promptly.
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.
Questions & Answers
Question: Our puppy seems to be in pain four days after neutering. He was quite active the day after. Will he be okay, or do we need to do something?
Answer: It's always best to consult with the vet if something doesn't seem right. Your vet should have sent your dog home with pain medications, perhaps these were not provided to you. If you give your vet a call, they may provide them for your dog. However, with the holidays this can be challenging. There is also a chance that the pain may not be directly related to the surgery if he was active, and perhaps he injured himself.
© 2009 Adrienne Farricelli
Multiman on February 04, 2011:
Good advice, I have referenced your page.