How to Make Your Dog Less Fearful of Shots
Why Is Your Dog Scared of Shots?
Does your dog start freezing, salivating, and panting when you take him in to the vet's office in fear of getting a painful injection? Was your dog okay with shots until he got micro-chipped? Has giving your dog daily shots for his medical condition become a hassle? You are not alone. Countless dogs are this way, and I know this from a personal stance having assisted vets in giving shots after shots at the animal hospital I used to work for. It was not at all unusual for even the largest dogs to become extremely agitated at the sight of the shot.
If your dog has received several shots throughout his life; he knows well the routine. Just as dogs develop separation anxiety by recognizing the cues associated with your departure, dogs fearful of the vet learn rather quickly about what to expect during a vet visit. But what causes exactly this fear?
1. Negative Associations
Dogs may generally be fearful of going to the vet because they have associated the place with pain and unpleasant procedures. If the dog is sent to the vet only to have painful procedures done on a frequent basis, it is natural for the dog to start disliking vet trips, especially if the dog is sensitive. Because of this, it is important since puppy hood to take the puppy to the vet to meet staff and get lots of praise, treats and pats. This way, positive associations should help override the negative. If the dog has learned that the vet's office is the place where great things happen, it should be less likely to become a place to fear despite being given shots. We will see more techniques to overcome the fear of shots below...
2. Fear of Being Handled
Because some dogs feel uncomfortable being touched by strangers, some may dislike being visited and given shots. For this reason, it is important to start making vet visits pleasant from early puppy hood by making "fake vet visits" happen. It is helpful to prepare "examination set-ups" . Basically, you would desensitize the puppy to have its ears, mouth, and other body parts touched along with counter-conditioning. You would touch the paw and give treat, check the ears and give a treat, open the mouth and give a treat.
By having a friend mimic a vet by placing the puppy on a table and have the friend touch the pup's ears, check the mouth and look at the paws and give treats, you would further enhance the training in associating handling with pleasant things such as food and praise.
But My Dog is Still Scared of the Vet's Office/Examination Room and, Most of All, the Shots!
While the above techniques may help make the vet hospital less threatening, there are still a few problems. One of them, is that for dogs in general the vet hospital may remain a scary place because of the nervousness of other dogs around. Dogs can easily sense fear of other dogs because scared dogs at times release anal gland secretions that are easily detected by dogs.
The other problem is that dogs can, yes, learn to see the vet's office as a nice place, but they still may fear the shots. I know this from personal experience; my dog hates shots but is happy to be in the waiting room because she has a history of going there just for treats. However, she knows that problems start when she is taken into the examination room and all the pre-shot cues unfold. Unfortunately, mimicking all this is almost impossible, unless you find a vet office that is willing to have your dog see the examination room on a frequent basis and have a vet tech mimic shots as well. If you find a vet willing to do this, "great!", however, there are a few steps you can take to make those shots less intimidating. Let's take a look at them.
Dr Sophia Yin Makes Shots a Pleasant Experience for a Cat
How to Make Your Dog Less Fearful to Shots
This guide should help improve your dog's fear of shots, making the vet visits more bearable. if your dog is very anxious in the examination room because he fears the shot, he is "over the threshold", a behavior term meaning your dog is overwhelmed. Most dogs will not take treats at this point. Through systematic de-sensitation and counter-conditioning you can help your dog learn that shots are not that big of a deal. The below exercise should be ideally conducted over the course of a few days at home.
Day 1: Syringes Bring Good Things!
1) Get an empty syringe with no needle
2) Let your dog sniff it and give a treat, sniff, treat, sniff, treat
3) Remove the syringe (hide it behind you) and stop giving treats.
4) Bring the syringe out again and give treats for sniffing it, sniff, treat, sniff, treat, sniff treat. End the session by giving a jackpot of treats after sniffing the syringe for the last time.
Day 2: Shots are Great!
1) Repeat step 1 through 3
2) Bring out the syringe and mimic giving a shot by putting a little bit of pressure on the skin and make a silly noise like "picccchu" and give a treat.
3) Remove syringe from out of sight and stop giving treats.
4) Repeat mimicking the shot and make the silly noise and end the session with a jackpot of treats.
As your dog gets good at this, you can invite a friend to do the same and make the event more realistic such as placing the dog on a table or getting a fold of skin to pretend you are injecting. When the day for the shot comes, as the vet is about to give the shot, have treats ready. Say "pichuuuuu" as the vet gives the shot and give a treat as the vaccination fluid is injected.
If your dog is very fearful at the vets office despite making fun trips, the use of anxiety wraps or thundershirt may take a bit of the edge off. To learn more about using Thundershirt read: Thundershirt for Dog Anxiety
Another great option if your dog is fearful of shots and has learned to associate the examination room with shots, you can ask your vet to give the shot in the parking lot. Many vets are willing to accommodate for this. This worked great for my female that used to yelp, urinate and put up a struggle when getting a shot. I combined the desensitization and counterconditioning method with getting the shot in the parking lot and she did not wink. She really did not expect the shot in the parking lot due to the absence of cue suggesting a shot was to come. She was wiggling her silly butt to say hello and right when he was petting her he quickly gave a shot and I gave a few treats and she cared less. I could not believe the improvement!
Is your dog scared of shots?
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.
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© 2012 Adrienne Janet Farricelli