Adrienne is a certified dog trainer, behavior consultant, former veterinarian assistant, and author of Brain Training for Dogs.
Dog Training: Who Is Walking Who?
As a certified dog trainer, I can attest that one of the most common problems dog owners endure is being pulled around when taking their dog for a walk. The problem is certainly not a small one. Leash-pulling can lead to several other problems:
- being dangerously dragged,
- being unable to control a potentially dangerous dog,
- injuring others due to lack of control, and
- being unable to provide dogs with the leadership skills and guidance they crave.
Of course, an obedience trainer may be able to solve these problems, but not all people have the financial resources to afford one or they simply may not have the time. Some owners (and this is not that rare) may also refuse to go to dog training school simply because they are too proud to seek out the help of a professional, rather, they would prefer to take care of the issue themselves, even though they are not completely sure how.
Training Classes Offer Huge Advantages
Nothing can really replace the structured setting and opportunity for socialization a class offers. Dogs learn to be under control despite high distractions such as other dogs and people. If your dog is capable of walking nicely on leash in this environment, very likely he will be well under control during your evening walk around the block! So taking your dog to dog training is a big plus with many advantages.
The Secret to Getting Your Dog to Walk Nicely on a Leash
Your main objective is to have a dog that walks on a loose leash. Remember this goal: A leash is just there because the law requires it; your dog will follow because he just wants to be with you and knows that your side is the best place on earth! Of course, this may seem like an unattainable goal, but you will eventually get there.
So how to get a dog in this sort of mindset? It takes a mix of classical conditioning, operant conditioning and special tools for the most serious cases. Let's take a look at all of these components, one by one:
Do you remember Pavlov and the studies on drooling dogs? If not, Pavlov was a Russian scientist that started ringing a bell and offering food to dogs right afterward. With time, it was noticed that dogs started salivating in anticipation at the simple sight and sound of the bell! This helped us understand how a dog thinks and take it to our advantage.
How do we apply this in dog training? It is quite simple. We make a sound and classically condition the dog to associate it with something great such as food. The sound can be anything, a whistle, a smack of the mouth, anything, just do not use the dog's name!
Rewarding With a Treat
Once we get the dog's attention, we will bring the treat to our eye level and then hand it to the dog. We will repeat the sound and then treat, sound, treat, sound treat.. after some time, the dog will associate the sound with food and will look forward to it. This is classical conditioning at best!
Once things start clicking in the dog's mind, we are ready to start moving in a fenced area. We walk with the dog and make the sound with the treat at eye level and once the dog looks up making eye contact, we give the treat. With practice, the dog will be attentive and heeling like a pro!
As the dog gets better, the dog is introduced to areas with more distractions. This is where going to an obedience school is best: the dog will learn to not pay attention to other dogs and people, rather he will choose to make you the most interesting thing out there!
Operant conditioning takes place when a dog starts thinking ''If I do this I get something for it''. It puts the dog's mind in a working mode. If the dog looks at you and makes eye contact, he will quickly learn that eye contact gets him the reward. This will make your dog eager to work and ''operate'' for the reward.
Most training today is reward based. While the older aversive training methods focused in having a dog obey to ''avoid pain or discomfort'' today, the dog is encouraged to ''operate'' for rewards. This positive method teaches the dog two things: ''If I work I get something'' and '' My owner brings good things and I trust him'' rather than fearing him and associating him with aversive techniques.
Troubleshooting Walking Problems
So you have your dog walking nicely, next to you, but what should you do if your dog looks up at you, takes the treat and then lunges forward pulling you and going back to his antics? Here you must be more stubborn than your dog and not give in.
Stop as soon as the dog pulls and either:
- Walk in the opposite direction
- Stop and put your dog back to being next to you and start walking ''together''
There is only one bad thing that you can do in this exercise: follow your dog when he pulls. Indeed, when we deal with pulling dogs we really are most likely not dealing with a dog that wants to be ''dominant'' or stubborn, rather we are most likely dealing with a dog that simply thinks like this: ''On walks it works this way...I go forward and my owner follows.'' In other words, the dog just thinks he must drag his owner around, because he was never taught otherwise!
It is therefore just something that has worked in the past, once, twice and the dog assumes that is just the way it is. Not to mention the fact that going forward is very rewarding to dogs and walking much faster than humans, they take the puller role very easily.Once we stop walking when the dog pulls,once, twice and more, then the dog starts thinking ''Oh, so it does not really work the way I thought'' and adjusts accordingly.
I Recommend This Book
Tools to Stop Dogs From Pulling
If you have a very large dog and simply do not have the strength to control him, you may be wondering if there are any training tools that would at least allow you to not be dragged along the way. There are different training tools that may work.
Prong Collar Not Recommended
The prong collar was once recommended for dogs that lunged and pulled, but it may bring a too strong of a correction to sensitive dogs or dogs that are fearful or lunging out of defensive aggression, the ''I attack first to prevent being attacked.'' Since most people are not fully aware of what emotions go through the dog's mind I would not recommend this training device.
Head Halter or Body Harness
Preferable training tools are a head halter and a front attachment harness. Head halters mimic somewhat what a horse wears. It gives owners a higher level of control since it embraces the whole head and dogs seem to respond to it more than an average leash.
The other option is the front-attachment harness, a harness with a front ring that allows more control and its pressure on the chest area teaches the dog how to respond properly. In order to work well, the dog must learn that it must stay by the owner's side with the use of treats at first. Dogs appear to respond well to this tool and many people are quite satisfied with the results.
No Device Will Replace Adequate Training
Of course, training devices may help gain control but let's remember they are simply tools. Nothing can replace actual training, which requires time, patience and being persistent. If you stop allowing your dog to pull you and abide to a ''no pulling policy'' it may take an hour the first day to just walk a block, but in the long run, your dog will soon understand that when he is ahead of you, you will not go anywhere and it gets quite boring. If you are more stubborn than your dog, you will ultimately win!
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This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2010 Adrienne Farricelli
Adrienne Farricelli (author) on December 12, 2013:
Thank you. this is one of my older articles, I have much better ones now!
Ana Maria Orantes from Miami Florida on December 11, 2013:
I like your article about dog training. Thank you for the good advice.
Eiddwen from Wales on September 14, 2011:
A very useful hub on what can be a very common problem. Thank you for sharing
Adrienne Farricelli (author) on January 20, 2011:
Positive Mindz; you have an Australian Shepherd which is a highly intelligent dog that as a working dog needs lots of stimulation. Fail to give it a job and very likely you will end up with problems.. are you exercising him and giving him enough mental stimulation? this can be the source of the problem...also you need to up your leadership skills.. obedience training can be started already and I am sure your dog will greatly benefit from it.. best wishes!
SUSIE DUZY from Delray Beach, Florida on January 09, 2011:
Thanks for the tips. I will use some of them to train my dog, who barks at other dogs.
bayoulady from Northern Louisiana,USA on January 08, 2011:
My dog puls when she is excited.After she calms down, she's okay. I will try your tips.
Billy Graham from Sarasota, FL on January 08, 2011:
Hello! First and foremost, I found your Hub to be Very informative and interesting! I do have a few questions in regards to training... We have a 10 month old Australian ShepHerd named HarLey that is full of energy!! Like others have stated, we are finding that he is more calm after being able to expend some of his built up energy running and playing outside. My issue is that we currently live in a community in which we don't have the luxury of allowing him to spend a lot of time outside. Fortunately, we have Family around the corner with lots of land where we take him 2-3 times a week for "Play Time"!
* Jumps on people when they come in the house
* Sometimes pees when he meets new people
* Chews up the kids toys even though he has plenty
* Nips at ankles or pulls when walking on leash
* Tortures poor Pumpkin (5 yr old cat) by chasing her :)
* Eats out the trash and off the table
* Constantly barks @ other animals (especially @ Beach)
Other than the items listed above, he's a great companion for my Family (3 boys/2 girls)! LoL
Is he too young for obedience school? HarLey is a very smart and lovable puppy! Trying to make the best of our relationship...
Adrienne Farricelli (author) on December 29, 2010:
A nice game of fetch or a jog around the block prior to the walk may help release that pent up energy and put him in the state of mind for a calmer walk.. your problem is quite common.. most dogs are really eager to get out and tend to pull during the first minutes of the walk but then may settle and calm down on the way back...
I am a bit surprised when people say ''treats do not work'with my dog.. What types of treats are you using? Most dogs cannot resist some sliced up liver or chunks of left over steak or skinless roasted chicken..I have seen people stating their dog is not food oriented and then that same dog was drooling buckets of saliva upon being presented with chopped up dried tripe of freeze dried liver...
Also try to hide some treats in the yard or around the home prior to walking: sniffing and searching for them mentally requires lots of concentration that may wear him down a bit ... best wishes!
Helen Murphy Howell from Fife, Scotland on December 28, 2010:
Thanks for this great hub. I have a Border Collie,Roy, who is a rescue dog. He does tend to pull going out to his walk, but is brilliant on the way back when he has expended all his energy. He is not a greedy dog, and treats don't work with him. But you have given a lot of good information that I haven't tried as well as the books you have recommended. Many thanks again for a great hub.
Don A. Hoglund from Wisconsin Rapids on December 27, 2010:
I also have a rescued dog. She appears to have had some training but it is hard to figure out exactly what. sometimes she walks by my side and other times will pull.Haven't figured out what triggers her behavior. She is also shy of people.
Susan Zutautas from Ontario, Canada on December 27, 2010:
Found your hub very informative. I was recommended to use the prong collar on my 2 Newfoundland dogs. I had tried every other method out there and the prong collar was the answer to my situation. I walk both dogs at the same time and the prong works really well for me. They are now trained to walk and no longer pull. I only use this collar for walking and it comes off as soon as we hit the house.
bruzzbuzz from Texas , USA on December 27, 2010:
Thank you for a useful and well written hub. I have a rescue dog who walks good on a leash but needs training in other areas. I will definitely use these methods.