How to Tell If Your Puppy Is Purebred
The trend of purchasing purebred dogs often exacerbates when movies portraying particular dog breeds cause a temporary craze. At this point, people flock to breeders looking for a ''purebred'' puppy being either a Dalmatian (101 Dalmations), a Labrador (Marley and me), or a Chihuahua (Beverly Hills Chihuahua). However, first-time dog owners may not know much about what a purebred dog really is, and they may find themselves later questioning if their dog is really a purebred.
Signs You Own a Purebred Dog
A purebred dogs is the end product of selective breeding backed up with proper documentation. The main quality of a purebred puppy is that once adult, it will develop the main traits and behaviors that are typical of the breed. Purebred dogs are therefore specimens that have been bred for centuries with the main purpose of adhering to specific conformations and standards.
A purebred puppy grants predictability, meaning that it is obvious how the puppy will turn out looking from its size, color and texture of fur to its temperament. However, not all purebred dogs have the same identical temperament, there may be slight variances from one individual and another, but they mostly adhere to the breed's basic temperament.
If you have purchased a purebred dog, very likely you have paid a hefty price. Purebred puppies are quite expensive because the breeders must cover many expenses. Stud charges, food, medical expenses, vaccinations are some major expenses that need to be somewhat recuperated.
As mentioned earlier, the selective breeding of purebred dogs is backed with proper documentation. These are the famous "papers." A dog with papers is a dog that has been registered with a particular registry. The largest registry of the United States is the American Kennel Club (AKC). Other famous registries are the United Kennel Club (UKC), the Canadian Kennel Club, and the Continental Kennel Club.
A puppy with "papers" basically means that he is automatically eligible for documentation because its parents have been registered with any of these registries. You will have to follow up and register the puppy yourself by mailing out a registration application and paying a fee. If registering with the AKC, this can be done online. If the puppy is older and has already been registered, the breeder will have to give you the registration certificate which means at this point that the dog ownership is officially transferred to you.
Purebred dogs are often accompanied by a "pedigree." This is the puppy's ancestry, or in other words, its family tree. A pedigree will date back at least four generations displaying all the registered names of the puppy's ancestors. Good breeders should know all this by heart if they are really serious about breeding. Health papers are also another plus you will get from a well-bred puppy.
One important consideration: a dog with papers does not automatically translate into a puppy guaranteed to be healthy or with a stable temperament. A puppy with papers may theoretically simply mean that it is a product of selective breeding from verifiable bloodlines. Attentive homework and research still needs to be conducted in order to find a reputable breeder.