How to Train a Pit Bull Puppy
With so many different training methods and philosophies available nowadays, choosing the right way to train your pit bull puppy may literally make your head spin. Don't be fooled by the tough looks of pit bull terriers: truth is, they are loving creatures with quite a soft side. Positive reinforcement training, using rewards and lots of praise, helps build a strong bond and helps make the training process fun and rewarding for your new pit bull puppy.
How to Train Your Pit Bull Puppy Basic Manners
These are some basic commands you can introduce to your pit bull puppy. As mentioned earlier, a puppy can be taught to sit as early as eight weeks old. Many of these commands will be very handy in various circumstances. They are taught through positive reinforcement training and some use a training technique known as ''luring''.
A puppy can easily be taught to sit on command. Start in an area with few distractions using a treat as a lure. Place the treat over your dog's nose causing it to point upwards. If you move the treat backward over the puppy's head, his hunches should automatically lower causing him to sit. The moment the rear touches the floor, praise and give the treat.
Repeat several times and then start adding the word ''sit'' every time the rear touches the floor so the puppy starts associating the act of sitting with the command.
In order to lay down, the dog must know already the sit command. Command him to sit and face him holding a treat. Bring the treat to the puppy's nose and then down in a straight vertical line ending up between the pup's legs and then pull it out horizontally as if making an imaginary letter ''L''. The puppy should follow the treat and lay down.
As soon as his armpits touch the floor, praise and release the treat between the paws and let him have it. Repeat and start introducing the command '' lay down'' so your puppy associates the act of laying down with the command.
The recall command is one of the most important commands your Pit Bull puppy should know, and it can turn out being a lifesaver. Start from a quiet area of your home such as a hallway. Your helper holds your puppy. With a treat in your hand, lure your puppy, and then walk backward toward the opposite end of the hallway while calling your pup's name. Tell your helper to let the puppy go as soon as he shows the desire to come to you. Praise and give the treat as soon as your dog arrives.
Note: Make this exercise more challenging by increasing the distance and trying it in increasingly distracting areas.
The watch me command is very important. It helps your pit bull puppy stay focused on you even if for a brief time. Start by holding a treat at eye level and saying ''watch me''. When your puppy makes eye contact, praise and give the treat. Increase the time you keep the treat at eye level so your puppy looks at you for longer and longer periods of time.
Loose leash walking is very important, and it works best if taught in an obedience class setting so your puppy learns how to behave on the leash despite strong distractions such as other dogs and people. You can teach some basics of loose leash walking by walking your puppy in a quiet area and stopping when your puppy is walking in front of you causing the leash to tighten. Use a treat to position your puppy back to next to you and repeat this exercise over and over.
You want your puppy to grasp the concept that every time he is not next to you the walk stops and when he is next to you, it continues. You can also integrate the ''watch me'' command for attention heeling once your puppy is older and has a better attention span.
Stay is another important command to teach, but it requires some attention, so it may be difficult to introduce to a very young puppy. Older puppies may be taught ''stay'', simple tell your pup to sit or lay down next to you and with the palm of your hand open pronounce the word ''stay''. Take a step forward and place yourself in front of the dog with the palm of your hand still open. Return to your initial place next to your dog, praise your dog for staying, and give the treat.
Increase the distance by taking more steps forward and increasing the length of time your dog stays. Have your Pit Bull perform this command by adding distance and distracting environments gradually.
An Important Read for New Puppy Owners
The Importance of Early Socialization
Because some Pit Bull Terriers (as with other breeds) may have a tendency to develop some level of inter-dog aggression (aggression towards other dogs) as they reach social maturity, and because they are a very powerful breed, when it comes to dog training it can never be emphasized enough the importance of early socialization and training.
Socializing your pit bull puppy with other dogs may be a bit tricky. Veterinarians may recommend not exposing your Pit Bull puppy to other dogs in order to prevent potentially dangerous infectious diseases that are common in puppies, but isolating your puppy during this important phase of its life may be a big mistake.
According to veterinarian Robert K. Anderson, the risk of a puppy dying from parvo or distemper disease is far less likely than the risk of a dog being put to sleep because of behavior problems. Your best bet would be to socialize your puppy with other dogs in controlled settings with known dogs that have already been vaccinated and in clean, safe environments, according to the Real Pit Bull, a nonprofit corporation located in central New Jersey. An ideal place to start would be in a puppy class.
How to Socialize Your Pit Bull Puppy with People
Despite a pit bull terrier's reputation, aggression towards humans is very uncharacteristic of this breed and a highly undesirable trait. Indeed, pit bull terriers make poor guard dogs, due to their friendliness towards strangers. The American Temperament Testing Society, which tests different aspects of temperament in dogs, including stability, shyness, aggressiveness, protectiveness and friendliness, gives the American Pit Bull Terrier a nice passing score of 86 percent.
If you just got a Pit Bull Terrier puppy, your first step in Pit Bull Terrier dog training would be to socialize as much as you can. The great part of owning puppies is that they are like a blank canvas on which you can work to create the right imprints. What you do during this time is very important.
In puppies, there is a small window of opportunity, which closes at approximately 12 weeks of age, during which they are most impressionable, and therefore, more open to new experiences explains Joe Stahlkuppe in his book Training Your Pit Bull. Hopefully, your breeder gave your puppy a great start so you can take over this very important task.
How to Socialize Your Pit Bull Puppy Around Other Dogs
While you can teach some commands at home, it is very important to enroll your pit bull puppy in classes so he or she is exposed to other dogs and learns to obey your commands despite distractions. This helps you gain control over a potentially large, powerful breed before it's too late. Look for a reputable training center that offers positive reinforcement training in your area. Most trainers also provide instructions on how to become a benevolent pack leader.
Continuing training and socialization as your puppy grows is very important since once pit bull terriers reach social maturity, they can become aloof around other dogs and discriminative about which dogs to befriend. While puppy socialization may help tremendously in teaching bite inhibition, it may not be enough to override the breed's inclination towards inter-dog aggression, explains veterinarian Jennifer Messer. Yet, it's important to recognize that as with any breed of a dog, a pit bull's temperament and tolerance to other dogs is the result of several factors: genetics, level of training, socialization, ability to bounce back from a negative experience, resilience, context and so on. For more on this, read Are All Pit Bulls Aggressive Towards Other Dogs?
Responsible ownership of pit bull terriers is a must, especially since the breed is in a critical situation with breed-specific legislation being enacted in several jurisdictions and increasing liability insurance premiums. By demonstrating how well behaved and well trained your pit bull puppy is, you can be an advocate for the breed and educate people around you. This way, people see your dog from a realistic perspective instead of relying on poor representations, which are sometimes promulgated by the media.
How are you planning to train your pit bull puppy?
- 12% planning on taking him/her to a dog trainer!
- 86% planning on training him/her myself!
- 2% no time for training for me!
This poll is now closed to voting.
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.
Questions & Answers
My Pit Bull is six-months-old, and I just got her, but she won’t listen to me. She is also starting to bite more frequently. What should I do?
At six-months, your pit is entering doggy adolescence, and things can get challenging during this time. Here are a few games to help reduce the nipping: https://hubpages.com/dogs/German-Shepherd-Puppy-Bi...Helpful 35
How do I get my puppy to stop biting me?
Although this article was written with German shepherds in mind, readers have found these tips very valuable for any dog breed: https://pethelpful.com/dogs/German-Shepherd-Puppy-...Helpful 11
Is it easy to train an 11-month-old pit bull?
At 11 months, dogs are in the doggy adolescent stage. This is when things get a bit more challenging, but with consistency, just as with dealing with teenagers, these dogs can turn out being great dogs once they are 3-5 years old. How easy or hard training a pitbull of this age is, ultimately depends on several factors such as whether the dog was trained at all in the past, the dog's temperament, motivation (use high-value treats) and owner's skill in training.Helpful 11
How do you get your Pit Bull puppy from taking towels off the table?
Sounds like your pup sees the towels as fun tug toys! You can try training the leave it cue. Use it anytime you pup approaches the table and then, make sure you provide ample of fun, interactive toys such as stuffed Kongs or Kong Wobblers. Here's how to train leave it: https://pethelpful.com/dogs/The-Importance-of-Trai...Helpful 7
My puppy won't stop peeing in his crate. My wife has tried being more assertive by taking him outside, and he is rewarded when he uses the bathroom outside. It's mostly at night that he does this, though. What do we do?
Your puppy may not be ready to go through the night without going potty. It may help to limit access to water for a couple of hours before bedtime. Also, make a mental note of what times he has accidents in the crate, and take him out for about an hour prior.Helpful 7
© 2011 Adrienne Farricelli