How to Clip a King Charles Spaniel
Why I Groom My King Charles Spaniel Myself
I recently took a dog grooming course and am really glad I did. I normally send our dog Dylan to the groomers, but decided to have a go myself. It is quite nice to spend the time with your dog and we both seem to enjoy it, although it does take quite a long time to do.
The benefits of grooming your dog are:
- Your dog will be clean, and a clean animal around the house is a good thing.
- Your dog will feel better. Grooming removes dead hair, knots, and tangles.
- Your dog will look good, shiny, and clean!
- If you do the grooming yourself, you can give him or her a bit of a health check.
- You and your dog will build good relationship and understanding. It also helps with the pecking order, as only the top-dog does the grooming to the other dogs. So your dog will understand its place in the family.
What You Will Need
- Slicker brush for getting out knots and tangles.
- Nail clippers. Get good quality ones that cut cleanly.
- Animal clippers. Choose ones which let you change the blade.
- Blades. For my King Charles Spaniel I use 7F and 10.
- Scissors. Thinning and bull-nose.
- Pet shampoo.
- Hair dryer. You can get pet dryers which have a small stand, which can be useful.
- Bath mat. This is useful to stop your dog from slipping in the bath. Also, if you are clipping them on a table, stick the mat to the table. This helps to keep your dog from slipping.
Clipping and cutting should be done about every six weeks, but you can bathe in-between if they get a bit dirty and maybe trim their feet fur, which seems to grow like wildfire.
Grooming EquipmentClick thumbnail to view full-size
- The best way to lift a dog up onto a table is to keep your own back straight, bend at the knees and lift. Clasping your hands together, wrap your arms around your dog's neck under the chin and under the base of the tail, with all four legs between your arms and lose.
- Start by brushing out any tangles or knots. Use thinning scissors if you need to cut out any knots. Your dog's coat must be knot- and tangle-free before bathing. It will make clipping and trimming easier.
- Clean your dog's ears. Use either cotton wool moist with warm water or pet ear cleaning wipes. Gently rub inside the ears. Take care not to push too far in. Wipe away any wax. Use a different wipe or cotton wool for each ear. Thornit powder is helpful if your dog gets ear mites. Apply this powder during grooming can help reduce infections.
- Bathe your dog. Stand him on a bath mat so that they do not slip and hurt themselves. Use your shower hose to wet him, starting at the back and finishing on the head. Then lather him up with pet shampoo. Use enough so that the dog is nice a lathered, again finishing with the head and ears.
- Be careful not to get any shampoo or water inside the ears as this can cause problems for them! Hold your finger or thumb over their ear hole so that no soap or shampoo goes inside. Rinse thoroughly, making sure to get out all of the shampoo so not to irritate the skin.
- Dry with a towel. You can get a pet towel which is lint free and a bit like a chamois leather. It stays damp at all times and is highly absorbent. After you dry your dog, ring it out and rub again. They are so much better than a normal towel that just gets wet. They are not very expensive. A normal towel can be used also.
- Dry with a hair drier. You can use your own or a pet drier. Pet driers come with a stand so that you can have both hands free for your dog. While drying your dog, be aware that the hair drier can get hot. Only stay for about 10 seconds in one place, combing downwards all the time. The ears will take the longest to dry. I tend to start with the ears and then move to the body, coming back to the ears periodically, so that Dylan does not get bored. The ears is the one place he doesn't like me doing very much. Drying takes an age!
- Clip nails if needed. Waiting until after the bath will mean that the nails are warm and soft and a little easier to cut. When trimming the nails, be careful not to go too far back and cut the quick. This will make your dog bleed. Clip very small pieces at a time at a 45 degree angle. If you do nip the quick, apply pressure with a bit of cotton wool until the bleeding has stopped. Don't forget the nail that is up their leg a little, as this one does tend to get long as it does not get any wear.
Never clip any dog that you want to show!
Once clipped, a dog cannot be shown professionally. Their coat never grows back to its natural shape.
Clipping the Fur
The first time you clip your dog's fur will be a bit scary. Once your dog is used to the clippers, they will be okay. Even now, I turn the clippers on and let Dylan see them so he knows what is going on. I used 10 blade under his ears and 7F on his body, head, and outer ears.
- Be careful with the chest area. The skin here can be loose. Clip downward all the way between the front legs. Always clipper to the lay of the fur, never upward.
- See the diagram above to see directions to clip. Clip downward at all times, halfway down the body and halfway down the tail. Clipping King Charles Spaniels keeps them cool in the summer and there are less hairs over the house!
- Clip as much or as little as you wish, but start off with a little as once done, you can't stick it back!
- Check that that blades are not getting too hot, as they can burn the skin.
- Use the bull-nosed scissors under the foot area. Bend the foot under so that you can get underneath and cut the fur which grows in between the pads. Cut the hair on the feet with scissors, keeping the foot to the table and one half of the scissors on the table. Cut around the foot. Use the thinning scissors on the tops of the feet to thin out the hair.
- Use scissors to cut the back area under the tail and back legs. Bring your dog to the edge of the table and cut the back of the legs upwards.
- Cut any straggly bits under the belly with scissors.
- Cut ears to desired length. You may want to leave them long or cut them a bit shorter. I cut Dylan's ears a bit shorter to keep them out of his food. Hold the end of the fleshy part of the ear so not to cut it and then trim hair to the length you like. Just make sure to keep both ears the same length. That is the trick here! You don't want a lop-sided dog going on his walks.
- Then use the thinning scissors, cutting 3-4 times upwards and then combing out. Tidy any stray bits with scissors.
The hardest bit for me is the tail. Each time I try to hold his tail to do this, he sits down! What you are trying to achieve is a cut that is short at the base, thickens out, and tapers to short at the end, a bit like the shape of a banana.
If You Find Critters
You may find parasites on your dog's coat. Here is how to get rid of them:
- Fleas. Fleas live on dogs for a very short period of time, but can live in carpets and upholstery for months and their eggs can live for years. Make sure to de-flea often to keep your own home flea-free. Use oral or drops on the back of the neck that last about a month. There are also sprays and powders for this.
- Ticks. The size of a pea, ticks can be difficult to remove as they embed their legs into the dog's skin of the dog. Treatment is the same as for fleas
- Lungworm affects a dog's lungs and can cause coughing.
- Tape worm. Signs are scooting and anal irritation. Their eggs look like grains of rice and can be sometimes seen around the anus or in the fur.
- Roundworm lives and feeds in the small intestine. They normally spread from mother to pup. Adult dogs ingest the eggs from other dogs.
- For all worms there are worming tablets. They can be bought from a vet or at a pet shop. De-worming should be done every 3-6 months.
Give your dog a treat! They have been good through all of the bathing, clipping and cutting.
© 2013 Lavender Jade