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How to Reduce or Eliminate Worms in Dogs

How do you react when Michelle is a professional freelance writer who loves music, poetry, pets, and the arts. She is a techno-geek as well.

How to eliminate worms in dogs.

How to eliminate worms in dogs.

Dog Deworming

Worms. I completely understand that this is not quite a subject anyone would want to discuss at the dinner table.

For the purposes of ensuring the good health of our pets, face the wriggly worm we must, for worms can be the bane of our pets' existence.

Pet owners, especially first-time ones, will find information on deworming pets essential. There are several types of these infernal parasites which can make their homes in our pets' bodies and there are a few natural ways to be rid of them.

And what can we expect after our pets have been dewormed?

Reasons Why We Should Deworm Our Dogs

We care for our pets as pet owners and a vital part of that is making sure that our dogs, especially young dogs and puppies, receive appropriate deworming treatment. For all dog owners, especially those who have welcomed a dog into the family for the first time, this is noteworthy.

Deworming Prevents Serious Health Problems in Dogs

Deworming a pet would reduce the risks of intestinal problems and issues like vomiting or diarrhea. Worms can cause a dog to have inappropriate changes in appetite. Their coats become dull and dry. Deworming also prevents conditions like anemia and nutritional deficiency, for worms are parasites that drain the dog of the nutrition it needs.

If Left Unchecked, Parasites Can Cause Death

If the problem of worm infestation is not checked, health problems can increase to a level that can cause death. This is especially true in the case of the heartworm, which causes a slowing of circulation and even breathing.

Deworming Your Dog Prevents Health Problems for Humans

Some worms, such as roundworms and hookworms, can be passed on to humans via accidental contact with animal feces. Children are especially susceptible to these worm transfers as they play in playgrounds near soil, where it is likely that they will make contact with the parasites.

Parasites Cause Delayed Growth in Puppies

As the nutritional needs of puppies would be even greater than adults, sharing nutritional intake with a few parasites is bound to hamper their growth. This increases in seriousness when the dog experiences a loss of appetite and refuses to eat or vomits.

Symptoms of Worms in Dogs

There are several signs that can alert owners to the presence of worms in their pets and prompt the need for a visit to the vet. All dogs should be dewormed especially if the dog is young.

Bearing this in mind, puppies should be dewormed initially at about 2 weeks of age, and again at 4, 6 and 8 weeks. Thereafter, yearly deworming is recommended. Some worms can worm their way into the dog's system no matter how we prevent them, so how do we spot signs these infernal parasites in our dogs?

Coughing

Coughing can be a sign of heartworms that have developed in the dog to an advanced stage. Dogs with hookworms or roundworms may also develop a cough.

A Change in Appetite

Though worms take advantage of a dog’s nutritional intake and cause him to lose his appetite, they may also cause him to eat a little more voraciously. As worms steal a dog’s nutrients, he is prone to being hungry.

With a loss of appetite will come weight loss, so if this is observed, visit the vet without delay.

Vomiting

Vomiting may be a sign of the presence of worms, especially the roundworm, which may show up when the dog throws up.

Diarrhea

When you visit the vet with complaints of diarrhea in your dog, the first thing that he or she will ask for is a fecal sample. This is what happened when my dog Cloudy had a recent bout.

Worms can cause a dog to have soft stools. In addition, hookworms cause blood in a dog’s stools.

Lethargy

If a usually energetic dog suddenly stops being active and wishes to sleep more often, that can signal the presence of worms.

Tiredness, of course, may cause a dog to slow down. Owners should look out for any other accompanying signs above.

A Potbelly

A dog that has a bloated appearance may have contracted worms, as this is seen in more in puppies.

A Dull Coat

We care for our pets as pet owners and a vital part of that is making sure that our dogs, especially young dogs and puppies, receive appropriate deworming treatment. For all dog owners, especially those who have welcomed a dog into the family for the first time, this is noteworthy.

Skin Irritation

Worms, such as roundworms and hookworms, are culprits of skin irritation. If your dog has no fleas and is still scratching persistently, a visit to the vet might be in order.

Scooting

Worms in the intestine can cause itchiness in the anal area. Hookworms are guilty of causing a dog to move quickly and uncomfortably in a crouched position, known as “scooting.”

Worms in Fecal Matter

Worms show up when a dog passes out feces, so a vet will request a fecal sample when a dog has diarrhea. While some are visible to the naked eye, some may be more visible under a microscope. Roundworms and tapeworms will tend to show up in a dog’s fecal matter.

Types of Worms in Dogs

A worm is a worm, but there are many types of these unwanted parasites. All of these can be prevented if a dog is dewormed regularly. Here are some indicators of different types of worms in dogs.

Roundworms

Symptoms

A suspicion of roundworms may arise when a dog:

  • Has a dull coat
  • Loses his appetite
  • Loses weight
  • Has a pot-bellied appearance
  • Vomits or experiences nausea

Causes

Roundworms may be passed on from the intestines of the mother to puppies as they feed, or contaminate a dog when he accidentally ingests fecal matter. They are also dangerous as they are transmittable to humans.

Treatment

Dogs with roundworms may be treated with pyrantel pamoate. Larger adult dogs may be given diethylcarbamazine or piperazine.

Tapeworms

You know that your dog has got a few tapeworms when:

  • He experiences abdominal pain
  • Is agitated
  • Loses weight
  • Has an itchy anus
  • Vomits
  • You see pieces of broken ‘tape’ in your dog’s stools.

Causes

Be alert if your dog is experiencing a flea infestation. Dogs typically contract tapeworms by swallowing infected fleas and ticks. These nasty parasites are also transmittable to humans.

Treatment

Medicine for reducing tapeworms like Droncit, Cestex, Drontal, Drontal Plus, Telmintic, and Vercom Paste is usually effective for dogs. Prevention is simple when pet owners observe the necessary pooper-scooper ordinances.

Whipworms

These fellows get their names because they look like little whips. You know your dog has come into contact with them if:

  • There is blood or mucus in his stools
  • He experiences flatulence
  • Has diarrhea
  • Is anemic
  • Loses weight

Causes

These worms are also transmitted from a mother’s milk or from contaminated stools which a dog might ingest.

Treatment

Interceptor ( a drug worthy of Schwarzenegger) is a drug that can stop the whipworm, in addition to treatments like Panacur, Drontal Plus, Telmintic, and Vercom Paste.

Regular deworming is necessary to prevent the whipworm, and pet owners should adhere to the use of pooper scoopers and pick up after their pets. These worms are particularly resilient and eggs can remain in infected environments for up to 5 years.

Hookworms

These tiny worms cannot be seen by the naked eye, but you know your dog has hookworms if:

  • He has pale gums
  • Loses weight
  • Has bloody stools
  • Lacks energy
  • Has skin irritation
  • Has diarrhea

Causes

Hookworms can be transmitted from the mother’s milk as a puppy nurses. A dog can also get infected if he accidentally ingests contaminated fecal content from the ground. Pads of the feet can be a transmitter of hookworms in dogs.

Treatment

Dewormers like Nemex, Panacur, Drontal Plus, Telmintic, and Vercom Paste are effective in treating hookworms.

In addition, pet owners must be responsible and prevent their pets from defecating in areas where humans and pets come into contact with the ground, like playgrounds or benches.

Microscopic view of the heartworm

Microscopic view of the heartworm

Heartworms

This is by far the most threatening of worms that can make their homes in dogs, because they affect a vital organ that sustains life. Because they cannot be seen with the naked eye, and symptoms only show in advanced stages, it is particularly deadly. Wrapping themselves around a dog’s heart, you know your dog has become their unfortunate victim if: