10 Tips to Keep Your Dog Safe at the Beach
Taking Your Dog to the Beach?
Going to the beach is a multi-sensorial experience for your dog. Romping around on the sand, chasing the waves, or simply soaking up sun rays on a cozy blanket will surely make him happy. However, as a loving, caring owner, you must be aware of some potential hidden dangers in order to protect your dog from harm. Following are some guidelines to protect your pooch at the beach so that both of you can have a good time.
10 Beach Tips Every Dog Owner Should Know
1. Prevent Heatstroke
As you may already know, dogs don't tolerate heat as well as humans do. Unlike us, dogs do not perspire much (other than a tiny bit from their paw pads), so they must rely on panting as their means of keeping cool. But panting is not efficient when there is high humidity, physical over-exhaustion, and high temperatures. Generally, if the temperature outside is hotter than the dog's internal temperature, panting will not help the dog cool off. This can lead to hyperthermia, and consequently, heatstroke.
Symptoms of heatstroke include excessive panting, difficulty breathing, noisy breathing, bright red gums, and tacky saliva. As the heatstroke progresses, the gums will become pale, walking may be difficult with a staggering gait, body temperature will be high, and the dog might develop bloody diarrhea and eventually succumb if he is not treated in time.
2. Avoid Overexertion
Dogs have a blast on the beach, and their favorite activities include running back and forth and/or going swimming. However, these activities may cause heatstroke if they do not take rests. Most dogs, when they are tired, will retreat to a shaded area to cool off. But, dogs that are hyperactive may not listen to their need to retreat because they have too much pent-up energy. If your dog is overdoing it, allow him to relax for a while in a shady area. Please remember that dogs may overheat even when in the water, especially when the water temperatures are over 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
3. Provide Hydration
The best way to prevent heatstroke is to keep your dog in a shady area with lots of water. Bring along a bottle of frozen water and give your pooch frequent little sips, if possible. A quick tip to see whether your dog is hydrated is to lift his skin. A well-hydrated dog has skin that is elastic, and it will quickly spring back into place when lifted.
4. Prevent Sunburn
Dogs with white muzzles, white ears, and/or are entirely white or have very light-colored coats have a higher tendency to develop sunburn. Avoid using human suntan lotions because they contain chemicals that may be toxic if licked off. If you have a white dog, keep him in the shade or use a veterinarian-approved sun lotion.
5. Watch for Sand in the Eyes
Dogs love to roll around in the sand, so it is easy for sand granules to get into their eyes and cause pain, weeping, and redness. If this happens, flush the eye with some water (not salt water, of course). If problems continue, the eye should be seen by the veterinarian because there is a chance that the sand could have scraped the cornea's surface and caused a corneal ulcer.
6. Watch for Hot Sand
Sand can be really hot during the scorching afternoon hours. Your dog's sensitive paw pads could easily burn. If there is a stretch of asphalt from the car to the the beach, try to carry your dog, if feasible.
7. Don't Let Them Eat Sand
Some dogs like eating sand at the beach. This can cause an upset stomach because the sand is irritating to the stomach. When a lot of sand is ingested, it may cause serious intestinal impaction.
8. Don't Let Them Eat Shells/Starfish/Stones
Eating these things in large chunks or swallowing them whole can potentially lead to choking and intestinal blockages. They can also cause injury as they pass through the gastro-intestinal system. Keep an eye on your pup and also watch out for things like fish hooks, algae, dead sea gulls, or the like.
9. Don't Let Them Drink Salt Water
Drinking a lot of salt water may cause sickness for two reasons:
- Ocean water contains bacteria.
- High salt content may throw the dog's electrolytes off balance and cause nausea and vomiting.
In some cases, when too much water is consumed, the dog's sodium levels may rise. This causes severe dehydration and even death. Too much salt water may also lead to a case of beach diarrhea.
10. Prevent Drowning
Dogs may be great swimmers, but domestication has weakened some of those skills. Each year, there are reports of dogs drowning, so it is best to keep dogs near the shore and don't allow them to go too deep.
As you can see, dangers lurk even in the most unexpected places, but you can still enjoy the beach if you take precautions. Keep a close eye on your dog, keep him cool, give him lots of bottled water, and have fun!
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© 2009 Adrienne Janet Farricelli