Labrador Retrievers - Wonderful Family Pets and Companions

Misha is a small Labrador Retriever with a big personality.
Misha is a small Labrador Retriever with a big personality. | Source

Labrador Retrievers as Pets

Dogs have been members of my family for many years. During that time, Labrador Retrievers of all three colours have lived with us. We've had two yellow, one chocolate and one black Lab in the family. We've brought so many Labs into our home because we love the breed.

Labrador Retrievers make great family pets and companion animals. They are clever dogs with a playful, friendly and affectionate nature. They get on well with people of all ages, including children, and also get on well with other pets. They are usually energetic animals with a healthy appetite and require quite a lot of exercise. Most Labs love water, swimming and retrieving. They are eager to please their humans and love to take part in family activities.

Misha on the dog bed
Misha on the dog bed | Source

Origin of the Labrador Retriever Breed

The Labrador Retriever breed originated in Canada's most easterly province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It was originally know as a St. John's dog. St. John's is the capital city of Newfoundland.

Types of Labrador Retrievers

In addition to the different colours of Labrador Retrievers, there are two lines. These can look quite different from one another. The Show or English line dogs are generally stockier and have shorter legs and wider faces than the Field or American line dogs. Field dogs are leaner and longer legged animals with a longer and narrower face. Some dogs seem to fall in between these two types.

All Labs can make lovely pets if they receive suitable training. It's often said that females are more independent than males while males like to stay closer to their owners, but some Lab experts say this depends on the dog's genetics more than its gender.

Male Labs generally reach a maximum weight of 65 to 80 (or even 90) pounds. Misha is a small male and weighs 65 pounds (provided I'm careful with his food intake and give him enough exercise). The weights of females range from around 55 to 70 pounds. The dogs are about 21 to 23 inches high at the shoulders, although Misha is a little lower.

Owen was a chocolate Lab
Owen was a chocolate Lab | Source

The Importance of Training

Most Labs have wonderful personalities. As is true for all dogs, however, training from an early age is necessary in order to bring out their best qualities. Bad socialization or lack of training when a dog is a puppy may result in an adult with undesirable behaviours.

The Characteristics of a Labrador Retriever

Although there are always some dogs that are unusual for their breed, in general Labs have a strong retrieving instinct. They like to mouth objects and to carry them around, so they should be given lots of safe toys to play with. If there are transport jobs around the home that they can do - such as bringing their owner his or her slippers - they will usually be very happy to help! They also enjoy finding objects that have been deliberately hidden. Hide and Seek is a fun game for them, especially if the hidden object is edible.

Labrador Retrievers generally get on well with other animals. The ones in my family have been friends with our cats and have tolerated our birds, who have always been free-flying during the day. One of our birds landed on Simba, a yellow lab, during a flight. Simba was surprised by the incident but stayed calm.

Labs require regular exercise. They love swimming and are strong swimmers. They may try to enter every patch of water that they find during a walk. They tend to have a large appetite, so their diet should be monitored carefully to avoid obesity.

Labs have a tendency to be barkers if they aren't trained. They are good watch dogs, but they are usually too friendly to make good guard dogs. They have gentle mouths, provided they're trained to be calm with their mouths even when they are excited.

Should You Choose a Labrador Retriever for a Pet?


It's very important to control the amount of food that is given to a Lab. The breed certainly loves to eat! If Labs eat too much and don't exercise enough, they can become obese. It's especially important to watch the body weight of show line dogs, who are naturally bulkier than field line dogs. Some "stocky" dogs are actually overweight.

It goes without saying that a Lab should be fed healthy food. There is a lot of debate about the ideal diet for a dog, however. Both a Lab's breeder and their vet should be consulted about the advisability of feeding dry, canned, cooked or raw food, the proportion in which these should be given and the brands of food that should be bought.

Bess was my yellow Lab. Here she is trying to pick a pear.
Bess was my yellow Lab. Here she is trying to pick a pear. | Source


Even though the personality of a well-bred and well-trained Labrador makes it an appealing pet, it's best not to get a Lab if there's no one in the family who can give the pet regular exercise. Most of the exercise sessions should be longer and harder than just a walk around the block (although this type of exercise is perfect for an older dog). The lifespan of a Lab is around twelve years, but some have lived considerably longer.

Labrador Retrievers are often strong animals with strong necks, so leash training from the puppy stage is very important. It's not fun taking a dog for a walk if he or she is pulling on the leash. Puppy training classes are a great idea if someone feels that they need extra help in training or socializing their dog.

Owen enjoyed carrying multiple items in his mouth.
Owen enjoyed carrying multiple items in his mouth. | Source

Grooming and Skin Care

A Lab's coat is short and dense and is easy to care for. A regular brush is generally all that's required to keep the coat in good condition. Grooming can be a pleasant and relaxing activity for both the dog and the groomer. It's a great way to bond with a dog when it's done regularly. It's also a chance for the groomer to detect any skin problems in the dog, such as cuts, warts, lumps and hot spots.

Lumps should always be checked by a vet. There's a good probability that they're harmless, but they may not be. All the lumps that my Labs have experienced have been filled with fat and have been harmless. I continue to get any new ones checked, however. If a lump is cancerous, it's important to get it removed before the cancer spreads through the body.

A hot spot is a red, moist and uncomfortable patch on a dog's skin. The inflammation may develop due to an allergy, an insect bite or a skin infection. The dog may frequently lick or nibble the area in an attempt to relieve the discomfort, which makes the irritation even worse. A vet visit is often required to treat a hot spot.

Paw Care

Grooming and caring for the visible parts of a dog's body is important, but it's also important to look at the pads on the bottom of the paws to check for any problems.

Teeth, Nails and Ears

Teeth and nail care are very necessary for a pet dog. Dog toothbrushes and toothpaste that tastes nice to a dog are sold in pet stores. The stores also sell nail clippers. Veterinary assistants will probably cut your dog's claws if you don't want to do it yourself, although there will be a fee for this service. Ears need to be cleaned, too, but it's important that this isn't done too often and that the ears aren't cleaned too deeply.

The ASPCA website mentioned in the "References" section below gives advice about a dog grooming and cleaning schedule. It also gives tips about the best way to perform a dog care routine.

Labrador Retriever Puppies Playing with their Mother

Veterinary Care

Anybody who brings a pet into their family should be prepared for vet expenses. These include not only the cost of regular checkups but also of potential emergencies. Emergency pet care can be very expensive.

Insurance schemes for vet visits are available. It's important to be clear about what these schemes cover before signing up for one of them. Although it's not a nice topic to think about, it's vital to investigate how insurance would help in a serious situation like cancer treatment. A pet emergency savings fund could also be useful for vet expenses.

Emergency Preparation

Any family with a dog should know dog first aid procedures and the route to the nearest emergency clinic for pets. The operating hours of emergency clinics should also be known.

Special Activities for Labs

Since Labs are usually intelligent and friendly, they are ideal helpers for people with difficulties. They are trained as guide dogs for blind people and as assistance dogs. Misha came from a breeder who bred her dogs for the PADS program (Pacific Assistance Dogs Program), which trains dogs to help people with disabilities.

Labs are sociable animals and sometimes act as therapy dogs. Their strong retrieving instinct and love of water makes them a good companion for hunters. They also compete in show events, obedience trials and agility competitions.

An agility event requires dogs to complete a timed course involving obstacles such as weave poles, tunnels, jumps and items to climb. Whenever I watch an agility competition, the dogs always look like they are having fun. It's an enjoyable event for the spectators, too.

It's very important that pets are trained properly for all types of dog sports in order to prevent injury. My sister took Owen to a few training classes for dog agility competitions. He seemed to enjoy the activity, but neither my sister nor I had time to continue his training.

A yellow Lab going through the weave poles during an agility event
A yellow Lab going through the weave poles during an agility event | Source

Potential Health Problems - Hip Dysplasia and Osteoarthritis

In general, Labradors are healthy dogs. They do have a tendency to develop hip or elbow dysplasia, however. This is a condition in which the head of a bone fails to fit into its socket correctly due to a malformation of the joint. The problem can cause pain, inflammation and eventually osteoarthritis, although the amount of discomfort varies. Some dogs don't seem to be in pain even though x-rays show bad dysplasia, while others may be in such great discomfort that surgery is necessary to improve the condition of the joint.

It's important to buy a puppy from a good breeder who tries to eliminate joint problems in his or her breeding program. A puppy's parents should be certified free of hip dysplasia. One organization that provides an acceptable certification is OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals). It's a good idea to investigate the health of the grandparents as well as the parents. Even if the parents' and grandparents' joints are healthy, there is no guarantee that a pup will remain free of hip dysplasia. The probability is increased, however.

In order to decrease the chance of joint problems or at least of joint pain, dogs should be kept lean and a puppy shouldn't exercise excessively or with a repetitive motion. That's one reason why it's usually recommended that a dog doesn't begin jogging with its human until it's at least one year of age. Joint injuries at a young age may stimulate the development of hip dysplasia symptoms.

Owen and Bess
Owen and Bess | Source

Osteoarthritis in Labrador Retrievers - My Personal Experience

Bess was my previous Labrador Retriever. She had hip dysplasia and osteoarthritis, but these didn't cause serious problems until she was around fourteen or fifteen years old. Misha is only seven (nearly eight at the moment) but has already been diagnosed with osteoarthritis and shown that one of his joints has been giving him pain, which is worrying.

Happily, Misha's pain and movement problem have disappeared on a treatment plan consisting of a daily canine supplement containing glucosamine, chondroitin and manganese, daily MSM and omega-3 fatty acid supplements and a periodic injection of cartrophen.

It may be that not all of the above treatments are required in order to help Misha, but he's doing so well that I don't want to make any changes at the moment. The frequency of the cartrophen injections has been reduced, however, (as is recommended after the initial treatment period) with no apparent ill effects. The cartrophen is most likely the major contributor to Misha's improvement, but perhaps some or all of the other components of the treatment are helping as well.

Bess playing with Owen when he was a puppy
Bess playing with Owen when he was a puppy | Source

Some Frequently Used Osteoarthritis Treatments in Dogs

Glucosamine and Chondroitin

Glucosamine and chondroitin are natural chemicals found in the cartilage of both dogs and humans, including the cartilage in joints. This cartilage degenerates in osteoarthritis. The benefits of glucosamine or chondroitin for osteoarthritis when given as nutritional supplements are unknown. Some people involved with dogs say that one or both of the chemicals help their dogs while others say that they don't. There is some evidence that an injectable form of chondroitin sulphate may help to maintain cartilage.

MSM or Methylsulfonylmethane and Omega-3 Fatty Acids

MSM is also a natural chemical in the body. As a supplement, it may reduce the inflammation present in osteoarthritis. Once again though, this is uncertain. Like the two chemicals mentioned above, MSM isn't considered to be harmful when taken at recommended doses. Side effects of all the medications are reported to be mild, if in fact there are any, so I continue giving them to Misha for now. Omega-3 fatty acids are also thought to reduce inflammation and help joints.

Cartrophen or Pentosan Polysulphate Sodium

Cartrophen Vet is a brand name for pentosan polysulphate sodium. This is a semi-natural chemical based on one obtained from the bark of beech trees. Both scientific and anecdotal evidence show that cartrophen can be beneficial for canine osteoarthritis. How it does this is uncertain, but researchers have found that it has a number of effects that may protect cartilage in joints. Many people report that cartrophen has been very helpful for their pets. I wish the chemical had been available when Bess was alive.

 Simba, our first lab, as a young dog
Simba, our first lab, as a young dog | Source

Regular Vet Visits

One reason why regular vet visits are important is that a pet owner may not notice a health problem in a pet. The vet may well notice the problem and suggest treatment, sometimes before the problem has become serious. Vaccination questions and osteoarthritis treatments should be discussed with the vet.

Other Potential Health Problems in Labs

Labrador Retrievers sometimes develop eye problems such as cataracts, even at a young age. They may also develop PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy), a condition in which the retina deteriorates. This problem doesn't develop until a dog is an adult. Another possible eye problem is retinal dysplasia, a condition in which the retina doesn't develop properly. A puppy's parents should be certified clear of eye problems.

Labs may also suffer from less common health problems, such as a luxating patella, a disorder in which the kneecap moves out of position. There is a small possibility of autoimmune deafness developing in later life. This happened to Bess, who lost her hearing for no apparent reason. It didn't seem to affect her enjoyment of life, though.

Owen asleep
Owen asleep | Source

A Lovely Pet

A well-bred and properly trained Labrador Retriever is a lovely pet, which is why my family has had four Labs over the years. Labs are loyal, loving and (if trained) well mannered dogs. They need to be involved in family activities and love to be given jobs that fit in with their instincts, such as retrieving and carrying. They do require a healthy diet and careful monitoring of their food intake, as well as adequate exercise, but in return they will be a wonderful companion for people of all ages.

References and Further Reading

  • Dog grooming tips from ASPCA (American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals)
  • Pet first aid from the AVMA (American Veterinary Medical Association)
  • Chondroprotective agents (including pentosan polysulphate sodium and a reference to chondroitin sulphate) from the Merck Veterinary Manual

© 2012 Linda Crampton

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Comments 31 comments

moonlake profile image

moonlake 4 years ago from America

Beautiful dogs. Loved the video. My son has always owned Labs. He has had all three colors. Voted up on your hub it was very interesting.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you for the comment and the vote, moonlake! It's interesting that your son has owned Labs of all three colors too. They do make lovely pets.

Maria Cecilia profile image

Maria Cecilia 4 years ago from Philippines

wow it's a dream for me to have dogs like them three different colors, but you see responsible pet ownership is knowing what you can afford for now they are dreams for me... I am happy with Peso and PM anyway...

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, Maria. I think that it's important that someone finds a pet that they can love and that needs a home, no matter where the dog comes from or what type of dog it is! For people who are looking for a certain type of personality or certain characteristics in a dog, though, Labrador retrievers can be a good choice, but they can be expensive. I'm glad that you're happy with Peso and PM! Thanks for the visit.

The Writers Dog 4 years ago

A beautiful Hub about beautiful dogs! As youcan see, my Rusty is a choc Lab with a little Kelpie (Aust. cattle dog). I know exactly what you mean when it comes to lead training! Rusty was rescued at 2 years, and I doubt had ever seen a lead, let alone been on the end of one.

Voted up by me AND Rusty :)

Judi Bee profile image

Judi Bee 4 years ago from UK

Good to see that your retriever still has his breed instincts - my Airedale (bred to hunt water-rats in water) hates to get even her paws wet and quietly watched a rat scurry past us the other day!

Lovely photos and video, very enjoyable and informative hub.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, The Writers Dog. (I love your name!) I'm glad that Rusty was rescued and ended up with a good home. Lead training must have been very difficult, though! Thank you very much for the comment and vote.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much for the comment, Judi. I appreciate your visit. That's a funny story about your Airedale!

Mama Kim 8 profile image

Mama Kim 8 4 years ago

This couldn't come at a more perfect time! Great hub ^_^

We've been trying to decide what our next family dog will be. We've been going between Lab, G shep, rott or pit. This definitely adds to the discussion! Voted up!!

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thanks for the comment and for the vote, Mama Kim 8. I hope you're happy with your new dog, whatever kind you get!

Becky Katz profile image

Becky Katz 4 years ago from Hereford, AZ

This was wonderful information on labs. had one a few years back. She had a huge yard to play in as well as two other dogs. She did not seem to have a problem with her weight. She was a small female and so friendly, except for the night when someone tried to break in. She turned into a vicious beast for just long enough to corner them and hold them for the police. Then as soon as I called her to me, she came gallumping over to start chasing her ball. She loved her ball.

Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 4 years ago from Fife, Scotland

It never surprises me when I look at surveys and polls and Labradors are always at the top of people's favourite dogs. I have a 5 month old Yellow Labrador girl at the moment called Kassy. Basically she is fun, beautiful, wonderful and a little horror all rolled into one - in other words a very healthy puppy!! LOL!

I loved this hub that highlights the great things about these wonderful dogs but also that it's just as important for them, friendly as they are, to be socialised and exercised properly.

Fabulous hub + voted up!

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, Becky. I've often wondered how Misha would behave if someone broke into the house. He loves meeting visitors, but in these situations he observes that I am welcoming the people. It might be a different situation if a stranger entered the house uninvited! Thanks for the comment and for the interesting information about your Labrador retriever.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much for the comment and the vote, Seeker7. Yes, even with a potentially wonderful dog like a Lab, a person needs to educate the dog - preferably as a puppy - in order for it turn into a well behaved adult. Have fun with Kassy!

kashmir56 profile image

kashmir56 4 years ago from Massachusetts

Hi my friend, very well written and interesting hub about a very beautiful dog. There are a few people around my home who have these wonderful Labrador Retrievers and they are so good and friendly. Well done !

Vote up and more !!! SHARING !

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much for the comment, the vote and the share, Tom! I appreciate them all. Well-trained Labs are great dogs and make lovely pets. It's nice that you have some to meet in your neighborhood!

drbj profile image

drbj 4 years ago from south Florida

Labs are such sweet, friendly dogs and it's easy to see how fond you have been of your Lab pets. Your hub has enhanced my Lab learning tremendously, Alicia. Thank you for this well-written information and the fun video.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you for the visit and for the comment, drbj. Yes, Labs are sweet and friendly, and I've loved having them in my family!

b. Malin profile image

b. Malin 4 years ago

My Son owns a Black Lab, named Milo...and for many years until it's death a Golden one, named Colby...Labs make Wonderful Pets, and are so Smart and kindhearted. Now that Milo is almost 4, they are going to get him a "little Brother".

Wonderful Hub as usual Alicia, I also Enjoyed watching your Video of Misha & Bess, they look so Happy & Healthy, and play so nicely together...Good Job!

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much for the comment, Barbara. I expect Milo will get on very well with his new brother! Bess was nine when Owen joined the family, and she quickly became friends with him.

Nell Rose profile image

Nell Rose 4 years ago from England

Hi Alicia, I loved your video! these are my favorite dogs, I always wanted one so I loved this! we had an alsatian and after we lost her we were going to get a retriever, but it never happened, this was a great hub, really interesting, and the photos were lovely! voted up and shared, nell

mary615 profile image

mary615 4 years ago from Florida

As a dog lover, I enjoyed this Hub very much. Your dogs are beautiful. I loved your video. I have never had a Lab but I have friends who do and they brag all the time about their wonderful Lab.

I voted this UP, etc.etc.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, Nell. Thank you very much for the comment, and thanks for the vote and the share as well! I've loved every dog I've owned, including my first one, who was a mixed breed, but the retrievers have had lovely characteristics.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much for the comment and the votes, Mary. I appreciate your visit. It is nice to have a Lab in the family - they are wonderful dogs!

sgbrown profile image

sgbrown 4 years ago from Southern Oklahoma

We have had 2 labs in our family. We kept a black lab that had wandered onto our property one night. The next morning we checked him over to find that he had been horribly abused. You might like my hub on him - God Sent Us Jake - The Black Lab. We now have a yellow lab, Sadie. The pictures of your yellow lab looks just like our Sadie! She is out protector. She wants to stay outside at night so she can keep all the keller deer and rabbits away! LOL Labs are such wonderful dogs! I have voted this up and would like to include a link to this hub in my "Jake" hub. Have a wonderful day! :)

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you for the comment, sgbrown. I'm glad that Jake found such a good home with you. I've read your hub about Jake before - it's a touching story. I agree with you - Labs are wonderful dogs. Thanks for the vote and the link, and I hope that you are having a wonderful day too!

teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 4 years ago

I love these friendly dogs and they are indeed very big with large thick necks. Early training would make a difference. My friend's dog was used at hospice therapy and it loved being with people. Great post and so enjoyable to read.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much for the comment, teaches. It's wonderful when a happy dog can help people, as your friend's dog did during hospice therapy!

oliversmum profile image

oliversmum 4 years ago from australia

AliciaC Hi. I thoroughly enjoyed reading about your Labrador Retrievers.

They are such beautiful and intelligent animals and do bring a lot of happiness and joy into our lives.

Thanks for all the information, and the photos and video are just beautiful. Thumbs up and Beautiful. :):)

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thanks for the comment and the votes, oliversmum. Labs are lovely family dogs, but any dog can bring joy to our lives, as you say!

marcoujor profile image

marcoujor 3 years ago from Jeffersonville PA

What a comprehensive and beautiful article about my favorite dog breed, Alicia.

We adopted our Black Lab, Alvin at 5 yo and he lived a wonderful life with us until he died at 12. We now have our sweet yellow Lab, Aunt Baby, who is 9 yo.

Your photographs and videos are awesome...excellent job! UP and UABI.

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