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Types of Pomeranians: Dog Breed Information

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Learn more about the recognized and unofficial types of Pomeranians, and get general information about the breed as well!

Learn more about the recognized and unofficial types of Pomeranians, and get general information about the breed as well!

What Different Kinds of Pomeranians Are There?

The Pomeranian is a fluffy little dog from the toy category, and the breed originates from the Pomerania region in northwest Poland and northwest Germany. It's a spitz-type dog descended from the powerful, wolfish spitz-type dogs of the Arctic, and the breed inherited agility, determination and willpower from its ancestors. The Pomeranian is also called "the little dog who thinks he can" by some.

Early on, the German Spitz and the Pomeranian were considered to be the same breed. Later, in the 1980s, they were split into three categories based on size: klein, mittle and Pomeranian. Today, there are many types of Pomeranians, though only the standard Pom is recognized by the AKC.

Types Based on Size and Weight

  1. Miniature Pomeranian
  2. Standard Pomeranian
  3. Throwback Pomeranian

Types Based on Facial Features and Appearance

  1. Fox Face Pomeranian
  2. Teddy Bear Pomeranian
  3. Baby Doll Pomeranian
Pomeranians are fluffy, cute and strong-willed.

Pomeranians are fluffy, cute and strong-willed.

Types Based on Size and Weight

Pomeranian dogs are split into three subcategories based on how large they are and how much they weigh: miniature, standard and throwback. Of these three, note that only the standard Pomeranian is accepted as a pure breed. "Miniature" and "throwback" are unofficial types.

Pocket and micro Poms are two other names for miniature Pomeranians.

Pocket and micro Poms are two other names for miniature Pomeranians.

Miniature Poms may also be known as toy or tea cup Pomeranians.

Miniature Poms may also be known as toy or tea cup Pomeranians.

1. Miniature Pomeranian

Weight: 1–4 pounds
Height: Less than 6 inches

The miniature Pomeranian is an unofficial type. This is a smaller version of the standard Pomeranian. Given the increasing popularity of these tiny dogs, many breeders are breeding them, so it is important to look for a responsible breeder.

Miniature Pomeranians may also be called the following:

  • Tea Cup Pomeranians
  • Toy Pomeranians
  • Pocket Pomeranians
  • Micro Pomeranians
Standard Pomeranians weigh 3–7 pounds.

Standard Pomeranians weigh 3–7 pounds.

Standard Pomeranians are 7–12 inches tall.

Standard Pomeranians are 7–12 inches tall.

2. Standard Pomeranian

Weight: 3–7 pounds
Height: 6–12 inches

The standard Pomeranian is a pure-bred Pomeranian dog that is accepted by all major kennel clubs.

A "throwback" Pomeranian is a larger dog, and it's often a mixed breed.

A "throwback" Pomeranian is a larger dog, and it's often a mixed breed.

3. Throwback Pomeranian

Weight: 7–20 pounds
Height: 12–20 inches

A Pomeranian that grows a lot bigger than a normal Pom may be called a throwback. This is another unofficial type. Such dogs are often mixed breeds, and they are not recognized or accepted by any major kennel club.

Here's a side-by-side comparison of the facial features of fox face, baby doll and teddy bear Pomeranians.

Here's a side-by-side comparison of the facial features of fox face, baby doll and teddy bear Pomeranians.

Types Based on Facial Features and Appearance

Pomeranian dogs are also split into three unofficial sub-types based on their facial structure and appearance. These varieties are known as fox face, teddy bear and baby doll Poms. Again, these are not recognized types of the breed; they're more like nicknames to describe the Pom's physical characteristics.

As its name suggests, the fox face Pomeranian resembles a fox, though its eyes are quite different from a fox's.

As its name suggests, the fox face Pomeranian resembles a fox, though its eyes are quite different from a fox's.

1. Fox Face Pomeranian

The fox face Pomeranian has a long, pointed muzzle and short, erect ears that give it a foxlike appearance. Although their muzzles and ears are similar, their eyes are noticeably different from a fox's eyes; where a fox has small, flat eyes, a Pomeranian has larger, rounded eyes.

The baby doll Pom has a face rather like a cute doll's face.

The baby doll Pom has a face rather like a cute doll's face.

This unofficial type of Pom has a short face and muzzle.

This unofficial type of Pom has a short face and muzzle.

2. Baby Doll Pomeranian

The baby doll Pomeranian's face and muzzle are shorter than those of the fox face Pomeranian, but larger than those of the teddy bear type. Its eyes, nose and mouth make it resemble a toy baby doll.

The very short muzzle and snout of the teddy bear Pom make it look like—well, a teddy bear!

The very short muzzle and snout of the teddy bear Pom make it look like—well, a teddy bear!

This unofficial Pom type has a very compact face.

This unofficial Pom type has a very compact face.

3. Teddy Bear Pomeranian

The teddy bear Pomeranian has a much shorter face and muzzle than the fox face and baby doll Pom. Between its compact face and its short muzzle and snout, it looks a lot like a teddy bear.

Here are a few examples of the coat patterns and colors for Poms.

Here are a few examples of the coat patterns and colors for Poms.

Coats and Colors of Poms

Given the variety of coat colors for Pomeranians, even two standard Poms may look quite different from one another.

Coats

Pomeranians have an abundant, textured double coat. It extends over the dog's chest and shoulders, and the top coat forms a ruff of fur on the neck, as well as a fringe of feathery hair on the hindquarters.

Colors

This breed is available in various patterns and markings. The most common colors are orange, red, gray and sable. According to the AKC breed standards, "All colors, patterns, and variations thereof are allowed and must be judged on an equal basis." These coat patterns may include parti, piebald, tan points and Irish.

Poms are intelligent, playful, inquisitive and even a little suspicious.

Poms are intelligent, playful, inquisitive and even a little suspicious.

Characteristics and Temperament of the Breed

The Pomeranian is an alert, delightful, lively dog that exhibits intelligence in expression. It's extroverted and inquisitive in nature.

Temperament

This breed is very energetic, intelligent, loyal and protective towards its human family. Poms are eager to learn and often excel in obedience training. They are territorial dogs, so they usually bark when they hear noises or suspect something unusual is happening.

Compatibility With Other Pets

This is a playful and friendly dog, but it needs early socialization and training. Otherwise, Poms can be aggressive with other dogs and companion animals as they try to prove their alpha status.

Compatibility With Children

Pomeranians are usually devoted to their family and reliable with children, who will likely enjoy the Pom's playfulness. However, the breed is suspicious and inquisitive in nature, so they should be carefully introduced to strangers.

Suitability for Apartment Living

Pomeranians are one of the best choices of dog breeds to live in an apartment.

Despite its small size, the Pom is a sturdy dog.

Despite its small size, the Pom is a sturdy dog.

Health and Vet Care

Pomeranians are sturdy dogs that need average grooming, a good diet and appropriate exercise. They have a few health problems and need regular vet visits.

The most common health issues for Poms are as follows:

  • Luxating patellas (kneecaps that slip out of place)
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Collapsing tracheas
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Seizures
  • Alopecia X. This is a skin condition colloquially known as "black skin disease" that causes the dog's skin to turn black. It also causes substantial hair loss.

More About Pomeranians

  • 12 Pros and Cons of Owning a Pomeranian
    Discover several pros and cons of owning a Pomeranian. This article is great for anyone who is in love with this breed and wants to learn more about it.
  • Top 15 Most Popular Pomeranian Mix Dogs
    Designer dogs are developed to perform specific tasks and to take some genetic benefits from mixing breeds. Though they are not recognized by the major kennels, they are popular and in demand. Here are some of the most popular Pomeranian mix dogs.
  • The 5 Sweetest Small and Fluffy Dog Breeds
    Are you looking for a little and cuddly dog? Pictures and descriptions of the five best fluffy dog breeds will help you choose the right dog for your family.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2020 ARADHYA

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