A List of Teacup Dog Breeds
What Is a Teacup Dog?
There are many differing opinions on the subject, some of which are completely opposite of each other, but the general idea is that a teacup dog is a dog which is small enough that, at birth, can fit into the interior of a teacup. So, in other words, a really, really small dog.
The different opinions on the matter are ones that state that teacup dogs in fact don't even exist; they are instead just a different name for the already established miniature dogs, toy dogs, and pocket-size dogs. It is believed that the name teacup dogs is just a marketing ploy to sell more of the toy dogs, which have recently started to become unpopular.
In earlier centuries, toy dogs were seen as a status symbols. The average temperature of a toy dog, or teacup dog for that matter, is around 100 degrees Fahrenheit, so many kings and lords would have these tiny dogs as a means to stay warm in the winter. And, of course, they were expensive.
The truth is that it's half and half. Half of the teacup dogs you see advertised today are just normal toy dogs or, in some cases, a runt version of the normal breed. The other half, however, are actually teacup dogs. So how do you know the difference?
You just need to have the right information.
Yes, teacup Beagles are a breed of teacup dog, albeit they are a tad controversial. But they do exist; you can, if you really want to, get a mini Beagle walking around your house. You should, however, know a few things about them first.
1. Breeding. Teacup Beagles are bred in two unique ways.
- The first technique is called Inbreeding, or inbreeding continuously. What this means is that runts of two litters of Beagles will be bred together in hopes that their litter will be much smaller; then this process will be repeated with the new litter and so on and so on, until a litter with 'teacup' Beagles exists. The major downfall with this technique is health issues—by breeding the runts, the unhealthiest and weakest puppies of the litter, you are going against nature itself. The chances of passing down bad traits is much higher with inbreeding.
- The second technique isn't as common and is harder to pull off. It is called cross breeding and it is when you take a beagle and cross breed it with a much smaller dog; for example if you bred a beagle with a Pomeranian, you are likely to have a litter that is much smaller than a beagle but bigger than a Pomeranian. This is more of a science and isn't as sure of a process as inbreeding, although it has been found that, if successful, there are much fewer health problems.
- Beagles will eat a lot. Be wary of what kind of food you have laying around the house.
- Love to walk; need a lot of exercise.
- Don't like cats (what dog does?)
- Difficult to house train, but if trained properly, they are amazing pets.
Teacup Boston Terrier
The teacup Boston Terrier also exists as a teacup dog breed. It is bred the same way the teacup Beagle is bred—which was mentioned above. They are usually a smaller teacup dog than the Beagle, as well as a much healthier and longer-lived dog. This unusual strength and durability makes them one of the most popular teacup dogs.
- Very intelligent.
- May become very stubborn if not trained at an early age.
- They are a very malleable dog; train them and they can be whatever you want them to be. Guard dog, solitary companion, it's all possible.
- If not housebroken properly, they may develop what is called the Napoleon Complex. This entails that they may think they are bigger then they actually are, resulting in some unnecessary fights.
- Tend to bark at anything.
Remember what I was saying earlier about the differing opinions on if teacup dogs exist? Well here is a prime example of where that line is drawn. The Maltese is a very, very small dog; it falls under the toy breed that only a few dogs exhibit. It doesn't ever reach a weight of over 10 pounds, and it's rarely taller than your ankles. It is naturally more prone to health problems than other dogs; it's life expectancy is actually a few years less than average.
What is a teacup dog again?
You can call the Maltese breed anything you'd like, but the truth is they are both a teacup dog and a toy dog. The name is interchangeable; if you want a really small dog to keep you company, a dog that won't shed as much as normal dogs, but a dog that is likley to be more prone to health problems, then the teacup or toy Maltese is for you.
- Very playful.
- A very teachable dog.
- Like to please their master.
- A very trusting dog that will never run away.
- May bark excessively if not trained properly.
- Need a lot of socialization.
- A spirited animal.
The teacup Pomeranian is just like the teacup Maltese in that there is gray area in how you want to classify them. A Pomeranian, like the Maltese, is already a very small dog. It's physical specifications—if you want to call them that—fall right under what a teacup dog would be. They are very small, not very tall, and very light dogs. They, in fact, have many of the same traits a teacup dog usually has.
The big difference between a teacup Pomeranian and other teacup dogs is that they don't require any special breeding, like, say, the teacup Beagle and teacup Boston Terrier. They are bred naturally small; or, you could say, they are a naturally bred teacup dog.
- Are eager to learn at an early age.
- Need to train carefully; may develop bad habits.
- Are very attentive to their surroundings.
- Be stern and strict when training them.
- Need a lot of grooming.
Other Teacup Dogs
Do your teacup dogs exist? Are they a marketing ploy? The answer is up to you. The truth of the matter is that some teacup dogs that are advertised will in fact not be a teacup dog. This doesn't mean the dog isn't small, or has all the teacup dog specifications. It just means it's a toy or miniature dog, and not some new breed that has just come out of the woodwork.
Let me phrase that better. Perhaps it's better to think of teacup dogs this way. Teacup dogs are dogs that have existed for hundreds of years, sometimes by a different name, but they have always been the same physical being.
Some other teacup dogs are: