Tips for Training a Herd Dog

Updated on October 22, 2019
Heidi Wahlstrom profile image

Heidi has lived and worked on various farms and although she is not a professional dog trainer, she has interacted with many great dogs.

Training Your Dog to Herd

I am not a professional dog trainer, but I have lived and worked on farms my entire life. Through the years, I have worked with many great dogs and have picked up a few skills in training dogs for life on a farm. When my dad’s dog had puppies, I was interested in getting one because both parents are great herding dogs. The father, Buck, is an Australian Shepherd/Border Collie mix and the mother, Mara, is an Australian Shepherd/German Shepherd mix. We brought home our puppy with her big bat ears and proceeded to work on the basics: potty training and not chewing on things.

After a while, we wanted to train her to herd the goats. It soon became obvious that training a dog to herd is not as easy as I thought. I talked to my vet and a dog trainer to see if they had any ideas. They both said the same thing: Find an experienced herding dog to train your puppy.

That didn’t work for me, so I proceeded to train her on my own and I discovered a few strategies that seemed to work:

  1. Show Your Puppy What to Do
  2. Positive Reinforcement
  3. Repetition
  4. Patience
  5. Commands

Border Collie at Work
Border Collie at Work | Source

1. Show Your Puppy What to Do

It may sound silly, but your puppy watches what you do and will copy you just like kids do. It may not be fun to run after goats so the puppy can see what you want her to do, but it works the best. I was lucky when we were training our puppy because my son was four and loved to chase the goats in at night. Our puppy, Piper, learned from him. She would follow him as he chased the goats into and out of the barn. She also comes from herding dog breeds that instinctively herd. We worked with the instincts she already had and cemented them into a workable form.

2. Positive Reinforcement

Reward your puppy when it accomplishes a task, even if it is a small one. Either use treats or excessive praise so your puppy can see how excited you are. Praise shows your puppy that they did something right and they will want to repeat it so they are praised again. Your puppy wants to make you happy.

3. Repetition

Show your puppy what to do, praise for a job well done, show your puppy what to do, praise for a job well done, repeat, repeat, and repeat some more. This is an extremely important step and consistency is a major key. For example, when I wanted our puppy to stay in the back of the barn so she could help chase goats out, I taught her to sit and wait there. I did this by repeatedly making her sit where I wanted then patiently bringing her back when she moved. We repeated this process about three or four times before she understood what I wanted and she waited there.

4. Patience

Learning something new can be hard and puppies can get overexcited when you are working with animals. I quickly learned with our new puppy that raising my voice and getting upset does nothing but make her upset. She responded better to quietly repeating a skill over and over. If you are feeling upset chances are your puppy is too which means it is time to take a break and circle back to the skill you are working on later.

5. Commands

It is important to use commands consistently with each skillset. For example, I whistle when I want Piper to herd the goats into their pen, I make a sharp EHH noise when I want her to stop what she is doing, and I tell her “Easy” when she is getting too rough with the goats. You can use whatever commands you want as long as you use them consistently. I recommend starting with mastering two commands first. A go command and a stop command. Others can be added as your puppy grows but those are the best to start with while herding.

Source

Traditional Herd Training

When I wanted to start training our puppy to herd the animals on our hobby farm, I wasn’t sure how to start so I called around. The answer I received was the same: Find an experienced herding dog to train your puppy. It occurred to me that I could take my puppy back to my parent’s farm so she could learn from the dogs there but I didn’t want her to pick up any bad habits from them either.

Traditionally, herd dogs learn from their parents or from an older, experienced herding dog. A farmer gets a new puppy when their other dog starts to get older and the puppy learns from watching the other dog. I decided to take a non-traditional approach and teach her how to herd without the help of an experienced dog.

Herding Instincts

Dogs are one of the first animals ever domesticated, and over time, dog breeders have separated characteristics of certain dogs to form the breeds we are familiar with today. Not all of these characteristics were physical, some were instinctual characteristics.

Herding instinct is in certain breeds just as tracking, protecting, and guarding are in others. I’m not saying you won’t find a Labrador Retriever who is a great herding dog, I’m saying you are more likely to find a great herding dog in a few certain breeds. Herding dogs are typically smart, easily trained, and instinctively want to control other animals.

Herding Breeds

I picked a few of the most common herding breeds but there are many more that could be on the list. Here is a short list of good herding dog breeds:

  • Border Collie
  • Australian Shepherd
  • Australian Kelpie
  • Collie
  • Australian Cattle Dog/Blue Heeler
  • Sheltie
  • Old English Sheepdog
  • German Shepherd

These dog breeds have been used as working herd dogs and have the natural instinct that will help make training them a little easier. A quick reminder that these breeds are working dogs that are smart, energetic, and durable. They love having a job to do and if left to idleness will get into trouble.

Our puppy is turning into a great herding dog. She keeps the goats in their proper pasture, tries to herd the cats into the barn and keeps a close eye on my kids when they are playing outside. I am very impressed with how she is turning out and I am glad for every minute I have put into training her because a well-trained farm dog is priceless.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

Questions & Answers

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment
      • Heidi Wahlstrom profile imageAUTHOR

        Heidi Wahlstrom 

        8 weeks ago from Spooner, Wisconsin

        Thank you. I find that dogs like to be useful and enjoy the work they are trained for.

      • renee21 profile image

        Tori Leumas 

        8 weeks ago

        Great article. I love dogs and I love it when dogs are trained for useful things. (Work on a farm, service dogs, police dogs, etc.).

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, pethelpful.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://pethelpful.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
      ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)