Top 20 Indian Dog Breeds: Purchasing Price and Care

Updated on October 17, 2018
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A summary of popular Indian dog breeds, breed traits, and pricing.
A summary of popular Indian dog breeds, breed traits, and pricing. | Source

The Significance of the Indigenous Dog Breeds of India

According to the written records of authors and historians—dating as far back as 400 BCE—Indian dogs are the ancient landrace and have been admired for their loyalty and vigour for years.

These breeds are best suited for their native tropical climate which includes the Tropic of Cancer—the latitude which passes through the middle of India. This area includes the southern half of India in the torrid zone and the northern half of India in the temperate zone. Whereas short-haired hound dogs are better suited for the tropics, the Himalayan region has extremely cold climates, thus hairy, Mastiff-type Indian dogs do better here.

If you are looking for a strong, fierce Indian dog, here are the top 20 native Indian dog breeds and their respective purchasing price.

Indian Gaddi Dog
Indian Gaddi Dog | Source

Indian Dog Breeds by Price

 
Dog Breed
Category
Price
Price for 3-Month-Old Puppy
 
 
 
 
 
1
Alangu Mastiff (Bully Kutta)
Mastiff
INR 5000 to 20,000 (US $ 75–300)
Male INR 7,000 | Female INR 6,000
 
 
 
 
 
2
Indian Gaddi Dog
Mastiff
INR 1,500 to 5,000 (US $ 25–80)
Male INR 2,500 | Female INR 2,000
 
 
 
 
 
3
Bangar Mastiff
Mastiff
Rarly Available (Price Vary)
NA
 
 
 
 
 
4
Bakharwal Dog
Herding
INR 2,000 to 6,000 (US $ 35–90)
Male INR 2,500 | Female INR 2,000
 
 
 
 
 
5
Bhotia Dog
Herding
INR 1,500 to 5,000 (US $ 25–80)
Male INR 2,500 | Female INR 1,500
 
 
 
 
 
6
Kombai Dog
Mastiff
INR 5,000 to 9,000 (US $ 75–140)
Male INR 6,000 | Female INR 5,000
 
 
 
 
 
7
Rajapalayam
Guarding
INR 5,000 to 15,000 (US $ 75–230)
Male INR 7,000 | Female INR 5,000
 
 
 
 
 
8
Rampur Hound
Sighthound
INR 5,000 to 12,000 (US $75–175)
Male INR 6,000 | Female INR 5,000
 
 
 
 
 
9
Caravan Hound
Sighthound
INR 5,000 to 15,000 (US $75–230)
Male INR 7,000 | Female INR 5,500
 
 
 
 
 
10
Mudhol Hound or Paschmi Hound
Sighthound
INR 5,000 to 15,000 (US $75–230)
Male INR 7,000 | Female INR 5,500
 
 
 
 
 
11
Kanni or Chippiparai Dog
Sighthound
INR 5,000 to 12,000 (US $75–175)
Male INR 6,000 | Female INR 5,000
 
 
 
 
 
12
Jonangi Dogs
Companion
Rarely Available (Price Varies)
NA
 
 
 
 
 
13
Indian Spitz
Spitz
INR 2,000 to 8,000 (US $30 to 125)
Male INR 2,500 | Female INR 2,000
 
 
 
 
 
14
Pandikona Hunting Dog
Hunting
Rarely Available (Price Varies)
NA
 
 
 
 
 
15
Indian Pariah Dog
Companion
Freely Available
Origin: India
 
 
 
 
 
Endangered or
Rare Available Dogs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16
Kumaon Mastiff
Mastiff
Rarely Available (Price Varies)
NA
 
 
 
 
 
17
Indigenous Mastiff
Mastiff
Rarely Available (Price Varies)
NA
 
 
 
 
 
18
Mahratta Hound
Sighthound
Rarely Available (Price Varies)
NA
 
 
 
 
 
19
Kaikadi or Marashtrian Terriers
 
Rarely Available (Price Varies)
NA
 
 
 
 
 
20
Soriala Hounds
 
Rarely Available (Price Varies)
NA
 
 
 
 
 
Indian Bully Kutta or Indian Mastiff or Alangu Mastiff
Indian Bully Kutta or Indian Mastiff or Alangu Mastiff | Source

1. Alangu Mastiff (Indian Bully Kutta or Indian Mastiff)

Indian mastiffs are the largest and strongest mastiffs of Northern India. They are also known as the Kumaon Mastiff, Sindh Mastiff, Pakistani Bully, and Indian Bully. In Pakistan, they are known as the Bully Mastiff or Bully Kutta. The name comes from the Hindi/Urdu word bohli, meaning "heavily wrinkled," and kutta, which means dog.

Indian mastiffs are very rough-and-tough and are well-suited for the Indian subcontinent's climate. They were bred to protect their owners from wild animals and to help them hunt. They are strong, heavy-boned, broad-headed and muscular, with high energy and stamina; they are known for their dog-to-dog aggression.

Breed Traits

Indian Mastiff, Alangu Mastiff
 
Breed Category
Mastiff
Origin
Sind Region of India and Pakistan
Availability
Northern Indian States, mainly in Punjab, Hariana, Delhi
Height
Male: 29-30 inches (74-76 cm), female: 29-30 inches (74-76 cm)
Weight
Male: 60-65 pounds (27-29 kg), female: 60-65 pounds (27-29 kg)
Life Span
11-14 years
Price in India
INR 5000 to 20,000 (US $ 75 - 300)
Indian Gaddi Dog
Indian Gaddi Dog | Source

2. Indian Gaddi Dog

A Gaddi Kutta is a mastiff-type mountain dog from the Western Himalayan region and originated from Himachal. This breed is available in the North Indian states of India: Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Kashmir. They are also known as Indian Panther Hounds and Mahidant Mastiffs. Initially bred for hunting purposes, the multi-talented Gaddi Kutta is widely used by local shepherds—mostly Gaddis (from the tribe of the same name). They are said to be strong enough to repel snow leopard attacks. They are intelligent enough to herd stray sheep and goats back to their pens.

Breed Traits

Gaddi Mastiff
 
Breed Category
Mastiff, Herding
Origin
Himachal
Availability
Himachal,Punjab, Jammu and Uttrakhand
Height
63.5 cm (adult), 55.9 - 78.7 cm (adult male), 50.8 - 71.1 cm (adult female).
Weight
35 - 40 kg (female adult), 40 - 45 kg (adult male).
Life Span
11-14 years
Price in India
INR 1,500 to 5,000, (US $ 25 - 80)

Video: Gaddi Dog

Bangar Mastiff
Bangar Mastiff | Source

3. Bangar Mastiff

This distinct breed was developed recently in the Tehri Garhwal district in the Uttarakhand State of India. It received its name, the Bangar Mastiff or Bangara Mastiff, from its place of origin. An Indian army major by the name of Major W.V. Soman created the breed in 1963 by mixing the native Bhutia Dog with other native dogs. Initially, they were used by local people for herding yak and sheep, and for protecting the villagers from ferocious wild animals like leopards, wolves, etc.

Breed Traits

Bangar Mastiff
 
Breed Category
Mastiff
Origin
Bangar District or Uttrakhand state of North India
Availability
Uttrakhand, Punjab and Himachal States of India
Height
22 to 26 inches
Weight
36 to 48 Kg
Life Span
12 - 15 years
Price in India
NA
Bhakarwal Dog (Kashmiri Sheepdog or Indian Sheepdog)
Bhakarwal Dog (Kashmiri Sheepdog or Indian Sheepdog) | Source

4. Bakharwal Dog

The Bakharwal Dog is an indigenous breed of Himalayan origin. They were bred exclusively by the Muslim nomadic group (Gujjars) to protect their livestock from predators. The name "Bakharwal" is taken from the word bakri or "goat" because they were bred to protect goats and sheep from wolves and bears. They are healthy, strong, devoted, friendly dogs; they are also known as the Kashmir Sheepdog, Bakarwal Mastiff, Kashmiri Bakharwal Dog, Gujjar Watchdog, Bakarwal, Gujjar Dog, and Kashmiri Mastiff.

Breed Traits

Bakharwal Dog
 
Breed Category
Herding
Origin
Jammu Kashmir
Availability
Jammu Kashmir, Punjab, Hariana
Height
24 to 30 inches
Weight
30 - 38 kg.
Life Span
12 - 15 years
Price in India
INR 2,000 to 6,000

Video: Bakharwal Dog

Indian Bhotia Dog
Indian Bhotia Dog | Source

5. Bhotia Himalayan Sheepdog

Bhotia Dogs are Himalayan Sheepdogs from the Ladakh and Uttarakhand states of Northern India. They look very similar to Indian Gaddi Dogs. They are a gentle, obedient, healthy and sturdy dog. They love to please their master and to be with family.

Breed Traits

Bhotia Himalayan Sheepdogs
 
Breed Category
Working
Origin
Laddakh, Uttrakhand
Availability
Jammu Kashmir, Punjab, Hariana
Height
Male,32-34 inches, female 29-32 inches
Weight
35-40 kg
Life Span
11 - 15 years
Price in India
INR 1,500 to 5,000

Video: Bhotia Himalayan Sheepdog

Kombai or Combai Dog
Kombai or Combai Dog | Source

6. Kombai or Combai Dog

Combai Dogs are strong and courageous dogs. They are native to the Southern Indian region of Tamil Nadu. They used to hunt boar, bison, and deer. This breed is also known as the Indian or Tamil Bear Hound. They have very powerful jaws, a deep, broad chest and erect ears. Combai Dogs are very active and savage and protective of their owners. Combai don't like the company of unfamiliar dogs or other animals and are very aggressive towards them. They have been known to fight intruders—humans or animals—to the death.

Breed Traits

Combai or Kombai Dog
 
Breed Category
Working
Origin
Tamil Nadu
Availability
Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh
Height
21 to 25 inches
Weight
26 to 34 kg
Life Span
11 - 14 years
Price in India
INR 5,000 to 10,000

Video: Kombai or Combai Dog

Rajapalayam
Rajapalayam | Source

7. Rajapalayam Dog

The Rajapalayam is a healthy, strong and tall hound dog breed; they are slightly smaller than a Great Dane. They are typically used for hunting wild boar and hare. They have a powerful jaw, and an athletic, muscular, heavy build.

Initially, they were the companion dog of the royal family of the Southern Indian town, Rajapalayam—that's where they get their name. They are affectionate and devoted to their owners, although not always demonstrative. They are reserved dogs and do not usually like to be touched or handled by strangers. Rajapalayams do not get along well with other pets (like cats) owing to their strong hunting instincts.

Breed Traits

Rajapalayam
 
Breed Category
Hound, Working
Origin
Tamil Nadu
Availability
Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh
Height
65 - 75 cm (25 - 30 inches)
Weight
32 - 42 kg, some up to 48 kg
Life Span
11 - 14 years
Price in India
INR 5,000 to 15,000

Video: Rajapalayam Dog

Rampur Hound
Rampur Hound | Source

8. Rampur Hound

This dog was created by the king of Rampur, the city in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Rampur lies between two well-known Indian cities, Delhi and Bareilly. The breed was created to hunt deer, fox, jackal and rabbit. Later, they were also used to herd abandoned war horses.

Rampur Hounds are courageous dogs. They have the excellent running stamina and speed and are capable of jumping over six-foot-high fences. Rampur Greyhounds are the fastest running dog of India and can reach up to 40 miles per hour in speed. In the wild, they are able to take down a golden jackal.

Rampur Hounds are reserved dogs and are known as a one-man dog. They do not welcome other pets and don’t like strangers to touch them.

Breed Traits

Rampur Hounds
 
Breed Category
Sighthound
Origin
Rampur, Uttar Pradesh
Availability
UP, Delhi, Hariana, Punjab, Maharastra
Height
Male 24- 29 inches and Females 22- 27 inches.
Weight
Male 27-30 Kg, Female: 22- 26 kg
Life Span
12 - 14 years
Price in India
INR 5,000 to 12,000

Video: Rampur Hound

Caravan Hound
Caravan Hound

9. Caravan Hound

Caravan Hounds or Karwan Hounds are the most well-known sighthounds of India. They are available in most Indian states, metros, and urban areas. They are exceptionally loyal and intelligent dogs and perform wonderfully in the field on a consistent basis under grueling conditions which most dogs cannot tolerate.

Caravan Hounds are great athletes and have tremendous stamina and speed. They aren't as fast as Rampur Hounds, but they have better chasing stamina in the long run. Their physical strength, coupled with great speed and plenty of stamina, allows them to catch and kill several types of game over rough terrain—hare, blackbuck, and dear. Caravan Hounds are reserved around strangers and do not like to be touched by unfamiliar people.

Breed Traits

Carvan Hounds
 
Breed Category
Sighthound
Origin
India
Availability
Usually everywhere in India
Height
Female 22- 26 and male 24 - upto 30 inches.
Weight
Female 18 -23 and Male 21 to 28 Kgs.
Life Span
10 - 12 years
Price in India
INR 5,000 to 15,000

Video: Caravan Hound

Paschmi Hound
Paschmi Hound | Source

10. Pashmi Hound or Mudhol Hound

The Pashmi Hound or Mudhol Hound is an endangered sighthound breed from India. They are healthy, intelligent and devoted dogs and have an excellent athletic, strong build. The Pashmi Hound was bred to hunt bear, fox, gazelle and wildcat. They have long, white coats.

Pashmi Hounds do well in hunting and field games. They are intelligent and affectionate, eager to please and love to be around family. They are generally friendly with strangers and get along with other pets.

Breed Traits

Pashmi Hound
 
Breed Category
Sighthound
Origin
Karnataka, Maharashtra
Availability
UP, Delhi, Hariana, Punjab, Maharastra
Height
Male: 22-25 inches, Female:21- 23 Inches
Weight
Male: 16 -21 kg, Female: 13 -16 Kg
Life Span
10 - 12 years
Price in India
INR 5,000 to 15,000
Kanni or Chippiparai dog
Kanni or Chippiparai dog | Source

11. Kanni or Chippiparai Dogs

Chippiparai Hounds are sighthounds and originated in the Tamil Nadu state of southern India. They were bred to hunt bear, wild boar, deer and hare. The ancient rulers of Tirunelveli and Madurai kept these dogs as symbols of royalty and dignity.

Many breeders believe that they are related to Egyptian Saluki, which were brought to India by Arabian invaders and soldiers and later bred with local native dogs. Chippiparai Hounds also do well as companion animals and guard dogs.

Breed Traits

Kanni or Chippiparai Dog
 
Breed Category
Sighthound
Origin
Tamilnadu
Availability
Tamilnadu, Karnataka and some part of Kerla, Andhra Pradesh
Height
Male 23-26 inches, Female 21- 23 inches
Weight
Male 15 -20 kg, Female 12 -16 kg.
Life Span
12 - 15 years
Price in India
INR 5,000 to 12,000

Video: Kanni or Chippiparai Dog

Jonangi Dog
Jonangi Dog | Source

12. Jonangi Dog

The Jonangi is an ancient dog from the east coast of India. Spread from Bengal to Kanyakumari, this exceptional dog is known for its rare bark or yodeling. Jonangi have extremely short and fine coats, wrinkled foreheads, curled tails and tulip-shaped ears.

At first look, they resemble a red fox, but they also have curly tails and stiff posture. This dog has average intelligence, but is very affectionate and devoted to family. At present, purebred Jonangi are rarely available.

Breed Traits

Jonangi Dog
 
Breed Category
Sighthound
Origin
East coast of India - Bengal to Kanyakumari .
Availability
Indian States - West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha
Height
In between, 13 to 17 inches
Weight
In between 13 to 21 Kgs
Life Span
NA
Price in India
Rarely Available (Price Varies)

Video: Jonangi

Indian Spitz
Indian Spitz | Source

13. Indian Spitz

The Indian Spitz is a small to medium-sized active and friendly dog. Though this breed is not friendly with other dogs and strangers, it is very loyal to family and makes for an excellent watchdog.

Indian Spitz are growing in demand in recent years because they are naturally healthy and do not require much grooming. They are well-suited for tropical climates and good for apartment living.

Breed Traits

Indian Spitz
 
 
Breed Category
Spitz
 
Origin
India
 
Availability
Everywhere in India
 
Height
Males 20 to 25 cm (7.9 to 9.8 inches), Females 5 to 7 kg (11 to 15.4 pounds)
 
Weight
5 to 7 Kgs
 
Life Span
10 - 14 Kgs
 
Price in India
INR 2,000 to 8,000
 

Video: Indian Spitz

Pandikona Hunting Dogs
Pandikona Hunting Dogs | Source

14. Pandikona Hunting Dogs

Pandikonas are primitive-type hunting dogs from the Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh. They are an excellent dog breed for guarding and hunting and need little grooming and training. They are very territorial and hardly accept any other dog in their territory. Pandikonas are free-roaming and average weight, but do not have a muscular appearance. They are naturally healthy, athletic and hardy dogs, courageous, and have a natural hunting instinct. They make great companions and guard dogs.

Breed Traits

Pandikona Hunting Dogs
 
Breed Category
Companion, Hunting Dog
Origin
Andhra Pradesh
Availability
Andhra Pradesh
Height
20 to 24 Inches
Weight
Average 22 kgs and can go around 32 Kgs.
Life Span
10 - 14 Kgs
Price in India
Rarely Available

Video: Pandikona

Pariah Dog
Pariah Dog | Source

15. Pariah Dog

Pariah Dogs are free-roaming dogs in India. They are considered semi-wild dogs and are very healthy and sturdy dogs. The Pariah Dog is also known as InDog, Desi Kutta, and PiDog.

Some people think all roaming dogs are Pariah, which is not correct. Nowadays, most of the free-roaming dogs in urban areas are mixed with many breeds and are not pure Pariah dogs. In Indian villages, most of the roaming dogs are Pariah dogs.

Pariah dogs are best suited for extreme Indian climates. They are naturally healthy, moderate eaters and self-caring dogs that need little grooming and vet care.

Breed Traits

Pariah Dog
 
Breed Category
Working, Companion Dog
Origin
India
Availability
India (Everywhere)
Height
20 to 24 Inches
Weight
18 - 30 kgs
Life Span
11 - 15 years
Price in India
Free of cost

Video: Pariah Dog

Rare Indian Dog Breeds

Either these dogs are extinct or rarely available. Though some breeders claim that they have these breeds, these claims are often dubious or unreliable. Their purchasing prices vary.

 Kumaon Mastiff
Kumaon Mastiff | Source

16. Kumaon Mastiff (Ancient Bully Kutta)

People consider the Kumaon Mastiff, Sindh Mastiff, Alangu Mastiff and Indian Bully Kutta to be the same dog. Real Kumayun Mastiffs were naturally developed from the Kumayun district and are almost extinct or mixed with other breeds. Kumaon Mastiff are intelligent, strong and courageous dogs; they have similar physical traits to the Indian Mastiff (Bully Kutta).

Video: Kumaon Mastiff

Indigenous Mastiff
Indigenous Mastiff | Source

17. Indigenous Mastiff (Himalayan Guard Dog)

Himalayan Mastiffs are native to the Himalayan region. They're known as Himalayan Guard Dogs or Indigenous Tibetan Mastiffs. They are calm, lovable dogs and love to please their owner and to be around family.

One important fact: They cannot tolerate or survive the warm weather. They also do not like the company of other dogs. They are typically gentle and calm but can be very ferocious if tested. A full-grown male is capable of taking down two wolves on its own; they are known to fight to the death. Unfortunately, only a few are left. This breed is listed as endangered.

Mahratta Hound
Mahratta Hound | Source

18. Mahratta Hound

Mahratta Greyhounds are a rare breed from the native province of Maharashtra. They are medium-sized hound dogs, like Saluki, and resemble a smaller version of the Indian Caravan Hound or Rampur Hound. They were used for hunting hare and other small prey on farms by farmers.

Common color patterns of this breed are dark blue and tan. Their coat is short and provides good protection against the various Indian elements. Unfortunately, nowadays, it’s very difficult to find a purebred Mahratta Hound.

Kaikadi Dog
Kaikadi Dog | Source

19. Kaikadi Dog

Kaikadi Dogs are excellent terrier-type dogs from Maharashtra, India. They are named after a nomadic tribe in Maharashtra. Kaikadis are great watchdogs, and as a result of the nomadic life that they lived watching over herds, they are also adept at hunting hare and vermin. Kaikadis are rare dogs and only available in Maharashtra; their price and breed specification is not clear.

Soriala Hound (Sarail Hounds in Bangladesh)
Soriala Hound (Sarail Hounds in Bangladesh) | Source

20. Soriala Hound

Soriala Greyhounds are native dogs from West Bengal, India, and are also known as Sarail Hounds in Bangladesh. This breed is technically endangered and at risk of extinction.

This breed was created to hunt deer and hare and to protect livestock from jackals and wolves. They are considered to be relatives of the Rampur Hound and unlike other sighthounds, they have broad and strong jaws.

© 2017 ARADHYA

Comments

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    • srai01 profile imageAUTHOR

      ARADHYA 

      6 months ago

      @Suhail

      Thank you very much.

    • Suhail and my dog profile image

      Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent 

      6 months ago from Mississauga, ON

      Hi,

      This is a very informative article on dog breeds of India. I think that some of these breeds may not be Indian, but may have been given a local name. Certainly, few breeds look more like saluki, greyhound, and whippet.

      However, the research put into this is impressive. I loved reading this article.

      Regards,

      Suhail

    working

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