I like to share information about wildlife, animals, and pets—dogs in particular.
The Hybrid Dog Breeds
Biologically dogs are members of the Canidae family. This family includes domestic dogs, wolves, foxes, jackals, coyotes, and many other extant and extinct dog-like mammals. Australian Dingo and Indian Dhole are the newest members of the carnivorous family and, until now, have been considered separate subspecies. These dogs are members of a sub-species of a wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) and are addressed to the dog Canidae family.
Commonly we use the term "hybrid" for designer, cross-breed, or mixed-breed dogs, which is incorrect. Breeding between the same canid (Dog Canidae family) is not a hybrid.
When we use the term “hybrid breed,” that refers to the cross-breeding between two different species. So breeding between dogs with any other carnivorous member (wolf, coyote, foxes, jackals, coyotes, dingo, or dhole) is also biologically not a true hybrid breed. But in this article, I will use the word “Hybrid” to explain the breeding between the subspecies of dogs (separating the cross-breed or mixed-breed designer dogs).
Considered hybrid breed for:
- Cross between “Dog + Wolf” = Wolfdog
- Cross between “Dog + coyote” = Coydog
- Cross between “Dog + jackal” = Jackal Hybrid
- Cross between “Dog + Dingo” = Dingo Hybrid
- Cross between “Dog + Dhole” = Pi Dhole Dog (Unconfirmed)
- Cross between “Dog + Fox” = Dox (Unconfirmed)
1. Czechoslovakian Wolfdog
The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is a moderately new dog breed created in Czechoslovakia and has been recognized since 1989. This dog is a hybrid breed, created by breeding between the German Shepherd and the Carpathian wolf, also known as Slovak Wolfdog, Czech Wolfdog, or Ceskoslovensky Vlcak. This dog is well appreciated for its exceptional qualities. For example, this breed can run 62 miles an hour (100 kilometers) and has a great sense of direction and quick reaction speed.
- Hybrid Between: Dog and wolf (German Shepherd dogs and Carpathian Wolves)
- Recognized: Since 1989
- Developed By: Karel Hart
- Origin: Czechoslovakia
- Height: Male: 26 kg (adult), female: 20 kg (adult)
- Weight: Male around 26-28 inches (65 cm) and female approx. 24 inches (60 cm)
- Life Expectancy: 12-16 years
2. Saarloos Wolfhound
In 1921, Dutch breeder Leendert Saarloos started breeding between a German Shepherd male dog and a European she-wolf. He aimed to create a healthy and sturdy dog breed.
In 1962, Mr. Saarloos chose three pups and another she-wolf for further breeding. However, Mr. Saarloos died in 1969, and soon after his death, his breed received recognition by the national kennel of the Netherlands in 1975. And later, in 1981, this breed got FCI registration in the working category of dogs.
- Hybrid: Dog and Wolf (Canadian Timber Wolf and German Shepherd Dog)
- Breed Founder: A Dutch breeder, Leendert Saarloos.
- Origin: Netherlands
- Recognition: Foundation of the new breed started in 1921 and received recognition by the Netherlands Kennel Club in 1975, and got FCI recognition in 1981.
- Height: Male: 65-75 cm, female: 60-70 cm
- Weight: Male: 36-41 kg, female: 36-41 kg
- Life Expectancy: 10-12 years
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3. Northern Inuit Dog (Utonagan)
Edwina Harrison created the Utonagan (Northern Inuit) dog breed in 1987 in England. She needed a wolf-looking, domestic, and faithful companion dog and decided to create a new breed.
To create this breed, she used an original hybrid wolf-dog and breaded it with a German shepherd, Siberian husky, and Alaskan Malamute. Although this breed has grown in popularity and earned a good reputation, it is yet not recognized by any major kennel clubs.
- Hybrid: Dog and wolf-dog (Original hybrid wolf-dog mixed with German Shepherd, Siberian Husky, and Alaskan Malamute)
- Breed Founder: Edwina Harrison
- Origin: England
- Recognition: Not yet recognized by major kennel clubs
- Height: Approx. 60-71 cm
- Weight: Male: 36-50 kg (Adult), female: 25-38 kg (Adult)
- Life Expectancy: N/A
4. American Alsatian
In 1969 at the young age of 9, Lois Denny found a cross-breed German Shepherd dog which gave her an idea to create a new dog breed. She started breeding and training pets at an early age, and at the age of 30, she had a rich experience with hundreds of breeds whom she bred, groomed, and trained.
Denny spent sufficient time studying and researching her passion for canids coat colors, density, eye shapes, mutations, and albinisms that helped her to create a new breed. The first official pups were presented in the year 2000. In 2010, the dog’s name was formally changed to American Alsatian.
- Hybrid: Dog and Wolf (Hybrid between Dire wolf and five purebred dogs within its lines: The Alaskan Malamute, German Shepherd Dog, Great Pyrenees, Anatolian Shepherd, and English Mastiff)
- Breed Founder: Lois Denny (Changed her name to Lois Schwarz after her marriage)
- Origin: America
- Recognition: Introduced in 1967 and in 1988 first dog of this breed was registered in the United States by the North American Shepalute Club. In 2010 this breed got listed with National American Alsatian Club.
- Height: Males 25-28 inches (63.5-71 cm), females 24-27 inches (61-68.5 cm)
- Weight: Males 79-120 pounds (36-55 kg), females 75-100 pounds (34-45 kg)
- Life Expectancy: 12-14 years
5. Australian Kelpie
The Australian Kelpie is a hybrid between an Australian Dingo and an Australian Sheepdog. This dog is a medium-sized, sturdy, intelligent, and self-dependent working category dog that comes in various colors.
The breed standards for Australian Kelpies were set in 1904 by Robert Lucian Stanislaus Kaleski. Kaleski was a self-taught writer, bushman, environmentalist, and canine authority of New South Wales, Australia, and was known for his role in breeding the Australian Cattle Dog.
- Hybrid: Dog and Dingo
- Breed Founder: Robert Kaleski in 1904
- Origin: Australia
- Recognition: The United Kennel Club and the Canadian Kennel Club
- Height: Male: 46-51 cm, female: 43-48 cm
- Weight: Male: 14-21 kg, female: 14-21 kg
- Life Expectancy: 12-14 years
6. Native American Indian Dog
The Native American Indian dog (NAID) is a medium-sized, sturdy, self-caring dog that is extremely intelligent. These dogs are well suitable for any extreme climate and need minimal grooming.
This breed is highly trainable and is eager to please its human companions. It is loyal and protective of its family. Native Americans created this dog breed by mixing Indian primitive-type dogs with coyotes. After years and multi-generation crosses, they are well domesticated, and an adorable dog breed. They are correspondingly compared with Australian Border Collies.
- Hybrid: Between a dog and a coyote (The Indian Pariah or Primitive-type dogs that were bred by Native Americans as a cross between the native Coyote)
- Breed Founder: Native Americans
- Origin: America
- Recognition: The NAID has been nationally recognized and registered since 1990 and exhibits traits the Native Americans admired in their ancestral dogs.
- Height: Varies around 23-34 inches (58-67 cm)
- Weight: 55-20 pounds (25-55 kg)
- Life Expectancy: 14-19 years
7. Sulimov Dog
This hybrid dog is a unique breed from the hybrid dog category. It’s a cross between domestic dogs and the Golden Jackal. This hybrid was produced many times by natural contact between dogs and jackals and is commonly found in India. The natural contact between golden jackals and dogs also occurs in Africa, Asia, and southeastern Europe.
This breed was created to make a sniffer dog that could work at -50 to +50°C. These dogs serve as sniffer dogs in Russia for Aeroflot airline security to sniff for explosives and drugs. This breed was developed by Klim Sulimov, a Senior Research Assistant at the D.S. Likhachev Scientific Research Institute for Cultural Heritage and Environmental Protection.
- Hybrid: Siberian Huskies and wild jackals
- Breed Founder: Klim Sulimov
- Origin: Russia
- Recognition: Not recognized
- Height: 26-32 inches
- Weight: 62-84 pounds
- Life Expectancy: 10-14 years
8. Wolamute (Alaskan Wolf Dog)
The Wolamute is a hybrid dog breed developed by crossing between the Alaskan malamute and the Timber Wolf (also known as Gray Wolf). Though it’s gaining popularity in the USA and Canada, some breeders are attempting to make it a standard breed by multi-generation crosses. However, this breed is not recognized by any major kennel club and doesn't have any set breed standard.
- Hybrid: Crossbreed of the gray wolf and the Alaskan Malamute
- Breed Founder: N/A
- Origin: USA
- Recognition: Recognised by the Dog Registry of America, Inc.
- Height: 27-30 inches
- Weight: 115-175 pounds
- Life Expectancy: 10-12 years
A Coydog is a hybrid between the coyote and the domestic dog. The natural contact between native primitive-type dogs and coyotes has been around for generations. The best references can be taken from the time of European colonization of the Americas, where black shades of wolves and coyotes were inherited from dogs.
The hybrids of both sexes are fertile and can be successfully bred through four generations. However, when discussing the specific Coydog breed, you should note that they have defined breed standards.
Many different types of cyborgs have claimed that the most common coydog is the hybrid between a coyote and a Heeler. The size, coat, and behavior of coydog varies, depending upon the breed of dog they mated with. This breed has not been accepted by any major kennel clubs.
- Hybrid: Between a male coyote and a female dog
- Breed Founder: The indigenous peoples of the Americas
- Origin: Pre-Columbian Mexico
- Recognition: Not recognized
- Height: 22-27 inches
- Weight: 60-120 pounds
- Life Expectancy: 5-15 years
10. The Thai Bangkaew Dog
The Bangkaew is a natural hybrid dog between primitive-type Asian dogs and the Asian Jackal. This dog breed comes from the village Bangkaew in Thailand, located in the central region of the Bang Rakam District, Phitsanulok Province.
This breed is an above medium-sized, athletic, and powerful dog. They also have long double coat fur on their neck, chest, and ear. Bangkaew Dogs are both loyal and protective and make excellent watchdogs.
- Hybrid: Between a dog and the Jackal (By natural cross between the Asian Pariah or Primitive type dog with Thai Jackal)
- Breed Founder: Natural breed
- Origin: Thailand
- Recognition: Provisionally accepted but not recognized by any of the major kennel clubs
- Height: Varies around 20-24 inches
- Weight: Around 20-32 kg.
- Life Expectancy: 12+ years
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2016 Aaradhya