Understanding Dog Territorial Marking
Marking is often preceeded by sniffing
In the human world, people use doors and fences in order to protect their homes and claim their territory. Such structures are a very convenient way to send the message that the property belongs to somebody and that it shall therefore not be trespassed.
In the world of a wild dog pack, dogs must claim as well their property such as their favorite feeding areas and their dens where they sleep. In order to do so, however, dogs cannot build fences and doors so they must resort instead to another efficient, yet natural, way of claiming territory: urine marking.
Because dogs use their noses as their primary sense, urine marking is a quite effective way to claim territory without having to resort to a dispute or a confrontation. Dogs understand the meaning of urine marking and the consequences involved in trespassing specific marked areas.
This is part of the dog's territorial nature and it is something still instilled deep in the modern dog's genetic makeup. A few drops of urine can tell a lot of information to the dog retrieving it: the age and gender of the dog and even its social status.
In a domestic setting, dogs most likely to mark territory are mostly intact males and some un-spayed females. Un-neutered males and un-spayed females therefore not only mark to claim territory, and state hierarchy, but they also mark to advertise their sexual availability. Some dogs however, may continue to mark even if they are spayed and neutered after a certain age.
Favorite marking areas are often vertical surfaces such as fire hydrants, tires and trees. Backward scratching with the hind legs is a way to further emphasize the marking by adding visual cues to the area and further spreading the smell. A dog's paw pads also dispense scent through the act of scratching the dirt. Some dogs tend to mark territory as well by depositing their feces in certain areas.
How to Stop Dog Marking Behavior
Stopping marking behavior may be difficult. There are several strategies that may help but they require lots of time and patience. Consistency is the key, all it takes for a dog to mark again is to do so without being corrected.
-One good way to start is to remove the smell from marked surfaces.There are many products that will remove the urine smell, however those with ammonia should be avoided since ammonia mimics the dog urine's smell and may actually encourage marking behaviors. Effective products that contain enzymes should remove all the odor.
-Using a black light will ensure that no spots are missed. This way all the odors will be neutralized.
-Neutering and spaying dogs may reduce marking behaviors up to 60%. However, in order to be effective such surgeries should be done before the dog engages in marking behavior. Changes in marking behavior are seen several weeks or months after surgery, once the production of reproductive hormones are extinguished.
-Some dogs mark territory when they feel stressed. If there has been a recent move, the addition of a baby to the family, or a new dog, the dog may feel compelled to mark as an attempt to feel more secure.
-A dog may start marking if other dogs start visiting his territory. In such case, the yard should be fenced off or dogs should not be allowed in the property.
-Limiting access to commonly marked objects and areas may be helpful.
-Dogs that tend to mark territory on walks should be discouraged to do so. What these dogs are trying to do is to expand their territory claiming bigger and bigger areas. Such behavior should be discouraged. Dogs tend to slow down to sniff and mark, therefore, walking a dog at a swift pace may discourage this behavior.
Can Marking be Health Related?
*Something to keep into consideration: if a dog suddenly starts to urinate in places and this is a new behavior, there may be chances the dog may be suffering from a urinary tract infection. Affected dogs may exhibit as well the following accompanying symptoms:
-Straining to Urinate
-Abnormal Urine Flow (a few drops at a time)
If you suspect a UTI, try to collect a fresh urine sample and have your dog seen by your vet at once. A course of antibiotics may solve the issue.