Aradhya loves sharing information about wildlife, animals and pets—especially dogs.
11 Rare Mastiff-Type Dog Breeds
If you're interested in finding a unique and special dog with a distinct look, then you might want to look into Mastiff-type dogs. Here is a list of 11 unrecognized Mastiff-type dog breeds that might be of interest!
- Hmong Docked-Tail Dog
- Bac Ha Dog
- Kai Ken Dog
- Japani Sanshu Dog
- Shikoku Dog
- Thai Bangakaew Dog
- Nepali Hill Dog
- Bhutia Dog
- Bangar Mastiff
- Pandikona Hunting Dog
- Kintamani Dog
1. Hmong Docked-Tail Dog
Hmong dogs are an ancient breed of dogs that originated in Vietnam. They got their name from the Hmong culture of Vietnam; the Hmong people used them for livestock protection and hunting companionship. Hmong docked-tails are giant, naturally healthy, sturdy, and courageous dogs with strong bones and muscles and tremendous stamina.
Initially, the Hmong people docked these dogs' tails and ears due to the belief that ear-docking would make them more aggressive and alert and help them while hunting in dense forests. As a result, this dog is also known as the Hmong docked-tail dog.
2. Bac Ha Dog
The Bac Ha dog is an ancient dog breed that originated in Bac Ha, Lao CAI Province of Vietnam. If you have seen a Nepali black hill dog or black Indian Bhotia mastiff dog, then at first, you might think they look exactly the same. Bac Ha dogs are usually fuzzy, tall, and available in various colors.
They are medium-sized, sturdy, and make good guard dogs, and they are well-reputed for their courageous nature.
3. Kai Ken Dog
The Kai Ken is a rare and ancient dog from Japan; they're natural hunters and primitive, wild dogs. They are naturally healthy, athletic, and sturdy and have expertise in swimming and hunting. They can chase and catch their prey by climbing 6–10 feet into the trees.
Because of their primitive and wild nature, they need a firm owner and early socialization; otherwise, they may become dominant and violent.
Kai Ken dogs are medium-sized, heavy, hardy, courageous, and intelligent working dogs with great stamina and hunting talent. They are often used as guard and protection dogs.
Read More From Pethelpful
4. Japani Sanshu Dog
The Sanshu is an old breed that originated in Japan around 1910. Though their origin is unclear, it's commonly believed that they are a cross between the Japanese native dog Aichi and the Chinese Chow Chow dog. Though this breed is popular in Japan, it is less recognized outside of the country.
This medium-sized, sturdy dog looks like a smaller version of Japanese Akita Inu. This dog has earned an excellent reputation as a guard dog because it is a vigilant, active, and brave dog that's always keen to please its owner.
5. Shikoku Dog
The Shikoku is an ancient hunting dog that originated from the Japanese Island of Shikoku. These dogs were bred to hunt deer and boar and are also known as the deer-hound of Japan. Usually, they are a red and black mixed sesame color; some dogs are also black and tan.
Shikoku dogs are hunting dogs, which means they are very active and athletic and need moderate exercise. Also, they need a dominant owner; otherwise, they tend to become dominating and aggressive.
If well socialized and trained at an early age, they make great companion dogs. Usually, they are reserved with strangers and don’t welcome other pets. This dog is brave and strong but not a real Mastiff dog.
6. Thai Bangakaew Dog
Bangkaew dogs are native to the village Bangkaew, located in the Bang Rakam District, Phitsanulok Province, in central Thailand. It's commonly believed that this dog originated from the village's monastery near the Rom River.
They are square-shaped, large, healthy, sturdy, and athletic dogs with long, double-coat fur on their necks, chests, and ears that gives them a lion-like appearance. They are available in a variety of colors and shades.
This breed is very similar to Indian Gaddi Mastiff dogs, apart from their coat and color. Thai Bangakew dogs have received recognition for being loyal and protective family pets and excellent watchdogs.
7. Nepali Hill Dog
The Nepali hill dog is another native dog from Nepal, primarily found in the hilly areas of Nepal and the India-Nepal border. Because of its black color and affinity for hilly regions, this dog is known as a black hill dog or “pahari kukur,” a Nepali word that means hill (pahari) dog (kukur).
Generally, it has a long, black fur coat and looks like a black bear. Male dogs of this breed are much bigger and taller than females.
Historically, this dog was used by local tribes for herding sheep and protecting livestock. Hill dogs are courageous, powerful, and alert dogs that don’t welcome strangers and other pets. They are very dominant and territorial and need a firm owner.
8. Bhutia Dog
Bhutia dogs are native to the Himalayan range of Bhutan. These dogs were bred to help with herding and protect cattle and yak from predators. They are powerful, ferocious dogs, mainly found in Bhutan and some parts of India and the Chinese Himalayan range. They are also popular and in-demand in Indian states like Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.
Bhutia dogs make great family pets; they are naturally healthy and strong dogs that are loyal, alert, and protective of their family and owners. These qualities make them great guard dogs.
The Bhutia dog's most common coloring is brown with tan shades and white facial markings. This breed can also be black and yellow, although this is very rare.
9. Bangar Mastiff
This distinct breed was developed recently in the Indian town of Tehri Garhwal. The part of town where they were bred is known as Bangar, which is where they got their name of Bangar or Bangara Mastiff.
Bangar Mastiffs are giant, strong, and courageous dogs. Also, they are very friendly, alert, and loyal to their owners and families. They have a very similar muzzle to Tibetan Mastiffs but are comparatively less hairy and smaller in size. Bangar Mastiffs are gaining popularity in India but are still not recognized in other countries or accepted by any major kennel clubs.
10. Pandikona Hunting Dog
Pandikona are primitive hunting dogs native to India that originated from the Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh. They are used as hunting companions and for livestock and property guarding. They are medium-sized, average-weight, naturally healthy, lean, athletic, and hardy dogs best suited to exotic climates.
Pandikona are excellent dogs for guarding and hunting due to their courage and natural hunting instinct, and they require very little grooming and training. By nature, they are territorial and dominating dogs that are unlikely to accept any other dog to their territory.
11. Kintamani Dog
Kintamani dogs are native Indonesian dogs from the Island of Bali. Major kennel clubs do not generally recognize them, but in recent years, they have gained popularity.
Their origin is unclear; most breeders believe they are mixed with Australian Dingos and native and European dogs that traveled to the island around 12,000 years ago. Since then, the Kintamani breed has been mixed with domesticated European dogs.
They are not Mastiff-type dogs; they are medium-sized, healthy, and active dogs that are intelligent, devoted, and lively. They are also friendly, alert, and energetic dogs that make good family pets and watchdogs.
© 2015 Aaradhya
oakleysmumma on March 09, 2020:
I'm sorry but you can't beat the Cane Corso. Great family dog, amazing guard dog, and smart as heck! love
Rocadog on January 24, 2020:
Kintamani is now finally recognized :) Great article
Aaradhya (author) on December 17, 2015:
Bangar Mastiffs are recently created (~1970) from "Himalayan dogs line -up", Mainly they are mix of Indigenous mastiffs and Bhutia Sheep dog.
A-Rihan on December 15, 2015:
Never knew about these ones, thank you! I noticed that the Bangar Mastiff looks really similar to the Caucasian shephered. do they have the same origins or something ?
Aaradhya (author) on December 15, 2015:
In Short Pandikona are another form of Indian Pariah Dogs. Many people believe they are somehow mixed of Indian pariah and south Indian Kanni Dogs. But when it comes to hunting ability, many people believe they are far better than Dhole. The scratches are injury mark, they got during hunt but ears are shredded by owners. Pandikona dogs are very comfortable to any climate and has very little diet like to pariah dogs and deff. they can survive any where.
Dr Mark from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on December 14, 2015:
Another very interesting article! I like the look of the Hmong dog but the Pandikona looks like the breed that would be comfortable around here. Is that scarring from hunting? (We have anteaters with long claws so our hunting dogs are often scarred, missing an eye, or have shredded ears.)