Using Probiotics for Dog Diarrhea

Updated on March 18, 2018
alexadry profile image

Adrienne is a certified dog trainer, behavior consultant, former veterinary hospital assistant, and the author of "Brain Training for Dogs."

Does your dog need a probiotic supplement?
Does your dog need a probiotic supplement? | Source

What Exactly Are Probiotics for Dogs?

You may have heard about using dog probiotics for dogs with diarrhea, but what exactly are probiotics and how do they work? The term probiotics seems full of many good promises; indeed, the term derives from the Greek "for life." Discovered in the early 1900s by Russian biologist Elie Metchnikoff, probiotics are living organisms under the form of bacteria or yeast that are known to improve health. They are found in certain foods and supplements. Elie Metchnikoff's interest led to a discovery when he noticed that certain people living in rural areas routinely drank fermented milk and lived longer lives. He attributed their good health to the presence of the Lactobacillus organism found in milk. Nowadays, perhaps the most common food containing probiotics are fermented foods such as yogurt with active live cultures.

It's not an unknown fact that the digestive systems of dogs and humans are home to a vast array of bacteria, and their main job is to help keep the gut healthy and thriving. These live organisms help assist in digesting food. Also, they are known to aid the immune system.

When the population of these organisms is not disturbed, the gut is healthy, but when their balance is out of check, issues can arise. The main cause of this is often the ingestion of antibiotics known for killing healthy bacteria along with the bad ones, or the presence of an infection. Other potential triggers can be stress, unhealthy lifestyles, long term ingestion of steroids, poor nutrition, or sudden dietary changes, explains veterinarian Dr. Karen Becker. This unbalance can lead to diarrhea, yeast infections and urinary tract infections. While probiotics have been used since ancient times, nowadays more and more vets are discovering their benefits and are recommending them to owners of dogs taking antibiotics or with cases of acute and chronic diarrhea.

A Shocking Discovery

Did you know? While our bodies contain about 100 trillion cells, only 10 percent of our bodies are ultimately made of human cells. All the rest of our body is composed by bacteria,viruses and other microorganisms. Eeeeek! As freaky as this sounds though, the majority of these organisms are with us to help support our body by aiding in the digestion of food and providing many kinds of protective mechanisms, explains Lita Proctor of the National Institutes of Health.

Benefits of Probiotics for Dogs

So why give probiotics to dogs and when should they be given? Susan G. Wynn, DVM, a veterinary nutritionist in Atlanta explains that the gut is the largest immune system of the body. Indeed, it is estimated that 60 to 80 percent of the body’s immune system is found in the digestive tract. The intestinal flora and mucosa diligently work around the clock to block disease-causing microorganisms. However, at times these defenses break down leading to a cascading series of effects such as diarrhea, vomiting or constipation. This is when the aid of probiotics can turn helpful.

Ann Wortinger, BIS, LVT, program chair of veterinary technology at Sanford-Brown College in Dearborn, Michigan explains that probiotics help lower the pH of the intestinal tract, boosting the number of good bacteria while lowering the chances for disease-causing pathogens to set up shop. Probiotics also help boost the immune system, support digestion and aid in managing antibiotic-associated diarrhea.

A recent study reveals good results in using probiotics for stress colitis. The researchers of North Carolina State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine found that probiotics were just as equally effective as the popular antibiotic metronidazole (Flagyl) commonly used to treat acute diarrhea in shelter dogs. In their own words the researchers claimed "the probiotic is an equally effective treatment to the traditional antibiotic regime for the treatment of acute diarrhea in shelter dogs."

According to Dr. Karen Becker, probiotics have been shown beneficial for stressed dogs who are boarding and travelling helping them deal better with digestive upset. Also, their use was helpful in replenishing healthy bacteria in pets given rounds of antibiotics, alleviating digestive issues in the case of abrupt dietary changes, enhancing the immune system in young pups and ill dogs and improving digestion and overall stool quality of large breed dogs.

Choosing Probiotics for Dogs Wisely

Shopping around for probiotics may seem like an easy task, but you may not be getting much help if you don't know what to look for. The issue seems to be a matter of "viability," the ability to remain stable through the manufacturing process and storage. Out of 13 probiotic products tested only two really contained the number of probiotic organisms advertised, explains Dr. Datz. The problem is that it's hard for bacteria to survive several weeks or months spent on the shelves of stores. On top of that, they'll further need to pass intact through the stomach acids and bile salts so they get to the digestive tract alive. This explains why commercial dog foods enriched with probiotics aren't worth the money, explains Karen Becker. Not only does the manufacturing process kill a large percentage of the live bacteria, but little or none of them are left once the food hits the store shelves because probiotics are heat and moisture sensitive. Ideally, probiotics should be kept in a cool and dry environment far from air exposure.

To help solve this issue, certain companies have started producing microencapsulated bacteria to help protect them. Ideally, a good probiotic should be able to pass through the dog's digestive juices and stay in the digestive tract long enough. It's a good idea to look for the number of probiotics in a product on the product's label and to look for a guarantee proving that the company stands behind the quantity and viability of its probiotics explains veterinarian Grace Long, who works for Nestlé Purina PetCare. Common probiotic products often recommended by veterinarians include Purina's Fortiflora, Iams ProstoraMax and Nutramax Proviable-DC. If you think your dog would benefit from probitics, consult with your vet for the best recommendation.

Disclaimer: if your dog has any form of digestive upset or if you're plannin g on using probiotics, always consult with your veterinarian first for the best recommendations.

Dr. Karen Becker Discusses Probiotics

Questions & Answers

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      • alexadry profile imageAUTHOR

        Adrienne Janet Farricelli 

        4 years ago from USA

        JayeWisdom, sounds like your doggies are on a wonderful diet!

      • JayeWisdom profile image

        Jaye Denman 

        4 years ago from Deep South, USA

        I feed my dog homemade food (high-quality, organic ingredients) and add powdered probiotics and enzymes just before serving to aid her digestion. I also add powdered natural seaweed calcium supplement that is equal to bone meal. After she eats, I give her a multi-vitamin/mineral supplement especially developed for senior dogs. Nutrition is very important to all dogs, as it is to humans.

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, pethelpful.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://pethelpful.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)