What to Do When Your Dog Bites Someone
Out of a total of about 4.5 million incidents of dogs biting per year, there are more than 350,000 that end up in US emergency rooms.
Only a small percentage of those bitten sue the dog's owner, but do you want to be one of the few who loses your dog, loses a home, or even goes to jail as a result of a dog bite?
Why Do Dogs Bite?
- Some dogs bite because they have been trained by their owners to be aggressive, and the owner may not even be aware he is teaching this behavior.
- Some dogs bite because of previous incidents of maltreatment, like being subjected to misguided “trainers” practicing alpha rolls, being sprayed in the face with a water bottle, or maybe having been slapped with a rolled-up newspaper.
- Some dogs bite because they feel trapped by a human's inappropriate attempt at affection.
It doesn’t matter why he does it, though, because if your dog ends up biting someone, you are in for a lot of headaches.
If Your Dog Bites Someone, Here's What You Should Do:
1. Take him to a kennel or crate and lock him up, immediately. I have read numerous accounts of people who have lost their dog when the police showed up to investigate. Police might shoot the dog on sight or might haul him off to an animal shelter. But if you take your dog and lock him up in your house, it's less likely that the police will open fire. (This is not what the lawyers recommend, of course, but they are not concerned about your dog´s welfare.)
2. Talk to the person who was bitten and tell them that you will cover all their expenses. Have a first aid kit on hand and offer it to them. If they want to go to an emergency room, offer to drive. Do NOT tell them it was your dog's fault.
3. After you put the dog in the house and do what you can for the person who was bitten, call your insurance company. (Of course you should have homeowners insurance that covers your dog. If you do not, and you are sued, you could lose it all. If you own a dog that others consider vicious, you will have to pay more and will have trouble finding a carrier. The insurance company might not want to continue providing coverage after the first bite, but at least you'll be protected for that first incident.)
4. Make an appointment to see your veterinarian and tell them you need a referral to see an animal behaviorist who deals with dog aggression. Even if your dog bit because he was trapped and being abused, his actions are still not normal and need to be addressed.
5. If the police show up, just tell them the situation is being dealt with. You do not need to let them into your house without a warrant and do not need to surrender your dog. If they continue to harass you, tell them to call your lawyer. If the police become involved you will need a lawyer.
(Police and animal control officers hate this part of the article. They cannot bust into your home if they do not have a warrant. I have heard hundreds of people tell me stories about not being able to get their dogs back, and the dogs end up dead. Dog lives matter.)
6. Purchase a muzzle for your dog so that if you are ordered to buy a muzzle, you will already have one.
Q: What Is a One Bite Rule?
A: Some states have a rule that says that the dog owner will be held strictly liable for injuries caused by the animal only if the owner knew (or should have known) about the animal's dangerous or vicious propensities. In other words, if the dog bit before, then the owner is responsible.
Other Things You Need to Know
- Some articles make claims about which breeds are more likely to bite, but these articles are full of misinformation, and articles that scare people are part of the problem. Any dog has the potential to bite, but larger breeds can do a lot more damage. A visitor might laugh off a ferocious little Chihuahua but get really upset if your Rottweiler growls at them.
- A word of warning: some states have a “one-bite” rule and allow a dog one free bite before it is determined he is aggressive. If your dog has already bitten someone in one of those states, or if you have been stupid enough to train your dog to be aggressive, the penalties are going to be a lot harsher.
- Even if you have the mildest, most mellow old dog that would never bite anyone, you should make sure you have a secure place to put him in the house, have an insurance policy that covers him, and make sure you know of a lawyer you can work with if a bite occurs.
- Sometimes, bites happen to the nicest dogs. People can do the most annoying things, and sometimes it is just more than even the best dog can bear.
- Protect your dog's life. After all, she is always there to protect yours.
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.
Questions & Answers
The little boy next door jumped into my backyard my pitbull bit him on the thigh and now the city and the police department are asking for so many restrictions. Now I have to euthanize my dog because of the health department and police department don't want him around my children. They deemed him dangerous. Can I sue the neighbors because their son was a cause of this my dog never bit anyone before?
I am not sure that you could win, but yes you could try to sue if you find a lawyer willing to represent you. For further information you need to contact a local lawyer.Helpful 21
My dog nibbled on someone that was riding by. First aid was offered, but no further attention was wanted. Days go by and “the parents and child” come back asking for $600. What do we do?
If that is what they want, and they never came back again, it would be worth it to avoid any legal problems with your dog. Unfortunately, they might come back again, and again.
If I were in your situation, I would contact an attorney. When the people come back, refer them to your attorney and when they get the money, they will have to sign a letter stating that they will not seek any further damages.Helpful 9
My one-year-old dog bit my nine-year-old cousin yesterday, requiring him to have stitches. My dog has never been mean, and didn’t show any warning signs before the bite. He was happy and playing. Any idea on what might’ve happened?
There are a lot of possibilities. Dogs are often scolded when they growl, so they are less likely to growl and warn before they bite. They still try to warn, but a nine-year-old probably did not see anything going on.
It is possible that the child was playing too rough, touched a part of the dog that was painful or sensitive, and of course, it is just possible that the dog got too worked up and bit like he would another dog. Kids can be very fragile, so he may not have even meant to bite so hard.
The first thing I would do, if this were my dog, is to take him to his regular vet and have a thorough exam. He may have a painful bladder, early arthritic pain (joint degeneration), or something else that the vet picks up. If your vet does not find anything, and you are in a city that has a behaviorist, it would be a good idea to have a consultation.
If your dog were to bite again, the victim might win if they chose to sue you.
My dog bit a little girl. I'm in Missouri and didn't see it happen; He is nine-months-old. Will they put him down?
If this is the first time that your puppy has bitten someone he will most likely be released after a quarantine period (as long as you have kept his vaccines up to date). He will not be declared a vicious dog unless he has bitten before.Helpful 3
Can a dog be put down legally for not having a license?
Not in most areas that I am familiar with. If the dog has bitten before, he may be declared a dangerous dog and can be put down. You need to consult a local attorney to find out if animal control or a shelter is planning on killing your dog without permission.Helpful 1