Vet-Approved Home Remedies for Dog Constipation
You may notice that your dog is straining to produce a bowel movement. Is this constipation? Most dogs normally poop at least one or two times a day. Chances are that if your dog strains and has a dry, firm bowel movement, this means your dog is not having normal stools and you are truly dealing with a case of constipation.
This article will examine some of the possible causes of your dog's constipation and go over some home remedies that you may discuss with your veterinarian.
Disclaimer: This article is not intended as a substitute for the advice of a veterinarian or as a diagnostic tool, as various conditions may resemble the descriptions provided. When in doubt, always take your constipated dog to a vet.
Potential Causes of Constipation in Your Dog
Symptoms of constipation in your dog include:
- Straining to defecate
- Hard, dry stools
- Absent or infrequent stools
The cure for constipation will depend on the cause. Some cases may be treated with natural home remedies, while others may need immediate attention from a vet.
The most worrisome cases are those where dogs develop other symptoms along with constipation. It’s easy for an attentive owner to diagnose constipation, but it's not easy to diagnose the underlying cause.
When constipation is accompanied by lethargy, loss of appetite, and vomiting, it needs attention; visit a vet as soon as possible. In fact, any time your dog exhibits a symptom that does not go away, appears unexplainable, or is accompanied by other symptoms and pain, please drive him to a vet or emergency center the same day. In simple words, when in doubt, get on route!
Lack of Bowel Movements Caused by Tenesmus
If your dog strains throughout the day and produces no bowel movement, this is technically called “obstipation,” the inability to produce a bowel movement, which is of more concern than just constipation.
Keep in mind, though, that when your dog strains and strains and produces nothing, his problem may also be tenesmus, not constipation. Tenesmus means the dog has had diarrhea, and is attempting to pass stool, but the bowels are empty so nothing comes out.
Since the root cause of the symptoms is diarrhea or colitis, it would require an entirely different treatment plan.
It’s the owner’s responsibility to decide whether a dog can be treated at home or needs immediate veterinary attention.
Causes for Constipation That Will Respond to Home Treatment
- Diet is a common cause. Your dog may just simply need a little extra fiber. As a home remedy, you can try to add one to two teaspoons of plain canned pumpkin (not pie filling) to the dog's food. This helps keep things moving. Pun intended!
- Dogs that do not drink enough may get a little constipated now and then.
- Dogs that are not exercised enough may get constipated. Just as in humans, lack of exercise may slow down the system.
- Post-surgery obstipation is fairly common, because the dog fasts the night before surgery and is likely to refuse food afterward. The dog should relieve himself as soon as he is eating a regular diet, taking pain meds, and somewhat recovered.
Home Remedies That Might Ease Your Dog's Constipation
If the cause of your dog's constipation is one of the above, then it may respond to these home therapies. Please discuss these with your veterinarian before beginning treatment and to rule out more serious causes of constipation (see below).
- Bran. Some people have had success adding bran to dog food.
- Metamucil. Add a sprinkle of Metamucil to canned food only, and with plenty of water, because Metamucil soaks up water. Use only if prescribed by a veterinarian, and be sure it is xylitol-free.
- Plain pumpkin (not the pie mix with spices) may help a constipated dog get some healthy fiber.
- Milk or dairy products can relieve constipation in dogs that are lactose-intolerant. However, if you provide too much, the opposite problem will shortly arise! See Home Remedies for Dog Diarrhea should this occur.
- Adding some moisture to dry dog food may help. A few teaspoons of water added to kibble should suffice.
- Medications such as docusate sodium (Colace) or Lactulose may be prescribed by your vet to help soften stools.
- Enemas. Your vet may tell you how to give a homemade enema of warm, soapy water. DO NOT give dogs over-the-counter enemas meant for humans; they may be toxic to pets and do more harm than good.
- Exercise can get the bowels moving.
- Water. Always make sure your dog has access to fresh water. Consider investing in a water fountain. Extreme cases of constipation may require a vet to give IV fluids.
- Changing a senior dog's lifestyle can fend off constipation. Try adding extra fiber, or putting your dog on senior diet, which contains more fiber. Check labels for fiber content. Always provide fresh water as senior dogs sometimes do not drink enough. For older dogs, try two short walks a day, as opposed to a single long, tiring walk.
Provides gentle effective relief from constipation for dogs in a formulation that is highly palatable and easy to administer.
Medical Causes That Are Likely to Require a Vet’s Attention
Of course there are many causes of constipation that need to be given attention by a veterinarian.
- Obstruction by a foreign object. It’s possible that something your dog ate is obstructing his intestine. If your dog is a known foreign-object eater, you should keep an eye out for the signs of an intestinal obstruction: He strains, but produces either no stool or only a little diarrhea, and he vomits and can’t keep food down. Diarrhea doesn’t mean he doesn’t have an obstruction; sometimes some liquid feces make it through around an object blocking the gut. If your dog loves ingesting rocks, buttons, coins, or simply anything he can find, and the above symptoms seem all too familiar, then a prompt vet visit is required. X-rays will confirm whether some object is causing the obstruction. Emergency surgery may be needed, so the sooner you find out, the better.
- Obstruction from other causes. Even if If your dog does not have a "vacuum cleaner" reputation, if he has the symptoms above, have him seen anyway, as there are other medical problems that could block the passage of stools, such as polyps, tumors, intestinal intussusception, or an enlarged prostate.
- Blockage in the anus or rectum. Sometimes the issue is a bit farther down the road. Rectal abscesses, fistulas, prolapse, or an anal tumor may be the contributing factor. Check the area for any abnormalities, and have a vet check the area since many times the problem may not be readily seen.
- Endocrine conditions such as hypothyroidism or parathyroid disorders may cause constipation. A regular thyroid level test may be helpful to rule these conditions out.
- Parasites such as whipworms may cause constipation. Have your dog's stool checked for parasites. The stool sample needs to be no more than 12 hours old.
- Neurological damage, due to trauma, spinal cord disease, or other problems, may disrupt the nerves that control bowel movements.
- Pain in the hindquarters—for example, from hip dysplasia, back problems, or tail problems—may make a dog reluctant to empty the bowels.
- Medication side effects may trigger constipation. Diuretics, antihistamines, and antacids may be the culprits. Read the medication's label carefully and see if constipation is listed as a side effect.
- Megacolon. Dogs with frequent bouts of constipation may become prone to megacolon, or a distended large intestine. This condition is irreversible (unless surgery is performed) and requires frequent enemas and trips to the vet to empty the bowels manually. This can be painful and very inconvenient.
Wishing Your Pet Good Health!
Hopefully this article has been helpful for you to understand what may be causing your dog's constipation. Just to reiterate — if you have any serious concerns about your pet, please see a vet.
Does your dog get constipated?
Vet Recommends Pumpkin and Metamucil for Dog Constipation
Questions & Answers
My six-month-old chihuahua has trouble pooping. When he poops it is just a little drop or two of liquid poop. He won't eat dog food. He eats meat and I gave him wet cat food and he ate it. His butt looks a little swollen and when I tried to use a warm towel to wipe around it, he reared around and acted like he was in pain. I gave him some milk because I was told to give him that to help with the pooping, but it's still liquid. What should I do?
I am afraid you are dealing with diarrhea rather than constipation. Dogs suffering from diarrhea as it happens with colitis, tend to develop diarrhea which starts in large amounts and then gradually, less and less liquid poop is produced. The dog may strain and just produce a bit of diarrhea each time. This is called "tenesmus." There may be mucus and blood mixed in the liquid poop. The foods you are feeding are likely making matters worse. I would recommend a vet visit since he seems to be uncomfortable and it sounds like he is in pain. Sometimes when a dog has repeated diarrhea, the anal sacs that are present on either side of the anus become full swollen, reddened and painful.
My dog does not want to eat her dog food unless it has soft dog food in it. Could there be something wrong with her?
It's always good to have her checked out by a vet if this is a new behavior. Your dog may have dental problems or may not be feeling too well. On the other hand, many dogs, once they have tasted canned food, don't want to go back to eating dry or may refuse to eat dry unless it's topped with some canned food just because they like canned food too much! To put ourselves in their place, it's like getting a sundae with chocolate sauce and a cherry for weeks and then, one day, out of the blue, the chocolate sauce and cherry go missing. Many of us would be very upset in such a case and will likely complain to the server. If the server tops our sundae with our favorite toppings readily upon complaining, granted, we will complain more in the future if the same mishap happens again. Your dog may have gotten so used to the canned food topping that now she refuses it when it's missing, and waits for you to add it. In such as case, she has trained you well!