Adrienne is a certified dog trainer, behavior consultant, former veterinarian assistant, and author of Brain Training for Dogs.
Why Are My Puppy's Ears Not Standing Up?
A puppy with one ear up and one ear down is very cute and surely attracts people with his comical expression, but many dog owners grow concerned as time goes by and the ears are not standing up as they should. What gives? If you own a young puppy, you may want to immortalize this look by taking several pictures as this floppiness is often short-lived. But what causes a pup's ear to refuse to stand up as the other, and most importantly, what can be done about it? It helps to learn a bit more about canine anatomy and a pup's life stages.
Why Do Some Dogs Have Erect Ears?
If you are concerned about your dog's ear flaps not standing up, most likely you are the proud owner of a purebred dog whose breed standard by definition puts an emphasis on erect ears. Whether you have plans of showing your dog in the ring or simply want a nice representative of the breed, that floppy ear may become a source of concern. I have known dog owners who really couldn't sleep thinking about it and obsessed over it. If you own a puppy of a dog breed where hanging ears are serious faults, don't panic as of yet as I have known many pups with floppy ears who have blossomed into beautiful representatives of the breed. I can't deny though that I have also known though of a few pups whose ears have remained floppy, but I must admit that they were nonetheless adorable dogs.
What Is the Pinna?
Let's go over a bit of anatomy. The part of a dog's ear that causes most concerned is known as the ear flap or "pinna." The pinna is a flap of skin covered by fur and composed by numerous muscles attached to the curved cartilage. Depending on the breed of dog the pinnae varies greatly in size and shape. You may see pinnae that are short and erect and pinna that are long and floppy. In this article, we will be discussing about the pinna of dogs that are normally erect by standard but for some reason are not carried that way.
When Do Their Ears Begin Opening?
As an altricial species, puppies are born deaf, blind and with floppy ears that are tightly closed. The ears then begin opening during the second week of their lives, generally between the 13th and 17th day. This is when the pups start hearing, seeing and exploring their surroundings. Later, as the pup grows, the cartilage starts to strengthen and eventually allows the pinna to stand up erect. This of course, happens only in the breeds known for having natural erect ears. Puppies of dog breeds meant to have floppy ears remain with floppy ears, whereas, dogs who by standard must have erect ears but have naturally floppy ears, may be at times altered surgically by a cosmetic surgical procedure known as "ear cropping."
How Do I Know if My Dog's Ears Will Stay Floppy or Erect?
As mentioned, this article will tackle purebred puppies who by standard must have natural erect ears. If you own a mixed breed dog, the only way to know if the ears will stay floppy or erect, is to just wait and see. In the next paragraph we will see exactly when we should expect these ears to stand up and what may cause them not to, along with some options to guide them.
Causes of Pup's Ears Not Growing Erect
So we know that pups are born with floppy ears and that as they grow, they start to become erect, but when does this happen? and when are the chances for them not actually standing erect getting slim? Generally, there's no black and white answer to this as this varies from one pup and another.
Generally, you should expect the ears to become erect anywhere between 6 weeks up to several months. In the German Shepherd breed, the ears typically should be erect between 8 to 10 weeks old, but some may take as long as 6 to 7 months. There are reports of owners giving up on the ears, and then they magically grow erect when the pup is almost 1 year old! So not all hopes are lost, however, it's quite unlikely for a pup to grow erect ears once reaching 1 year of age.
Moments of ears standing up and then flopping down like an overcooked souffle' are not uncommon. There may be times when one ear is up and the other is down. Some owners even report a pup waking up with erect ears which then flop overnight as the pup gets tired.
So what causes a delay in floppy ears that don't grow erect? There can be several reasons for ears delaying to become erect or failing to completely. Let's take a look at some.
- The pup has ear flaps that are particularly large and heavy often seen in dogs with big heads.
- Soft, light ears that flop from the base of flop at the tip or middle. *Note: this is often inherited and specimens with this trait should not be bred.
- Wide space between the ears.
- Excessive rough rubbing and handling of the ears.
- Consistently petting the ears backwards.
- Exposure to other puppies/dogs who chew ears.
- Growth spurts.
- Teething phase.
Let's take a closer look at several of these factors. The delay may have a genetic basis (parents with large heads, wider spaces within the ears, soft ear leather etc), but the environment may also have a role (owners over handling the ears), and so can the pup's developmental phases. With genetics there's not much to do other than hope and perhaps help the ears through artificial means (we will look at these in the next sections). The way the pup is raised you have great control over, just control the urge to touch those ears too much, and developmental phases all pups must go through--not much you can do about.
Generally, if your puppy had erect ears before the puppy teething phase started (between 3-5 months), but then flopped down during teething, they should come back up once the teething phase is over. Why does this happen? Simple. When the pup is teething his body will need to borrow some calcium for the teeth to grow well along with important bones. The cartilage of the ear at this time is not that important overall, so they will resume using the calcium only once the teeth and bones have used it.
What Can Be Done to Help a Puppy's Ears to Stand Up?
Worried about those ears? There are some things you can do to help your pup grow beautiful erect ears, if that's what your dog's genetic makeup is meant to be. Of course, you can't force nature if your dog's genes are programmed to develop floppy ears! Following are some things that may help, but often the wisdom of waiting a bit if the pup is still young surpasses all.
- Consult with your breeder. He or she knows best how long it may take by reviewing the history of the pup's parents.
- Consult with your vet for a check up and an idea of the pup's development.
- Shave the hair on the ears, the hair can make them more heavy and harder to stand up.
- Resist handling those ears albeit how tempting it may be to touch those soft ear flaps!
- Limit exposure to dogs who constantly chew those ears or offer toys to keep the mind off of them.
- Avoid calcium supplements. You may give too much which will cause problems in the long run such as bone spurts, arthritis and joint problems in a growing pup.
- A better idea is to give only 1 tablespoon of choice of cottage cheese or yogurt.
- Consider taping/glueing the pup's ears if they are not up by the time the pup is 5-6 months. Ask your breeder when and how. If you wait too long, it may be too late.
- Always ask your vet about calcium supplements. The vet may suggest calcium injections if your pup is over 7 months and the ears are reluctant to stand up.
As seen, there are many steps you can take to help your pup's ears stand. However, always ask your vet and breeder before taking any measures to play it safe. Consider also that some pups with erect ears may still have them flop at the top when the pup is running. This is called "friendly ears" but it's typically not considered a disqualification. See your breed standard.
Disclaimer: This article is not a substitute for professional veterinary advice. Always ask your vet before using supplements and ask your breeder how to intervene if the ears are not standing up. By reading this article you accept this disclaimer and will not hold us responsible in any way.
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.
Questions & Answers
Question: What causes a dog's ears to not stand up?
Answer: There's a belief that it may be due to the effect of teething during puppyhood.
Question: My 7 month old shepherd's ears were standing up now one is laying flat, why?
Answer: An ear that is erect and now is floppy could be due to teething. What's happening in these pups is that their bodies are using their calcium for teeth development instead of developing ear structure. As a pup starts to get its adult teeth, it is, therefore, possible for erect ears to begin to sag and stay this way until they're done teething. In general, we expect all of the adult teeth to be in by the time a dog is 6 months, but all teeth may not be in up to the age of 7- 8 months.
You can ask your vet/breeder about whether taping is still an option in case you own a show dog that you are thinking of using for breeding/showing in the ring. If not, consider that a floppy ear adds character and individuality to your dog.
© 2013 Adrienne Farricelli
Eve kelsey on August 13, 2020:
Just bough a 7week old puppy cavapoo mixed and his ears are still standing up when they should be down worried cos it looks like a Yorkshire terrier with the ears up
Meckayla on April 14, 2020:
My dog is a year old she’s never had both ears up and still a year old later has only one ear up? But why?
Ali on April 07, 2020:
My malinos dog ( which is not 100% pure i have been told his father is mix”
) is now about 3 months old i can notice he is trying to erect one ear sometimes it stands tall for like seconds the it goes back floppy while the other one it won’t stand like she never tries to .. sometimes i notice when she’s laying down sleeping she erects both ears perfectly for like an minute or two
Can you help please? What should i do? Should j lose hope?
If u want i can send u a picture of the dog
Adrienne Farricelli (author) on January 25, 2020:
Joe, sometimes when they are teething those ears act up a little bit. May be worthy mentioning to your vet if you're concerned about it.
Joe on January 24, 2020:
My pup's ears used to stand up! Now they don't
Domanek on August 15, 2017:
Will my dog is three years old and one of his ears are side ways and not standing up what should i do
Susan Cole on February 09, 2017:
Hi, im getting a pyrenees x husky mix, and was just curious which it would most likely take after. Anyone own a mix of these two?
Marge on July 06, 2016:
Carlos, why would you find it concerning? I think the author meant to address serious breeders who must adhere to breed standards and show their dogs. In certain breed standards, ears as such can be faulted in the show ring. If these breeders would breed dogs with ears as such, they would get a lot of complaints from their buyers when they notice the ears don't stand up as they should. I know, many people care a lot about looks, but that's how the world goes. Of course, the average backyard breeder could care less about this issue.
Carlos on July 04, 2016:
"Soft, light ears that flop from the base of flop at the tip or middle. *Note: this is often inherited and specimens with this trait should not be bred."
I find this quite concerning. Why shouldnt it be bred?
Valerie on June 21, 2016:
There are now procedures vets can use to make ears stand up. Surgical mesh/implants in some cases. A vet in Brazil uses injections of Restylane into the pinna of the ear to help it stand up also. Most Yorkie show breeders will use a brown paper grocery bag and cut out an inner ear shape of the puppy's ear, and then eyelash glue it into the inside of the ear, changing it out every few days to help ears stand up. I have used the paper bag method with great success on my pups.
Ma. Luz on June 17, 2016:
Thank you for sharing this hub. Justt this morning I noticed the right ear of my 3 months old GSD did not stand up and it got me so worried. Now I know it is the least of my concern.
Adrienne Farricelli (author) on August 10, 2013:
I think they are cute too, but can understand the frustration of those who got a show pup of a breed whose standard is to have erect ears. Yet, I love dogs for what they are! Thanks for the votes up!
Adrienne Farricelli (author) on August 10, 2013:
Thanks for the votes up! This is not that common, but occasionally you stumble on the pup with one ear up and one ear down or a breed with erect ears who happens to have them floppy.
Elizabeth Parker from Las Vegas, NV on August 09, 2013:
Great explanation! I never even knew that people worried about this type of thing or that it was a desired trait. It's definitely cute though so I can see how people want it! Toffee has it where one ear will stand up and the other is not. Very adorable. Interesting hub-voted up!
Shelley Watson on August 09, 2013:
I had no idea there was such concern about puppy ears not standing up. I have been lucky enough to have had no problems with my various dogs' ears. Very interesting though, it's always great to learn something new. Up, interesting and useful.
Adrienne Farricelli (author) on August 09, 2013:
Ladydeonne, some can get quite creative to help those dog ears stand up! Thanks for the votes up!
Adrienne Farricelli (author) on August 09, 2013:
Thanks for stopping by and the votes up Rose!
Deonne Anderson from Florence, SC on August 08, 2013:
I found this hub to be very informative and useful. I have over the years heard many a story of people trying all sorts of things to make their dogs ears stand up. These people had no idea as to whether these dogs were pure breeds or their genetic history. I love dogs and read everything I can to learn more about them. Thanks for sharing. Voted up, useful and sharing.
rose-the planner from Toronto, Ontario-Canada on August 08, 2013:
A very insightful article filled with interesting information. Thank you for sharing. (Voted Up) -Rose