Yorkie Sizes: Big, Standard, and Small Yorkshire Terriers

Updated on May 17, 2020
Layne Holmes profile image

Layne is an animal lover and grew up in a household full of rescued critters. She is a registered veterinary technician.

Yorkie Sizes—Giant, Standard, and Teacup
Yorkie Sizes—Giant, Standard, and Teacup | Source

What Are the Different Sizes of Yorkies?

We love Yorkshire Terriers. They are fun, spunky dogs with big personalities and characterized by their glossy black and tan coat with gray highlights, prick ears, and straight fur. They originated in—you guessed it—Yorkshire, England (in the 19th century), and have even been used to develop other popular breeds such as the ever-famous Silky Terrier. These dogs are loyal to their owner(s) and well-known for being rather "yappy" at times.

Few people realize that this breed comes in multiple sizes. You might be wondering what the breed standard is and what additional sizes of puppies are available. Here are the three Yorkshire Terrier breed sizes that most breeders have available:

  • giant (big)
  • standard
  • teacup (small)

10th of 193 in Popularity

Yorkshire Terriers are the 10th most popular dog breed of 193, according to the AKC.

Giant Yorkies may actually be healthier than toy sizes.
Giant Yorkies may actually be healthier than toy sizes. | Source

How Big Will My Yorkie Get?

This breed comes in several sizes and owners often want to know how big their dog will get.

What Is the Standard Size of a Yorkie?

The standard Yorkshire Terrier will be a maximum of 7 pounds (3.2 kg):

  • Height: 7–8 inches
  • Weight: 7 pounds

Breed standards are set by the AKC and registered breeders have to abide by these guidelines. Keep in mind that these are show standards and these dogs will have a trackable lineage. Anyone claiming that their dogs are "show quality" without the paperwork to back it up is not being honest, so do your research before buying a puppy.

Giant Sizes—Why Is My Yorkie so Big?

Giant Yorkies are over 9 inches in height and over 7 pounds in weight (if not obese). Some owners report 14-pound dogs that are in good health and physically lean. This size is not the breed standard, but these dogs tend to be healthy and may even be in better health than their smaller family members.

Small (Teacup)

Teacup Yorkies are under 4 pounds (the former cut-off by the AKC). When purchasing a teacup Yorkie, you must do your research on the breeder. Inbreeding can lead to numerous health issues and will be costly for you and uncomfortable for your dog down the line. A breeder should be breeding for health first and aesthetics second. Be suspicious of "teacup Yorkie puppies for sale" ads as a breeder may not be responsible or have the best of intentions.

Some toy sizes appear "small" due to underlying health issues (portosystemic shunts mentioned below) and selective breeding. Not to mention, their bones fracture very easily.

At What Age Are They Considered Full-Grown?

Yorkies stop growing in height and weight at 4 years of age and should match the breed standard of under 7 pounds (3.2 kg) in weight and 7–8 inches in height (no more than 9 inches at the shoulder).

Yorkie puppies change coat colors.
Yorkie puppies change coat colors. | Source

Coat Colors: Do Their Coats Turn Different Colors?

There are four designated colors for this breed:

  • blue,
  • black,
  • gold,
  • and tan.

The underparts of the dog—the throat, chin, belly, and paws are typically bronze (golden)—and the nose and ears may be accented in this coloring. Some Yorkies are even described as a "cream" color.

Yes, the Puppies Change Colors

Puppies are typically born with darker coloration (your standards black and tan), and as they age—around 2–3 years—may turn tan and blue (diluted black).

Personality, Appearance, and Breed Traits

Yorkies have a beautiful, shiny, soft coat, and anecdotal evidence suggests that they are hypoallergenic as they don't shed much. They grow out of their puppy coat over the course of three years and finally settle into their adult coat colors. They are adorable little dogs and are known for the following:

Yorkie Temperament

  • curious
  • social and inquisitive
  • "yappy" and territorial
  • quiet when content and secure
  • more suited for adults (over the age 10)
  • uncertain around children
  • easily trained
  • smart
  • responds well to praise
  • travel well

Most Common Health Issues

Like any purebred, Yorkies are prone to several health issues and generally die from congenital disease complications (the 4th leading causing of death for 1-year-olds).

Portosystemic Shunts

This condition is an unfortunate one in which the portal vein, responsible for delivering blood to the liver for purification, is malformed and sends blood that has not be purified directly to the major organs. This condition requires surgical intervention. Symptoms include the inability to thrive—vomiting and diarrhea, weakness, small stature, and behavioral issues.

Tracheal Collapse

This condition is extremely common in toy breeds and results from the weakening of the tracheal rings. It's characterized by coughing, difficult breathing, and secondary lung diseases. Yorkies with this condition may require surgery, but it can be managed with special leads and harnesses that do not put pressure on the trachea.

Dental Issues

Yorkies tend to retain deciduous teeth and their petite mouths often lead to bad breath, tooth overcrowding, and the need for intervention via extraction, etc. Brushing your dog's teeth regularly will help to reduce superficial issues, but overcrowding can only be resolved with extractions.

Luxating Patellas

Luxating patellas are quite common in this breed. They are first noticeable when the dog begins to "skip" as it walks or runs. It is a genetically inherited condition that results from a shallow patellar groove. The condition leads to lameness and may cause pain and discomfort. Severity ratings range from 1 to 4, 4 being the most severe and requiring surgical intervention. Most dogs will be scaled at 1 or 2.

Toy Sizes
Toy Sizes | Source

How Much Do They Cost?

A Yorkshire Terrier puppy from a registered AKC breeding will cost between $1200 and $1500 dollars. Seriously consider looking into adoption and find a breed rescue in your area—sometimes animals are surrendered because an owner passes away or an owner has to move. You can both save a life and save money—a win-win.

Why Do Yorkies Stink?

Yorkies are prone to skin conditions—as are all purebred dogs—and often develop dermatitis and dry, scaly skin, but health conditions like hormone imbalances can also cause problems and odor. It's important to wok with your veterinarian to rule out underlying medical issues. They may recommend putting your dog on a hypoallergenic diet or incorporating a supplement like fish oil to help with skin and coat conditioning.

Tail Docking: Do Yorkies Have Short Tails?

Yorkie tails are traditionally docked. This is a controversial procedure that is done for aesthetic reasons within the first few days of a puppy's life. Historically, tail docking was performed to prevent injury in working dogs, but most Yorkshire Terriers to this day are house dogs.

The American Veterinary Medical Association describes it as a "cosmetic procedure," and there are many who opposes it, while the AKC considers undocked tails to be a "disadvantage." The procedure involves the severing of the tail with or without anesthesia and it does cause pain for the puppy. Numerous nerve endings are found in the tail—some veterinarians refuse to do it.

Cute Yorkshire Terrier Puppies

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.

© 2019 Layne Holmes


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image

      Dave Jacques 

      2 days ago

      Looking for giant Yorkie pup. Mine passed away 3 months ago @ 14 1/2 .

    • profile image


      6 weeks ago

      Not exactly true on this page. I have always had standard yorkies. They are what most people think of as big yorkies or giant yorkies. They are healthier, they are as nature intended. Teacups are inbred to get that small size. Yorkies great ,they don't moult, they r not lickie. A standard yorkie or giant Yorkie is perfect. I would never want a small one! Giant yorkies are still naughty and loveable. However, u save on vet bills cos u have a more natural dog! If u want a bigger Yorkie standard is the way to go. The standard yorky is the natural size!

    • profile image

      Linda driscoll om 

      2 months ago

      I'm interested in a larger puppy for sale

    • Layne Holmes profile imageAUTHOR

      Layne Holmes 

      11 months ago from Bend, Oregon

      Liz—I am sorry to hear about your friend's Yorkie—sounds like collapsing trachea issues or maybe related to dentition. Angelladywriter—agreed, they are adorable!

    • profile image


      11 months ago

      They are so adorable no matter what size they are.

    • Eurofile profile image

      Liz Westwood 

      11 months ago from UK

      We had friends whose Yorkie ended up with breathing problems. He was a well-loved member of the family.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, pethelpful.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)