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How to Identify the Breeds in a Mixed-Breed Dog

Updated on January 26, 2016
Was your dog a stray or adopted from a shelter? You may wonder about its breed or breeds. Chances are you'll be able to narrow down the possibilities with a little research into breeds associated with certain coloring, fur type, ear shape, and size.
Was your dog a stray or adopted from a shelter? You may wonder about its breed or breeds. Chances are you'll be able to narrow down the possibilities with a little research into breeds associated with certain coloring, fur type, ear shape, and size.

Stray and shelter dogs can be the most loyal and loving of companions. Figuring out their exact genealogy can be a real head-scratcher, however. It can be useful to know which breeds are present in your dog from a health standpoint, and also to help you understand your friend's temperament, exercise needs, and which training methods might be most effective.

There are many ways to assess the genetic makeup of a mutt. You'll be able to eliminate some possibilities and investigate others in more detail after considering these key physical and temperamental identifiers:

  • Body size & type
  • Ears
  • Fur length & type
  • Personality

Body Size & Type

One of the easiest ways to narrow down a dog's breed is by looking at its size. Is your dog tiny enough to ride around in your purse? Too big to fit in your car? Narrowing down your dogs size helps you know what size bracket it's parents were in as well. Here are some typical trends to consider:

  • Most often, though not always, female pups tend to be the same size as their mother and males tend toward the father. In general, a mixed breed dog will fall somewhere in between its parents' weights. If your dog weighs 100 pounds, there are only a few breeds big enough to give him such substance.

Is your dog's size right in the middle of the road? A fifty-pound dog could be a mix of nearly anything. Luckily for you, there are plenty of other ways to analyze his breeding. One is to study his body shape. Is your dog lean and leggy or short and chunky? An athletic dog of moderate weight (40-100 lbs) points to a hunting, working, or herding mix. Some common hunting, working, and herding breeds follow.

Stocky Dog Breeds

Labrador Retrievers
Australian Cattle Dogs
American Pit Bull Terriers
Most Toy Breeds

Lean Dog Breeds

German Shorthaired Pointers
Doberman Pinschers
Fox Hounds
Border Collies

Ear Shape

This labradoodle has the low ears set close to the skull that are typical of labradors.
This labradoodle has the low ears set close to the skull that are typical of labradors.

Are your dog's ears pointed or floppy? If they stand erect, there's a good chance your dog contains some German Shepherd, Husky, Australian Cattle Dog, or maybe even Chihuahua. Floppy ears make identifying the breed more challenging, unless they are long like a hound's. However, there are many different "sets" to dog ears.

• Large Pointed
• Large Round-Tipped
• Folds Toward Skull
Welsh Corgi
Jack Russell Terrier
Chow Chow
Fox Terrier
• Upright Folded
• Hanging Pendant
• Hangs in Folds
Rough Collie
Basset Hound
Skye Terrier
Field Spaniel
• Pricked or Pointed
• Folds Backwards
• Long Triangular
German Shepherd
Hungarian Vizla

Fur Length & Type

Another indication of your dog's ancestry is his fur. First, look at the length and type of coat your dog has. Is it in two layers—a soft, fluffy layer underneath longer, coarser hairs? This is called a double coat. If your dog has only one layer, he is single-coated.

Also consider the length and substance of the coat. Short and smooth, or long and wiry? Some combination of the two? A wire coat is unique and a sign of terrier blood. Soft-coated breeds can be a bit harder to pin down.

• Single-Coated
American Pitbull Terrier
Many Terriers
• Double-Coated
Most working, herding, and sporting breeds
• Long-Coated
Siberian Husky and Malamute
Golden Retriever
Many toy breeds including Yorkshire Terrier, Pomeranian, Shih Tzu, and Papillon
Herding breeds including Border Collie and Australian Shepherd
• Short-Coated
American Pitbull Terrier
Labrador Retriever
Most Hounds
Australian Cattle Dog


This tricolor mix has brindle points.
This tricolor mix has brindle points.

Examine your dog's coloring. Some dogs are solid while others are merle (mottled patches) or brindle. Some have spotting on their white patches known as "ticking." Some markings, such as tan points, require both parents to carry the gene in order for the marking to manifest. Below are some common coat colors and the most well-known dog breeds that sport them.

• Solid Color
Labrador Retriever
Golden Retriever
American Pitbull Terrier
• Tricolor (Black, White & Tan)
Border Collie
Australian Shepherd
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
• Black & Tan
Miniature Pinscher
German Shepherd
Doberman Pinscher
Black & Tan Coonhound
• Merle
Australian Shepherd
Catahoula Leopard Dog
Shetland Sheepdog
• Fawn
Great Dane
American Pitbull Terrier
• Brindle
American Pitbull Terrier
Great Dane
Plott Hound


Does your mutt have Beagle coloring, size, or ear shape? Watch for personality traits associated with Beagles: friendliness, comfortable with other pets, may not listen to commands (they're hunting dogs and like to roam!).
Does your mutt have Beagle coloring, size, or ear shape? Watch for personality traits associated with Beagles: friendliness, comfortable with other pets, may not listen to commands (they're hunting dogs and like to roam!).

At last, consider your dog's personality. Is he active, or a couch potato? Intelligent, or not the brightest guy in the room (but you love him anyway!)?

There are many types of dog temperaments, and since mixed-breed dogs have a combination of traits and may have experienced less ideal situations in early life, it is hard to pin-point breed based upon a dog's personality. However, there are certain very broad general personality types associated with certain breeds. This may help you confirm what you already suspect, based upon your dog's physical characteristics.

  • Herding dogs like to keep their human pack in a group and may even exhibit "aggressive" behaviors like nipping at heels in order to bring people together.
  • Border Collies, Labradors, German Shepherds and other herding dogs have very good memories for language and can remember hundreds of words as verbal commands.
  • Breeds including Rottweiler, Mastiff, Great Danes, and German Shepherds are often used as protection dogs because they work well with humans, are dominant, and are highly trainable.
  • So-called "retrieving" dogs, including many types of Retrievers, are energetic, friendly, and will easily give what they "retrieve" to their owners.

Tests to Determine Dog Breed

There are companies that offer breed evaluations through DNA testing. If you are curious enough to shell out some cash, be aware that these tests are not always reliable. They work by analyzing DNA for genetic markers common to a "family" of dogs. So, while you may not get quite the right breed (Golden Retriever versus Labrador, for instance) it can still point you in the direction of your dog's ancestry.

I have heard from people who used a test that provides a refund if the dog does not seem to match the suggested breeds. Still, it's buyer beware. Sometimes, a mixed breed dog is simply too jumbled up for even DNA to offer clues. In that case, I would simply recommend enjoying your unique and special pup for what he is: One of a kind!


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    • profile image

      penny 30 hours ago

      Rescued a pup, brindle, floppy ears, 12.5 lbs. tail curls back toward ears, legs are1/12 ft. long, single coat, long narrow face, very sweet and likes to nip at our legs??? Any ideas?

    • profile image

      Unknown 2 weeks ago

      There mom is a winner dog and the dad is a pitbull what is the breed of the dog?

    • profile image

      Sacha 5 weeks ago

      We have a rescue puppy. Has the characteristics of a Labrador. But has pointy ears? Blonde in colour with shades of white. Loves water and extremely intelligent. What breed could he be?

    • profile image

      Andrea 3 months ago

      I just a supposed mini tea cup chuwawa she one single color tan but her eyes dont stand up or she doesn't have a curly tail. And I've a mini apple head before but she passed,but my new one is about as big as my hand and they said 6 wks old she can't run great get and she's teething but her ears come down and no curled tail can u help pls.

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      Jullian 3 months ago

      I'm getting an Australian Cattle Dog mixed with whatever got the mom. I have no idea how to tell what breed the dad is.

    • profile image

      Betsy Heyward 3 months ago

      I just adopted a supposed cockerspanial/dachund mix. She's black an white.

      she has a white tipped tail and howled on the way home because she was upset so I wonder if she has beagle in her?

    • profile image

      Mary Jo Gerace 3 months ago

      I was told my puppy is a pug zu but he does not look like any pups from that litter my vet said he looks like he has some pomerianmix in him he has brown hair with some black he doesn't have a pug nose he has a bit of a curly tail he's hairy

    • profile image

      Just wondering 4 months ago

      Hi I'm just wondering wat my puppy is she's a staffy x she has a long hair coat nd her colour is brindle

    • profile image

      haider 5 months ago

      MY dog looks like maltesse,white,terrier,bichonbut dont know what he is.

    • profile image

      Lora 5 months ago

      I have a stray that is about 40 lbs. He has long fur but no undercoat. I don't known his age. He is very peaceful and does get in trouble much. We think he is a long haired rottweiler but he has a white stripe down his chest. I need help to figure this out

    • Iryna Komazova profile image

      Iryna Komazova 6 months ago

      If you have a mix breed dog - welcome to our store. We will choose the best K9 accessory to fit your special pet. Here is our link -

    • profile image

      Lynn 6 months ago

      I have a cute small dog. he is fully grown, about 20 lbs. Similar to a jack ruslle terrier but I am not for sure. He attaches himself to several members of the family. He is tan always keep his nose to the ground when walking. He is also very OCD.

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      Patty soileau 7 months ago

      I rescued a puppy 3weeks ago! She is red at tan with white on her chest! She has a small head and short ears that fold toward her head short muzzle pink and black nose! Long skinny tall long legs short body and has a wide ridge down her back! I named her T- Phee!! She is smart sweet and shy with strangers ! But learns quick! Can anyone tell me what kind of puppy is she !! Text me at 337-693-0642 . Thanks!!

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      Lex Minter 7 months ago

      I have a puppy, and I have no clue what he is. He looks like a boxer, chihuahua, rat terrier, and something with really long legs. He is over six months old and weighs less than 10 pounds. But he has long legs and stands a couple inches taller than my Dachshund. His fur is a couple of colors, light brown-black, and he has medium floppy ears. His nose is a little pushed in as well, but not much. The vet couldn't even guess the breeds he is mixed with.

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      Linda 9 months ago

      I had a Corgi Chihuahua mix, she was a special dog , chihuahua personally but Corgi body, I would like to get a rescue dog, but would like to know the best breeds combinations to look for. I want a small dog and one that is calm so my 85 year old mom doesn't have much to take care of when I'm at work. Any ideas would be appreciated

    • Kalidescope profile image

      Kalidescope 9 months ago

      Have 2 dogs that were adopted, one looks like a lab but DNA testing tells us she is boxer/chow - she has telltale black on her tongue so I believe the chow. She's very laid back and friendly with everyone EXCEPT other dogs. At 58 pounds she's a sizeable girl as well, very well mannered, but has a stubborn streak and a one owner dog, she pretends not to hear when someone else attempts to tell her to do something she doesn't want to do. Our other dog is only 40 lbs and looks like a fox they told me he is a chow mix, his tongue is mostly black. He is very high strung and cautious, a real momma's boy. DNA testing showed he is chow/shiba inu with possible bloodhound and a bunch of other possibilities but mostly chow and shiba inu which seems accurate. He has the shiba 'scream,' as a pup he'd scream before he was hurt! He's a beautiful boy, people often ask if he's a fox or a dingo but he's really my heart as are all my rescues =)

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      Lego452 10 months ago

      I am 11 me and my family are moving in to a new house this house came came with a dog I think she is a mut the land owner called her a pot licker dog but i have learned that it doesn't matter every time I ook in her eyes I almost die she is full grown we used to have a short haired weiner dog that I loved she died she was chewed up by other dogs it would have cost 700 bucks to get her fixed we had to put her down I'm glad to have a dog again

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      Vee 11 months ago

      My dog, Kuma, is a German Shepherd mixed with SOMETHING. I can't figure her mix out because she matches German Shepherd in everything but colour. She has the typical black and tan, but there's gray and white (She's mostly black anyways. (She's only 7(?) Months, but is fairly larger than the purebreds I've met. I've been trying to figure her out for such a long time, but nothing looks like her.

    • profile image

      Vee 11 months ago

      My dog, Kuma, is a German Shepherd mixed with SOMETHING. I can't figure her mix out because she matches German Shepherd in everything but colour. She has the typical black and tan, but there's gray and white (She's mostly black anyways. (She's only 7(?) Months, but is fairly larger than the purebreds I've met. I've been trying to figure her out for such a long time, but nothing looks like her.

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      User7429980 14 months ago

      My dog is a German Shorthaired pointer mixed with something else. The breeder we got her from did not explain what the other mate's breed was. We think she could be mixed with a labarodor or a pitbull. We just dont know but aparently it did not explain about even ONE type of pointer, so this doesnt help at all.

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      Victoria. Anna. Davila age19 14 months ago

      My dog's name is Kiyah, and the lady that I got her from when she was eight-weeks old told me that her mom is a Red-Nose Pit-Bull Terrier and her dad is a Black Labrador Retriever. I just wanted to know why she came out the only one of her litter being Tri-colored she is black, brown, and white. Also she is marked like a Doberman Pinscher or a Rottweiler, but the brown on her feet and muzzle is brindled. Which puzzles me a lot, so if anyone can solve my puzzle @ I can send you a picture of her so you can see for yourself thank you for reading my question/comment.

    • profile image

      adie esparza 14 months ago

      Hi! my puppy margaret, a mix breed my uncle gave me, looks almost exactly as the tricolor dog with brindle spots that you have in the title picture and in the car seat picture above. what breed/s is/are in that dog? i would presume border collie and?

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      Bobbie 22 months ago

      How can i tell if my chihuahua is mixed with terrier or daushaund?

    • Georgina_writes profile image

      Georgina_writes 2 years ago from Dartmoor

      Superb hub. I've always had 'unique' mixers in the past. Your article would have been so much use then, for my spanelabs and cairnepoos or whatever they were. Now I have Jack Russels, not a KC recognised breed, so mixers in their own right. But great article. Rating and following.

    • ShariBerry profile image

      Sharon Berry 2 years ago from Michigan

      You are right...shelter dogs can make the best pets. Looks like you did a lot of research for this hub, well done. I love your sense of humor.

    • K9 of Mine profile image

      K9 of Mine 2 years ago

      Great article, really interesting! Dog DNA tests are actually very accurate - in some cases the owners find the results startling and hard to believe, but most DNA testers like Wisdom Panel can definitely prove the science behind their method and can explain why a dog may look like one breed, but genetically have more in common with another breed.

      I'd recommend checking out if you're considering a dog DNA test - they have a lot of great info and comparison reviews for different DNA test products.

    • Lady Miel profile image

      Melissa Weisner 2 years ago from Arizona

      I love this article! So informative and so well laid out. My husband wants a dog and I do believe we will bring this helpful information with us to the shelter to help make sure we pick a dog that fits the best with our lifestyle. Also, I am more of a cat person and am getting the itch to see if there is an article like this one created for cats; if not, perhaps I will create it!!

    • TheDragonBringer profile image

      Jade Griffin 3 years ago

      My friend had a DNA test ran on her pooch. The results were quite shocking.

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      Dani 3 years ago

      Very helpful guys, THANKS. I'm looking n loving my pup differently now, I found him as a stray and now I just think he's a gift to my family.

    • Nature by Dawn profile image

      Dawn Ross 4 years ago

      Guessing the breed mix of a mutt is fun! You have some great ideas on ways to help make an educated guess. I bet this information would be especially helpful for employees at an animal shelter. I guessed my dog Sephi as half Chow, 1/4 G. Shepherd, 1/8 Lab, and 1/8 Border Collie. I guess my new dog Pierson (not pictured in my profile photo) at 1/2 Australian Shepherd, 1/4 Border Collie, and 1/4 G. Shepherd. His ears are tall and erect like a Shepherd, not folded like an Aussie or Border Collie.

    • profile image

      kimberly 4 years ago

      I have what i believe to be a german short haired / boxer? any thoughts on what that would look like? Plelasde email me with your thoughts..k dot combs 0117 at inbox dot com

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      marti garrison 4 years ago

      My dog weighs about 70lbs, has a tempermant of a Lab, his physical

      figure is built like a Lab and muscular like a pit. He is totally chocolate. and the Human Society new his mother was a Lab, but not sure of his other mixes. Should I be afraid that he is more pit than Lab?

    • threedognyt profile image

      threedognyt 4 years ago from New York, NY

      Good stuff. I'm always trying to figure this out.

    • profile image

      ijustwannaknow 4 years ago

      I'd just like to help identify was mixed breed my dog is... geez everyone wants to charge... I'm not paying... can't I get a lil help on this... she was taken from our home and I'd like another .. she was the SWEETEST dog... HLEP

    • Abrushing1968 profile image

      Aaron Rushing 4 years ago from USA- Florida

      Good article, I voted it up. Very informitive.

    • Shaddie profile image

      Shaddie 5 years ago from Washington state

      Good article, but I would not trust a DNA test to know the difference between a Rottweiler and a Chihuahua - they are largely scams. If you test purebreds with those things, the results come back with some sort of Lab x Daschund mix. Conversely, I've had people bring in obvious Shari-pei mixes to my clinic, claiming that they were purebred Labradors, all because "the test said so." In addition, I've had people bring in American Staffordshire terrier mutts, claiming they because of "the test results" their dog was certifiably a purebred Boxer. Just absolute nonsense.

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      mariah g 5 years ago

      i have a 4 month old puppy named panda xD his mom is full boxer and the dad is a pit mix. great puppy, only one from the litter that is pure black and white lol my roommates dog is half chihuahua and jack russell terrier. he has long wiry hair and his son jj has long soft hair, like a poodle, but his mom is dachsund chihuahua mix xD

    • Gofygure profile image

      Gofygure 5 years ago from Kutztown, PA

      Alphagirl- there's nothing inherently healthier about mutts- in fact they can inherit the genetic problems of both parent breeds! I think badly-bred purebreds do tend to suffer more problems than mutts, though, which is why I always advocate either adoption or buying responsibly. My mutt pup is built like a little tank, so I'm hoping he got the best of both his parents.

    • alphagirl profile image

      alphagirl 5 years ago from USA

      Love my mutt! Especially when i hear about all the health issues my neighbors have with their purebreds.

    • itops profile image

      itops 5 years ago from the sea

      Nice and useful hub! Congratulations on being the hub of the day!

    • DzyMsLizzy profile image

      Liz Elias 5 years ago from Oakley, CA

      Congratulations on Hub of the Day!

      This is a fantastic article. I've seen a lot of crazy-mixed-up dogs, but mostly, I can pin them down to a family type...then there are those, as you say, "one of a kind" marvelous mutts....

      My dad used to say of one of the dogs in his youth, "His mother was a retriever; his father was a traveling salesman."

      Voted up, intersting, and useful. Good job!

    • ktrapp profile image

      Kristin Trapp 5 years ago from Illinois

      This is such an excellent way to help mutt owners try to narrow down the breeds in their dog. How fun! I have a beagle (no question about it) but I had a dream last night that she was running away from me and turned into some sort of German shepherd mix the farther she got from me. I have no idea the meaning behind that odd dream was, but it was even odder when I awoke this morning to see the topic of the hub of the day. Congratulations on a job well done!

    • Winterfate profile image

      Darrin Perez 5 years ago from Puerto Rico

      This is pretty awesome! You really know your stuff! :D

    • starcraft2guides profile image

      starcraft2guides 5 years ago

      nice hub, very interesting

    • Chuck profile image

      Chuck Nugent 5 years ago from Tucson, Arizona

      Very interesting Hub. We got our dog, Chika, from the Humane Society. She is a mixture that appears to be mostly chihuahua as evidenced by her tan coat, the short hair single coat and erect ears. But one of her parents probably had considerable dachshund in it as Chika is a little longer and slightly stockier than the average chihuahua.

      We do know that she was shipped from a shelter in Phoenix to Tucson due to an oversupply of mostly chihuahuas which were shipped to Phoenix from California when the housing collapse of 2007 forced many people to give up their chihuahuas when they lost their homes.

      Thanks for a Hub that helped us to better know our dog's family tree.

    • Ahydz profile image

      Ahydz 5 years ago from Philippines

      Just in time HUb. I'm planning to have a dog. ^.^ Great hub!

    • Gofygure profile image

      Gofygure 5 years ago from Kutztown, PA

      Thank you again everyone! It's so lovely to see all this support when I've only been here a short time. :) Really encouraging!

      Livelonger- Duly noted, I'll add a brief description in the titles.

      Virginia- My Boxer is the best dog I ever owned and we picked her up from a shelter. Some of the truly loveliest dogs wind up there due to no fault of their own.

      Becky- I don't want to start up a debate, but the yellow genes in Labs is actually on a completely different locus than black. If the puppy has recessive 'yellow' genes, it doesn't really matter what the parents were colored. This breeder chooses for 'white' and also notes they are just super light yellows.

      They do look white though- never seen a Lab that shade before, so thank you for letting me learn about them!

    • ripplemaker profile image

      Michelle Simtoco 5 years ago from Cebu, Philippines

      Wow, this is wonderful list that needs to be bookmarked for easy reference. Thank you for putting this together!

      Congratulations on your Hubnuggets nomination. To all who would like to read and vote, this way please:

    • VirginiaLynne profile image

      Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States

      Interesting that you talked about the ticking on white patches. Our rescue dog, who looks and acts like a Brittany Field Spaniel has that. She is bigger and leaner than a Cocker, but smaller than most other Spaniels. She was so well trained that we can't believe she was a shelter dog, found on the street. You are absolutely right though that just loving them is the best part.

    • Becky Katz profile image

      Becky Katz 5 years ago from Hereford, AZ

      No, my vet said that they are not yellow labs from recessive genes. This pup was pure white, his parents were both black and 4 generations back were all black. The recessive gene is overpowered by the black in those generations. There are light yellow labs but also rarely a white one.

    • alphagirl profile image

      alphagirl 5 years ago from USA

      I love my mutt casey. She was a rescue. A smart dog. She doesn't allergies like purebreds. I picked her based on her size and personality. She was 2 when we got her and we did obedience training from the start. My only pet peeve is her hound like characteristics. She loves squirrels and wants to chase anything like vermin. A dog can growl and bark at her and she just looks at them like they are crazy. I liked your hub. helpful.

    • justmesuzanne profile image

      justmesuzanne 5 years ago from Texas

      Very thorough coverage of the various ways to determine what kind of dog you have! Voted up and useful! :)

    • jenniferrpovey profile image

      jenniferrpovey 5 years ago

      Nice help for the old game of 'guess the breed'. (I'm right more often than I'm wrong and last week I shocked somebody by casually saying 'Nice Husky/GSD cross'...I'm apparently the only person to, like, ever guess right.

    • TattooKitty profile image

      TattooKitty 5 years ago from Hawaii

      Great hub that will come in handy for dog owners who aren't quite sure what breed "Fido" is! In fact, I thought it was so useful, that I voted for it to be a hubnugget ;) Glad you won Hub of the Day! Congrats!!

    • livelonger profile image

      Jason Menayan 5 years ago from San Francisco

      Really interesting! Could you explain in your Hub what fawn, merle and brindle mean in terms of coloring?

    • FloraBreenRobison profile image

      FloraBreenRobison 5 years ago

      Congratulations both on your nomination and being chosen hub of the day. I'm a cat person. Most pet cats fall under two breeds: domestic shorthair and domestic longhair. The only others are Persian and Siamese. Most people ar surprised when they first learn the fur colouring has nothing to do with breed for cats.

    • molometer profile image

      molometer 5 years ago

      I had three mongrels when I lived in South Africa.

      They were all different and all brothers. Incredible characters.

      Great Hub voted up UI

    • profile image

      Indigital 5 years ago

      Incredibly simple breakdown! Well done on achieving Hub Of The Day, you deserved it.

    • Kristin Halsted profile image

      Kristin Halsted 5 years ago

      Great hub! My family has been contemplating purchasing a DNA test for the stray we adopted. He is definitely lab, but with a white chest and paws, there's something else lurking in the gene pool. This is great, basic info presented in a well-written manner! Congrats on hub of the day!

    • randomcreative profile image

      Rose Clearfield 5 years ago from Milwaukee, Wisconsin

      Great topic for a hub! I love how you've broken everything down. This is an awesome resource for anyone who wants more information about a stray or adopted rescue dog. Congrats on getting Hub of the Day!

    • 88888888 profile image

      88888888 5 years ago

      Dog of the Day....hahah

    • applecsmith profile image

      Carrie Smith 5 years ago from Dallas, Texas

      This is a great guide! I absolutely love dogs, no matter what kind of pedigree they have. This is a very helpful write up. Congratulations on being the hub of the day!

    • Gofygure profile image

      Gofygure 5 years ago from Kutztown, PA

      Thank you for the kind comments everyone!

      Becky- You found my weakness! I've never owned a dog below 40 lbs, so I'm not super familiar with the small breeds. These lists are obviously not all-inclusive, but Shelties are such a common breed I should add them.

      As for the Lab, correct me if I'm wrong but I believe 'white' Labs are actually just a very light yellow. Some have no pigment on their nose, etc. but they are still yellow Labs. Specific white genes can be found in Boxers, Dogos, American Bulldogs, and a few other breeds, however.

    • Becky Katz profile image

      Becky Katz 5 years ago from Hereford, AZ

      Congratulations on hub of the day. I have a Wal-mart dog. Got him in the parking lot as a puppy. Supposed to be beagle but not a sign of it. Looks like a Sheltie to me. The tri-color. You missed that one also. The are also sable.

      I worked at a vets for a couple of years and people were always asking me what breed I thought their dog might be. A sure sign of Chow blood is the purple tongue. They are also the gold ranging to red color. Dachsunds are merle, black/tan and red/cinnamon.

      More to add to your list. I have also seen a purebred lab that is pure white. He was born to 2 black parents. The vet told me that 1 in 4 pairings could produce a white one. They were my dogs.

    • TToombs08 profile image

      Terrye Toombs 5 years ago from Somewhere between Heaven and Hell without a road map.

      Very useful! We've always gotten pound puppies and enjoyed playing "I wonder what they are" games. This information will come in handy when we decide to adopt our next one. Thank you for the wonderful information!

    • Danette Watt profile image

      Danette Watt 5 years ago from Illinois

      Congratulations on Hub of the Day. This is a great hub, very informative.

      We call Josie a "Mississippi Mud Hound" b/c my son brought him up from MS when the family who had her was getting transferred and couldn't take her. He was also in the service, so guess who she lives with?

      She is a good dog with a sweet personality. My only objection is that she sheds SO MUCH! She only has to walk through a room to drop hair all over. My husband says that's the Lab in her. She also is part pit bull. People think she's mean and that's ok by me!

    • Taylor Lueck profile image

      Taylor Lueck 5 years ago from Dayton

      i love dogs and this is so interesting! great hub and congrats on hub of the day!

    • RTalloni profile image

      RTalloni 5 years ago from the short journey

      Congrats on Hub of the Day! This is a neat read, even though I'm not a dog owner. I've learned to like them better, and trust them more, over the years--I know that sounds strange to dog owners but experience speaks to children!

      I enjoyed learning the definition of some terms I've heard used in reference to dogs and I will keep this as a reference for it's always good to increase our knowledge bank. :)

      Good job of helping us understand dogs better. :)

    • ThePracticalMommy profile image

      Marissa 5 years ago from United States

      Very interesting! I'll be passing this along to a friend who has a mixed breed and is curious. Congrats on the hub of the day!

    • QudsiaP1 profile image

      QudsiaP1 5 years ago

      Very useful for anyone who is thinking along the lines of getting a dog.

    • leahlefler profile image

      leahlefler 5 years ago from Western New York

      I love this hub! This is a great way to guess at the background of a mixed-breed dog, and I didn't know there were DNA tests to determine the lineage of a dog. Very interesting!

    • jloeding profile image

      jloeding 5 years ago from Lafayette, LA

      Congratulations for such an informative and interesting hub. My rat terrier (or fox terrier) is a shelter dog. The Dr. said she is probably a thorough bred. Whatever! She is my best friend. Thanks writing.

    • DeborahNeyens profile image

      Deborah Neyens 5 years ago from Iowa

      Great hub! MY sister-in-law had a DNA test done on her rescue mutt, and the results were completely unexpected. There was no way to tell by looking at the dog what all she has in her. My own mutt has an English springer spaniel for a mother and some sort of coonhound mix for a father. An interesting combination for sure - very high energy and a bit OCD, but I love her to death.

      Congrats on hub of the day! Your dog is beautiful.

    • Gofygure profile image

      Gofygure 5 years ago from Kutztown, PA

      Thanks for the comments!

      Cat R- Wow! I had no idea Irish Wolfhounds came in brindle. I will have to update the article for people who have what appears to be a giant tiger mix. :P

      Vicki99- Shelter mutts are exactly what got me thinking about this. Thanks!

      Thelma + Londontours- Thank you!

    • Londontours profile image

      Londontours 5 years ago from London

      Great information

    • Thelma Alberts profile image

      Thelma Alberts 5 years ago from Germany

      Wow! Voted up! A really very informative article. Thanks for sharing. Congratulation!

    • Vicki99 profile image

      Vicki99 5 years ago from Meridian Idaho

      Wonderful information! I have two dogs that we adopted from a shelter and we used similar identification methods. Voted up!

    • Cat R profile image

      Cat R 5 years ago from North Carolina, U.S.

      Very thorough! Found some stuff I didn't know. Reminds me of the arguments we used to have in a rescue, because they wanted to call every dog a Chow Mix if it had a purple tonge.

      Nature does do some amazing things, tough. At a giant pet conference visitors were shown pictures of dogs and asked to identify the Pitbulls. Almost every guess was wrong.

      I love the detailed describtions. Also have an addition for you: Irish Wolfhounds can be brindle too, according to the AKC website. I know because I have several brindle dogs and one is an Irish Wolfhound.

    • Gofygure profile image

      Gofygure 5 years ago from Kutztown, PA

      Thank you! Most of this comes from trying to figure out what the heck the mix puppy in the photos is. My best guess on him is Australian Shepherd/Bluetick Coonhound, and I learned a lot about dog genetics in the process. Very interesting stuff!

    • Simone Smith profile image

      Simone Haruko Smith 5 years ago from San Francisco

      Wow, this is fabulous! I've never seen breeds broken down so simply before, and this helps me just get a better idea of the breed of dogs I see while out and about. Your Hubs are amazing and I can't wait to see what you publish next!

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