7 easy ways to train a dog to get along with other dogs
A few tips
Small dogs that become aggressive to other dogs can be dealt with; large dogs will tear your arm out of the socket when they lunge on the leash, and maybe leave you flat on your face. So what do you do when you have a 50 kilo (110 pound) Rott mix that needs to show all the other dogs that he is boss, no matter where you happen to be walking?
Years ago the standard method to deal with these dogs was to control them on a choke chain and give them a pop before pulling them up tight when they misbehaved. Sometimes it worked, but if the dog had been developing this behavior for years it usually did not.
According to the dog trainer Cesar Millan (the Dog Whisperer from TV) all you have to do to end dog to dog aggression is establish dominance. The dog will recognize you as a leader and stop being aggressive.
I am not Cesar Millan, and since you probably are not either, this technique does not work for me. If it only works for him, what good is it to the millions of dogs suffering from dog aggression?
According to dog trainer Dr. Ian Dunbar, dog aggressive dogs have poor social skills and are best trained through classical conditioning. This theory allows you to teach dogs like Pavlov, and by giving treats the dog will stop feeling aggressive to other dogs.
This article will give you some tips on which method might work best for your dog, and allow you to train your dog to get along with other dogs.
Some things that might stimulate an aggressive reaction in your dog
• A barking dog behind a fence
• A dog on a leash walking towards your dog
• A dog off of the leash walking towards your dog
• A pack of dogs walking free
• A dog in heat, especially when followed by a pack of free males
• A dog walking towards you (when the aggressive dog feels dominant and protective of you, the owner)
• A dog in the same household that guards resources (food, toys, or even your time and affection)
• A dog in the same household that uses aggressive play behavior (like mounting)
Aggression at home
You probably already know which of these things makes your dog most aggressive. Some of these problems start early, some of them only develop as the dog matures and becomes territorial.
All of them can be serious, but aggression to strange dogs met during the walk is more common and easier to put up with. Aggression to another dog in the household can be difficult for everyone. If two dogs fight constantly, it is unlikely that they are going to get over their aggression issues with other dogs met during a walk.
Also, both people and dogs can be injured seriously during a fight. If you are not able to consult an animal behaviorist, you need to consider finding a new home for one of the dogs. The suggestions here work best when the dog aggression is directed at strange dogs.
Some Methods to Control Dog to Dog Aggression
• Teach basic obedience commands, and reinforce them so that you can tell the dog “down” when he is becoming excited and likely to lunge.
• When the dog is “down”, and the other dog walks away without confronting him, he is more likely to be less nervous at the next encounter.
• Walk the dog with a slip collar and on a short leash, but try to stay relaxed so that the leash is not tight. Some of the Dunbar followers might not agree with the use of this collar, but it still works in some cases.
• Walk the dog with a basket muzzle. This type of muzzle allows your dog to pant and helps calm some dogs.
• Practice avoidance. When a dog comes towards you, move him away from the conflict, and stand in front of the dog aggressive dog to block his view.
• If obedience and avoidance do not work, try “flooding” by introducing several new dogs in a controlled situation. This will work with some dogs, but if the dog aggressive dog is guarding his territory or owner, this is probably not going to help.
• Try classical conditioning. This will require a dog that is willing to consume treats when another dog is in his “zone”, so if the dog is so upset that he will not calm down it may or may not work.
Details on Methods to Control Aggression
Basic obedience: Make sure that the dog knows the heel, sit, and down commands. You should also teach him “stay” or “lie down” and train the dog to hold his position for a long time. That impulse control will help you every day you walk the dog.
When the aggressive dog responds to his commands, walking will be a lot more pleasant. You can avoid some aggression situations by anticipating them before they happen. When another dog approaches, for example, have your dog go into a down position and talk to him until the other dog has gone past.
Of course, if the dog comes up to him and starts a fight, your dog is likely to lose his trust of you and will not want to go into the “down” position.
Obedience is important, but may not be the solution to your problem.
Use a short leash and muzzle: Although slip collars (choke chains) have become unpopular in many dog training circles, in some cases they can still be helpful. The dog usually stops his behavior at the moment, but unfortunately does not change his basic behavior. He may stop reacting to a strange dog in the same way, but only when the leash is on.
I make my own slip collars out of soft cotton rope. They do not have the “snap” effect of a choke chain, but are easier on the dog´s throat. I also recommend using a basket type (wire) muzzle. The muzzle allows the dog to open his mouth and pant when walking, and since it presses down on the dog´s nose it has a calming effect in some cases.
Avoidance: This is not going to end the aggression issue, but it may solve a lot of your problems. When you come across another dog on your walk, just turn your dog away and walk him out of the zone so that he no longer feels threatened. If it is too far to walk away, stand in front of the dog and block his view so that he does not see the other dog.
Obedience, a slip collar and muzzle, and avoidance can all be used together. If they do not allow you to relax when walking your dog, try these other techniques.
Flooding: This is a technique that forces a dog to face his fears; in this case, your dog learns to be around other dogs, finds out that nothing bad will happen to him, and becomes less sensitive to the presence of other dogs.
This method can be stressful to the dog and is not recommended if other techniques can be used.
You should only try exposing your dog aggressive dog to another dog IF that dog is not going to attack your dog aggressive dog and fight for dominance. Allow the dogs to meet in a neutral area, and make sure you put a muzzle on the aggressive dog in case he breaks loose.
Classical conditioning: When faced with the situation in which the dog feels aggressive (being approached by a dog on a leash, for example) the dog is given treats as soon as the negative behavior starts. The treats have to be something special, not given at other training sessions, and the dog comes to associate the approach of another dog with something positive.
You can also make your dog less nervous by talking calmly to him while giving treats.
The trainers who developed this method recommend that a slip collar not be used. It also takes longer than flooding, since the dog is exposed to strange dogs for only brief periods of time until he becomes used to them, but the results are usually more long lasting.
In some areas classes are available that will allow you to work with other dog owners facing this problem. If there is no one to help, you can try working with your dog if you have a friend available that can help.
Have your dog under control and have your friend walk by with his dog while you are giving treats. This should be repeated every day, or as often as possible, and with time the dog comes to associate the appearance of another dog with a positive stimulus.
Some dogs still have problems if faced with a loose dog, a pack of dogs, or a dog in heat. If you can find a dog training group that specializes in this technique the results will be better.
More About Your Dog...
- How To Help A Dog With Food Aggression
Sometimes a food aggressive dog will be fearful, not dominant. If your dog is snarling, growling, or barking during feeding, here are some tips that might help him become a better canine citizen.
- Dog Aggression : Is It OK To Wrestle With My Dog?
If you play rough with your dog, you may have been told it will lead to biting. But does wrestling lead to aggression?
- Five Dog Breeds That Bite But Are Never Reported
Dog bites do not usually come from the list of dangerous dogs, and bites do happen a lot more often than they are reported. Find out which dogs are actually prone to bite.
Does training always work?
None of these methods are guaranteed, and in some cases nothing you do is going to work. If you try several techniques but your efforts do not succeed, some veterinarians will dispense mood altering drugs.
I hope it does not go that far. There is nothing wrong with a dog that is aggressive; some animals are just different. If training does not work, though, be sure to keep your dog away from others so that he does not cause any damage. Getting a second dog is not a good idea in most cases, and “play dates” and dog parks are out of the question.
Just do not give up too easily. This problem develops with time, and it will take a lot of time to train your dog. Eventually, many of these problem pets learn to get along with other dogs.
This video gives instructions on the use of an electronic collar for training a dog aggressive dog. It is not a technique I use, and not something I list in the article above, but if you take a moment to watch this you may choose to use this method instead of those I have found successful.
What method do you think is best for a dog aggressive dog?
© 2014 Dr Mark