12 Authentic American Dog Breeds
The American Dog Breeds
From the arrival of the first Europeans, America has been a melting pot. In the beginning, only a few countries intermixed with the Native Americans, but later residents came from almost everywhere. A lot of them brought their dogs.
Some of the dog breeds introduced to America have not changed much since introduction. Those created in America, however, have been a product of this melting pot, and the best were always chosen.
Which great dog breeds were made in America?
- American Pit Bull Terrier
- Blue Tick Coonhound
- Catahoula Cur
- Redbone Coonhound
- Carolina Dog
- American Foxhound
- Alaskan Malamute
- Chesapeake Bay Retriever
- American Water Spaniel
- Boston Terrier
- American Eskimo
- Rat Terrier
American Pit Bull Terrier
Like a lot of people in the United States, this dog's ancestors came from England and Ireland. And, like a lot of people in the “new world," there are some dark areas in his history before he left his home. In this case, no one will let him forget it.
Back in Europe, the dog was used to bait bulls, then for ratting, and finally for dogfighting. When brought to the US, the Pit Bull became a farmers dog and was used to catch cattle and hogs, to herd cattle, to hunt, and finally as a guard.
The American Pit Bull Terrier (APBT) is just a medium-sized dog. They can weigh as little as 15 kilos (about 33 pounds) and as much as 27 kilos (about 60 pounds).
They are usually healthy but are prone to hip dysplasia, luxating patella, and heart problems. Some lines are prone to demodectic mange, too.
APBT have an average lifespan of 12 to 14. Although this dog is eager to work, he is one of the most commonly banned dog breeds in Europe and South America; Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and Singapore have also banned this breed. Some cities and counties in the US have also implemented a ban.
The Bluetick Coonhound is an all-American scenthound. He comes out of Louisiana where the breed founders put him together using the Bleu de Gascogne from France, the English Foxhound, and both the American and the Black and Tan Foxhound.
They might have thrown in a little chicory, too, but who knows about things in Louisiana.
Yes, they will howl and bark a lot. Yes, they will run off if given the chance. And yes, they are kind of rough around the edges, but they are still American and willing to work. Blueticks are muscular, medium-sized (about 20 to 35 kilos, or 45 to 80 pounds), and although they may be prone to hip dysplasia, they are a pretty healthy breed of dog.
The Bluetick Coonhound has an average lifespan of about 11 or 12 years. These dogs like to get out and use their noses so need the wide open spaces of the west; this Coonhound should not be asked to adapt to life in the city.
Dolly Parton, David Allen Coe, Charlie Daniels, and now Blake Shelton have all immortalized this dog in song. That is good enough for me. They do tend to slobber. Oh well.
This is probably the oldest breed developed in the U.S., put together from Spanish Greyhounds, mastiffs, Beaucerons from France, and a few of the Native American dogs that may have been around at the time.
The result was a pretty spectacular working dog. They may be called “Catahoula leopard dogs” from some Choctaw words, or maybe from some French mispronunciation. Whatever you call them, they are still a dog bred for performance, and not looks. A few years ago they were declared the Louisiana state dog.
Catahoulas are good at hunting feral pigs and all sorts of American wildlife, great at herding, make great watchdogs, and fanciers claim that they have a special bond with the children they are supposed to take care of.
Deafness is a serious health issue since some of the dogs have been selected to be mostly white and have blue eyes. Some of the dogs are also prone to hip dysplasia.
These dogs have a 12 or 13-year life expectancy. Governor Long was a fan, and if he were around today he probably still would be.
All Coonhounds are American, but not all of them are blue, black and tan, or even yellow. This great American legend is red.
The Redbone Coonhound is different in a lot of ways. His ears are floppy. (Well, I guess that isn't different.) His coat is short and coarse to protect him in the undergrowth. (Okay, that isn't much different either.) The dog’s paws are thick and the face is sad. (All right, all right!) The Redbone Coonhound is red.
The dogs were originally bred from red foxhounds from Scotland, Irish foxhounds, and then there were the red Bloodhounds from France. “Redbone” comes from the name of the breeder, however, not the color.
He is just a hunting dog, bred to take down bear, cougars, and of course raccoons, and agile both in the forest and when out. They are medium-sized, about 20 to 30 kilos (about 45 to 70 pounds), bark a lot, and are a healthy mixture but prone to hip dysplasia.
They live about 11 or 12 years. Redbone Coonhounds do better in the house than Blueticks but they still go through the puppy crazies and need to be obedience trained.
Just make sure you can put up with the barking before you decide to search for one of these dogs.
Several new breeds have been put together the last few years (American Alsatian, Silken Windhound, Mi-Ki), but in the meantime, we found out that not everything out there is a product of the melting pot. Even America has a pariah dog.
The Dixie Dingoes were only discovered in the 1970s in the isolated cypress swamps of the southeast U.S., and have been kept in captivity since the ´80s. They are wild or feral dogs, and DNA testing has proven that they are more closely related to the East Asian dogs than to the European.
Carolina Dogs are medium-sized (about 10 to 20 kilos, or 20 to 45 pounds), have sort of a dingo-colored coat, and look about like wild dogs everywhere.
They are still a hard to find dog breed and the only significant information has been collected by ecologists at the University of Georgia´s Savannah River Ecology Lab. You might find them at a UKC dog show, but they can also be registered with the American Rare Breed Association.
This dog is now so uncommon that he could be put on the rare dog's breed list, but it was not always that way. The breed used to be common back when there were a lot more foxes to hunt. George Washington is considered an early breeder of the American Foxhound.
They are scenthounds, and like the Beagle, are bred to live in a pack. That makes them a lot harder to train than some of the working dogs.
I enjoy working with this dog breed but most of the people that adopt one should not. They are huge freight dogs, bred to work, and when asked to sit around all day in an apartment or a back yard they do not do so well.
They dig, they chew, they howl, and they do shed a lot. Not the best choice for everyone.
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Another working dog, the Chessie is powerful and big, so not the best choice for a family with small kids. They are smart dogs, and if you live around a lake, expect your dog to jump in at all hours they are a great choice.
American Water Spaniel
Another one of those rare American breeds, the Water Spaniel, is a great dog for those people who want an eager hunting dog who can jump in the water and not get wet. This is the Wisconsin state dog.
This little American is tough, even if he is on the small side. Most of the dogs are known to be polite with people but good watchdogs when they hear a stranger.
Since they are one of the flat-faced breeds, they do tend to snort. Something to live with.
Okay, maybe this dog should not be on this list, since most sources claim he is really German. Of course, we all know that French Bulldogs are English, Japanese Chin are Chinese, and Italian Greyhounds are Greek. This dog is an American.
They are good watchdogs and definitely vocal. Maybe a little too much.
This little ratter has been around since the late 1800s, but he is still known as a digger, barker, and general all-around farm type dog. In most places, they are still uncommon.
Aren't these all American dogs great? Have you found exactly what you have been looking for?
If you have decided to adopt one of the American dog breeds, your first stop needs to be your local animal shelter. You may find exactly the dog you are looking for. Maybe someone has had to give the dog up when moving; maybe the dog is a stray. Get over there and check.
If you still haven't found the dog you are looking for check Petfinder.com. They list dogs available almost everywhere and you may find the breed you are looking for in a city or state close by.
Do not buy from a pet shop or an internet site that deals in shipping puppies; these places only support puppy mills. You might be dealing with some behavioral and housebreaking problems down the road, and you probably will not end up with a great American dog.
So where else should you go? You can find some rescue organizations through the website dogbreedinfo. Some breeders can be found at dog shows, and you can ask them prices and when puppies or adult dogs will be available. Catahoula Leopard Dogs, Blueticks, and Redbones are part of the AKC. American dogs like APBTs, Blue Ticks, Redbones, Catahoulas, and sometimes even Carolina Dogs can all be found at UKC dog shows.
That sounds like a good reason to go to a dog show and look for an American.
Information on Rare Dog Breeds
- Five Rare American Dog Breeds
Most breeds of rare dogs in America are new. Here are five great rare breeds: the Mi-ki, the Klee-kai, the Chinook, American Alsatian, and the Plott Hound.