Dr. Mark is a veterinarian. He also trains dogs, mostly large breeds and those that suffer from aggression problems.
5 Best Personal Protection Dogs
A personal protection dog is one that guards an individual at all times, at home or on the road. They are not just home guard dogs, so they have to be intelligent enough to know when they need to protect their owner. They also need to know when to stop.
If you want a breed for personal protection, consider purchasing one that has already been professionally trained. If you start out with a puppy or a young dog that has no training, you may end up being disappointed.
Even though the five breeds on this list are usually suitable for personal protection, do not assume that every dog born among these breeds is going to do the job. Dogs are individuals. Some of them will be great, others will not be suitable. It does not mean they are not good dogs, it just means that they are all different. So what are the five dog breeds suited to become personal protection companions?
1. Doberman Pinscher
There is some controversy about which breed is the “best,” but Dobies are one of the few breeds originally selected to serve as personal protection dogs. They have been around since around 1890. At that time, the tax collector who needed a personal protection dog bred them to be intimidating, to show no fear when it came time to defend their owner, and to only attack when told to do so.
Dobies are intelligent and near the top of all of the lists that have been made. AlIf you would like to learn more about where they rate among the other protection breeds and find out some methods to test your own dog, this book in interesting and I did learn from it; the book is well written, well researched, and the author rates the Doberman, German Shepherd Dog, and Rottweiler among the top ten most intelligent breeds. The breeds were ranked due to the ability to learn new commands and follow orders, and the Doberman was listed as number five because of his trainability.
These dogs are not a giant dog breed. Most are large, and since they are muscular, they appear quite a bit larger than they are. They are usually about 40 kilos (about 90 pounds), black and tan, and have their ears cropped and their tails docked where it is still legal.
Health issues are a concern with most protection dogs, and Dobies are not exempt from this. A bleeding disorder called von Willebrands disease is common—but a test has been available for many years, so if the parents are checked out, this problem may eventually be eliminated. About half of the dogs also inherit a serious heart disease (dilated cardiomyopathy) and fewer have a neck disease called “wobblers,” or cervical vertebral instability (CVI). A few have hip dysplasia and prostatic disease, while the other diseases are much less common.
Dobies live about 11 years, a little longer that Rotties, a little less than a Giant Schnauzer. If you are looking for a protection dog that is strong, smart, and willing to protect, the Doberman Pinscher is a good choice.
2. Cane Corso
This breed is still not as popular as many other breeds on this list, but it has the potential to be an excellent personal protection dog. This is a large Italian breed of about 45 to 50 kilos (about 100 to 110 pounds) with a muscular body, a short muzzle, and a strong bite.
They may actually be a “catch” breed, having been used to hunt game, but since the Roman times they have also been used as a guard and a personal protection dog.
Like the Doberman, the Cane Corso often becomes attached to one person in the household and so falls into the role of protection dog easily. Unlike the Doberman however, they are large and not easy to train. Not everyone can or should attempt to handle one of these.
They do have some health problems, like all big dogs. Hip dysplasia is the most common, they will become obese if you let them, and they can also suffer from bloat, eyelid problems, and demodectic mange.
The average life of a Cane Corso is 10 to 11 years. If a potential owner has experience handling dogs, is willing to socialize and train his Cane Corso, and is in need of a superb personal protection animal, this one can do the job.
Rottweilers were actually developed by the Romans for herding, but they were later developed to pull carts, drive livestock to market, and then to serve the military, to serve on search and rescue missions, work with the police, and act as guide dogs.
The most important role has been as a watchdog, a guard dog, and as a personal protection dog. They are big (up to about 60 kilos, 130 pounds), intelligent, and easy to train, so they usually dominate schutzhund (personal protection dog) competitions.
Rotties are usually healthy, but they can suffer from hip dysplasia, like almost all large breeds. They are also prone to developing eyelid problems and become obese if fed too much and not exercised.
They usually only live 9 or 10 years. Their fierce appearance, protective attitude, and aloofness with strangers makes this among the best personal protection dogs available. They are not as mobile or quick as the Doberman, however, so I would prefer one of these as a guard and a Doberman or Cane Corso as a personal companion instead.
4. Giant Schnauzer
This German dog breed is a frequent competitor in the Schutzhund competitions for several reasons. He is big (60 to 70 cm, or 25 to 27 inches at the shoulders), but not as heavy as the Rottweiler, so a little easier to handle for a smaller person.
They are also intelligent, like all the protection breeds, and pick up new commands easily. Many of these also have clipped ears and docked tails, making them look more alert, and successful ones are also solid black, a color that many assume is fiercer.
Giant Schnauzers have some of the same health problems common to big breeds, like hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia. They are also prone to some skin problems, and since they drool, and their beards get dirty, they have to be kept clean.
These dogs live about 12 years. During that life, they make an excellent personal protection dog in that they are strong, yet able to be controlled.
5. German Shepherd Dog
One of the most popular personal protection and guard dogs is the German Shepherd Dog (GSD). They are one of the most common breeds and are intelligent, easy to train, and large and powerful enough to do the job.
If a GSD is socialized and trained, excessive aggression is not a problem. When these were first developed, they were also healthy, but they have been bred carelessly and in large numbers and now have several health problems.
Besides the temperament problems, some have floppy ears and about a fifth of them develop hip dysplasia. They are also prone to bloat. Later on, a lot of these may develop arthritis because of their conformation.
GSDs live about 10 or 11 years. If you purchase one from a working line, he will be healthy and fit to be a guide dog, search and rescue animal, guard dog, or the personal protection dog you are looking for. Unfortunately, not all of the German Shepherds for sale out there will meet your needs.
Alternative Dogs for Personal Protection
A lot of other big dogs will serve as personal protection, even without training.
- The Belgian Malinois is also frequently seen in Schutzhund competitions, as well as the Dutch Shepherd.
- Many of the dogs best suited to guard work (like the Neapolitan Mastiff) are not meant to walk around all day. So although they may be great guards, they should not be used for mobile personal protection work.
If you are not able to obtain a trained dog, read what you can about how to train one for personal protection and try to find a local Shutzhund club where you can work with experienced trainers and dogs. DVDs and videos available on the Internet can give you an idea of what is involved in the training before you start.
Buy the best dog you can—even if you select a puppy that is of the correct breed, not all dogs from even these breeds grow up to become a protection one All have the potential, but not all have the correct personality. (That does not mean that there is anything wrong with the dog. Sometimes he is just not the type to confront things head-on.)
If you need to train a young dog or puppy, it is certainly possible. Read how to train a dog for personal protection and attend Schutzhund training in your area. A personal protection dog is out there waiting to guard you. Go out and find him.
Questions & Answers
Question: Should I get a male or female working line german shepherd as a personal protection dog?
Answer: There is a lot of controversy on this subject. I prefer female dogs as guards because they tend to be homebodies and are not distracted by females in heat. A lot of people prefer males since they are larger and sometimes are more aggressive.
Dogs of either sex can serve fine as a personal protection dog. It depends on how you treat your dog and the loyalty that the dog feels towards you.
Question: Is the Caucasian Ovcharka a good personal protection breed, or should I just let him be a guard dog?
Answer: The Ovcharka is better suited to a job as a livestock guard dog, not a protection dog. He is large, very powerful, and most people are not strong enough to handle a nervous or upset Ovcharka.
They are fiercely loyal but so strong that if they do get upset, they can drag you off your feet. If you are lucky enough to have one of these great dogs, it is a good idea to leave him home to take care of things there.
Dr Mark (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on August 10, 2020:
Nakul--neither breed are the best. My Pitbull does stay with me all of time and is dog aggressive but way too calm around humans.
Nakul Sharda on August 08, 2020:
What about Pitbull or Akita for personal protection.
Keith on July 26, 2020:
Im a mastiff rescuer. My 1st was a buetiful incredably loyal protective African mastiff. She was over breed.
I had her for 5 years.
I rescued a bullmastiff. It witnessed its then owner kill his kids spouse in front of her. She lived happily and free.
Now as society worsenes. I want a gaurd dog.
My choice a Fila Brazilian mastiff. Very excited.
All on June 25, 2020:
Dr Mark (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on April 02, 2020:
Frankie, it really depends on the breeders. Presas are not usually one of the best, but they can be very loyal. They are more of a guard dog than a PPD.
Frankie brennan on March 23, 2020:
I have a presa canrio and is that good for a personal protection dog
Henry Onyango on January 31, 2020:
I have liked your advice please let me start up the breeding business
Dr Mark (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on April 16, 2018:
Connor, unless you are a big guy and can handle a nervous or upset Ovcharka, I think they are a better guard than a personal protection dog. They are fiercely loyal but so strong that if they do get upset they can drag you off your feet.
(This has happened to me before when I was walking a brace of Rotties but I was able to hold on. Not sure I could do the same with an Ovcharka.)
Connor on April 16, 2018:
I was wondering if you could offer insight on whether or not a Caucasian Ovcharka would be suitable as a personal protection dog or better as a guard dog (term loosely used as an ideal for a family to guard rather than just a single person)
Dr Mark (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on March 10, 2018:
Sally, thanks for that comment. Things do change.
SALLY on March 10, 2018:
TO DUBLIN: People DO need personal protection dogs. Eventually you will need them in Ireland as well, seeing some of the developments there. Often a woman living along risks threats to her safety and her home. Nothing is as good as a dog. A gun is nice, but a dog is wonderful. I look forward to having another dog someday - my schnoodle was perhaps the best at guarding us, although no one ever wanted to mess with my Pekingese! That breed has no idea of size or weight. They think they are the hugest thing in the world and act accordingly. Many are afraid of the Pekingese.
English bully lover on April 16, 2017:
Are bull terriers good guard dogs?
Joshua on February 26, 2017:
You really should consider removing the cane video....that is nothing like what a REAL sanctioned protection sport trial should be....those are horrible handlers that shouldnt be allowed to use their dogs in that manner...instead of the video you have currently, look up something along the lines of psa, schutzhund, french ring, or mondioring with the emphasis on cane corso and use that. Not some backyard joker that has no control on his dog and takes it to "trials" that are just goating a bite reaction.....I wouldn't be in any way surprised if that gentleman has been sued or forced to euthanize that poor dog because of his terrible training techniques.
Makayla walker on July 10, 2016:
I have a dochson pittbull goat beagle and a very protective cat
(saide, bruiser, smokey, Wendy, and gidget)
Dobie Lady on June 22, 2016:
Highland terrier a doberman will take a bullet for you. I have been owned by 3 of the 5 all very loyal
Cane Corso owner on May 24, 2016:
You should consider changing the cane Corso "protection" video. That was nothing but a bunch of irresponsible handlers who couldn't even command to retrieve. All they are doing is instigating the dog and making them react. They are a wonderful breed and people like that give them a bad reputation. It was sad to watch that. Ended up here through Pinterest by just looking at pictures. Once here I expected to see police type protection video. Instead it was some low life that wants to look cool. On a positive note, thank you for the information on the different breeds. I always enjoy reading and learning more about different dog breeds.
James on April 11, 2016:
None of these breeds are known for work. Why one would list an animal with extreme probability of health problems as a top guardian/working dog is mind boggling. Aside from that people that want a pet and do not have experience or try to attend handlers training should not attempt to own working breeds. They are high drive and high intensity and are a great member of the family if and only if someone knows how to train and sustain a working dog. Furthermore a dog is not going to guard you just because of its look. The german shepherd has nearly been ruined by people trying to breed the original drive instincts from them. People out there actually believe what your writing in your post and you are doing a disservice. (Even without training they will serve as personal protection) at most a deterrent. Get your act together. Maybe if you actually trained working dogs you would understand what you're speaking about.
Cassandra0513 on January 04, 2016:
I had a rottie/dob mix for 15 yrs, he was by far the best in loyalty and just plain presence of any dog I have ever owned. He could learn commands in 10 minutes and never forgot them. It was the saddest day of my life to have to put him down.
I now have a boxer/bulldog?maybe pitt mix, he is loyal beyond belief (especially being a rescue dog). He took to protecting my 9 year old daughter from day one. His only issues are separation anxiety and he tends to be thrown into submission by loud male voices, but he becomes a beast with men in those du-rag head gear things, almost went through the windshield 3 weeks after I got him. I am speculating he was abused by someone like this before I got him. I do believe that if push came to shove he would take care of business.
Olivia on October 30, 2015:
The cane corsos' were nervous as hell. Especially the second on out the gate he came out lunging towards the first guy he saw. Irresponsible handlers.
Loyalfox on October 13, 2015:
We've had a Standard Poodle for about 2 years now, and he has been good at guarding the property and chasing off animals.
Candace yoakum on October 11, 2015:
Love the pit bullies they are sweet and very loving. Sadly we are not allowed to have one in the apartment complex where we live. My son has the Ultimate Breeder Kennal club" they just had there nationals on Oct. 3rd 2015 "U B. K.C" SHOW
Sandy on August 28, 2015:
I have a white miniature schnauzer. (Rescue) I didn't know anything about the breed at the time. Great energy, alert, needs exercise, playful and protective.
She is quite the serious "patrol dog". NOTHING gets by her . . AND THAT BARK!
Vtirishchk on August 11, 2015:
I have a GSD mix, A Rottie and an American Bulldog. The shepherd is by far the best security and protection dog. The ABD is a distant second and the Rottie loves everyone so much that I doubt he would ever come to my aid even though we have a very strong bond.
Cassava on May 06, 2015:
I can't believe the Belgian Malinois did not make this list.
Melissa Orourke from Roatán, Islas De La Bahia, Honduras on February 13, 2015:
Dr Mark (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on February 13, 2015:
Thanks for that comment, Melissa. I have a Pitbull and, even though the breed did not make the list for personal protection, she is a great guard dog. No one wants to come in my yard and mess with my geese, guinea fowl, and other animals. She wont change a tire either though!!! (Does that mean I am really a bad trainer?)
Melissa Orourke from Roatán, Islas De La Bahia, Honduras on February 12, 2015:
Thank you or your informative article! We are proud "pawrents" of a German Shepherd, Luna. She is part of the family and has a mind of her own, LOL.
Highland Terrier, we live in Honduras. Luna is great protection! People will think twice, before trying to enter our house! I feel much safer with her. She also loves the car, and if I ever got a flat tire, or broke down at night, she's who I'd want with me! Besides, someone to change the tire!
Dr Mark (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on September 22, 2014:
Thanks for that comment on Boerboels, Luke. I have them listed as one of the best family guard dogs because of those reasons you put down in your comment!
Luke on September 22, 2014:
I have a Boerboel, he handles the property and family extremely well, haven't met anything that scares him yet, his our first Boerboel, we always had working GSD before him, they was excellent also but a lot of nervous bloodlines out there unfortunately, defiantly would put the Boerboel as
Number 1. There fit and healthy and mine hikes for 4 hours no problem
Dr Mark (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on August 30, 2014:
Well, they are cute dogs, OhMe....
Nancy Tate Hellams from Pendleton, SC on August 30, 2014:
We have a spoiled bulldog and I have often wondered if he would protect us.
lilcupcake on January 11, 2014:
I must say I'm actually interested in the giant Schnauzer. I've never heard of a giant one before. With a slimmer build, it good be more small home friendly and easier to have around small children when it comes to accidental bumps. i also like how it doesn't look extremely intimidating. Doesn't scare the guests, and tricks the intruders. lol
michelle duvall on December 23, 2013:
Highland terrier, you know people don't need dogs to stop bullets, however perps typically steer clear of dogs all together, even having a gun, knowing dogs aren't afraid of bullets.
Lela from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on August 28, 2013:
I think my next pair of dogs will have to be Dobermans! Thanks for the advice.
Dr Mark (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on May 16, 2013:
Thanks for stopping by and commenting, lesliebyars. Two Rotties--you must have a lot of fun around your house!
lesliebyars on May 16, 2013:
Great Hub my friend. I have two Rottweilers and they know everything going on at every second it is simply astonishing to see.
Dr Mark (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on April 11, 2013:
A woman was raped recently walking along the beach, and although people here do not have guns, they do carry knives. One of my clients always walks at night on the beach with her dogs, and no one would consider messing with her. I think working dogs have a place in this world, as guards, personal protection animals, livestock guard dogs, and working at mundane jobs like sniffing for bombs or drugs.
Thanks for the comment and vote!
Highland Terrier from Dublin, Ireland on April 11, 2013:
Why on earth do people need personal protection dogs, its ludicous. If your in that much danger its an armoured truck you need, after all theres not a lot a dog can do about a bullet coming your way.
As always interesting and informative voted up. Thank you.
Dr Mark (author) from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on April 11, 2013:
Min Pins are awesome! They definitely have the heart to do the job.
Judy Specht from California on April 11, 2013:
My grand dogs are min pins and they protect very much like the full size dobermans. Very interesting hub.