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How to Train A Dog for Personal Protection

Updated on May 29, 2016
DrMark1961 profile image

Dr Mark is a veterinarian in Brazil. He has been working with dogs for more than 40 years.

Some dogs look perfect for this job.
Some dogs look perfect for this job. | Source

A personal protection dog is trained to guard you at all times. This issue came up a few weeks ago with one of my female clients since she walks alone on the beach at all hours. She has several large dogs, friendly to those who know them, and feels she needs a dog that will defend her at night when she walks the beach alone.

According to the US Army Field Manual FM-740, an attack dog cannot make friends with anyone but its primary handler. An attack dog is fed by a single handler, exercised by a single handler, and never touched or given affection by any other person. This can be a real problem when dealing with pet dogs. Most dog owners do not want a dog that will only respond to them. They want a dog that the entire family can enjoy. Even a person alone most of the time cannot guarantee that she will be home every day.

Do you want to own a good personal protection dog and also have a great pet? Do the goals contradict one another? These training methods are not for everyone, nor are they suited for all dogs. A dog selected for personal protection needs to be well socialized, confident but not aggressive, and have an interest in his owner´s every move. In Schutzhund training (schutzhund is the German word for protection dog) some of the dogs are still good household members. This is unusual.

If you are sure that you want a personal protection dog, and not a pet, what do you need to do?

Some other dogs will be fine as watch dogs but are not built for personal protection.
Some other dogs will be fine as watch dogs but are not built for personal protection. | Source

Teach your dog obedience commands

Teach your dog basic obedience: Your dog must respond to all basic obedience commands. He should sit, lie down, and come to you 100% of the time when called. Your dog should heel without a leash. In addition, your dog should learn and respond to the “bark” and “leave it” commands.

If your dog does not follow these commands consistently, or if you are not able to teach her new commands, you need to stop trying to turn your pet into a personal protection dog.

Socialize your dog

Socialize your dog so that she does not fear new and unusual situations. This is best done at the sensitive socialization period (up to about 16 weeks) but of course this is not possible for all dogs. In the case of my client the socialization would need to take place every time she walks down the beach.

The dog needs to recognize what a normal beach stroller looks like and not feel threatened, or feel that he needs to threaten, any other person he happens to meet on the beach.

Not every dog is able to distinguish who is safe—not every dog should be trained for personal protection.

Teach your dog to bark on command and to stop when told

Encourage your dog to bark at the approach of a stranger. A dog that barks at a stranger can be more effective than a dog that responds to an “attack” command but does not bark.

This will come natural to many dogs but you may need to teach your dog to bark. When he has barked once or twice, you can tell him to sit and then order him to stop. If he does not stop, order the dog “down”.

If your dog will not bark on command and does not bark at strangers, he is not a good choice for a protection dog.

Teach your dog to defend you

For the next step in the training process you need to find someone the dog does not know. The “stranger” approaches during the walk, walks up and challenges your dog. He can be wearing a dog attack suit or an oven mitt and a quilted blanket on his arm, but he may not need it. When you give the command and your dog barks at him, he needs to act afraid and run off. Your dog will become more confident.

Personally I think this is a good place to stop.

A dog that has been trained to attack is not a great pet to have around the house. There are many anecdotes about sweet attack dogs and there are also many anecdotes of attack dogs that have injured someone in their household. There is also the possibility that your dog might bite someone who has is just coming up to talk to you; you can be sued and might lose everything you have because your dog is a trained attack animal.

The next time a different ”stranger” approaches your dog and makes threatening gestures he will probably start barking even before you give him a command; if you want to proceed you should loosen (but not release) your dog´s leash.

You can then allow him to go up and grab the stranger´s protected arm. (You may need to encourage him by telling him “get him” in an excited voice, but some dogs will go ahead and approach the stranger alone.) If your dog does not approach the stranger, that person should put his padded arm close to the dog, threaten the dog, and encourage him to bite.

If the dog cowers or shows fear of the stranger at that time he is not suitable as a personal protection dog.

Teach your dog to back off

This is really one of the most important parts of training a personal protection dog. He must be willing to protect you but he must always be willing to leave the person alone.

As soon as your dog puts his teeth on the stranger he should be told leave itand given praise.

If your dog does not respond to the “leave it” command at this time he can become vicious later and you will not be able to control him; you must stop considering him for any personal protection training.

Personal protection dog training.
Personal protection dog training. | Source

Some dog trainers do not recommend personal protection training for Rottweilers, Pit Bulls, Mastiffs, Dogo Argentinos, etc. It will do you absolutely no good to try to train a Basset Hound or a Chihuahua; so long as you can control the dog I do not see a problem with training any of the other breeds.

I do not believe you need to surrender thousands of dollars for a personal protection dog, but you do need to realize that training your pet is going to change his personality. Your dog may fail to serve as a personal protection animal and still be an excellent animal. The statistics of the (SBK), a group that often tests dogs used for personal protection, indicate that the majority of dogs that are tested using the Dog Mentality Assessment Test do not pass. I have never had a Siberian Husky that would serve to protect me. My Pit Bull cross seemed to understand the requirements almost right away. Not one of them was a better dog than the others; they were all individuals and had different skills.

Do not forget—a personal protection dog may also be a liability where you live. If he were to bite someone, and it became known that he was a protection dog, you would be more likely to be sued. You would be more likely to lose a lawsuit if your dog has been trained to defend you.

If you do not have total control of your dog do not even consider this type of training!

Consider if you really want a personal protection dog, and if that is what you really need, before you proceed with any further training.

Keep that dog healthy!
Keep that dog healthy! | Source

© 2012 Dr Mark


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      Mahi Howell 3 weeks ago

      Never thought it would come to having a protection dog in Hawaii but It's Time - Vato Snoop Dog! So I enjoyed all the tips & plan to get a pit bull puppy to be a guard dog. My current mix is TOO SWEET so I understand exactly what taking a walk on a beach even at 6:00 p.m. in my parent's country would be DEADLY. At our home behind gates now two cats were killed which were my pets so Hitler & friends brought it on their own Cali. selves! Older than dirt Cali. GEEZERS Hell Bent with no Aloha Spirit just Evil Spirits now I will add this new puppy to our household so thanks for all the tips! Mahalo man! I will NOT move again & hope it was worth it jackasses in our subdivision now that the MOST HATED pit bull puppy is now coming to live in OUR house to Stand Our Hawaii Ground like in Florida man!

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      kevin 5 months ago

      I have a pit bull he's 3 could I still train him in protection training any suggestions

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      Jim Perry 11 months ago

      I have trained dogs for many different guard duties. The most important thing for a personal protection (civilian dog) is the screening. You mention a few things about a few breeds being more or less suitable for this work. I think this area deserves more explanation to the general public. One thing I know for sure is: a personal protection dog is still the household pet he was before his training. Now he will better protect that family.

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      joe 2 years ago

      i had a doberman that i had trained for personal protection and she was very good and a very good family dog my 8 year old stepdaughter could command her as well as i could and the dog listened to her just as well as she would me. we never had any problems with my doberman i had her trained cause i worked secutriy in some very bad bars that were knew for shootings and stubbing the doberman walked the parking lot and inside the bar with all the people and she done her job very very well i never had a problem with her biting anyone with out being commanded to do so. so yes and personal protection dog can make a very good and loving family dog also.

    • DrMark1961 profile image

      Dr Mark 4 years ago from The Beach of Brazil

      Thanks for the comment. I posted another hub on "leave it" so that anyone interested in this aspect of training would teach that command too. I hope they heed the advice.

    • PawsitiveBehavior profile image

      Cyd Oldham 4 years ago from Reno, Nevada

      This is an excellent article. I have had several clients who have large German shepherds or other "aggressive" breed dogs wanting me to teach their dog to bark at strangers or show some aggression. It is important to understand that, no matter the breed, some dogs just don't have this in their personality. ALSO, I wholeheartedly agree that the most important aspect of security dog training is the ability to call the dog off - the "Leave It" command.

      Great article!

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      Sarra Garrett 4 years ago

      Voted Up and Useful. I had a shephard/chow mix male and he grew to look like a red wolf....just beautiful. He was actually a feral pup that I found on the highway. I never let a man touch him due to the fact I lived in a bad neighborhood. He saved my home and probably my life one evening when I had a burglar break into my home. He was never mean to men unless they made threatening moves towards me and he would get between me and the other person showing his teeth but not biting. That was generally enough for the other person to stop in their tracks. He did what I wanted him to do and I miss him dearly.

    • DrMark1961 profile image

      Dr Mark 4 years ago from The Beach of Brazil

      Many people who have this type of dog will argue that point; personally I do not feel it is worth the risk. All a dog really needs to learn to do is bark on command. Thanks for reading and commenting.

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      Mary Craig 4 years ago from New York

      While I understand the reasoning behind a protection/guard dog, I find it hard to imagine one in a household setting. It would seem once a dog is trained to attack, he will attack any stranger that comes into the house...not something you may want.

      This article, however, was well done and made excellent points. Voted up, useful, and interesting.

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