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How to Housebreak or Potty Train a Micro Mini Pig

Ri has a micro mini piglet that she cares for deeply. She enjoys sharing her tips for caring for these beautiful, intelligent creatures.

Micro mini pig with a fitted harness on a leash outside grazing.

Micro mini pig with a fitted harness on a leash outside grazing.

Owning a Micro Mini Pig

A micro mini piglet easily captures the hearts of those they encounter. This specialized breed is only a couple pounds when born and will become no larger than 30 pounds when fully grown. Generally, they get to be the size of a cocker spaniel dog.

The life span of this breed is from 15 to 18 years, so please don’t take owning one lightly. They don’t trust quickly—it takes a couple of weeks—but once they do, they will trust forever. Micro mini pigs come in many colors: white/pink, red/brown (chocolate), black, spotted, brindle, and tuxedo, or a mix of a few.

Pigs are among the top 10 smartest animals in the world. Some say they are smarter than cats and dogs. This fact will aid in training a new piggy quickly.

Training a Piglet Is Not Very Difficult

With most other animals that are not kept in a cage, after bringing the charming little baby home, the first order of business is finding a way to get it to potty where you want them to, whether that be outside or in a litter box. Housebreaking a piglet, in my experience, has been enormously easier than training a dog to go outside to relieve itself. However, it takes a little more effort than rubbing a kitten’s paws in a litter box. (Surprisingly, piglets can be trained to use a litter box. I do not have personal experience with this method, but with a strict routine, it can be done.)

How to Teach Your Pig to Potty Outdoors

This particular article will explain how to housebreak a micro mini pig by taking them outdoors. Using this method, it can take a pig up to a month to be fully housetrained with no indoor accidents.

  1. Hang Bells on the Doorknob
  2. Take Your Pig Out Often
  3. Choose a Good Location
  4. Reward Your Pig for Their Efforts
  5. Be Firm When They Have an Accident

Please be patient! For anyone who adopts a pet, ideally, they would have a securely fenced-in backyard with a door that opens straight out to a large grassy patch where the piggy can walk around by itself. Unfortunately, not everyone has this, so there are additional steps to accommodate the disadvantage of not having a door abutting a fenced-in grass area.

1. Hang Bells on the Doorknob

Hang bells on the doorknob of the entryway door the pig will primarily use to go outside. It is possible to purchase bells that are already attached to a post, string, or something of the like. When choosing the entry for the pig, make it one that they can easily access, one where the bells can be heard by the person taking it out, and one that leads quickly and easily to a grassy area.

The first picture above shows a disassembled Christmas wreath where the sleigh bells have been strung on thick wire. Keep in mind that the bells need to be low enough so the pig can bump them with its snout. If hung on a wire, wrap the bottom of the wire in electrical tape so the piggy will not scrape its snout on the sharp cut wire ends. Be sure there are enough bells hung on the door so that it is going to be effectively heard (loud enough) when bumped.

2. Take Your Pig Out Often

When first teaching the pig to go outside, take it out once every hour on the first day, every two hours on the second day, and every three hours on the third day. After that, they start to somewhat understand what the bells mean. Every time the pig goes out, take it to the door, give the bells a generous ring, then open the door and take it directly to the place where you want it to relieve itself.

Depending on the individual situation, taking the piglet directly to the potty place may be by picking it up and placing it in the spot or by walking it out on a leash. If taking it out on the leash, a harness will need to be put on the piglet. Be sure the harness fits snugly, because micro mini piglets can easily slip out of a collar and harness due to the way their necks and heads are shaped.

3. Choose a Good Location

Designate the potty area at first in a fenced area so the pig can run around without human interaction. Remember, the pig needs time to trust, so give it space. Temporary fencing can be purchased from any local hardware or pet store. Do not stray far from this fenced area while outside with your pig. Once the pig has done its business, it will root around, and, if you have temporary fencing, it may try to lift the fencing and slip out underneath.

Also, once the pig has done its business, take it directly back inside; this way it will learn that outside is for relieving itself. Pigs love to graze (eat grass and anything else they can find); they will figure out that outside not only means potty but also food.

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4. Reward Your Pig for Their Efforts

Once inside, immediately reward the precious piglet for doing well by going potty outside where it was supposed to. A reward could be major praise, a good scratching, or food, but a mix of the three is best. Examples of food rewards are two raisins, two grapes, one end of a cucumber, one apple core, or a couple slivers of apple peel. Don’t give too much food as a reward—it's a special treat for going outside, not an extra meal.

A strict diet is extremely important with micro mini pigs. They should never be allowed to eat too much because they will eat until they are sick. These small breed pigs should only gain one pound per month, so go very light on the rewards. When rewarding the piggy, get down on its level. Sit or kneel on the floor, put the food flat in the palm of your hand very low so it can reach, then vigorously scratch its side or head (if it lets you—remember trust), and, in a gentle voice, give it mighty praise for its good work.

5. Be Firm When They Have an Accident

It happens—probably a lot at first, too. If you stumble upon your piggy in the process of leaving you an unpleasant gift, there is no need to punish them physically or yell at them. In fact, such punishments will not help your piggy learn to potty properly. You can sternly but thoughtfully tell them "no" and quickly show them where to go.

For further, detailed information on potty training and related topics, visit the potty training tips web page from the American Mini Pig Association.

Be sure to clean indoor potty accidents thoroughly. Pigs have a very keen sense of smell and can sniff out old accidents and repeat an accident there.

My own piggy, June.

My own piggy, June.

Be Patient and Built Trust With Your Pet

The bottom line to housebreaking any pet is patience, trust, and a heavy carpet cleaner. Give your pig plenty of space. It will come to you when it’s ready.

Training my own piggy was a learning process for the pig and our entire household. We live in Southern Maryland, and our county is known for tobacco and farms; however, I had never even seen a pig outside of our county fair. Housebreaking our piggy was a major trial and error process with a couple of road bumps too. I hope this guide lends a helping hand in the beginnings of a prosperous relationship with your micro mini pig.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.


pigglover on January 06, 2018:

I have some good news for mini pig owners. We got Loin when she was only 6 weeks old. She started out using the litter box. We also took her outside to root. She started going #2 outside and would not go in her litter box. She still used it for 1 until she felt she was too big for it. We built her a larger one and tried fake grass that worked for a while but then she was back to peeing on the carpet. I tried the bell method and it worked!!! It took about 3 weeks of really keeping her on a schedule but now I can leave her all day for 9 hours and she will not potty in the house at all. We just got Keagan about a month ago and he would not use the litter box at all. He is now peeing everywhere. So, I am hoping he will be just as easy but it is harder to tell when a boy is going pee to a girl because the girl will squat and that is how we used to catch Loin. He just stands there and before you realize it he is going. Wish me luck it seems like it will last forever but I am sure he will do just as good as she did.

Meggan on December 31, 2016:

My mom got me a teacup pig for Christmas this year. It will not be born till spring. I heard it was easy to potty train pigs. Now I'm scared

chihuahua guy on September 09, 2016:

thank y'all for the input.There isn't one comment here that makes me think the little cuties are fit as house pets.I'll stick with the little crazy dogs

Mindy Evans on June 16, 2016:

Hi my pig is a potbelly 8 months I've had her since she was 2 months old she will not step foot out of the door I use to pick her up and Cary her out but now she is to fat to pick up I've tried everything I know to do need help please on December 19, 2015:

I have 3 pigs, Alvin 9 months, and Button and Rosie are almost 3 months.

Alvin train himself following the dogs out the dog door within days after getting him.

We got the others when they were 7 weeks and I suddenly needed to leave days after I got them.

I had put them in a small room with a litter box and a sleeping and eating area. But pigs have their own minds. And they were determined to be with Alvin. they actually jumped the 30" board we were using to keep them in.

Well my husband reported to me that Alvin had housebroken them and that they followed him everywhere. I was elated until I got home 2 weeks later and almost gagged when I walked in to my house. Here those cute

little piglets were peeing any and everywhere I had throw rugs. (Uugh men). He stated I can't smell anything.

Well to make my story shorter, Rosie is still peeing anywhere there's a throw rug. So yes I did remove all of them and since we have ceremic floors soaked the grout lines in bleach. Well now she just pees on our shoes. Of course that's where the rugs were. We attempted moving the shoes but she finds them.

I read that i should attempt to giving her treats where she's peeing so I am going to start doing that. I'll let all of you know how that works.

Have a Merry Christmas just don't put a skirt under it where they can pee! lol

Mallory on June 16, 2015:

I have a 4 month old mini named Walter. He has been neutered, and is an extremely sweet and loving little man. I had him potty trained very quickly, to go on wee wee pads, being that my fence is not yet finished, and the enterance to getting into all doors have steps bigger than he is. He is harness trained and loves going outside. My problem is that all of a sudden he has decided to not potty on the wee wee pads. He infact, will pee 2 inches from them. I have used the proper discipline with flicking his nose, and he still does it.... He hS been doing it for about 2 weeks, and I am running out of paper towels!!!

Peggy on May 30, 2015:

We adopted a micro mini pig that is approximately 5 years old. She keeps peeing in the house. I know nothing about her past, as she is a rescue animal. How can I retrain her to go outside?

Amanda on November 21, 2014:

I have an 11 month old pot belly pig that is potty trained but i can find a box big enough for him to use what can i use otjer then storege boxes

kim/ on November 14, 2014:

I have a pot belly pig and he is liter boxed trained but occasionally has an accident. We had purchased a pot belly pig spray on line but now the bottle is empty and we can't find the product on line. Does anyone know what product this is and where to buy it? Thanks kim e.

sarah on June 19, 2014:

We have a 6 wk old miniature potbelly. He uses the litter box just fine when he is in the bathroom. But as soon as we let him out to play he goes straight under the bed and uses the bathroom. He's ok as long as he is locked up in the bathroom. Any suggestions?

Ri Masincupp (author) from Huntingtown, Maryland on May 03, 2014:

It really is all about consistency and patience. If your piggy is continuously having accidents, begin the potty process from scratch. Instead of taking him/her outside every hour for one day, try doing that for two days back-to-back. Then the next two days, every two hours. The the following two days, every three hours. Always ring the bells before you take the pig outside and always take them to the same potty spot. Also, there is no such thing as giving too much praise for a job well done. A loving voice and lots of scratches will do the trick in reinforcing good behavior.

Cheyanne on November 10, 2013:

I have a micro pig named Mabel she is almost a year old and she went right to the litter box but it stinks to much so I am trying to train her to go out side but I don't have it down. Need help!

Piggy on June 20, 2013:

Hello I currently have a six month old mini micro pig and I am having a really hard time with potty training. He was trained to go on a wee wee pad but out of the blue he stopped using it and now goes to the bathroom anywhere in the kitchen. I have him locked in the kitchen when we are not home to watch him. Do u have any suggestions? I also am trying to find the right harness for him because he does not like wearing them... Therefore I am also trying to harness train him and get the harness on him... Any suggestions?

Mary on April 06, 2012:

Thank you so much for your training method. I have a teacup pocket nano named Harley. He's 8 mos. old now. We're still working on getting it right. But we're getting there.

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