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Photo Essay of Chicken Growth: From Hatching to Adulthood

Joy has helped raise and butcher poultry for 20 years, including chickens, ducks, geese, guineas & turkeys. The journey has been delightful!

Why a Photo Essay?

It is my desire to show you what goes on in the life of a chick raised for meat purposes. I will show you the life progress of 100 "barbecue special" chicks from the Murray McMurray Hatchery in 2009. This means the batch includes jumbo Cornish rock chicks, as well as Cornish roaster chicks.

These birds are not going to grow up to be beautiful egg-layers. They will turn into slightly disgusting eating machines, designed to be eaten in turn. Furthermore, they are hybrids, and they normally do not successfully produce offspring of their own.

If you'd rather not know how this food is raised, please skip this article.

Note: The methods of caring for these chicks shown here do not necessarily parallel commercial practices. This is a privately owned farm and is not a "battery" operation or factory farm.

The Oddball Bonus Chick

In each group of chicks, there is one "odd" one. It's like getting a prize in the bottom of the cereal box, and it is fun to figure out what the breed is. This one seems to be a Buff Laced Polish.

In each group of chicks, there is one "odd" one. It's like getting a prize in the bottom of the cereal box, and it is fun to figure out what the breed is. This one seems to be a Buff Laced Polish.

Week 1: Feeding and Caring for Chicks

The home for the chicks has been carefully prepared. Miss Heather, their caretaker, has cleaned the chicken house carefully, sanitizing the walls and floor so the new chicks cannot catch diseases or illnesses from the last batch. Every precaution has been taken to ensure the chicks' home will be bright, healthy, and comfortable. We use wood shavings on the floor to make it warm and comfortable. These are bought in bags. Rice hulls can also be used.

The chicks are shipped in cardboard boxes by U.S. mail to Miss Heather's local post office, and she must pick them up there before bringing them home.

New Chicks

Baby chicks must be kept between 90 and 95 degrees F, so they require a heat lamp or a brooder at first.

Baby chicks must be kept between 90 and 95 degrees F, so they require a heat lamp or a brooder at first.

Immediate Care

Miss Heather has prepared an enclosure of old window screens to ensure the chicks do not range too far from the brooder and heat lamp. These items will do the work of a mother hen's wings until they are old enough to brave the world. They arrive happy, healthy, warm, and dry.

They are fed commercial chick starter, which is a formulation of different grains and proteins, designed to get new chicks off to the best start possible.

To prepare the chicks for their new life, we show them where their water and food is by dipping their beaks in each. Three tablespoons of sugar are added to each quart of clean water to provide the chicks with energy to recover from shipping.

Making Friends

My two-year-old daughter enjoys the baby chicks very much, though she is not allowed to go into their enclosure.

My two-year-old daughter enjoys the baby chicks very much, though she is not allowed to go into their enclosure.

Feeding Needs

These chicks grow extremely fast compared to most other breeds. They are, therefore, provided with vitamins in powdered form, which can be sprinkled on their food or in their water. Because they grow so fast and are so gluttonous, their food must be taken away each afternoon to keep them from overeating. If they are allowed to overeat, they develop congestive heart failure, and also problems with their legs (they don't bear their own weight well, and the legs can break). If their food is not religiously regulated, even if their conditions are otherwise healthy, they become lethargic and do nothing but lie about near their food trays.

Digestive Problems

Sometimes newly hatched chicks have trouble digesting their food, and get "gummed up." Miss Heather catches two that need their bottoms washed, and takes them outside to the hydrant to gently help them. If not cared for thus, these chicks would die.

Sometimes newly hatched chicks have trouble digesting their food, and get "gummed up." Miss Heather catches two that need their bottoms washed, and takes them outside to the hydrant to gently help them. If not cared for thus, these chicks would die.

Feeding Changes, Day 3

Beginning on the third day, something called "baby grit" is sprinkled on their food. Even baby chicks have gizzards, so sand is given them to help them digest their food.

With 100 chicks, their enclosure must be cleaned every two days, otherwise, they develop respiratory problems from the ammonia they produce.

Bunching Behavior

The chicks rush about in groups, and spend a lot of time hiding under the brooder when approached.

The chicks rush about in groups, and spend a lot of time hiding under the brooder when approached.

Week 2: Getting Real Feathers

This week they are braver, and they don't look so much like balls of down. They use their wings a bit when they run. The temperature is reduced by 5 degrees per week, until 70 degrees F is reached.

Spreading Out in Cooler Temperatures

As their feathers grow, the babies gain more freedom to spread out.

As their feathers grow, the babies gain more freedom to spread out.

How Much Feed Now?

They love to eat! Presently, the 100 of them eat about 1 to 1 1/4 gallons of Chick Starter per day. Each week, their food intake increases dramatically. They also need the whole chicken house to roam in.

Loving the Feed Trough

Many stay close to the feeders, eating throughout the days.

Many stay close to the feeders, eating throughout the days.

Water Needs

Their water must be kept clean and changed at least once a day. Sugar is no longer needed. More feeders and waterers are needed, though, as the chicks should not have to compete for space.

An Appropriate Kind of Waterer

This waterer ensures the birds have relatively clean, good water at all times, and is difficult for them to get wet in.

This waterer ensures the birds have relatively clean, good water at all times, and is difficult for them to get wet in.

Week 3: Looking Lanky

They now eat at least 2 1/2 gallons of feed per day. Miss Heather puts away the small feeders, and replaces them with two trays that are four-feet long. Miss Heather also picks greens and weeds for them to eat.

Growing Taller

They are a lanky bunch now, craning their necks to look at everything.

They are a lanky bunch now, craning their necks to look at everything.

Feather Growth

They have begun to grow taller, and they stand up straighter. In short, they begin looking like chickens. At this stage, they are a bit stalky, and their feathers are patchy. They have plenty of sunlight and do not peck each other, but they may need a window opened for ventilation.

Big and Bold

They still stay close to the feeders, and grow larger every day.

They still stay close to the feeders, and grow larger every day.

Week 4: Growing Longer Feathers

At this point, they are eating about 4 gallons of feed per day. Their protein needs increase from 18% protein to 22%. Miss Heather quit using sawdust on the floor, as they go through a lot of it now and seem comfortable without it.

Time Required for Chores

Yes, chickens stink. At this point, it takes about 45 minutes per day to care for them.

Very Messy

You can see how messy the floor gets each day.

You can see how messy the floor gets each day.

Week 5: Going Outside, and Combs Begin to Stand Up

They are mature enough that they can be let out into their yard. Miss Heather has many predators who would love to share her chicks with her, or they might have been let out sooner.

A Predator Free Yard

The birds enjoy going outside, even if they do nothing but sit in the sun and think chicken thoughts.

The birds enjoy going outside, even if they do nothing but sit in the sun and think chicken thoughts.

Eating Greens

They can now pick their own greens. Chicks can be great weed whackers! They now eat from the two long feeders plus some round rubber feed pans, and consume 25 pounds of grain per day.

Gourmet Ragweed

Many weeds are suitable for chickens, and add to their wellbeing, just as garden greens do for people.

Many weeds are suitable for chickens, and add to their wellbeing, just as garden greens do for people.

Sedentary Habits

Although these chicks are more active than some previous batches, they still tire easily. Here they are shown resting half-way up their ramp.

Resting Anyplace

Resting is a favorite occupation.

Resting is a favorite occupation.

Cleaning Chores Increase

Miss Heather must now clean their house about every 36 hours. She adds the manure to her garden compost pile.

Floor Scraping

The floors of the chicken house must be scraped at each cleaning.

The floors of the chicken house must be scraped at each cleaning.

Week 6: Some Chickens Are Ready to Roast

The group now eats 35 pounds of feed per day. Miss Heather must go to the grain mill at least twice a week to haul home the 50-pound sacks.

Big Enough

Many of these birds are big enough to harvest, though they may grow considerably larger.

Many of these birds are big enough to harvest, though they may grow considerably larger.

Poor Manners, Dirty Habits

Many chickens have no manners and crowd into their feed pans, pecking and shoving. Miss Heather cleans their house every 24 hours, and they require 1 1/2 to 2 hours of care per day.

Sitting in the Feed Pans

Why move out of the feed pan when you'll just be getting back in again? ;-)

Why move out of the feed pan when you'll just be getting back in again? ;-)

Roasting Size

This one was napping in a feed pan before I approached. At this size, it would be possible to butcher some of the males to roast. They would dress out at 3-4 pounds. The hens are a little smaller.

Four Pounds Weight

You can see how much of the weight of these birds is in their breasts.

You can see how much of the weight of these birds is in their breasts.

Week 7: Stiff Legs and Lots of Feed

Some of the roosters are getting awfully heavy for their legs. 4 of the 100 birds are having trouble. The problem seems to be something similar to a sprain.

Uncomfortable Legs

Their legs often give these birds trouble at an early age. The breed grows too fast in some areas for their bodies to keep a good balance of strength.

Their legs often give these birds trouble at an early age. The breed grows too fast in some areas for their bodies to keep a good balance of strength.

Genetically Predisposed to Pain

These four are a bit stiff when they get up. One rooster, in particular, has trouble all the time now. He will be butchered early. However, one hen stays beside him and tries as much as she can to encourage him to get up and go outside and smile.

Getting Up Is Hard

We stopped raising this breed in about 2012, because they continued to display increasing genetic problems and deformities.

We stopped raising this breed in about 2012, because they continued to display increasing genetic problems and deformities.

Slow Foragers

These birds are still not nearly as active as the laying hens. The hens eat down most of their weeds, as well as forage outside their pen.

Laying Hen Foraging Differences

The laying hens keep their pen eaten down, and forage outside of it wherever they like during daylight hours. The Cornish Rocks are too lazy to forage much.

The laying hens keep their pen eaten down, and forage outside of it wherever they like during daylight hours. The Cornish Rocks are too lazy to forage much.

Polish Chick Stays Alive

Here is the Polish Buff chick. I love him! He won't be butchered. Miss Heather always keeps her "odd" chicks. They produce vivid offspring when she chooses to hatch her own eggs.

Cute Oddball

The young Polish rooster will be transferred to different housing with the egg laying chickens soon.

The young Polish rooster will be transferred to different housing with the egg laying chickens soon.

Feed Storage

Here are the various feeders Miss Heather uses at this stage. What quantity! The barrels are full of millet for the laying hens. The Cornish Rock chicks go through more than six gallons of water each day, and Miss Heather hauls away 5-6 gallons of manure daily.

Barrels of Grain, Feeders

The front room of the chicken house is full of barrels of grains and feed pans.

The front room of the chicken house is full of barrels of grains and feed pans.

Tote of Feed

Here is the tote Miss Heather got from the feedmill this week to extend the time between trips to town for feed. It holds a good mixture of grains which are suitable for poultry..

Suitable Grain Mix

These chickens are fed a high protien mix of grains prepared by a local feedmill.

These chickens are fed a high protien mix of grains prepared by a local feedmill.

1,500 Pound Capacity Tote

The tote is roughly the size of a big pallet, and holds 1,500 pounds of feed.

Grain Tote

This grain tote makes feeding chores simpler than the alternative of feeding out of 50-pound bags.

This grain tote makes feeding chores simpler than the alternative of feeding out of 50-pound bags.

Week 8: Almost Through

The time is drawing nigh. Soon the chores will slow, and the freezer will be full. Friends and family will meet to perform the butchering process.

A Visitor

This black laying hen seems confused about what she is. She will return to her own kind before long.

This black laying hen seems confused about what she is. She will return to her own kind before long.

Companionship

The birds often pair up. It is sweet to watch their friendships. Though these chickens have been bred out of recognition of their forebears, they still retain many instincts which nearly all chickens have. Among these are the need for deep companionship and sharing of their lives.

Sweet Friends

Chickens often form good friendships with each other.

Chickens often form good friendships with each other.

Sunbathing

They love to sun themselves, lying in small groups near the windows, and of course, outside in their yard. Can you see how much bigger this rooster is than the hens?

Easy Resting

Sun- and dust-bathing are favorite things to do.

Sun- and dust-bathing are favorite things to do.

Feeding Changes

Miss Heather takes their feed away in the mid-afternoon. The feed ration has stayed about the same for the last 2 weeks, yet manure output has gone from 5 gallons per day to 7.

Limiting Feed

Removing feed in the late afternoons ensues that the birds will not eat themselves into further health problems.

Removing feed in the late afternoons ensues that the birds will not eat themselves into further health problems.

Weight Gains

Immediately after their pans are taken, the birds hunt and peck for missed grain while lying down. They have gained 2-3 lbs. each over the last 2 weeks and are ready to be butchered.

Finding Missed Kernels

These birds really are eating machines.

These birds really are eating machines.

Week 9: Time to Say Your Goodbyes, All

The birds are content as ever, eating, drinking, and making merry. It is midday, so many are resting indoors.

Midday Rest

These birds avoid hot midday sun, and congregate indoors during the hottest part of the day.

These birds avoid hot midday sun, and congregate indoors during the hottest part of the day.

Day-by-Day Chicken Embryo Development

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.

© 2009 Joilene Rasmussen

Comments

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on March 12, 2018:

Mmm, You're welcome! Keep in mind that some breeds mature more slowly than others. Cornish Rocks are one of the fastest maturing on the market. Some take as long as 24 weeks before being ready to lay eggs, and many multipurpose breeds average about 6-7 lbs. for roosters, live weight. Egg laying breeds can be as little as 2-4 lbs. as adults.

mmmm on March 12, 2018:

It's nice of you people posted a road map to the growth of baby chicks so now I know what to expect and the time they are ready for the coop. thank you...

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on March 29, 2017:

Allison, thank you for your very encouraging remarks. The crazy thing about these birds is that now they are being bred to grow to mammoth size in six weeks or less. Of course, most breeds will not do that. We quit raising this type, because they no longer seem ethical. Blessings on your chicken keeping!

Allison on March 22, 2017:

This is actually pretty interesting. As a newbie chicken owner (layers only) I'm enjoying exploring the different facets of keeping poultry. Shocking to think nine weeks is all it takes for these guys to grow.. ours are the same age but half the size! I can tell Miss Heather takes good care of her birds. Thanks for the post!

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on February 05, 2016:

Aditi, to each his own. I'm just trying to help people who think they want to raise chickens make an informed decision. Btw, we no longer raise this breed, as they have been developed strictly for slaughter, and are usually incapable of surviving long on their own. We can agree that that is very messed up.

Aditi on February 02, 2016:

Its messed up that you raised these chickens from when they were babies and saw them develop into complex creatures with feelings and thoughts, and then just killed them. Best thing to do is just not eat chicken at all..

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on September 03, 2014:

Samreen,

I am not a chicken expert, so you should also get advice elsewhere. Your description is a bit vague, but are you sure the swelling is not simply a very full crop (food bag)? I don't know how old your chick is, or other details. Did the swelling come on fast, or slow? Over an hour, or a day or more, for instance? Has this happened before?

Hope your little one is OK.

samreen on September 03, 2014:

My baby chicken is having swelled like sumthing down its neck .. Is it normal or its sick ???

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on September 08, 2011:

Akin,

You're welcome. I love sharing knowledge, and am glad your chicken-rearing journey appears to have begun well.

Akin on September 08, 2011:

Thanks for this hub,it really helped me as a beginner in rearing chicks.

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on February 03, 2011:

Fairodz, I'm glad you enjoyed this. :-)

fairodz on February 02, 2011:

i like this hubs......

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on March 27, 2010:

De Greek,

I don't know that I will be doing a great many more chicken hubs...perhaps when I get my own little flock, hopefully within the next 16 months or so. But the goats come first! In case you haven't read my hub "My Own Narnia", I'm talking about the move I'm in the middle of, from a small town to a rural property. Speaking of which, moving is the main reason I have been so sporadic in my internet usage. My brain just isn't on writing. But that will change. I'll read your hubs when I can, and eventually will get all caught up here. :-)

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on March 27, 2010:

David,

Thank you for your interest. :-)

De Greek from UK on March 23, 2010:

Can't get enough of this stuff Joy. DON'T STOP!! :-)

One thing though: The shavings you referred above for bedding must NOT be from treated wood, otherwise the chicks will die (poisoned)....

DavidA1 on March 19, 2010:

Great hub! looking forward to reading more.

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on February 04, 2010:

Adele, I look forward to seeing your additions.

Adele Cosgrove-Bray from Wirral, Cheshire, England. on February 04, 2010:

Great photos - and your flock is somewhat bigger than mine...! Still, my two ISA Warrens may yet have a bit more company.

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on October 13, 2009:

Thanks for reading, Lgali. Glad you like it.

Lgali on October 13, 2009:

I like this hub thanks

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on August 08, 2009:

You're right, Neil - my favorite chicken soup recipe includes a lot of carrots and some ginger...not many noodles. Plainer, noodle varieties are good, too.

Glad I could bring up good memories for you.

Neil Sperling from Port Dover Ontario Canada on August 08, 2009:

Nothing like a farm fed range fed chicken - great soup too!

Some things about living on a farm I really miss.

Thanks

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on August 02, 2009:

LiftedUp,

Thanks for the input. I had heard the same-hour rule from more than one seasoned chicken-raising person, so assumed it was a good rule of thumb.

LiftedUp from Plains of Colorado on August 02, 2009:

Joy,

May I add a note about laying hens? I have found with mine that if I can keep them in their house and yard until around 10:00 in the morning, they will lay at least the majority of their eggs in their nesting boxes. Still, they do have their own minds, and occasionally I will find an egg in the open out in the yard, or perhaps a small nest of them under the roosts, back in the corner of the house. As you mentioned in your article above, chickens tend to run around in groups, and so what one does, others are likely to do. (I must say too that I myself find it difficult to be home at 10 in the morning many days, something about a job in town.)

Then, too, there is another aspect to the habits of hens. There is the natural instinct, and this prompts them to lay their eggs in dark, out-of-the-way, hidden places where a predator will not so easily find them.

Finally, if one allows one's laying flock to roam freely, one cannot expect them to come in by the clock every evening. Instead, they come in according to the sunset, and do insist on staying out in that evening air until they are good and ready to call it a night! In the long evenings of June, this can be rather late for this particular bird keeper, and I have often wished I could blow a whistle to tell my flock that their time is up, but I have no hope that this would work, so I wait on them.

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on August 01, 2009:

Marelisa, you are right - there can be no comparison between these chickens and battery-chickens (factory-raised).

I can't tell if you enjoyed looking at these chicks, but at the least, you were relieved to see their care is good.

You should know that Miss Heather raises many of these chickens for other families. Though I cannot quote a price per bird (I'll find out what that's to be this year, and include it in this hub or the next), I can tell you that buying chickens raised this way is more expensive than normal, but SO worth it. You know they have been treated well, are healthy, and they taste wonderful! I plan on buying three or four of these from Miss Heather.

Glad to have you.

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on August 01, 2009:

No Body, I COULD show cows in a future hub...I've spent many hours in the meat room slicing and dicing. That would require a series, I guess, as preparing a bull for consumption is a bit more complicated than preparing a chicken. But for now, you may safely go enjoy your hamburger. :-D

Marelisa on August 01, 2009:

Recently I saw some photographs showing the living conditions of chickens in factories. It was horrible. This is much more, shall we say, humane. Miss Heather certainly has her work cut out for her!

Robert E Smith from Rochester, New York on July 31, 2009:

You show one of my favorite foods but I see them as pets. That's why I could never raise them. I like to eat them too much. Thanks. You won't be showing nice cows next will you? I'm in the mood for a hamburger. hahaha

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on July 31, 2009:

Ivorwen, you're most definitely right - homegrown chicken can't be beat. No formaldahyde (sp.), growth hormones, overcrowding...

However, Miss Heather says "E-e-w!" to raising chickens in a playhouse, then using it later for children. :-D Are you going to do a hub? - "One House, Two Uses: Raising Chickens and Children".

Joilene Rasmussen (author) from United States on July 31, 2009:

Jarn, as I was going through the details for this hub with "Miss Heather", I was amazed to learn how much I have missed of the work involved in raising chickens, even though I have been around for many batches over the last several years, and helped occassionally to feed them and clean out their houses. Miss Heather also keeps egg-layers, so she has two chicken houses to care for. The egg-layers are free-ranging, though (except at night), so they don't require the same level of care. My son enjoys egg hunting, as they find the strangest places to lay their eggs - in the back of the old cow-checking pickup under the toolbox...in barrels in the barn (it's a wonder these didn't break)...under a stack of sheet metal out in the open. This doesn't happen if one is careful to shut the birds into their house at the same time every day, and let them out at the same time, but Miss Heather grew lax, so they quit using their nesting boxes. :-)

Ivorwen from Hither and Yonder on July 31, 2009:

What a stinky mess! But homegrown chicken tastes so much better than the stuff from the store.

I am going to have to look into this for next summer. If we put up a play house for the children, it could be used for birds for a while. It may not be the most cost effective way to get chicken, considering how much they eat, but what fun to watch them grow... of course, I wouldn't start with 100!

Jarn from Sebastian, Fl on July 31, 2009:

Great Hub. I'm really enjoying it so far. I never realized the amount of care that chicks required, 35 pounds of feed per day? For 100 chicks? That's what, close to 3rd of a pound each? More than I thought they would need.