How to Care for Your First Pet Donkey

Updated on July 8, 2019
Jana Louise Smit profile image

Jana worked in animal welfare with abused and unwanted pets. She loves sharing her hands-on experience regarding domestic and wild critters.

Donkeys can make very amiable pets.
Donkeys can make very amiable pets. | Source

Donkeys Are Great Family Pets

Donkeys are suitable as family pets, but they do require supervision, especially around children. These animals make the best pets for people who have the space, time and finances to care for an equine. This is an outdoors animal capable of becoming extremely tame, but even so, they will never interact with humans the way dogs or cats do. They also require more expensive feeding, housing and medical care.

Topics in this article:

  • Is the donkey a good pet for you?
  • Lifespan and personality of donkeys
  • Why rescue donkeys are best
  • Choosing one or a pair
  • Physical and emotional needs
  • Vet expenses and equipment

Lifespan and Personality

Every animal has the capacity, given its genetic heritage and health, to have a different lifespan than the norm. However, the expectancy for a donkey is 25 to 30 years. Should you get a relatively young animal or even one that is 20, there remains a long-term commitment ahead. For this reason, the decision to obtain a pet donkey should not be taken lightly. Ideally, pets must stay with the same caring owner for the duration of its entire life.

What about personality? This can be as varied as lifespan, taking the individual animal's quirks and experiences into account. Donkeys are highly intelligent and remember when they've been mistreated or hurt. An animal that comes from an abused background can be more obstinate, distant or defensive than one reared within a safe environment. Overall, donkeys learn. An abused individual will eventually relent and become fond of a loving owner, given time. Most donkeys are independent, curious and love to investigate people. They also love to doze in the sun, groom each other and most of all, will come running once they grasp that the person at the gate means getting a snack. Donkeys adore hand-fed snacks.

Donkey Heaven

Donkeys can be kept happy in a big enclosure with companions and lots of browsing grass.
Donkeys can be kept happy in a big enclosure with companions and lots of browsing grass. | Source

Why a Rescue Donkey Is the Best

Animal lovers seek a bond with their pet. Regaining an abused animal's trust is one of the richest bonds you'll ever experience. A donkey with a “bad luck” past is no different.

You'd be surprised how many donkeys and horses are at rescue centers, this is not a problem exclusive to cats and dogs. Obtaining a donkey from a shelter allow a second chance for the animal to enjoy its years. Another benefit is that a rescue donkey is normally cheaper and the fee usually goes towards sterilization. At the end of the day, the shelter donkey may be the best choice for several reasons:

  • Restoring a living being's right to a safe and dignified existence
  • Experiencing that magical moment when the animal finally hands you its trust
  • Support is given to an animal charity, many of whom struggle with more cases than they can handle
  • Good shelters also offer the beginner keeper a lot of advice and support.

Should I Choose One or a Pair?

With all its needs provided for, there's no reason why a single donkey can't be content. However, that being said, pets are happiest when their natural instincts are also taken into account. For thousands of years, donkeys moved in herds. They still do; it's an equestrian thing. They may not always look excited to see each other, but donkeys appreciate moving together as they graze and strong friendships can develop that allow grooming and even play.

This is another reason why the rescue donkey is a good choice. Shelters are space-restricted and keep several donkeys to an enclosure. Therefore, most of their donkeys are socialized. Should you choose to get more than one animal, it's best to adopt those who lived together at the shelter. Donkeys can and do fight when they don't like each other.

Physical and Emotional Needs

The donkey's emotional needs are fairly easy to remember—they want the contentment a quiet environment, a lack of fear and good feeding brings. They enjoy being brushed, having their heads scratched and treated with fruit. Donkeys that have lived for years with their owners tend to develop small rituals of affections with their human friends, which is endearing and should be reciprocated.

It's the donkey's physical needs that require ongoing research. These include enough space to exercise, adequate shelter against all weather, correct diet and water provisions, supplements and much more. This is the one area that you must research and view as acceptable before bringing a donkey home. The good news is that once you develop a care routine, it becomes less complex.

Proper Shelter

This donkey has a lovely green paddock and a big shelter against rain and heat.
This donkey has a lovely green paddock and a big shelter against rain and heat. | Source

Vet Expenses and Equipment

Not to put a damper on things, but equines do come with the additional expenses of equipment and veterinary costs. You'll lead at least a few halters, leads, grooming equipment and feeding gear. Donkeys also need the occasional vet check for their hooves and teeth, parasite control, injuries and disease. If you don't already have one, a horse box is a good but hectic expense. To name but a few!

At the end of the day, keeping a pet donkey is a great experience. They settle in well and bond with their owners (especially when there's an apple involved). It's the preparation beforehand, educating oneself about caring for a pet donkey and the occasional unexpected vet expense that might be off-putting. On the plus side, most owners settle into an enjoyable routine with their donkey and apart from feeding costs, do not encounter problems for months or even years.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.

© 2018 Jana Louise Smit


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