What Is the Best Fish to Keep in a Fishbowl?

Updated on November 18, 2019
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Having worked with fish most of his life, Marty has a strong desire to help others to be successful in the hobby.

Why Keeping Fish In A Fishbowl Can Be A Challenge

Most fishbowls do not provide an adequate habitat for most aquarium fish.

Many people consider putting fish in small bowls to be animal cruelty that should be avoided at all costs since there are many challenges that come with a bowl’s living environment.

In general, the smaller the aquarium the more difficult it is to keep the fish that live there healthy. Water chemistry and temperatures can change much more rapidly in a smaller aquarium making fish in small aquariums or fishbowls more difficult to care for.

Fishbowls and small aquariums are not recommended for beginners due to the difficulties associated with keeping fish in them.

It is best to start with the largest aquarium your budget and space allow. Ideally, start with a 30-55 gallon aquarium.

Although keeping fish in small aquariums or fishbowls is more difficult, it’s not impossible. There are some fish that do quite well in a bowl when properly cared for.

In this article, we will go into detail about:

  • Commonly kept fish that should never be kept in a fishbowl.
  • The challenges of keeping fish in a bowl or small aquarium.
  • How to create an environment that helps keep your fish healthy.
  • Fish that do well in bowl environments.


Things to Consider for Your Fishbowl

Here are some other factors that you should think about when choosing the size of your fishbowl and what fish to put in it.

1. Fish Size

Your fish needs to have enough room to be comfortable in its environment, so you should think about the size of your dream fish in relation to the fishbowl.

In general, the larger the fish, the larger the living space needs to be, and having more than one fish creates a need for even more space.

Large fish such as goldfish can create too much waste for the bowl to handle, causing a problem with ammonia and bacteria.

While size is a huge consideration (no pun intended), there are several other factors that need to be considered before purchasing a fish or deciding on the size of a tank or fishbowl.

2. The One-Inch-Per-Gallon Rule

The one-inch-per-gallon rule is often misunderstood. It actually applies to the square inches of a fish and not to the length of the fish.

In order for the formula to work properly, the tank must be well-maintained with a good filtration system. In most cases, it should get partial water changes (1/4–1/3 of the total volume) every 2–4 weeks.

Take guppies, for example. Guppy dimensions are typically 1–1/2" x 1/2" x 1/4", which works out to around 1/5th gallon per fish. Using this rule, you would be able to keep approximately 4–5 fish per gallon.

This rule does not apply to all fish. For example, a four-inch-long goldfish would be approximately 4" x 1–1/2" x 1" or approximately 6 square inches. That would make a 6-gallon tank seem quite reasonable until you consider the amount of waste a typical goldfish produces and how quickly a goldfish can grow.

Have you ever tried to keep Goldfish in a bowl only to have the water go cloudy and have the Goldfish die?

  • 44% Yes
  • 56% No
3,100 people have voted in this poll.
Monitor the temperature of your tank.
Monitor the temperature of your tank.

3. Temperature

Most fish that you might want to put in a bowl fall in the category of "tropical fish."

Although not all fish that are considered tropical are from the tropics, the majority of tropical fish need to be kept in an environment that stays within a specific temperature range, typically between 70 and 78 F.

This is not true for all tropical species as some require higher temperatures, and others require lower ones for the fish to thrive.

While the range is very important, it's also important that the temperature stays consistent. The smaller the tank or bowl, the faster the water temperature changes due to conditions in the room.

Rapid temperature changes can stress fish and make them more susceptible to disease and parasites.

4. Ammonia and Waste: The Danger of Overfeeding

If you keep your fish in an office, avoid the temptation to feed your fish extra food for the weekend.

Healthy fish in a good environment will do much better with no food for two days than they will if you overfeed them.

Overfeeding can result in excessive waste, and any leftover food that remains in the tank will cause bacteria to multiply quickly. This may result in the water becoming unsuitable for your fish, and you might come into the office on Monday and find cloudy water and a dead fish.

Earlier in this article, we asked the question "Have you ever tried to keep Goldfish in a bowl only to have the water go cloudy and have the Goldfish die?".

The likely reason for the water getting cloudy and having the fish die is due to an improperly cycled tank. The video below explains the nitrogen cycle quite well.

Learn About Water and Waste in Fish Tanks

Making sure your tank is properly cycled should help to help prevent the death of your pet fish in the future.

5. Lighting

Lighting is another challenge you may face when using a fishbowl. Improper lighting can result in high water temperatures or unsightly algae blooms.

Here are some tips:

  • Incandescent bulbs produce quite a bit of heat and can make it difficult to control the water temperature.
  • Avoid putting your fishbowl directly in front of a window. Not only will it make it difficult to control the amount of light going into the bowl, but it can also cause fluctuating temperatures that make a poor environment for most tropical fish.
  • There are very few lids with lights available ready-made for fishbowls. The most affordable option is to purchase a bowl that comes with a lid that already has a light. Preferably the lights should be LED. You should also place the bowl where it will get a small amount of outdoor lighting if possible.
  • Remember that too much lighting will create algae issues. Algae is usually the result of an imbalance of lighting and nutrients.

6. Plants

Plastic plants give your tank or bowl a better look and help give your fish places to hide and feel protected.

Live plants, on the other hand, have many more benefits, such as helping control the amount of ammonia in the water and providing small amounts of oxygen.

If you choose to use live plants, make sure to get good lighting for them. Too little light and your plants may wither and die. Too much light, however, will cause algae to grow and compete with the plants. It can even promote algae blooms which can cause your water to turn green (though Endler's actually don't mind algae blooms).

What do you feel the minimum size tank or bowl is for one or more goldfish?

  • 21% One gallons.
  • 18% Three gallons.
  • 18% Five gallons.
  • 17% Ten gallons.
  • 11% Twenty gallons.
  • 5% Twenty-nine gallon.
  • 4% Fifty-five gallon.
  • 3% Outdoor ponds only.
  • 3% It really doesn't matter what size the tank or bowl is.
20,899 people have voted in this poll.
A goldfish kept in a bowl like this is doomed!
A goldfish kept in a bowl like this is doomed! | Source

Why Goldfish Shouldn’t Be Kept In A Fish Bowl

Goldfish have long been considered one of the first choices for fishbowls. In reality, however, it is not a good environment for them.

While goldfish will do well in an unheated tank and are quite hardy, they produce far too much waste for the bio-filtration process to handle in such a small space.

Goldfish grow fast and are soon much to be too big for most bowls. A full-grown Goldfish can grow longer than 12". Although the size of the tank can stunt the size of the goldfish, this is generally not due to the tank size, but rather it is a sign of ill health and of the poor water quality in the bowl.

So What Is the Minimum Size Tank For One Or More Goldfish?

The number of Goldfish that may be kept in an aquarium can vary depending on the Goldfish variety, how long the tank has been set up, plants, the type and amount of filtration used and the frequency of partial water changes that are done.

As a general rule, a single common Goldfish should be kept in an aquarium that is at least 40 gallons. Add an additional 20 gallons for each additional Goldfish.

They may even be better suited to small ponds once they reach maturity.

The Challenges Of Keeping A Betta In A Fish Bowl

Betta fish
Betta fish

Bettas, sometimes called Siamese fighting fish, are one of the most common tropical fish kept in bowls. Although they can survive in them, a bowl is not ideal for their health.

They get their nickname because males will fight to the death if they are left in a tank together. Females may also suffer the same fate if placed in a tank with a male betta.

Why Bowls Aren't Good for Them

Even though bettas are often seen in very small tanks or containers, they are poor homes for these beautiful fish. Small containers can quickly spike in ammonia and nitrite levels, which are toxic to the fish. In the wild, when bettas get trapped in small pools, they are assisted by tropical rains and natural vegetation which help reduce the number of toxins found in their water.

Temperature Problems

It is also difficult to maintain a stable temperature for bettas when they are kept in small containers. In the wild, the soil and mild climate of the tropics keep the fish at very stable temperatures both day and night. When kept in captivity, temperatures can change rapidly due to cooling and heating in a home or office.

If a betta is kept in optimal living conditions, it can live a life span of five to seven years and sometimes longer.

Recommended Habitat:

  • 2.5-gallon minimum tank size
  • Aquarium heater (least at 78 degrees F)
  • Places to hide, like plants, rocks, etc.
  • Aquarium light
  • Access to air, since bettas get oxygen from gulping air from the surface of the water
  • A filtration system

Many bettas seem to enjoy small artificial single leaf decorations commonly known as betta hammocks or betta beds.

The betta bed is placed an inch or two below the surface of the water to give the fish a place to rest where it can watch for food and guard its territory.

Their Habitat in the Wild

Bettas come from tropical regions of Thailand, Vietnam, and Cambodia where they inhabit thickly vegetated marshes, slow-moving streams, rice paddies, and drainage ditches. These habitats often dry up to some degree in the dry season, leaving the fish temporarily in smaller pools and bodies of water.

Specialized Abilities

Bettas have developed the ability to jump from pool to pool, enabling them to seek larger bodies of water and helping them survive during these drier periods. They also have what is known as a labyrinth organ. This specialized organ helps fish breath air from the surface of the water when water conditions become poorly oxygenated.

Although bettas can survive in these poor conditions, it is not ideal. Bettas prefer large pools or slow-moving rivers with lots of vegetation to hide in. Male bettas are believed to have a territory of at least three square feet in the wild.

A Betta Fish in a Well-Planted Fishbowl Alternative

Fish That Should Never Be Kept In A Fishbowl

There are some fish, no matter how skilled you might be in keeping fish, that should never be kept in a fishbowl. This list is by no means comprehensive but does cover some of the more common fish kept in aquariums today.

Aquarium Fish That Grow Big

Some fish can grow quite rapidly to a size that is simply too big for an aquarium. Here are a few of the more common fish found in pet shops that grow too large and too fast to be kept in a fishbowl.

  • Goldfish
  • Koi
  • Arowana
  • Oscar
  • Angel Fish
  • Clown Loach
  • Common Plecostomus
  • Tinfoil Barb
  • Red Belly Pacu
  • Freshwater Sharks
  • Large Gourami

Often sold when they are very small, Oscars grow quite large very quickly.
Often sold when they are very small, Oscars grow quite large very quickly. | Source

Fish that produce an excessive amount of waste.

Fish that eat a lot of food usually produce a lot of waste as well. They don’t necessarily have to be large fish to produce a lot of waste.

  • Goldfish
  • Plecostomus
  • Mollys
  • Platys
  • Catfish
  • Cichlids

Fish that have special care requirements.

There are many types of fish that require special foods, temperatures or housing that make them poor choices for small tanks or fishbowls.

Some Cichlids can be very aggressive and need more space than a small tank or fishbowl can provide.
Some Cichlids can be very aggressive and need more space than a small tank or fishbowl can provide. | Source

Fish that are aggressive

Fish that are aggressive shouldn’t be kept with other fish in small tanks or fishbowls. Small spaces with no places to hide and aggressive fish kept together is a disaster waiting to happen. Heres a few fish to watch out for.

  • Arawana
  • Piranha
  • Puffer Fish
  • Cichlids
  • Tiger Barbs
  • Freshwater Sharks
  • Betta Fish
  • Chinese Algae Eaters

Red-eared Slider
Red-eared Slider | Source

Little Turtles, Big Problems

Small water turtles such as red-eared sliders may seem like the perfect pet to keep in your fishbowl. However, these small turtles produce huge amounts of waste very quickly, producing a toxic environment for anything living in the bowl.

Even if you were to be able to keep the bowl clean and prevent problems caused by disease and microorganisms such as bacteria, these little turtles grow large very rapidly. They soon require a much larger home such as an outdoor pond.

A Health Concern for Humans

Water turtles are known to carry salmonella, which is potentially dangerous to humans, especially to those who are very young or very old. Even if your water turtle carries salmonella, it may not get sick from this very dangerous form of bacteria. It's a good practice to always wash your hands well with soap and water after handling turtles.

A Danger to the Environment

You may be surprised at how quickly little baby turtles grow up and how big they get. Often people that own water turtles find themselves in a situation where they can no longer care for them. Many of these people are tempted to release their turtles into local ponds or waterways.

However, releasing pet turtles into the wild not only exposes wild animals to dangers such as disease and predation, but it is also illegal in most states.

Please consider the long-term consequences of owning one of these cute little guys.

Some Good Choices for Your Bowl

The following is a list of some possible fishbowl pets and how you can keep them healthy.

A beautiful paradise fish displaying nice coloration.
A beautiful paradise fish displaying nice coloration. | Source

1. Paradise Fish: An Alternative to Bettas

If you want a fish similar to a betta for your fishbowl, the paradise fish may be a good alternative.

This fish (macropodus opercularis) is a species of gourami and a close relative of the betta. Male paradise fish can change their coloration as they defend their territory from other males or court females. When these displays occur, the males will often display their finnage in a similar manner as the betta.

Habitat and Food Details

Paradise fish can tolerate a wide range of water conditions. Compared to the betta, they also come from cooler climates, so they can tolerate unheated fishbowls much better than them.

This kind of fish is easy to care for and will accept just about any type of fish food. For best health, they should be served high-protein food.

Example of a pair of Blue Paradise Fish.
Example of a pair of Blue Paradise Fish. | Source

2. Guppies

Guppies are one of the easiest tropical fish available for beginner hobbyists. These beautiful fish come in some amazing color varieties and are quite hardy.

Behavior and Habitat

For best results in a fishbowl, the wild-type feeder guppies are a good choice. These guppies should do well in smaller bowls, adapting to the small living quarters and changing temperatures.

Guppies are a schooling fish and should be kept in small groups. If you don't want any baby fish (fry), you may wish to keep a small group of 3–5 males depending on the size of the bowl.

On Breeding

If you wish to breed the guppies, it is helpful to have trios as small as one male and two females. Too few females will result in the females being over courted by the males.

Guppies are not recommended for a fishbowl if you are breeding them. Uncontrolled breeding can quickly lead to overcrowding, leaving them susceptible to disease and sickness.

Albino Yellow Galaxy Guppy
Albino Yellow Galaxy Guppy

Recommended Requirements for Your Guppy Habitat

  • 5-gallon tank (ideal minimum size)
  • Aquarium heater to keep the temperature between 72 and 83 degrees F
  • Aquarium light and hood (provides lighting for viewing the fish and prevents them from jumping out of the tank)
  • A filtration system of appropriate size, depending on the number of fish and size of the tank

3. Endler's Livebearers

Closely related to the guppy, many of the pure Endler's livebearer strains are thought to be extinct in the wild.


These little guys are prolific breeders and have a "wild" and active behavior. Be sure to purchase your Endlers from a reputable dealer if you wish to get pure N Class Endlers.

If you want a fish that is unique, active, and easy to care for, this might be just what you're looking for.


First discovered in Venezuela by Franklyn F. Bond in 1937, most varieties of this fish have somewhat metallic colors. It was the bright green metallic color of the fish that first caught the attention of Dr. John Endler in 1975, the person that they were named after when they were rediscovered.


Care should be taken if you wish to have pure strain Endler's livebearers because they will readily crossbreed with guppies.

Orchid Endler's Livebearer
Orchid Endler's Livebearer | Source

Caring for Endler's Livebearers

Care for Endler's is very similar to guppies. These fish are very active and enjoy schooling in small groups.

Unfortunately, Endler's prefer warmer temperatures than many other small fish, making them a poor choice for unheated fishbowls. Temperatures below 60 degrees Fahrenheit will kill them.

Recommended Minimum Requirements

  • 5-gallon tank (minimum)
  • Aquarium heater (keep the temperature between 72 and 83 degrees)
  • Aquarium light & hood (provides lighting for viewing and prevents fish from jumping out of the tank)
  • A filtration system of appropriate size depending on the number of fish and size of tank

4. Zebra Danios

If you're looking for a small, active fish that is easy to take care of, the Zebra Danio is a good choice. They will do quite well in a larger fishbowl even without a heater.

Minimum Requirements for Danio Care

  • The minimum tank size depends on the variety of Danio, however, small varieties can thrive in tanks as small as 2.5 gallons with appropriate filtration
  • A heater is not required, though it is recommended to eliminate fluctuations in water temperature
  • You'll need an appropriate filtration system depending on the number and variety of Danio
  • Tank lighting

They will do quite well in a larger fishbowl even without a heater.

Zebra Danios
Zebra Danios

5. White Cloud Minnows

The White Cloud minnow comes from the streams of the White Cloud Mountains in Southern China.

Once believed to be extinct in the wild, this tiny fish has been rediscovered both in China and Vietnam. Still quite rare in the wild, the White Cloud is considered an endangered species.

This active little fish may be one of the best choices for small tanks because it does best in unheated tanks at temperatures between 64-72 degrees F and is quite hardy.

Recommended Minimum Requirements

  • 10-gallon tank (does best in large schools)
  • Plants and places to hide as well as open spaces to swim
  • Appropriate filtration system
  • Subdued lighting for best color

White Cloud Mountain Minnow
White Cloud Mountain Minnow | Source
African Dwarf Frog
African Dwarf Frog | Source

6. Other Good Choices

There are many other varieties of fish that could be good candidates for smaller tanks such as some types of tetras, platies, pygmy cories, and killies as well as African Dwarf Frogs and some types of shrimp.

A Well-Planned and Maintained Aquarium

Proper planning prior to buying fish or a tank is one of the first steps to having an easy-to-maintain aquarium with fish that are happy and healthy.

If you've had trouble keeping fish in the past, don't be afraid to try again. Study everything you can about the type or types of fish you are considering purchasing and get the appropriate equipment to help them thrive.

With proper preparation, you may find it's much easier to keep fish than you thought.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.

Questions & Answers

  • What would the best fish be for a bowl with a few plants in it?

    While I wouldn’t recommend a bowl as they are simply too small, if I were to keep a fish in a bowl and I didn’t use a bowl heater I would lean towards a Paradise Fish and as many live plants as possible. They are a nice alternative to a Betta as they do well at room temperature.

    If you could get a small aquarium I would lean towards three White Cloud Mountain Minnows with lots of plants. The are super easy to breed and it’s great fun to find baby fish (fry) swimming in the tank every once and a while.

  • Can shrimp live without plants?

    While shrimp can be kept without plants, it can be more difficult to maintain proper water quality.

    I would recommend trying to maintain the best environment possible to keep the shrimp as healthy as possible.

  • Does my betta fish need a plant in its tank?

    He will do just fine for a while, however, live plants help to improve the Bettas overall living conditions.

    Live plants help to provide cover and help to reduce stress on the fish.

    Plants also help improve water quality for the fish.

  • Can fish live in a bowl?

    Yes, many fish can live just fine in a fish bowl when kept in the proper conditions however it's usually not an ideal situation for the fish.

  • What types of fish are good without an oxidizer?

    Oxidizing Bacteria are found in all aquariums in varying amounts. There are also chemical oxidizers which are sometimes used such as bleach or hydrogen peroxide.

    If this is the type of oxidizer you are talking about, then I'm not sure how to answer your question without more information.

    If you're asking what kind of fish are good without an air stone, it would really depend on the size of the tank, a number of fish in the tank, temperature, as well as several other factors.

    I believe an air stone can be beneficial in nearly all aquariums.

© 2014 Marty Andersen


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