Cheap Alternatives to an Aquarium Setup

Updated on October 29, 2019
mariekbloch profile image

Marie is a lover of everything about and inside of aquariums. Among other friendly creatures, she has a turtle that she adores.

Alternatives to an Aquarium Setup
Alternatives to an Aquarium Setup | Source

Cheap Options and Ideas for Setting Up an Aquarium

Aquarium setups can be expensive—just ask any aquarist. The tank, decorations, gravel, tank stand, filter, heater, and lighting add up and are often over ten times the cost of the animals living in it (closer to twenty times in most cases). Luckily, there are ways to reduce the cost of setting up an aquarium.

Consider what elements you want in your tank.
Consider what elements you want in your tank.

1. Rubbermaid Stock Tanks

Pro: Inexpensive

If dealing with an aquatic turtle tank, a lot of reptile enthusiasts skip buying an expensive tank and buy a Rubbermaid stock tank instead. While a baby turtle can certainly thrive in a 10- to 20-gallon aquarium, the tank will need to be upgraded to a larger tank as the turtle matures. Turtle owners can avoid spending a fortune on 75- to 100-gallon aquariums (along with their equally expensive stands) by purchasing plastic tubs that will do the job just fine.

Con: Low Tank Visibility

The only setback to buying a Rubbermaid stock tank instead of a glass aquarium is visibility. The Rubbermaid option won’t be as attractive as a glass aquarium and will need to be placed on a smooth, waterproof surface. While the tub is great for turtles or other exotic pets that need a lot of water space, I think small fish ought to be in glass tanks. If the fish develop any health problems that may be visible, you can only identify them from above—if they have cotton-mouth or shredded fins, it will be difficult to tell. Even a clear plastic tub still doesn’t allow visible clarity like glass.

2. Craigslist (Big Tanks and Additions)

Pro: Affordable and Comes With Additions

Craigslist is a great way to find cheap aquariums, especially large sizes (50- to 100-gallon aquariums). The best part of all: Owners often will include additional items that go with the aquarium, such as the stand, gravel, filters, heaters, décor, fish medicine, and food. Sometimes, they even include the fish (if wanted). So if looking for large aquariums, Craigslist is definitely a strong choice.

Con: Items Must Be Inspected for Damage

Just be sure to inspect the tank for any damage before paying the owner.

You can strike an excellent deal at garage sales.
You can strike an excellent deal at garage sales.

3. Garage Sales (Small Tanks and Décor)

Pro: A Variety to Choose From

I’m a garage sale fanatic. For every 10 garage sales I go to, at least one will have aquarium stuff. The tanks usually range from fish bowls to 10-gallon tanks, but occasionally a big tank and stand will be for sale. Bowls and tanks are often accompanied by a bag of gravel, some décor, and/or LED lights. If you’re lucky, you’ll come across filters and heaters, too.

Con: Products Require Testing

There is a risk of buying faulty products, so be sure to test filters, heaters, and other electronics before adding them to the tank.

4. Altering or Reusing Pre-Owned Décor

This should go without saying, but if you have décor stored away in your attic or basement, fish them out (ha!) and reuse them for a new aquarium. The only reason not to do this is if you think the décor can hurt your animals. For example, Betta fish can hurt their fins and scales on plastic plants, so silk or live plants are ideal.

DIY Modifications

Maybe the existing décor is too large for the setup or it has sharp edges that can hurt your fish. Instead of buying new décor—if you have the tools for it—just alter the ones you have to meet your needs.

For example, I bought fish décor from a garage sale for my Betta, but the edges around the openings were sharp, so I took a Dremel tool and smoothed out the edges. I also had a turtle that outgrew his cave’s opening, so I used an electric saw and carved the opening bigger so he could fit.

I also had a big log décor that had many silk plants attached to it, but I only wanted the silk plants for my Betta’s 5-gallon. So I just pulled them out and stuck them in the gravel.

Repurposing Items

You can also reuse aquarium items in ways there were not intended. Box filters (corner filters) not only filter the water, but small animals often like to hide behind or beneath them, creating another sense of security for your animals. I also use a reptile hammock in my 5-gallon Betta tank to serve as some shading and it provides shallow water where he likes to sleep. Floating shelves for turtles can also provide shading over certain areas and help reduce rapid surface movement if your animal doesn't like strong currents.

Half of plastic vitamin bottle used as a cave.
Half of plastic vitamin bottle used as a cave.
Betta lid used as an artificial lily pad; adds security and is a great place for Bettas to build bubble nests.
Betta lid used as an artificial lily pad; adds security and is a great place for Bettas to build bubble nests.

5. Repurposing Plastic or Ceramic Items (Safe for Humans)

Some items not intended to go into aquariums can make for cool and functional décor. Be careful, however, putting anything in your tank. Some people might place rocks they found in the yard (or a raw seashell) in their aquarium thinking they're safe because they're natural. Seashells can increase the hardness of the water to a dangerous level, and some rocks, no matter how washed, can contain high levels of man-made chemicals or dangerous minerals.

Beware of Chemical Leaching

There are also some plastic and ceramic items that can hurt your animals. For example, some people make the mistake of putting ceramic flower pots into the water, not knowing some ceramics have dangerous chemicals that don’t affect the soil or the plant but will affect the water and its inhabitants. One sure way to know that a ceramic or plastic item can go into a tank is by following this simple rule: If it’s safe for humans (or pets) to eat off of, then it is safe for aquatic animals.

A Safety Rule

If it’s safe for humans (or pets) to eat off of, then it is likely safe for aquatic animals.

Examples of Safe Products

Examples of safe products are plastic or ceramic coffee mugs, glasses, plates, and medicine bottles. Companies would not make these items with dangerous chemicals in them. So, if you want to add any unconventional houseware into your tank, just be sure that it's safe for humans and pets. I would not use anything that is metal though, even if it is safe for humans. Also, I have never heard of non-restaurant-grade glass causing any problems for fish; just make sure there are no sharp edges on the glass.

Be sure there are no stickers on any of these items and the glue has been scraped off completely. This goes for any item you place in your tank, from garage sales to PetSmart: Always clean the items thoroughly before placing them in the tank.

Clean Items Thoroughly

Always clean the items thoroughly before placing them in the tank.

6. Cheap Gravel and Sand for Large Aquariums

An aquarium doesn’t have to have gravel or sand but it can add to the appearance of the aquarium, give animals a more natural setting, and offer a place for beneficial bacteria, so most aquarists buy substrate. Aquarium gravel is not that expensive to begin with, but there is a cheaper alternative for those buying in bulk:

  • Pea gravel is often used for landscaping, but it is safe for aquariums. A lot of stores like Menards and Lowe's will have pea gravel; compared to the weight and cost ratio, you are getting more for your buck than in pet stores. So if you are setting up a natural-looking environment, pea gravel is definitely the way to go; the gravel is earth-toned with a mixture of off-white, brown, and grey pebbles.
  • Aquarium sand is a bit more expensive than gravel. Pool filter sand is pale and looks natural in aquariums. Just like pea gravel, these types of sand are sold in bulk and a lot cheaper than those meant for aquariums.

A Note About Calcium

The only downside to both of these alternatives is that they are dirty and have to be cleaned a lot before placing them in the tank. Also, pea gravel may contain calcium. It may be a very low amount, a high amount, or none at all. So if pH increase is a concern, look into the brand's information before buying.

Printed out background, reptile hammock, pea gravel, shipwreck décor bought at garage sale, silk plants that had been part of bigger décor, and marimo moss ball lid.
Printed out background, reptile hammock, pea gravel, shipwreck décor bought at garage sale, silk plants that had been part of bigger décor, and marimo moss ball lid.

6. DIY Aquarium Backgrounds

I think it’s silly that pet stores still sell aquarium backgrounds (at least for small tanks) when a person just needs Google Images and a printer to create their own. I use multiple pieces of stock paper (or regular paper taped to poster paper) and place them behind the aquarium either taped or propped up by an item behind it. Looks fine to me.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
A cheap Menards wire shelf with an added nylon string to keep it in place.Another creative alternative by using nylon string, screws with plastic holders, and a light item to prop behind it. Make sure everything is tied and screwed tight, or it will be a disaster.
A cheap Menards wire shelf with an added nylon string to keep it in place.
A cheap Menards wire shelf with an added nylon string to keep it in place.
Another creative alternative by using nylon string, screws with plastic holders, and a light item to prop behind it. Make sure everything is tied and screwed tight, or it will be a disaster.
Another creative alternative by using nylon string, screws with plastic holders, and a light item to prop behind it. Make sure everything is tied and screwed tight, or it will be a disaster.

7. DIY Light Holders

You may have the light bulb and the fixture, but do you need a hood? A hood primarily serves two functions: to hold the light over the aquarium and to keep animals from jumping out. Let’s assume you just need a way to keep the light over the aquarium. The hood’s cost really depends on the brand. One 20-gallon-tall hood can be $24, while a 10-gallon hood from another brand is $40. Here's how to get around buying a hood:

1. Use a Screen

There are many creative ways of placing lights above an aquarium. If you have any sort of screen meant for aquariums, then just simply place the light fixture on top of it (it will also prevent animals from jumping out, if that's a concern).

2. Use Long Flat-Surfaced Items

Long, flat-surfaced items can be placed across the aquarium where the fixture can sit; for years I used two long wooden blocks to support my fixture (but you must replace them after a while).

3. Use Metal Wire

If dealing with a large (and particularly long) aquarium, you don’t necessarily need to buy a really long hood. Menards and Lowe's sell cheap, painted, metal "wire" shelves that can be placed over an aquarium. Either use it as an actual shelf over the aquarium (as I had to do) or set it on top of the aquarium. If it just barely stays in place on top of the tank, you need to secure it (I used nylon string and the screws that came with the shelf).

The shelf I purchased was only $8 as opposed to paying $30 plus. The only downside: If it's coming into contact with water (via Airstone), it will form little rust spots after a while. It would be better to place it up high or find ways to protect the area from getting wet (such as coating it with liquid rubber which can be found in any hardware store).

4. Leave the Water Level Lower

If there is concern about animals escaping the aquarium, just keep the water level lower or create your own screen using plastic mesh screens at the hardware store. Without a solid cover, water will evaporate, so just simply add dechlorinated water from time to time. In fact, the perpetually lowering water level will remind me of how long it's been since a water change, so I find it beneficial.

5. Use a Desk Lamp With an Aquarium Bulb

If dealing with a small aquarium or a bowl, a cheap table lamp (with an aquarium bulb) will suffice as a light holder. Since lowering the water in small tanks can rob your animals of space, buy cheap plastic mesh screens from Michael's (60 cents each) and place one over the opening.

A 20-gallon tank. Notice how the tank is on the side with the drawers where there is more support than on the left.
A 20-gallon tank. Notice how the tank is on the side with the drawers where there is more support than on the left.

8. Aquarium Stands (Small to Medium)

Lastly, aquarium stands can be pricy in pet stores. Small stands are only needed if there is no furniture in your home with enough space for a tank. Anything up to a 10-gallon can be set on a small dresser or end table and will hold up fine. Anything higher will need to be placed on something sturdier, like a decent sized desk or a long dresser.

It’s important to remember that not all desks are created equal; even two desks made from the same material with the same weight may not support the same tank because of their designs. For 20 gallons, I recommend wooden furniture with drawers, so that it has multiple wooden walls supporting it. The more support, the better. Anything higher than 20 gallons will be risky; most furniture isn’t going to support 340 pounds (equivalent to a 30-gallon tank). Large metal desks are safer bets, but there is a huge difference between steel and aluminum legs. In fact, for 20 gallons and up, I wouldn’t set an aquarium on anything with legs but walls (as they give more support).

When dealing with a 50-gallon tank or more, odds are you’re just going to have to buy an aquarium stand. Again, Craigslist often has large stands for cheap, but their tanks are usually bundled with it. As for furniture in general, the cheapest prices can be found at local thrift shops (Goodwill, Salvation Army), Craigslist, and garage sales.

Share Your Ideas

I hope you enjoy all of the suggestions listed above. Share your experiences below and be sure to leave some creative ideas and tips for saving money on aquarium setups. The more ideas the better.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • mariekbloch profile imageAUTHOR

      mariekbloch 

      6 years ago

      Good luck with your 29. Thanks for commenting.

    • EricDockett profile image

      Eric Dockett 

      6 years ago from USA

      Good advice. I'm going to be resurrecting my 29g soon and I'm trying to think of an alternative to the crummy stand I have for it in the basement. I've come to the same conclusion, that it's probably risky to set it on anything but a heavy piece of furniture with multiple walls. I'm probably going to have to use the stand or get another one.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, pethelpful.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)