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Choosing the Best Fish to Cycle a New Saltwater Tank

I enjoy keeping both saltwater and freshwater fish tanks and sharing my knowledge with other aquarists.

Setting up a new saltwater tank can be an extremely expensive process, so it is imperative that you have a plan in place before starting to purchase fish for the cycling process. A single saltwater fish can run as much as $500, and putting it in a situation that will certainly kill it is not advisable.

Understand the Nitrogen Cycle

The first thing you need to know is what the nitrogen cycle of an aquarium is. Once you understand the nitrogen cycle, you will understand that you need fish that are resistant to ammonia poisoning and/or nitrites. This is only the first step in determining which fish you are going to use.

Specimen or Community Tank?

Next, you need to determine whether you will be keeping a specimen tank or a community tank. A specimen tank is usually used to accommodate overly aggressive fish, while the community tank allows for several species to live together. Understanding these things will help you determine what types of hardy fish are used to cycle a tank like the one you are going to set up.

Cycling a Saltwater Tank With Live Fish

When you add fish to the tank for the first time, be sure not to add more than 25% of the total future occupancy of the tank. If you do, then the ammonia levels will rise too fast for your biological system to keep up with, and you will kill your fish.

Once you have added the first batch of fish to your tank, you should do 25% water changes weekly for the first three to four weeks to help maintain safe water chemistry for your fish. Monitor the ammonia and nitrite levels with a monitoring kit and add further fish slowly, at the rate of one every two weeks, until you have fully stocked your aquarium. Be sure to add the most sensitive fish last as there will be mini ammonia spikes with every new tank addition.

Types of Hardy Fish Used to Cycle a Tank

There are many types of saltwater fish that can be used to cycle a new tank. The following list is not all-inclusive but does contain many of the most common varieties available on the market today. There are two separate lists, one for community fish and one for aggressive fish. The fish marked with asterisks are especially suitable for starter fish.

Community Fish

Green Cromis*

Percula Clownfish*

Allard’s Clownfish

Blue Hamlet*

Volitan Lionfish

Lightning Cromis

Occellaris Clownfish*

Royal Gramma Basslet*

Shy Hamlet*

Antennata Lionfish

Blue Reef Cromis

Pink Skunk Clownfish

Black-Capped Basslet

Butter Hamlet

Dwarf Lionfish*

Black and Gold Cromis*

Orange Skunk Clownfish

Harlequin Basslet

Miniatus Grouper

Diana Hogfish*

Purple Cromis*

Melanopus Clownfish

Lantern Basslet

Blue-Dot Grouper

Coral Hogfish

Tomato Clownfish

Blue-Striped Clownfish

Tobacco Basslet

Panther Grouper

Spanish Hogfish

Maroon Clownfish

Xanthurus Clownfish

Swissguard Basslet

Blue-Lined Grouper

Cuban Hogfish

Clarkii Clownfish

Saddleback Clownfish

Gold Assessor

Marine Betta*

Niger Triggerfish*

Sebae Clownfish

Red Saddle Clownfish

Red Emperor Snapper

Damperia

Blue Throat Triggerfish

Aggressive Fish

Picasso Triggerfish

White-Tailed Triggerfish

Pseudochromis Springeri

 

Domino Damsel

Azure Damsel

Bursa Triggerfish

Pseudochromis Purple

Pseudochromis Splendid

 

Snowflake Damsel

Starcki Damsel

Assasi Triggerfish

Pseudochromis Australian

Pseudochromis Yellow

 

Blue Damsel

Blue and Gold Damsel

Blue-Lined Triggerfish

Pseudochromis Diadema

Pseudochromis Arabian Neon

 

Orange-Tailed Damsel

Canary Damsel

Clown Triggerfish

Pseudochromis Dottyback

Three-Striped Damsel

 

Yellow-Tailed Damsel

Garibaldi Damsel

Pink-Tailed Triggerfish

Pseudochromis Fridmani

Four-Striped Damsel

 

Fiji Devil

 

As with most saltwater species, the clownfish and damsels do not do particularly well with others of their kind. Use only one type of each of these fish in your setup. When asking what types of hardy fish are used to cycle a tank, refer to these lists.