Species to Look out for When Selecting Fish for Your New Aquarium

Updated on May 22, 2019
Please don't do this!
Please don't do this!

Aquarium owners who are new to the hobby can often be overwhelmed by the sheer amount of choices in front of them when it comes time to stock a new tank. Often times, without doing the proper research, these newbies will go to one of the larger chain pet stores looking for a new aquatic friend or two. This is when the problems usually begin. Unless that buyer is looking for a certain fish, often times the employees at these pet stores are going to push whatever fish are on "sale" or that they have a "special" on. This is not to say that all of them do this. I know a few pet store employees who are adamantly against this, but also want to keep their jobs and must do what the managers ask of them. Alternatively, sometimes a new fish owner picks out the type of fish that they like and an employee provides misguided information on just how large the fish may get at full size.

The myth that the fish grow to the size of their surroundings is just that, a myth. They stop growing because they are dying. A fish that would normally grow to 10 inches but stops at 6 in a cramped tank will not live to its full life span. I hope to provide a little knowledge to those new to the hobby about fish you should probably avoid, despite the fact that many of them are readily available at most pet stores.


Common goldfish.
Common goldfish.

Goldfish are arguably the most commonly kept aquarium fish worldwide. Thus, they are also the most miskept fish worldwide. We've all seen the movies or TV shows where goldfish are kept in a small bowl, with no filtration or air-stone, or really anything for that matter. This is not how you should keep goldfish. A betta, maybe, but even that is pushing it. Goldfish require about twenty gallons for one fish, and an additional ten for each extra goldie. The reason being that goldfish can get quite large, depending on the species. Also, they are very messy. To keep the water quality under control in a small tank, you would need to do fairly large daily water changes. The larger the tank, the less often you will need to tend to it.

Another fact about goldfish that is not commonly known is that they should be kept with other goldfish only. This is due to the water requirements. Most aquarium fish that you are going to find in a pet store are tropical water species, meaning they like water temperatures ranging from about 75F to 85F. Goldfish, however, are a cool-water species. Though they can handle higher temperatures, due to their hardy nature, they thrive in the 60F to 72F range.

Also, avoid using goldfish as feeders if you are buying them directly from a store. These fish often have diseases than can make your pets ill or even kill them. To get around this, it's best to breed your own feeders to ensure their health.


8 inch Tiger Oscar.
8 inch Tiger Oscar. | Source

Oscars are a very popular fish in the freshwater world because of their "dog-like" personalities. They can often learn to recognize their owners and even show moods at times. These fish are very hardy and can survive even some of the worst conditions. However, this does not mean that they should be subjected to them. Oscars can regularly reach a size of 11 to 12 inches and some have been measured at over 15 inches in very large aquariums and in the wild. Most experienced aquarists will tell you that the bare minimum for an Oscar is a 55-gallon tank. Oscars are also very messy eaters and require extra filtration. They can also become very territorial if kept in too small of a tank. This will mean you can not keep anything else with them, unless you have a very large aquarium (most say around 125 gallons).

Clown Loach

Group of Clown Loaches, most not yet full grown.
Group of Clown Loaches, most not yet full grown.

Clown Loaches have an unmatched personality, especially when kept in groups of around six. These fish are gorgeous to look at and are very effective bottom feeders. The downside to these fish is that they can grow to around 8 to 12 inches long. Not only that, but these guys get very thick, so they take up even more room. Add on the fact that they need to be kept in groups, and you're asking for a massive amount of tank space. Usually no less than a six-foot-long aquarium will suffice for a full grown group of clown loaches.

Another issue is that these loaches, because they have no scales (like a catfish), are much more susceptible to freshwater ich, a very troublesome disease than can arise if the fish are not quarantined properly. This disease can then spread throughout your tank and be devestating if not treated quickly and properly.

Common Plecostomus (Pleco)

Common Plecostomus.
Common Plecostomus.

This next fish is so common that it even has common in its name! The common pleco is found at just about every pet store that has a fish section. They are marketed as algae eaters, however once they begin to grow they can actually make a bigger mess than what they clean up. These fish are usually sold in stores at a size of around two to five inches, yet they can grow anywhere between one and two feet and have a lifespan upwards of 15 years. Buying one of these fish is a lifetime commitment, and your tank will need to grow with the fish to house it properly.

Tinfoil Barb

The Tinfoil Barb is another fish that is often marketed while it is still very young and small. They tend to be near the other barb tanks, yet can grow up to 14 inches. Most other barbs will max out around 3 or 4. The Tinfoil Barb is another species that is best kept in groups, further increasing their burden on a small aquarium. These fish are best left to massive tanks.

Red Belly Pacu (Cousin of the Piranha)

Wild Red Belly Pacu
Wild Red Belly Pacu | Source

This is one that has always astounded me: the pacu. This fish is a close relative to the piranha, yet not as aggressive and mainly vegetarian. Pacus grow extremely fast and can reach massive sizes, even upwards of 30 inches! Many people buy these because they want that "Pirhana-looking fish" without knowing what they are getting themselves into. In my opinion, this fish should only be available via special order and not on display at chain pet stores at all.

Freshwater "Sharks"

Bala Shark
Bala Shark

Freshwater "sharks" can be misleading, since most of these fish are not sharks at all. But when children see the name, many of them instantly want them, because it's apparently cool to have a "shark tank."

The most commonly sold freshwater sharks are the Bala shark and Red-Tailed Black shark. These fish are actually from the minnow family and do not even have teeth. The Bala shark in particular can grow fairly large, over a foot. To keep them correctly, one would need a 70+ gallon tank, much larger than what most aquarium newbies want to get into.

The Red-Tailed Black is a little smaller, but can still reach six inches. The issue with this guy is its extreme territorial behavior if kept in a small tank. Though they don't have teeth, they will still wreak havoc on tank-mates if they stake a claim to a particular side or object in your tank. A 50-gallon tank is suitable for one RTB shark, but only one should be housed per tank, regardless of size.

Betta Splendens
Betta Splendens

Betta Splendens (Saimese Fighting Fish)

Now, you may be wondering why a fish that gets typically no more than 2.5" would be included in an article about large fish. This is because the Betta, as it is commonly known and labeled in most pet stores, is extremely prone to being kept in a tank or even a container much too small. I remember as a youngster seeing Bettas kept in decorative glass containers as a centerpiece, and being told that they require no more than this. Bear in mind that these containers had no heater and ZERO filtration. This is torture for these fish, who roam rice paddies that can be massive (miles long even). To take a fish who would be free roaming in nature and cram it into something the size of a shoe box is simply cruel.

A Betta will thrive in tanks no smaller than five gallons and will require moderately warm water, typically within 75 - 85 degrees Fahrenheit. A filter is helpful in maintaining acceptable water quality, but be sure to keep the current soft. These are not goldfish, who produce massive amounts of waste. Bettas do not eat much thus take some time to dirty an appropriately sized tank. They should also not be kept in a tropical community tank, without careful consideration and planning. NEVER place two male Bettas in the same tank. Hopefully these tips will prevent someone from making a common mistake and save the life of a beautiful fish.

A Betta will thrive in tanks no smaller than five gallons...


Many of these mishaps can be avoided by doing a small amount of research before walking into the pet store, or by even buying a few books on tropical fish keeping before you decide to buy your livestock. Most people would not buy a car before reading up on its specifications, why would you do it with a living animal?

Questions & Answers


    Submit a Comment
    • profile image


      18 months ago

      To any of you big fish keepers lit there .im embarking on my first monster tank of 14ft x10ftx4ft ...its tripple layered marine ply with steel bracing .the viewing windows are gonna be 6ftx2.5ft ...any advice on the thickness glass gonna be needed for this ...i have 12mm glass panels but i have a feeling its not enough

    • Hamza Nadeem profile image

      Hamza Nadeem 

      5 years ago

      Interesting article. I think you will also find this article interesting. It's about Aquarium Fish. Here is the link to visit http://nourishtheplanet.com/2015/05/common-aquariu...

    • dbialecki profile image


      8 years ago

      It's really amazing how big some of those fish can get. Another reason to get larger tanks and carefully select your aquatic creatures. Have you ever tried to create multiple biomes in one tank for different specimens? Just curious if this works!

    • Will Apse profile image

      Will Apse 

      8 years ago

      I have a couple of Common Plecostomus specimens in my tank. I was sort of wondering how big they might get. Now I know! Thanks, for a useful page.

    • Nspeel profile image


      8 years ago from Myrtle Beach

      Another great article a lot of people never even take into consideration. Great read and now I am headed to the pet store this weekend to buy 6 loaches I did not know they got that big. 3 more fish to add to this list are Columbian sharks - they get up for 12-14inches it takes roughly 5 years but they will get there, Iridescent sharks also get 12 inches in length. I also bought what I thought was a Columbian shark at the time but he has grew from 1 inch to 14 inches in the last 6 months and he has got to be some sort small mouth catfish or something.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, pethelpful.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)