How to Prepare a Tropical Aquarium for Winter Blackouts

Updated on October 28, 2019
Kylyssa profile image

Kylyssa Shay has successfully kept aquatic creatures for decades. Her fish-care advice has been published in "Aquarium Fish Magazine."

How to Prepare a Tropical Aquarium for Winter Blackouts
How to Prepare a Tropical Aquarium for Winter Blackouts | Source

How to Prepare Your Aquarium for a Cold-Weather Emergency and Power Outages

When the power goes out in winter, you can grab a blanket and put a sweater on the dog, but your tropical fish or reef aquarium may be at risk of damage. A few simple precautions and a well-stocked emergency kit could save your freshwater or saltwater fish, live coral, aquatic plants, or invertebrates from illness or death due to cold-water temperatures or lack of aeration during a blackout.

So, don't worry about your pet fish or prized corals dying during the next Snowzilla or Snowpocalypse, stock up on the appropriate supplies instead! Read on to learn what to do to protect your tropical aquarium or saltwater tank during cold-weather power outages.

General Cold-Weather Tips for Tropical Fish

Here are some general tips to keep your tanks warm in cold weather:

  • Move fish tanks away from windows to keep drafts to a minimum.
  • If possible, keep your aquarium in the room you'd be most likely to close off and retreat to in the event of a cold-weather power outage.
  • In case of a winter blackout, cover any windows in the room with blankets, sheets, or plastic and put a draft-dodger or rolled-up towel under the door.
  • Hang out in the room where you keep the tropical fish tank to passively keep the room warm (thanks to your body heat).
  • Reduce the amount you feed your fish until the electricity comes back on to minimize the build-up of wastes and degradation of water quality in your aquarium.

Necessary Supplies to Keep Your Fish Tank Warm During Power Outages
Necessary Supplies to Keep Your Fish Tank Warm During Power Outages | Source

Necessary Supplies to Keep Your Fish Tank Warm During Power Outages

The essentials for keeping your fish tank warm during a winter power outage include:

  1. Mylar emergency blankets
  2. Heat packs
  3. A battery-powered aerator
  4. Duct tape
  5. UPS or uninterrupted power supply
  6. (A printed copy of this page)

Your kit should contain at least one Mylar emergency blanket, a battery-powered aeration device or air pump, duct tape, and as many 72- or 60-hour heat packs as you can reasonably store under the fish tank.

An uninterrupted power supply or UPS can provide hours of power in a cold-weather blackout, but it's best to have the rest of this kit on-hand in case the power stays out longer.

This Kit Works

Properly used, this kit should keep your tropical aquarium or reef tank warm and aerated for several days. More heat packs and more batteries will allow you to keep it warm and aerated even longer.

How to Use a Tropical Aquarium Blackout Emergency Kit

Once you have all of your supplies ready, here's how to make use of the emergency kit:

  1. Turn on the air pump: To protect your aquatic pets from cold-weather blackouts, start by connecting and turning on the battery-powered air pump as soon as the power goes out. For maximum oxygenation, the battery-powered air-pump power pack should be outside the Mylar emergency blanket when you are finished.
  2. Arrange the heat packs: Put four to six activated 60- or 72-hour heat packs evenly spaced around the aquarium. Attach the heat packs with a sticky-side-out loop of duct tape at the bottom edge of the outside of the tank.
  3. Wrap the tank in an e-blanket: Wrap the Mylar emergency blanket around the fish tank with the shiny side in; leave a bit of looseness around the heat packs. Tape the blanket together like a tent at the top. Use the duct tape to tape the blanket to the stand. Make sure that the power pack to the air pump are outside the Mylar emergency blanket.

Swiss Safe Emergency Mylar Thermal Blankets (4-Pack) + Bonus Signature Gold Foil Space Blanket: Designed for NASA, Outdoors, Hiking, Survival, Marathons or First Aid
Swiss Safe Emergency Mylar Thermal Blankets (4-Pack) + Bonus Signature Gold Foil Space Blanket: Designed for NASA, Outdoors, Hiking, Survival, Marathons or First Aid
These sheets will keep your tanks warm. They are also great for covering windows to keep heat in the room. If you use these Mylar blankets to cover windows in your tropical fish room, put the shinier side facing into your home to best retain the heat. I replace mine after using them because duct tape residue can make folding them back up again problematic. I buy a few of these on Amazon as add-on purchases when someone in my household buys something else. Sometimes, I fold the old ones up as best as I can and put them in my car's toolbox to use in case we get stranded out in the snow.

1. Mylar Blankets

Mylar will help keep heat in your tropical aquarium during power outages, and you will need one or more. They can usually be found in sporting goods stores and in the sporting goods departments of most major stores.

Decide how many you need in order to keep the heat in your tropical aquarium or reef aquarium during a blackout by measuring all the way around it. You should have at least eight inches or more in combined length of Mylar emergency blankets than the circumference of your aquarium.

When in doubt, get one more than you think you'll need. They are handy to have around and a double layer may provide more heat containment. A single 54" x 80" blanket will work fine for a 10-gallon tank. Two 54" x 80" Mylar emergency blankets will comfortably cover a 75- or 90-gallon aquarium.

UniHeat Shipping Warmer 60 hours (30 pack)
UniHeat Shipping Warmer 60 hours (30 pack)
72-hour warmers are ideal but the 60-hour UniHeat warmers seem to be more readily available. Purchase 6 warming packs for each 60 hours you may be out of power due to a cold-weather power outage.

2. Disposable Heat Packs

It's a good idea to have a good supply of emergency heat packs. 72-hour warmers are ideal but the 60-hour UniHeat warmers seem to be more readily available. A good rule of thumb is to use two heat packs per 25 gallons of aquarium at a time. So, if you have a 75-gallon aquarium, you may want to have 6 warming packs available for each 60 hours you may be out of power due to a cold-weather power outage. If you use another type of warmer, be sure to follow its specific instructions.

Important: Please remember that the heat packs must be used outside the tank—never put them in it!

South Bend Bait Aerator (Blistered)
South Bend Bait Aerator (Blistered)
Batteries can provide power to an aquarium bubbler during winter power outages. Bait aerators such as this one tend to cost a lot less than bubblers made for the aquarium industry and work just as well in a pinch. The mechanism inside is the same and I've actually found them to be a lot sturdier. I keep three of a very similar model in the cabinet under my 95-gallon reef tank in case of an emergency. They cost about $7 each when I bought them from the fishing department of my local Meijer store.

3. Battery-Powered Aeration (Bubblers)

Tropical fish and reef tanks will benefit from steady aeration during stressful times such as cold-weather power outages. While bubblers aren't used much in saltwater set-ups, they provide water movement quite well in an emergency. A cheap, battery-operated bait aerator will do in a pinch, however, you'll need to stock up on batteries before a blackout happens. While your usage may vary, these devices usually work for about 8 to 16 hours on a set of batteries.

I have a couple of battery-powered air pumps for use during power outages, both of which will operate vigorously for about 12 hours per charged D-battery. You can store a spare battery right inside the casing.

Important: Just so you aren't surprised, please be aware that battery-powered aerators are usually pretty loud in operation.

Duct Tape
Duct Tape | Source

4. Duct Tape

2" Duct tape will be used to stick everything in this kit together to keep your aquarium warm. While any Duct tape will work, I prefer Duct tape that's at least two inches wide. It is easier to tape along the side of a Mylar blanket with wider tape and it gives you more sticky surface area to grab whatever you need it to.

APC UPS, 550VA UPS Battery Backup Surge Protector, BE550G Backup Battery, Dataline Protection, Back-UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply
APC UPS, 550VA UPS Battery Backup Surge Protector, BE550G Backup Battery, Dataline Protection, Back-UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply
This UPS has four battery back-up outlets and four regular outlets. It gives you the ability to pick and choose what you want to stay on in an emergency. I like this model of battery back-up because it provides eight outlets so you don't need an additional power strip to run aquarium equipment that doesn't need to stay on in a power outage. You can plug it right into your GFI breaker and it should have enough outlets for all your aquarium equipment. I would like to eventually get this model to replace my 4-outlet UPS and power strip.

5. UPS or Uninterrupted Power Supply

A UPS or uninterrupted power supply can protect your tropical aquarium from winter power outages for several hours. While most uninterrupted power supplies don't provide more than a few hours of power, they can protect your tank automatically and probably long enough for you to get home if the power goes out while you are out for less than eight hours. You can then take other steps to keep your fish safe once you get home.

The length of time your uninterrupted power supply will provide power for during a blackout depends entirely on what you have plugged into it. I suggest trying a dry run by unplugging the power supply and testing it to see how long it lasts so you'll have no surprises if it is needed later.

I like the power supply shown below because four of its outlets automatically switch to the backup power supply if the electricity goes out. That way, one can pick and choose what to have backed up with an emergency power supply. For winter use, be sure to plug the heater into the automatic backup outlets on the strip.

Porky, the porcupine puffer fish smiles for the camera.
Porky, the porcupine puffer fish smiles for the camera. | Source

Always Be Prepared

While a backup power supply can provide hours of power, it's still a good idea to have the rest of the cold-weather emergency kit available in case the blackout lasts longer than a few hours. Also, if the power stays off long enough to cool down your home, simply providing power to your aquarium heater may not be enough to keep it warm so, at the very least, a Mylar emergency blanket should be wrapped around the tank to keep the heat in.

Questions & Answers

    © 2011 Kylyssa Shay

    Is Your Tropical Aquarium Ready for Cold-Weather Power Outages?

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      • profile image


        5 years ago

        Great advice and pretty easy!

      • profile image


        6 years ago

        Excellent tips! I do have a Tropical Aquarium in a small way. For uninterrupted power supply, I have connected my Inverter to the Aquarium power point. My fishes are always enjoying. Keep writing!

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        When we kept tropical fish I always worried what would happen if we lost power for days. This is an excellent resource.

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Thanks for the great information.

      • moneyrat profile image


        7 years ago

        I have a computer UPS connected to my Discus Fish aquarium. It can keep hold power for several hours. This is specially for nighttime.

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        I never thought about what to do in the event of a power outage! I take care of a 300 gal tank at my church! Thanks for this info!

      • makorip lm profile image

        makorip lm 

        7 years ago

        It cost my homeowners insurance over $4000 when our 8 day power outage here in Seattle blew out my 6 year old reef aquarium. Outages are real and costly. Good lens!

      • weakbond profile image

        Nnadi bonaventure Chima 

        7 years ago from Johanesburg

        Highly informative lens ,thanks for sharing

      • fbcivcoming profile image


        7 years ago

        I don't have a tank but this makes me think of Hawaii and how it must be like your own little piece of the tropics.

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Thank you for these wonderful tips :) Congrats for your LOTD!

      • agagata lm profile image

        agagata lm 

        7 years ago

        I wish I had read it two weeks ago when the electricity went and I lost 5 fish because of it... I'll bear it in mind for the future though. Thanks!

      • TCG master profile image

        TCG master 

        7 years ago

        OMG I love my fish this lens is SO helpful!!

      • street2linen profile image


        7 years ago

        Great lense and information about preparing ones aquarium.

      • choosehappy profile image


        7 years ago from US

        Wow. I'd never even thought about that issue before but it certainly is one. (I guess that kinda reveals I don't have an aquarium or fish ;)--- Awesome tips--very helpful! Congrats on lotd too.

      • graphite75 profile image


        7 years ago

        Great tips. I love tropical fish. Congrats on LotD!

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        That's really good to know how to take care of your aquaruim fish in an emergency.

      • jntnevins lm profile image

        jntnevins lm 

        7 years ago

        Very nice lens. I don't have an aquarium now but I used to. When I had one I didn't think about having a kit. This is a great idea.

      • mrknowitall54321 profile image


        7 years ago

        Well done on achieving the lens of the day, very good lens with lots of fantastic information.

      • Elyn MacInnis profile image

        Elyn MacInnis 

        7 years ago from Shanghai, China

        What wonderful ideas. I love your photo of the sweet fish in the introduction. You wouldn't want to lose such a sweetheart just because the electricity went out! SquidAngel sand falling gently on you and your tank!

      • Camp April profile image

        Camp April 

        7 years ago

        Congratulations on LOTD. Way to go. Lots of great tips I hadn't even thought of. Thanks

      • TaraWojt profile image

        Tara Wojtaszek 

        7 years ago

        Lots of great tips to keep your aquarium safe. Congratulations on LOTD, blessed!

      • Judith Nazarewicz profile image

        Judith Nazarewicz 

        7 years ago from Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

        Congrats on LOTD! Really great tips for preparing your aquarium.

      • profile image

        Hannah Writes 

        7 years ago

        Congrats on being LotD! Blessed.

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        This is such a great idea, and it makes me happy to know I am not the only one who worries about this exact problem! I am very grateful for your knowledge!

      • Wish List Gifts profile image

        Wish List Gifts 

        7 years ago

        Thanks for this - I actually lost a small tank to a power outage right after I started the hobby. Lots of hard work and lovely animals lost.

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Great tips! Thanks for sharing them.

      • pigwear profile image


        7 years ago

        Great lens...I haven't thought about the need for this but in a northern climate it would be very usefule.

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Congratulations on Lens of the Day.... Thanks for the tips in case of power outage.

      • Sara Krentz profile image

        Sara Krentz 

        7 years ago from USA

        I've been wanting an aquarium, but it wouldn't have occurred to me to have an emergency kit for a power outage. Thanks for the info.

      • heehaw lm profile image

        heehaw lm 

        7 years ago

        although i do not have any salt water fishes, but this is a good knowledge for me. thanks for sharing.

      • nicenet profile image


        7 years ago

        I don't have a tropical acquarium.Congrats.

      • TommysTips profile image


        7 years ago

        Congrats on LOTD - great information on keeping your fish safe and warm!

      • TheLittleCardShop profile image

        Malu Couttolenc 

        7 years ago

        I don't have a tropical fish aquarium now, we used to have one some years ago and I know what is not to be prepared for power outages. We would like to have one again and thanks to your tips we will be prepared this time. Congrats for your LOTD! :)

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        thank you very much about these ideas i never even thought of it cause i live in sunny California

      • nhotdeals profile image


        7 years ago

        Great ideas, granted I do not have fish right now but I never thought about it

      • Resident-Nerd profile image


        7 years ago

        Very nice information. Many people forget about there pets in these conditions. Thank you. Congrats on LofD.

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Great LOTD!! I am sure my fish would thank you!!

      • wyzeguru profile image


        7 years ago

        I'd never even given this a thought! Our power supply hardly ever goes off but that's no excuse not to be prepared is it?

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Good stuff, sound information. Congratulations on getting LotD!

      • CamelliaPenny profile image


        7 years ago from South Carolina

        Really useful info. Congrats on LOTD!!!

      • rdcbizz profile image


        7 years ago

        I love aquariums.

      • MartieG profile image

        MartieG aka 'survivoryea' 

        7 years ago from Jersey Shore

        Good information! Congratulations on a well deserved LotD! :>)

      • zafsot profile image


        7 years ago

        This is a great lens, i am new here and i find squidoo just amazing

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        I was here a while back and remember being so impressed that I had not seen this information anywhere else and would imagine many have faced this situation with widespread power outages. Congratulations on LotD honors!

      • writerkath profile image


        7 years ago

        Whenever the power goes out at home (NH), I'm usually grateful I have the woods (backup "outhouse"), gas stove, and woodstove for heat... But I have sometimes thought about certain things like this... "What if someone needs some medical necessity that uses electricity..." but I have to say I hadn't thought about aquariums, simply because I do not have one. But this is very important for people to do have one. I hope that people who have aquariums find your lens and prepare. Nice, thoughtful (and thought provoking) page here, Kylyssa! Squid Blessed! :) Kath

      • cyberflutist profile image


        7 years ago

        I've never had a tropical aquarium, but they are beautiful and it would be a shame if one were damaged in a power outage.

      • Fox Music profile image

        Fox Music 

        7 years ago

        Thank you for sharing this lens "How to Prepare a Tropical Aquarium for Winter Blackouts" and congrats on Lens of the Day !!

      • ShariBerry profile image

        Sharon Berry 

        7 years ago from Michigan

        Since I have never had an aquarium I've never given any thought to people who do and what would happen in a blackout. What a great lens with so much good info for saving your fish. Thanks for sharing.

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Great lens and congrats on getting LOTD also :)

      • Bonfire Designs profile image

        Bonfire Designs 

        7 years ago

        Congratulations on LOTD - great emergency information!

      • LeeD LM profile image

        LeeD LM 

        7 years ago

        Great information - I actually just setup a reef aquarium (its still cycling so no living creatures yet) and we just had a huge storm. I was afraid of losing power and I did get a battery powered aerator but never thought about a mylar blanket. Thanks!

      • PastorKay profile image

        Pastor Kay 

        7 years ago

        Car jumpstarters usually have a spot to use as a regular outlet. You could use one of these and then recharge with your car (if you've got one).

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        This is an incredibly useful lens - never even thought about this before! Congrats on LotD and here are some SquidAngel blessings for you!

      • poldepc lm profile image

        poldepc lm 

        7 years ago

        Congrats on LOTD

      • Faye Rutledge profile image

        Faye Rutledge 

        7 years ago from Concord VA

        Great information to have. Congratulations on LotD!

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Great lens of the day. Very good tips to protect our little friends the tropical fishes

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Thanks for sharing info. Congratulations on your LotD.

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        great lens with nice ideas

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        That is Great. Great tips and ideas.

      • Elaine Chen profile image

        Elaine Chen 

        7 years ago

        congratulation for the LotD and Purple Star reward; I just send this Lens URL to my best friend who love tropical aquarium.

      • aka-rms profile image

        Robin S 

        7 years ago from USA

        Congratulations, this lens was selected as LotD today. You can read all about it here:

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Congrats on being LOTD. Id love a tropical aquarium.

      • Carpenter76 profile image


        7 years ago

        Nice lens. I like an aquarium, but I think it's so much work!

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Congrats on LOTD Kylyssa

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Congraulations on LOTD

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Congrats on being LOTD

      • lav777 lm profile image

        lav777 lm 

        7 years ago

        great information:)

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Great tips - we live in Scotland and regularly have outages here! :)

      • WriterJanis2 profile image


        7 years ago

        Good information to know.

      • Gypzeerose profile image

        Rose Jones 

        7 years ago

        Very helpful, well put together and useful. Blessed.

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Aquarium care is so important and is often overlooked. Great lense!

      • Craftypicks profile image

        Lori Green 

        7 years ago from Las Vegas

        My brother had this exact problem with his tank during Hurricane Sandy. He was out of power for 2 weeks and worked hard keeping his fish alive. This included boiling hot water on a BBQ for them. He lost a few but most survived. I told him to set his tank up at the home of a friend who had power, but he kept hoping the power would come on.

      • favored profile image

        Fay Favored 

        7 years ago from USA

        Congratulations on LotD. Proper care for an aquarium is something people may not think about during a power outage. Nicely done.

      • Jogalog profile image


        7 years ago

        Congratulations on LOTD! I don't havea an aquarium but I'm sure I'd find all this information very useful if I did.

      • CampingmanNW profile image


        7 years ago

        Congratulations, I see why you won a purple star and LOTD. Excellent Ideas all. I have used similar tricks to keep my Koi ponds aerated and warm enough in the Pacific Northwest Winters. Nice job on this lens

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Congratulations on receiving the LOTD. This is very good.

      • corydoras profile image


        7 years ago

        My tropical aquariums over the years have weathered multiple power outages without problems or anything more than a blanket wrapped round them and some styrofoam insulation, but I don't believe they've ever dealt with anything longer than 12 hours. Water has a high heat capacity, which means it cools much slower than air and a short power outage doesn't do too much harm to the average freshwater tank - unless it has been overstocked. Then aeration becomes a big deal and backup aeration is essential. I couldn't find a battery-operated pump when I had fish, which is why I didn't use one. I haven't kept marine, but wouldn't be surprised if they were more sensitive. You've many good ideas here. I think I'll try to find a mylar blanket for my lizard tank. I already have heat packs for her.

      • BillyPilgrim LM profile image

        BillyPilgrim LM 

        7 years ago

        Good tips! I'm just starting to keep fish so this is very useful. Thanks x

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        I used to keep fish in a huge tank. We didn't have problems with cold, but if the electricity goes off then the filters shut down. This is an excellent article for anyone relying on electricity for their tank.

      • profile image


        8 years ago

        I don't have a tropical fish aquarium but I can sure understand the need to be prepared with an emergency kit for those winter power outages, we sure do get them in Fargo and the apartment cools down very quickly in cold weather. I have not seen information on this anywhere else, well done Kylyssa.....and the tropical fish of the world thank you!

      • profile image


        9 years ago

        Clever solution--I like reading your lenses, which often teach me clever solutions.If you have a way to boil water, perhaps in a pan in the fireplace, rechargeable heat packs could be used too. To recharge, boil until the insides are entirely liquid again. To activate, through the covering, "click" the metal disk inside which starts the chemical reaction to release the heat. They should go through as many as 500 recharges before being worn out and needing to be discarded.

      • profile image


        9 years ago

        This is a beautiful lens on how to take care the temprature of aquariums for warm tropical fish.

      • Jack2205 profile image


        9 years ago

        This is a great topic. Blessed by a Squid Angel.

      • profile image


        9 years ago soon as I read your tips...nice lens


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