Preparing Your Property for a Horse at Home

Updated on August 8, 2019
jenniferrpovey profile image

Jennifer specializes in articles about horse training, care, and purchasing.

Horses need lots of room, grass for grazing, and a water source.
Horses need lots of room, grass for grazing, and a water source. | Source

You have a horse and you have land. You want to keep your horse at home. It's cheaper than boarding and your horse will be right there all the time. You can ride or play with it whenever you want. However, before taking this step, it's important to think: Is your property suitable for a horse? If so, is your property ready for a horse?

You might need to do quite a lot of work in order to make it suitable. Here are some tips on what you do and do not need to do before bringing your horse home.

Do You Have Enough Space

The common wisdom is that horses require one acre of grazing per head. However, this does not take into account various mitigating factors. For example, in some parts of Texas, the recommendation is five acres. If your horse is a small pony, then it might be quite happy on half an acre and people do keep minis perfectly happily in larger yards.

Many people keep horses with no turnout at all, but this is not recommended unless it really is the only option. Horses do not do well with standing around all day and night either physically or psychologically. Unless you really are in one of those situations where all the available boarding barns don't offer turnout, then don't bring your horse home unless you have at least some room to turn it out.

Fence the Turnout Area

This is the bare minimum work needed. First of all, your turnout area needs to be fenced. Furthermore, it needs to be fenced appropriately for horses (who are not cattle, sheep or anything else). Barbed wire is designed to stop cattle. With horses, there is a risk that the animal will startle, run into the fence, panic and rip itself up on the barbs. Horses should never be kept in barbed wire fencing.

Sheep mesh or stock mesh is also unsuitable for horses. The squares are the perfect size for a horse to put a hoof through and not be able to get it back out.

The very best fencing for horses is wooden post and rail fencing. However, this is very expensive, and don't worry if it's beyond your budget. The second best is hot tape. Hot tape is more visible than wire fencing, so horses are less likely to blunder into it when they get excited. It can also easily be moved if you need to restrict grazing because your horse is fat or fence off a hazard that you can't get rid of straight away. The metal posts must have T post caps placed on them. These can be bought from most farm supply companies and are cheap...and a lot cheaper than a vet bill if a horse manages to stab itself with a t-post.

You will also need to hang a gate of some kind. A tubular livestock gate is the best kind. Get one meant for horses, not one that is filled with stock mesh. For security purposes, it's advisable to padlock gates when horses are turned out. Buy two padlocks, use the key kind not the combination kind, and use one of them to secure the hinge end of the gate. This will prevent theft and discourage people from wandering in with your horses and possibly getting kicked.

Rini of North Shore Fjords
Rini of North Shore Fjords | Source

Clear the Turnout Area

Next, walk the turnout area carefully and remove anything that might be a hazard. Remove barbed wire, old bricks, stones, etc. Contact your local extension service or farmers' service and ask for a guide to weeds toxic to horses that should also be removed.

If there are holes or dips, you may want to fence them off until you can arrange to fill them properly. A hole in the pasture is not just a tripping hazard for the horse but also for you.

Assess Grazing Quality

Is there enough grass in your pasture for a horse? If not, then you need to do something about it before the horse arrives.

For horse pasture, it is best to plant a quality grass/legume mix. Make sure to inform the person selling the seed that it is for horses so they can advise you on a suitable mix...the plant mix preferred by cattle is quite different.

Obviously, your grass may be fine, but if it is not, then replant the pasture and let it mature before bringing your horse home.

Construct a Run-In Shed

Horses appreciate shelter in their pasture. A run-in shed is the easiest way to provide it. For the casual horse owner with one horse, the right run-in shed is all the shelter you need. Buy or build one with an attached tack room and you are all set.

But wait, don't horses need stalls? Truth is, many horses lead perfectly happy and healthy lives and are never stalled. In fact, if you are on a budget, the very best thing to do is construct a run-in shed with a panel that can be placed across the entrance, allowing it to serve as a stall when needed. You can also build a stall at one end of the run-in shed. You don't need a fancy barn for one or two horses. By attaching your tack room to the run-in, you don't have to carry saddles and gear around (unless you're taking saddle blankets in to launder them).

Set Up the Water Supply

Horses drink 8 to 10 gallons of water a day. That water needs to be supplied to your horse free choice.

You will need a stock tank designed for horses. The cheapest option is to place it the house end of the pasture so that you can simply run a garden hose to it. You can use buckets, but that is a lot more work than using a proper tank that you will probably only have to refill once or twice a day as opposed to three or four times.

If you get cold winters, buy a child's plastic ball and put it in the stock tank. It will prevent the tank from completely freezing over and is a lot cheaper than a heated or insulated tank or expensive de-icing equipment.

Do not use old metal bath tubs as stock tanks (Yes, I have seen this done). They have sharp edges and rust gets into the horse's drinking water.

A comfortable place for horses to feed is crucial.
A comfortable place for horses to feed is crucial. | Source

Construct a Feed Room and Hay Store

Although many barns have hay storage in a loft or even use a spare stall, this is not ideal. Hay is actually dangerous. The dust it produces is highly flammable and the slightest spark can set it off.

Therefore, hay is best stored in a separate, open-sided building well away from both your 'barn' and your home. As a cheaper alternative, you can buy a hay tarp, which is basically a tent you store your hay in. Hay that is left out in the open will go moldy and make your horse sick - it needs to be protected from the elements. If you feed grain, then that can be stored in the tack room, or you can build a feed room next to the hay barn.

Grain should be stored in metal bins with lids that are kept closed at all times to keep out rodents. It should not just be left in the bags. Grain bins should also be emptied and cleaned every few weeks.

Dogs make good companion animals for horses.
Dogs make good companion animals for horses. | Source

Consider Getting Your Horse a Companion

Unless you have two horses, then your live at home horse is going to be alone. Some horses handle solitude cheerfully for years, but horses are gregarious animals who benefit from company.

Likely, a second horse is not an option, although if it is, consider talking to a local rescue about taking in a horse that is reasonably healthy but not adoptable due to a permanent injury. Another option is to get a miniature horse or miniature donkey - a cute addition that can be fun to play with.

One of the best options, however, for company for a solo horse is a goat. Goats are surprisingly affectionate (although be careful what breed you get - it is often better to get one that has been de-horned) and also eat weeds and plants horses will not touch. Goats have long been used in parts of Europe as a method for keeping smaller pastures from becoming 'horse sick' - a situation in which the plants the horse does not like run riot and there ends up nothing for it to eat. Mowing regularly can also solve this problem. If you do get a goat, make sure it is a nanny or a wether (the goat equivalent of a gelding) - billies should only be kept by breeders. Reluctantly. At arm's length. Holding your nose. (Trust me on this one).


It's not that hard to make your property horse ready and horse safe, but it definitely should be done before you bring a horse home. Bear in mind, too, before you do so - consider where you are going to ride. The freedom of keeping your horse at home may be outweighed by the lack of facilities.

If you do decide to, though, good luck...and ride safely.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image


      4 months ago

      I live in the city (Ottawa) and I want to buy a shetland pony and put it in my back yard.....would that work?

    • profile image


      4 months ago

      We are soon going to buy a horse. Anything I need to really know about before we get one?

    • profile image


      13 months ago

      My next door neighbour gained planning permission to build stables fora pony(ponies) 30 years ago. The stables were built but never used. This is a residential area and the stabling is literally their back garden. We have recently seen a horse in the back garden and assume the horse/pony will be exercised by grandchildren. Are we right to show concern both for the welfare of the animal and contributory ensuing environmental issues?

    • profile image


      15 months ago

      i have 2 horses that i have co ownership of and i wanted to get my own but the stable my other 2 are at is to expensive what do i do?

    • profile image

      Pardon Our Interruption ... 

      22 months ago

      Can’t connect securely to this page

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      I don't know much about horses, but goats I do. Keeping a goat with your horse sounds like an excellent idea for all the reasons you outline. However, keeping it in the field is another story. Goats require the most serious of fencing. They are escape experts!

    • profile image

      Alena Radtke Gabriel 

      2 years ago

      Great! Thank you!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)