Should You Help or Ignore Stray Animals?
What I thought I should do for strays
I have seen animals ranging from an angora cat to a yellow duckling. I even saw a baby bunny that was obviously an Easter gift since it still had a ribbon on its neck. I was horrified to see these poor things. Many were skinny, dirty, obviously hungry and/or injured. I couldn't just stand there or walk by without doing something. But what should I do? I had no clue. I wasn't an animal program expert. I didn't know any of the available groups that could help. I certainly wasn't going to shell out my good money to feed them, was I? Well, actually, that was just what I thought I needed to do: shell out money to give them food.
Have you ever seen a stray animal and wondered if you should feed it?
The usual strays
The two usual strays, or strays most often seen, are cats and dogs. People get them as babies and are then amazed at vet and grocery bills. That is usually when the grown-up versions are tossed out on their ear in favor of another cute cuddly little one. The animals, having been fed and kept warm and comfortable during their baby years, don't know how to survive outside as an adult. They can't hunt and don't know how to fight for shelter. They are basically left to die. That is a horrible death for any creature.
These are some of the unusual animals you might see.Click thumbnail to view full-size
Other types of strays are even sadder. Most of the domesticated feed animals no longer have the instincts of cats and dogs. They only know they are cold and hungry. I once saw a baby rabbit sitting just outside of my fenced garden. I didn't touch it because I thought the mother would be close by and would soon lead it away. However, when the baby remained for more than a day and night, I knew it had no mother. Okay, what now?
Should we help?
Instinct for survival in dogs and cats is strong and some can adapt. But feeding them now and then only encourages them to remain nearby to acquire easy food rather than seeking it for themselves. Cats will often 'mark' a home where someone feeds them to warn off others. Dogs will fight (to the death on occasion) because you have set out scraps for them now and then. Any animal that is outside will find a food source and remain near the source. This means they will not seek shelter. They will not seek aid elsewhere. They may die because they are trying to remain near a source of food.
This scenario means animals could be abused by neighbors who don't want them around. It means the animals could be injured by traffic. They could freeze without proper shelter. They may grow weak and become the victim of other animals. They may be shunned by their own mates or families because they acquire a different smell from eating near humans.
Did you know that the Humane Society of the United States has been instrumental in closing down the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus because of the poor conditions of the animals?
By feeding them, can stray animals be a danger to humans?
Yes because stray animals pick up diseases of all types. They get parasites like ticks, worms and fleas. They can contract rabies. They may have other diseases that can be transmitted to humans or to your own pets. You can pass diseases on to your pets if you touch a stray or something a stray has marked in some way (usually with their urine). Your pets might fight you, or each other, because they can smell a stray on your skin, clothing, or a bowl used to feed the stray. Believe me when I tell you that I often found it too hard to see an animal suffering and not want to help and my animals let me know all about my wrong ideas. (But I usually found some way to help anyway.)
You could use a humane trap to catch the animal so you can take them to a vet.
So what should you do for the cats and dogs you see?
There are ways to help that won't cause problems depending upon the animal and your help. For instance, helping a stray cat might cause the cat to mark your doors (so they now smell of strong urine) in an attempt to keep other cats away. You can usually avoid this by feeding the cat far away from your door. Also, if you plan to feed the cat(s) on a regular basis you will need to do a few things to protect yourself and your family and, of course, the cat.
One step would be to use a humane trap for the cat so you can get the cat checked by a vet and treated for parasites, diseases and so on, as well as getting the cat fixed to avoid marking and mating issues (and more kitties). Also, create a shelter for the cat near where you feed it. A dog house will work, just as a styrofoam cooler that has a hole cut in one side will work. Put a rock or two on top to keep it from being blown away by the wind. Put hay, not blankets or any type of cloth, inside. Cloth will absorb water from the air and will freeze in the winter. If you wish to help a stray dog, the steps would basically be the same.
Have you ever taken in an animal from the outside?
Should you try to help other animals?
Some animals, no matter how much you would like to help, would be better off left to fend for themselves. Squirrels, birds, wild dogs, and chipmunks are examples of animals you should leave alone. These animals are much more likely to have diseases or parasites that are dangerous to humans. Of course, specific wild animals like horses, crocodiles, lizards, snakes and turtles to name a few should definitely be left alone.
If the animal appears to be in distress, or is not local to the area, calling the animal control officer will be your best choice. They will know what to do for such animals. Calling animal control is especially important if the animal is threatening your family in any way. If you don't know the number, call 911.
Contact your local animal control officer. They will know exactly what to do. They can also give you advice on how to care for a stray and where to find local vets. Medicine Net.com can give you information about diseases animals can pass on to humans.
They are so cute, but leaving them alone is usually your best bet.Click thumbnail to view full-size
Never try to feed or put a leash on a dog that is growling or baring it's teeth. Never approach any animal that appears to be ill, is foaming at the mouth, or appears to be mean. A growling cat for instance would not be one you should approach. Teach children not to approach or touch animals that are not family pets. Leave birds and loose feathers where you find them because birds have parasites that could be dangerous to humans. Always remember that though it is tough to leave them alone, the law of the animal kingdom is 'survival of the fittest'. So please think twice before attempting to help a wild animal by yourself. If you feel they need help, call animal control.
Cats my family and I have rescued over the years.Click thumbnail to view full-size
So can you help? Should you help?
I always help if at all possible. To find help I have called local shelters, used the internet, called my vet, and called local animal hospitals. At the very least you can call the local animal control officer to see if they will come out to get the animal. Sadly, most animal control shelters euthanize strays after three days. I don't like that, but I think it is better than freezing or starving to death. They can also put you in touch with shelters in the area that have a no-kill policy or deal with unusual strays like skunks or birds.
So should you help? Dogs and cats can be helped (just make sure the vet sees them before the family or your animals do). They can be helped inside or outside depending on which you choose to do. If you can't help them everyday from now on, don't help at all. That way the animal will instinctively seek another source of food and shelter. It gives them a better chance of survival.
As for the other animals, sometimes survival of the fittest is the way to go. If the animal isn't badly hurt or isn't foaming at the mouth, then calling someone to help would be your next step. Sometimes the animals become food for other animals trying to survive. This is the way of the animals which is sad but true. So with unusual animals, if you don't know, call and ask your locate animal control officer. They can tell you if you should help and how.
Now that you have some answers, would you help strays?
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.
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© 2017 Cheryl Simonds