How to Protect Yourself From Aggressive Dogs and Their Owners
What to Do If a Dog Attacks You or Your Dog
If you are walking your dog, you'll want to take steps to protect him or her against a loose and potentially aggressive dog. If you had to, you could strike the dog with a stick or anything else you might get your hands on and usually get the dog to back off, but you risk injury and permanent damage.
The best thing to do—the least damaging, with side effects lasting only about an hour—would be to spray the attacking dog the face with a mild pepper spray. However, defending yourself can be dangerous, too. When we try to defend our dogs from being harmed and the owner of the loose and aggressive dog appears out of nowhere and comes to his defense, the situation gets even more dangerous: "Stop that now! My dog, Killer, was only being friendly. Why did you spray him in the face?"
Below, you'll find the best way to handle an angry and aggressive dog and its owner.
How to Deal With Angry Dog Owners
The biggest problem with protecting yourself from a loose dog is not the dog, it is the owner. Defending yourself and then telling the owner of a loose dog that you felt your life was in danger is the best way to defuse the situation. Here are some alternatives.
First, Use Pepper Spray to Defend Yourself
If you use pepper spray on their dog, explain that you did not want to spray the dog but felt you were in danger. Below, you'll find suggestions for dealing with the angry dog owner.
Calmly Explain Leash Laws
This is obviously the best solution, one that many of us have tried, and something that often does not work when tempers are hot and beloved pets (even loose) are involved. If you defend your dog when out for a walk, and the owner is close enough to even see what happened, that person will most likely come storming over angrily and accuse you of abusing their dog. It does not do much good to explain to them that their dog needs to be on a leash and under control, that their dog was being aggressive, or that you were only defending your dog.
Explain What Has Happened to Your Dog in the Past
If your dog is small, explain that your last tiny dog was grabbed by a loose dog and killed with one shake. If your dog is large, and a small dog came up and barked in his face, explain that your dog might kill the little dog. (The other dog owner may or may not care that your dog is going to be declared dangerous, and may be taken away from you if your dog decides to defend himself.)
Explain the Alternatives
Do not point out how you could have hit the dog in the face with a stick and caused permanent damage. Explain how in most areas the dog can be reported to animal control for being loose. The owner will have to pay a fine and if the rabies vaccination is not up to date will also have to pay for quarantine. Explain that the police can be called and the dog might end up being shot as a loose and dangerous dog.
Take a Photograph of the Aggressive Dog and the Dog Owner
Whether you can legally take a photo of the owner when he is being aggressive varies by where you live. If you do manage to take a photo, also ask for the owner's name so that you can report them to the authorities if your area has laws against dogs running loose without a leash. This may not do any good, but the guilty dog owner might walk off at this point.
Hire a Lawyer to Sue the Owner of the Aggressive Dog
In every state of the US, you have the legal right to protect yourself against loose dogs. Only a few states (like Michigan and Massachusetts) even have any laws that limit the purchase of pepper spray for dogs online. Hiring a lawyer to sue the owner of the aggressive dog is not the best solution to the problem, but it may be something you are forced to do.
Find a lawyer willing to take on your case and provide him with all pertinent information. You may not win, but the least the dog will be properly restrained in the meantime.
If the Loose-Dog Owner Does Not Back Down, Expect to Be Sued
Even if your actions are legal and ethical, it is not a guarantee that you will not be sued. In some countries, anyone can sue. If the owner of the loose dog starts a lawsuit against you, the best thing you can do is to counter-sue. You will need to get a lawyer interested to have a good chance of winning and having the dog removed from the area in which you normally walk your dog.
No matter what jurisdiction you live in, this area is still very new and a person who is accusing you of animal abuse will not have much chance of winning a suit. Even if they did win, however, the most they would probably receive is damages (veterinary expenses).
Reasons to Use Pepper Spray on a Dog
- I feel that my life is in danger.
- The dog is barking at my child and might dart in suddenly and bite without provocation.
- My dog is small and if the loose dog decides to attack, my dog will be killed.
- My dog is afraid of loose dogs jumping in her face and if she gets upset she will lunge and hurt the other dog.
- My dog is large and if she bites an aggressive, small dog, she will probably kill him. They owner will complain to animal control, then my dog might then be euthanized, or at the very least, will be branded a dangerous dog.
Will Pepper Spray Hurt a Dog?
There is a dearth of information on the effects of pepper spray on dogs. The best that we can do is extrapolate from the information available from humans. (This does not always work, as anyone who has shared a box of dark chocolate with her dog already knows.)
Research available on humans has shown that there is no damage to the function of the eye. There is no damage to the cornea. There are no changes to breathing or the absorption of oxygen.
If you pepper spray a loose dog, he could potentially rub his irritated eye on something on the ground and damage his cornea. If the owner shows up to grab his loose dog, you can tell him to wash the dog's face to remove the irritating pepper powder as soon as possible.
Is All of This Going to Help?
Preventing a dog attack against you or your dog through the use of pepper spray should not be done lightly. No matter what you do to calm down the situation, the owner of the loose dog is going to be upset and may end up being violent. He or she is still going to come up to you and yell in your face for what is essentially his fault.
When I walk my dogs on the beach, I always carry a collapsing baton and a bottle of dog-strength pepper spray. I am aware of the potential for violence from an angry dog owner. The possible damage to one of my dogs from a loose and aggressive dog outweigh the problems of using the spray.
References and Links
- "Clinical effects of oleoresin capsicum (pepper spray) on the human cornea and conjunctiva," Zollmann et al, Ophthamology, 2000 Dec;107(12):2186-9.
- "The effect of oleoresin capsicum "pepper" spray inhalation on respiratory function," Chan et al, Journal of Forensic Science, 2002 Mar;47(2):299-304.
- "Short-term and long-term physical effects of exposure to CS spray," Karagama et al, Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, v.96(4); 2003 Apr
- "How to protect your dog from being attacked," Dr Mark, Pethelpful.com
Can you suggest other ways of dealing with angry owners?
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.