Rabbit breed profile: Lionheads

Updated on December 13, 2011

Tiny, cute, and extra fuzzy - Lionhead rabbits are one of the newest breeds of domestic rabbits in the United States. They are, however, already one of the most popular rabbit breeds among pet rabbit owners. If you have already decided that a rabbit is the right pet for you and are now faced with choosing a breed, already have a Lionhead and want to learn more about them, or are just curious about the breed, this article is for you! Lionheads are adorable and can make amazing pets, but please make sure to do plenty of research before adding one to your home.


Breed History:

Although the Lionhead is one of the newest US rabbit breeds, it's exact history is unknown. One belief is that Lionheads where first produced in Belgium as a cross between a Swiss Fox and a Belgian Dwarf. Other breeds, possibly the Jersey Wooly and/or Dwarf Angora, where then thought to have been added to the mix to help produce the Lionhead's signature wooly mane.

Another theory is that Lionheads where produced in England by Dwarf Angora breeders. It is thought that the reduced mane present on today's Lionheads could have been a random mutation that reduced the amount of wool produced by Dwarf Angora rabbits.

However they where first produced, the Lionhead breed grew in popularity amongst pet owners and eventually also with rabbit breeders and showers. The British Rabbit Council first recognized the breed in 2002. They where first introduced in the United States in 1999 and American breeders worked to refine the breed into what it is today. Other breeds such as the Netherland Dwarf, Holland Lop, Florida Whites, Britannia Petite, Polish, Jersey Wooly, Mini Rex, Dutch, American Fuzzy Lops, and New Zealands where reportedly used early on to help improve genetic diversity as well as too help shape the appearance and temperament of the breed.


Lionhead rabbits, are a small (normally only around 3 - 4 pounds) erect eared rabbit. They come in a wide verity of colors, including otter, orange, chocolate, agouti, blue, black, red, red eyed white, sable point, seal, sable marten, siamese sable, smoke pearl, pointed white, and tortoise. Pet Lionheads can also come in broken patterns, meaning that they are mostly white with spots of other colors.

Probably the Lionhead's most unique physical feature is the long wooly mane that gives the breed it's name. Because of the way the dominate mane gene works, Lionheads can be born with no mane at all, a double mane gene, or a single mane gene. For Lionhead's that have the mane gene, they should have long wooly fur growing around their head, similar to the mane of a lion. Lionhead's may also develop wool down around their flanks as well. This is most common with double maned (carries of the double mane gene) animals. Wool may grow in other areas such as on the face, ears, stomach, back, or other areas of the body, however this is not considered a desirable trait for show rabbits (but they can still make adorable pets).

The wool around a Lionhead's face should be noticeably different than normal rabbit fur. It is normally longer, and has a different texture than a rabbit's regular fur. The wool on a Lionhead is similar to the wool found on other breeds such as Angora rabbits.


Lionhead's, on average, are thought of as easy going rabbits. They are often times described as having level, easy going temperaments. If cared for properly, many of them will be friendly and seem to enjoy interactions with humans. Remember that all animals are individuals, so they will all have their own personalities.


If cared for properly, Lionhead rabbits are a generally healthy breed. Domestic rabbits, in general, normally live on average between 7 - 12 years. Lionhead's usually follow this trend, and being a small breed rabbit have a higher change of making it to the higher end of that estimate. It's not that unusual for small breed rabbits to surpass the 12 year mark and survive well into their teens.

Being small doesn't mean all good things though, as smaller dwarf breed rabbits are often times more prone to dental issues. Because of their long wooly fur, it's also important to keep your Lionhead well groomed so that they do not ingest too much fur. Check their hair regularly for mats or tangles. Feeding these rabbits a proper, high fiber, diet is important as eating the proper foods can help to both keep the teeth healthy and to also keep the digestive system in good working order. Pet rabbits should be spayed or neutered to make the best companions possible, and also to eliminate some potentially deadly health problems.

Rabbit's, Lionheads included, can make amazing pets for the right people. It's important to remember that these sometimes small pets are not disposable. If you are thinking of taking one into your home, keep in mind that they often times live 10 years or more. Just like any other type of pet, rabbits require individual specialized care to live a long, happy, and healthy life. Make sure you do plenty of research into their care and find a rabbit experienced vet before getting your new pet. If you take the time to make sure you are properly providing for your rabbit, you will be rewarded with an engaging, social, adorable friend.


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    • profile image


      14 months ago

      I have a question. I recently just got my fur babies 2of them (brothers) and the people I got it from breaded a Flemish giant and a lionhead​ together They said they were weekly checked and were OKed to leave to there new homes from the vet.....

      so they came to us two weeks ago I have followed the high fiber diet and the greens did my research introduced a cpl different veggies they enjoyed and switch them up during the day.. Now today I woke up was doing the normal routine the bunnies were doing there norm and then the next time I looked one of them had dropped just layed there lifeless so I automatically gently pulled him out and within seconds I lost him

    • profile image


      17 months ago

      My Lion head/ holland lop is MEAN. He bites me every chance he gets! I adopted him 2 mo ago, please help!

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      I have two male lionheads, is there a certain size the cage should be?

    • profile image


      4 years ago

      My lionhead is 3mths. Its a male and my first. So scared it will bite. My two ltl girls wanna play with him. Will he hop away if we put him down? Have you heard of the males biting much?

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      How can you tell the sex of the rabbit?

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Kim - is your rabbit fixed? I had a sweet female who became very aggressive around that age, and once she was fixed she went back to normal.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      I have a 9 month female lionhead. I have raised many rabbits. She is my first lionhead. She is very mean and nasty. she has attacked both my sons. she hisses and bites and no one can feed her but me. no one can pick her up not even me. i can't pet her or groom her. she was lovable when we first got her and then she turned mean. she loved to run at night and play with the boys in the living room now i can't let her out. what happened and how can i fix this problem with her? she is so cute but so nasty. any suggestions?

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Hey Great article! I have a female lionhead. She is really sweet. I don't know wether or not she is a double or single mane though. could you please tell me how to tell if she is single or double? She has a mane around her head, on her thighs,and on her tail (more or less).

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      I can't find a vet that in my hometown that even sees Rabbits...So what do I do about fixing my 2 girls? I don't plan on breeding them but they do stay together in the same hutch. I think they will get along ( They are sisters ) But I wanted for health reasons to fix them...Any sug. Thanks, Sherrie

    • Dragonrain profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago

      I'd go out and look for her if I where you. It's dangerous outside alone for domestic rabbits, especially so I'd guess for a pregnant one.

      I hope you find her, good luck! In the future you should consider getting your bunnies fixed, and don't leave them outside unsupervised.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      i have a bunny that is a lion head bunny and we let them run around in the back and recently she got pregnant.and she has been gone for one day will she give birth some where else and return.

    • Dragonrain profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago

      I'm a scientist as well. I have a bachelors degree in biology. I also worked closely with rabbit rescues for about 5 years and have owned rabbits myself. My oldest rabbit lived to be just over 15 years old, so I do feel like I have quite a bit of rabbit experience.

      Please enlighten me about what specific information you feel is incorrect, and I would be happy to go back and do some further research.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      this info is completely wrong im a scientist i should know

    • Dragonrain profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago

      Thanks for reading!

    • Navalava profile image


      6 years ago

      I have one lionhead rabbit. And they are great pets, and really friendly. They enjoy human company, and they love games. That means, if you want to have lionhead bunny (slightly more active than most rabbit breeds), you have to be able to spend more time with them.

      They really need someone to keep them occupied.

      Great article.

      Thank you.


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