The Care of My Baby Spiny Soft Shell Turtle

For those of you who are interested or already have obtained a baby soft shell turtle, I would like to share my information. For the past fifteen months, I have raised an eastern spiny soft shell turtle since the day it hatched. I have cross-referenced too many sites to remember and have learned through my experience of how to take care of such a fragile creature.

It took a lot of research and diligent care to learn what I know now, and for those of you who are also looking up information, this page will cut your search short. If you are thinking about purchasing or catching one, you need to be prepared and informed on what you are getting yourself into.

The baby soft shell turtle is one of the hardest turtles to keep as a pet. A newborn is about the size of a half-dollar (give or take) and a healthy baby grows very gradually. They do not reach sexual maturity until eight years. They hatch between August and November, and hibernate during the winter (only those with experience or veterinarian aid should attempt artificial hibernation).


Most people naturally put these creatures in aquariums, but a large tub or plastic pool is also acceptable, as long as it is at least twenty gallons in volume.

Less than a 20 gallon tank is fine for a temporary solution, but you’ll eventually need to upgrade to a 20 gallon (a 20 gallon breeder is the best choice, something like 30x12x12). Anything bigger than twenty is fine, or even better depending how long you keep the turtle. Just remember width is more important than depth, although your turtle should be able to swim freely for exercise and exploration.

If you already have a fish tank, reevaluate it. What animals live in your current aquarium? If you already have a turtle (different or same species) then you might need to get another tank for your softy.

The standard aquarium size for one baby is a 20 gallon tank. So if you have two, then you need to get a 40 gallon. Seems excessive, but turtles sharing the same home need that space. Otherwise, they will turn on each other and fight, or they will feel smothered and their growth rate will decrease. Neither outcome is good for the turtles.

If not another turtle, is their a large fish in the tank? This might be the same situation. I had an old plecostomus in my tank and it hated the turtle. The turtle would want to go into its den and the fish would jerk and slap the turtle away with its fin. And the turtle would scratch back in defense. I ended up getting rid of the sucker fish.

These turtles dry their shells every once in a while for health purposes, so your turtle must have something to climb out of the water. It does not have to crawl completely out of water, just shallow enough to dry its shell.

They also need a place to stand and breath while submerged in water (so their heads reach the surface). They will spend most of their time (including sleep) in this shallow area. If a shallow area for them to rest in is not available, the turtle will ultimately drown.


Water must be dechlorinated by leaving tap water out for twenty-four hours or by using dechlorinating formula to add in the water for instant use. Make sure the water is always crystal clear and has a good filtration system. The water should never stink and the temperature should be anywhere from medium to late 70’s fahrenheit. Any lower can prevent the turtle from eating by preparing itself for hibernation.


These turtles are carnivores. But do not think feeding them raw hamburger and cooked ham is okay. These animals need to eat a varied diet mixed with natural foods they would find in the wild and/or healthy alternatives made for their specific needs. The average diet of a baby soft shell turtle in the wild consists of:

Dead fish (or any other corpse found in water)
Very small fish
Fish eggs
Newborn crawdads

Here are alternative foods in case you cannot provide all or any of the above.

Live ghost shrimp
Pellets catered to soft shell turtles
Frozen blood worms
Live or dead crickets

These items can be purchased from any aquarium store.

Baby soft shell turtles need vitamin A, calcium and protein in order to thrive. So fish flakes or fish pellets will not satisfy their needs. Turtles can go a long time without food when necessary, so if you are having trouble getting it to eat any of these foods, it’ll just take time. I had to trick my turtle by putting soft shell pellets in combination with chicken liver. Soon I took the liver out of the equation and he started eating the pellets alone. Calcium sulfa blocks can also help give your turtle all the calcium it requires without specific foods.

And never give up with insects. My turtle went its first five months of life not eating anything that moved, but every once in a while I’d put a small insect near where he usually sits in the shallow area. After months of rejections, one day he unexpectedly ate the bug, and has been eating grubs and crickets since then (the movement now gets his attention).

And be careful not to overfeed; these animals can die if fed too much. They should have a little blubber on their limbs when retracted. Feel every once in a while to make sure it is not starving either. Watch your turtle; it is up to your judgment when it is time to feed.

UVB Rays

UVB lights cannot be compromised. These turtles have to get twelve hours of natural sunlight or UVB radiation per day. Vitamin D3 is essential for bone growth with the combination of calcium.

Some might think to place the aquarium in front of a window, but the sun will not touch the aquarium for twelve hours. Also, UVB cannot get past most glass, so even if the window is open, it will most likely not penetrate the aquarium. So unless your turtle is kept out doors during the warm seasons, a UVB bulb is the only option.

Do not purchase a bulb that says it is meant for plants and assume it has UVB radiation. If the word UVB is nowhere on the box, then it does not have UVB rays. UVA comes with natural sunlight, but again, without the “B,” it cannot make up as a substitute.

Also be weary of how close the light is placed over the habitat. Seven inches over the basking area (shallow area) may be a good distance, but be your own judge and see how the turtle reacts to it. If it spends less time in the basking area, then the light needs to be moved higher.

If the UVB bulb is a fluorescent tube and is placed in a traditional aquarium overhead, make sure there is no plastic or glass case between the bulb and the habitat, to further ensure the turtle is receiving all the UVB it requires.


These turtles love sand. Tiny pebble-like rocks are acceptable as long as they are smooth, but you will find newborns constantly trying to bury themselves, only managing to throw a few rocks on their backs. By burying themselves, they not only have a feeling of security (reduced stress), but they typically catch live prey this way, thus preparing them for adulthood. It is also very entertaining to watch them burrow and peak their heads out from the sand.

If the basking area will allow it, sand should be placed here too. They will spend most of their time buried in the sand with the exception of their noses and eyes above the water’s surface. They may also bury themselves at the bottom of deep water, but they enjoy having their shells buried while breathing normally in the air. They also usually sleep buried mostly or entirely in the sand, but only if it is in shallow water.

Calcium sand can be found in aquarium shops and also pool stores. The sand should be free of chemicals.


These are the important necessities of the baby soft shell turtle, and anyone who cannot afford or wishes not to provide all these crucial requirements should not keep this animal. If this turtle was bought, it would be best to hand it over to a wildlife sanctuary and they will most likely relocate it to its natural environment. If it was caught nearby, then let the turtle go where it was found (unless of course it is winter, then I advise the wild life sanctuary). Do not let the turtle go if it is not from the area.

These animals can easily die due to scratches on their shells, filthy water, and an unhealthy or overfed diet. Stay alert for erratic activity, eye irritation (closing eyes a lot), scratches, weight loss or gain, and strange curves progressing on the edges of their shells. Metabolic bone disease is the result of calcium and Vitamin D3 deficiency, causing irregular shell shape.

Provide the turtle shallow water, adequate space, clean water, a healthy diet, twelve hours of UVB, and a sense of security with sand to ensure the health of the baby soft shell turtle.

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Comments 50 comments

truthfornow profile image

truthfornow 5 years ago from New Orleans, LA

What a beautiful turtle and it seems like you are taking such great care of it.

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 5 years ago Author

Thank you.

tsadjatko profile image

tsadjatko 5 years ago from maybe (the guy or girl) next door

I'll say - great hub!

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 5 years ago Author

Thanks, I try.

Felicity 5 years ago

Very nice! There is so many opinions and even websites and youtube videos that will say they they do not bask, do not need uvb/uva. Great work man!

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 5 years ago Author

Thank you. As far as I know, all turtles need UVB and UVA light. My turtle rarely basked, but always give your turtle the option to do so, regardless. Thanks for commenting!

madison 5 years ago

i thot your pag was fary usfull it helped me with my turtle so thank you fary much

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 5 years ago Author

Glad to help.

PADDYBOY60 profile image

PADDYBOY60 4 years ago from Centreville Michigan

Very informative hub. Thanks.

amy 4 years ago

i have two eastern spiny softshell turtles and one of them is giving birth i placed her in a tub by herself with the baby attached i do not know how to care for these some guided help will be very helpful please what do i do??

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 4 years ago Author

Wha? Um, a few questions. I really want to help, but turtles lay eggs in the sand; they don't give birth like animals. Also, I only know how to care for babies, not adults. Did you buy these or did you catch them? If you ever place a turtle in water, make sure the water is dechlorinated. If the water hasn't sat out in 24 hours, then buy dechlorinating formula from any fish store, or I guess walmart since it is late.

I can't help if I don't know all the facts.I suggest emailing me telling me everything that has happened. You should be able to find my address in my info.

Eric Milne profile image

Eric Milne 4 years ago from Pauma Valley, California

I have a Florida soft shell in a 55 gallon tank was wondering if I could put a spiny soft shell in there too?

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 4 years ago Author

Eric Milne,

I only have experience with one baby spiny, but I have seen other people have two or even three babies sharing the same tank, as long as they have enough space. 20 gallons per turtle, and that is while they are juvenile, not yet adult size. So 55 would be good if both turtles are small. Also, make sure they each have their own place to bask; provide a lot of options where they don't have to share the same spot. I would watch them like a hawk for the first few days and see how they do. I would not think one being spiny and the other being soft would make a difference, but again, watch them closely and have a back up plan just in case.

Eric 4 years ago

Thank u so much

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 4 years ago Author

You're welcome.

Krista 4 years ago

I have a 3 year RES in a 55galon tank and I just got a baby spiny I put the baby spiny inside the tank and my RES bit half of the baby spiny shell of you think it's goin to survive?

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 4 years ago Author

Oh god, I hate hearing things like this. I don't know how it could survive with that much damage. I would isolate the baby and put it in clear, decholirnated water. Put freshwater salt (make sure it is right amount) in the water and that will help fight off bacteria in the wound. Take it to an animal shelter or something and see what they can do. Honestly, that's very bad. It may have to be euthanized if it is as bad as I am thinking. That's all I can tell you.

Krista 4 years ago

Thank you!

But it died like 10 minutes later!

I feel so bad for the baby turtle I never thought that my RES was goin to do that!

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 4 years ago Author

I'm sorry for your loss. We humans make mistakes, but it's our animals that always have to pay for them. I made a mistake once that ended the life of a turtle; it was a really gruesome death and to this day it brings me to tears thinking about it. It happens to all of us at some point. Now you know not to put those two species together.

All the best.

Melissa 4 years ago

I have about 20spiny soft shell turtle eggs.I was wondering how long it will take them to hatch.I've had them for about a month and a half,when I take a flashlight and look through the eggs I can see their tiny long do you think it will take them to hatch?I have a light on them during the day also.

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 4 years ago Author

I have no idea. Sorry.

Alexandra 4 years ago

Hey umm I found my turtle in my creek and I already have paid a lot of money for the cages and all of it.. I know it's right to let him home but I love him and I want to keep him.. Could I be able to keep him??

Alexandra 4 years ago

I just wanted to ask if love can kill like i don't know if he likes where he's at... I have a small cage I keep him in now but what kind of water do I get him??

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 4 years ago Author

By cage you mean aquarium, right? I am assuming you caught a spiny also.

I would argue that if you really loved him, you would let him go eventually. That's what I did with my spiny (it was really hard).

But you can hang on to him for a while. Use those items you've bought and keep him for a bit, as long as you are meeting every one of his needs (as listed above).

Do what you think is best for the turtle.

trisha 4 years ago

I have a soft shelled turtle and and hard shell turtle in the same tank that we got from big piney river in missouri is this safe to do? they are babies, im worried!

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 4 years ago Author

I would keep an eye on them. They may fight over food.

Joe Joe 4 years ago

I have a spiny softshell turtle the size of a half dollar and a painter turtle the size of a penny what do I do

Joe 4 years ago

i have a spiny soft shell bout the size of a half-dollar and a painter the size of a dime can i put them in a 20gallon tank 4 now

Joe 4 years ago

how high can i put the water

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 4 years ago Author

They're certainly small enough that you can keep them in small separate tanks for now.

How high to put your water? That depends on the size of the tank. As long as they can swim underwater, it's good. Might look at my other hubs if you want an example of a good baby spiny softshell habitat.

Joe 4 years ago

Thanks it helps

Nate 4 years ago

How deep should the water level be for a 20 gallon tank?

Also - how often should I change the water? I currently do not have a filter for the tank. Do you recommend a filter?


mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 4 years ago Author

There are different shaped 20 gallons, like a 20 gal. long is what I know. Like 3/4 filled with water, maybe. For a baby softshell, look at my other hub about their setup--I have the perfect setup explained.

Filteration is very important for turtles in general. I replace half the water every week and have a filter running at all times. Always keep the water crystal clear.

michael atherton 4 years ago

Is it common for the turtles to have red spots on their stomach area

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 4 years ago Author

No, I'm not sure what that is, but it isn't normal.

MariaFL 3 years ago

I found 9 softshell turtles in my pool about 5 months ago. I've been keeping them in a 10 gallon tank. I am out of town now and my mother just told me they look like they were dead. My friend told me they might be hibernating due to the drop in temperature in FL right now. According to my mother it must have been like in the low to mid 50s last night. They aren't moving but they don't look dead to me either. Any help?

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 3 years ago Author

In the low 50s in the tank or outside? If the tank is in the 50s, then yeah, I'd say they're hibernating if not dead, but they will die if it gets lower than that.

If you want them out of hibernation, I would slowly raise the temperature and see if they awaken. Maybe a few degrees every hour. But I would research this first, because I have never hibernated a turtle before, because it is so dangerous.

By the way, 9 baby turtles in a 10 gallon? They're at least 5 months old. That's overcrowding and their growth have been stunted because of that.

I would start letting them go in the nearest pond once it's spring (if you can bring them out of hibernation safely). Good luck.

zain 2 years ago

Can I keep my baby eastern spiny softshell turtle in 10 inches tank?

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 2 years ago Author

I don't understand your question. 10 inches in height? Length? Or are you talking about water depth? Yes, no, and yes, assuming there's a shallow part for him to rest in.

10 gallons is fine for a short while, but they really should be in 20 gallons filled mostly with water. Once they reach 4 inches in width, they need to be upgraded to a longer, bigger tank.

barkarkjmk 2 years ago

Can u feed them fault jack

barkarkjmk 2 years ago

I mean faltjacks

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 2 years ago Author

I don't know what that is.

cinram 2 years ago

Thankyou for the info, I was wondering if they like to be with other softshells or are they more loneers?

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 2 years ago Author

In the wild they have nothing to do with each other, at least until they reach sexual maturity.

EHBailey 21 months ago

I cannot thank you enough for this post! I have been searching for more information since we happened upon a baby softshell while canoeing. He looks about the size of your baby. I had no idea how best to care for him and this is fantastic! I can't wait to get him set up. Do you think he would be okay in a tank with 5 small goldfish? It is a 20 gallon tank that I feel I could modify for him.

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 21 months ago Author

Goldfish produce a lot of waste, like turtles. I'd be sure you have an excellent filtration system and perform partial water changes twice a week. If the temperature is right and you keep up on maintenance, then I think it could work. Thanks for commenting!

Olivia 16 months ago

hey is it ok if I feed the turtle freezes and dried blood worms or no??

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 16 months ago Author

Freezed bloodworms, yes. Dried, I'm not sure about.

Hfuydrsttiggdfryyu 7 months ago

How long can they stay out of water

mariekbloch profile image

mariekbloch 7 months ago Author

They are aquatic so they should always have access to water they can fully submerge themselves in. I don't know how long they can stay out of the water.

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