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9 Items Your Hamster Needs for a Long and Happy Life

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Poppy has been keeping hamsters for nearly four years and enjoys helping other pet owners.

Hamsters are affordable and cute animals. They make for appropriate pets for older children (if they know how to care for them) and are often impulse buys for adults. Despite its small size, however, your new pet won't be happy just sitting in a small box all the time.

Just like other animals, a hamster needs stimuli, a variety of food, and toys to keep it happy. If your hamster has a lot of space and plenty of things to keep it busy, you will have a healthy and happy little furball who might even live much longer than you expect it to!


If You Just Bought Your Hamster

First of all, it's good to remember that hamsters have different personalities. Some hamsters are happy to settle into a new place and will start playing with new toys or building nests right away. Other hamsters, however, can be incredibly shy. In a worst-case scenario, your hamster might be terrified of humans (through no fault of your own) and simply want to stay in its house all the time.

It is important to know your hamster's personality as soon as you can. If you have just bought your hamster, let it settle into its new home—don't touch it or try to play with it for at least a couple of days, and ideally one week. The new smells and sounds around it can startle or frighten the little guy. Just quietly give it fresh food and drink every day and don't disturb it until it's ready to be held and tamed.

9 Things a Hamster Needs to Be Happy and Healthy

You may have seen the hamster in the pet store living with little more than a water bottle, some food, and some bedding in a tiny cage. This is not an ideal environment for a hamster, which needs to be able to run, explore, burrow, and hide its food. Here are essential items you need for your cute new friend to ensure that it lives a long, happy, and healthy life with you.

1. A Big Cage

When it comes to hamster cages, bigger is always better. Every hamster needs a large home with plenty of room to run around and burrow. There is no way around it.

The two main types of hamster cage are:

  • Tank style: a plastic aquarium with a lid
  • Bar style: a cage with bars

I personally prefer the bar style as it has much more ventilation for the hamster. My hamsters seemed happier once they were inside a cage with bars. One downside of this type of cage, however, is that the hamster can chew on the bars which can make an irritating sound. At the same time, bar nibbling can tell you when your hamster wants to leave the cage and explore.

A cage that has wide space and multiple floors is ideal for your fluffy little friend. Be sure to get a cage that is at least 24 inches by 12 inches and at least 12 inches tall. However, the bigger the better. If you're unable to provide a larger cage for your hamster, be sure to let them out to exercise every single day.

How to Clean a Hamster Cage

If you notice any damp patches or particularly gross bits (Hemingway liked to pee all over the top floor of his cage for some reason), clean them up immediately. You should also do a deep clean of your hamster's home once a week, where you throw away most old bedding, wipe clean any toys and houses, and refill it with clean bedding. Use warm water or, for particularly bad patches, soapy water. Avoid bleach or other potentially harmful chemicals.

One mistake many hamster owners make is completely replacing the bedding. Be sure to save a handful or two of the older bedding so that it has your hamster's smell on it. If you don't, your hamster won't recognise its home when you put it back and believe it's in a different place, which can make it nervous. A hamster feels safe where its own smell is, and ensuring it knows its home will keep it happy and preserve its peace of mind.


2. Appropriate Bedding

A hamster won't be happy just in a plastic cage; you have to give it bedding as well. Wooden shavings are a good start, but can be bad for your hamster's health. Ideally, you'll want to use shredded paper (free of any ink), tissue, and kitchen towels (good for absorbing urine).

Aspen shavings are the safest type of wooden shaving bedding, but paper or tissue is the healthiest choice. Be sure to use a generous amount of bedding as a sort of 'carpet' in the bottom floor of your hamster's cage so they can get to burrowing and building nests right away.

3. A Variety of Food

Hamsters eat seeds, nuts, vegetables, and fruit. They also enjoy the odd insect from time to time, although this may depend on the hamster's taste. Once I offered a cockroach to my female hamster, Zelda, and she looked at me like I'd just insulted her whole family. The male hamster, Hemingway, happily took the roach and gobbled it all down.

You have to give your hamsters a variety of things, not just the same old seed mix every day. At the same time, it's important to keep the diet reasonably consistent as a sudden change can stress them out. Here are some foods I recommend giving to your hamster.

  • Start with a simple seed mix as the sort of 'base' of their diet. Give them a little of this each day.
  • A dried vegetable mix which is both healthy and a favourite of my hamsters. The small, dried bits fit into their pouches and there is enough variety in the mix to keep things interesting.
  • The odd fresh vegetable or fruit. Be sure to look up what is safe for hamsters to eat—for example, small bits of banana, cucumber, lettuce, and carrot are fine, but lemon, large quantities of tomato, onion, and even potato can be toxic. If you feed your hamster fresh vegetables, be sure to clear away the remains the same day or the day after to avoid it rotting in their cage.
  • Sunflower seeds. Only give these as a rare treat as they are high in fat and can make your hamster put on weight. I didn't know this at first and Hemingway loves them, and at one point he was almost obese. Poor chap.
  • Cheese, in small quantities (a few small pieces per week), is also a yummy treat most hamsters love. Cheese, cooked egg white, and plain boiled chicken are also excellent choices for a pregnant hamster.
Zelda enjoying a piece of cheese

Zelda enjoying a piece of cheese

4. A Water Bottle

Hamsters shouldn't be drinking water from a dish as there's a chance their fur can get wet, which is dangerous for them. Instead, a water bottle is essential for a hamster.

Come cages include water bottles, but if not, you can get them cheaply from most pet stores. For a tank type cage, get one that hangs from the top. For a bar cage, get one that can be attached to the bars. Arrange it so the hamster can drink from it standing either on two legs or four; obviously, if it's too high, the little guy won't be able to reach it.

5. Things to Chew

A hamster's teeth grow constantly, and it's not enough for them to be able to nibble food. Hamsters may chew on its cage bars, but this isn't ideal.

Instead, a wooden toy or block in their cage will keep their teeth busy. Another recommendation is hard sticks from outside, but I'm reluctant to use them in case my hamsters accidentally swallow small parts. I use a wooden block that can be attached to the bars of a cage.

Having things to chew on will stop them nibbling the bars of their cage. The noise can be annoying, even if the hamster does look very cute when it's eager to come out and play.

A hamster chewing the bars of her cage

A hamster chewing the bars of her cage

6. A Sand Bath

I only just recently started giving my hamsters a small bath with sand in it, and they absolutely love it! There's nothing cuter than seeing them climb into the bowl to roll around in the sand.

Some people choose to buy the larger plastic items, but I find these take up too much space. I recommend using a small bowl from your own kitchen (ideally plastic, though ceramic works too) that you won't miss and filling it up a couple of centimeters deep with the sand. Be sure to change it every few days as the hamsters tend to use it as a toilet as well.

7. Tissue Paper

Hamsters like to make nests to sleep in. They have bedding, but they will also need tissue paper to make their nest soft and cosy. My hamsters go crazy when I pop a few pieces of tissue into their cage. It's affordable and your hamsters will love it.

It's very sweet to see them ripping up the tissue paper themselves and building their nest with it. If you put some tissue into their home, come back a few hours later and it'll probably be gone. Don't forget this essential step; with a comfortable bed, a hamster will sleep better, giving it a longer and healthier life.

Zelda wrapped up in tissue paper

Zelda wrapped up in tissue paper

8. A Large Wheel

As mentioned before, hamsters need a lot of exercise. They may seem lathargic and lazy during the day, but that's because they're nocturnal. Come sunset, you'll see the little guy scurrying around the cage and full of energy.

A wheel is an essential item in any hamster cage. During busy times when you can't let your hamster run all over you or around a playpen, it will need space to run. The recommended cage earlier in this article had a wheel included, but you can also buy them separately.

One important aspect of a hamster wheel is that it must be large enough so that your hamster's back isn't bent while he's using it. This can do more damage than good, such as causing spine problems. This is a bigger issue if you have a larger breed of hamster.

A silent wheel is best if your hamster lives in your room as you don't want the rattling or the squeaking keeping you awake at night.

9. Cardboard Tubes

Another affordable item for any hamster is a cardboard tube that comes from toilet rolls and kitchen paper. Hamsters love to crawl through these tiny spaces and might even chew up the cardboard to play with. This is a simple yet effective addition to your hamster's cage that will stimulate its mind and give it something to do.


Although hamsters can and have survived with very basic amenities, you would probably want your fluffy new friend to be as happy and as healthy as possible. A hamster with plenty to do, lots of space to run around, and a healthy diet with the odd treat is much more likely to be friendlier towards you as well. Give your hamster the best possible life with these essential items and toys.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.

Questions & Answers

Question: What type of hamster is best for a child?

Answer: A Syrian hamster is best for kids as they’re larger, easier to handle, and require less maintenance. Your child should be at least 10 years old to take care of a hamster.

Question: My hamster bites his sawdust and hay (pets at home recommended it) but however many veggies or biting toys I offer him, his favourite thing to chew is still my finger and it hurts a lot. How can I stop this?

Answer: Do you think he bites because he’s frightened or because he likes the taste? Try rubbing something nasty tasting on your hand to deter him from biting and distract him with a treat. Sunflower seeds work well.

Question: What type of cage is bad for a hamster and why?

Answer: Cages that are too small are a big no-no because they need space to run around. Always make sure it’s nice and spacious. You also need to make sure it’s made of sturdy material so they can’t chew their way out.

Question: My hamster spent half the night chewing its bars. We have three small kids and they have been handling her a lot. Is it possible that she is stressed or do you think it’s her teeth?

Answer: Hamsters often chew the bars of their cage. There are many reasons for this.

1. She is bored. Hamsters often get bored if they don't have enough stimulation. Does she have lots of toys? Try hiding treats around her cage for her to find. 2. She wants to escape her cage. Put her in a ball or playpen for a while in the evening before the children go to bed so she gets some exercise. 3. Her cage is too small. 4. She doesn't have enough things to chew. Make sure she has plenty of wooden chew toys she can gnaw on. I also often put tissue paper in my hamster's cage to keep him busy building a nest.

Question: My hamster has a cold and I have no milk, what else can I use?

Answer: Feed your hamster clean water, it doesn’t need milk. Be sure to disinfect the cage and to give it lots of tissue paper to make a nest and hopefully it’ll get better on its own. If not, take it to the vet.

Question: What kind of tissue paper should I use for my hamster?

Answer: Any kind is fine as long as it’s unscented. Of course, the softer the tissue paper is, the nicer it’ll feel for your hamster.

Question: My hamster climbs up to the top of the cage. Is that normal?

Answer: Yes! Hamsters love to climb! Be sure it has enough stimuli and you let it out for a few minutes each day so it doesn’t get too bored.

Question: My hamster bites its toys. How can I stop it?

Answer: Hamsters bite everything, it’s their way of testing it out. Their teeth grow constantly so they need things to chew on. Give them wooden chew toys and hopefully, they’ll gnaw them instead.

Question: Does a hamster need little toys, like really tiny cat toys for kittens?

Answer: Yes, give your hamster toys! Wood blocks are a great idea. Hamsters need lots of entertainment and things to play with. Check your local pet store for toys.

Question: How do you stop your hamster chewing their bars?

Answer: Give them enough toys to play with and take them out of the cage to play every day. Make sure they have plenty of treats and chew toys as well. Cardboard works well. Hamsters either bite the bars to try to escape or to keep their teeth short. If you've tried all this and nothing is working, you might have to think about getting a bigger cage or a glass tank without bars.

Question: I am getting a hamster for my 12-year-old. What kind should I get?

Answer: Get whichever hamster your child likes at the pet store! Most hamsters have similar temperaments so their species doesn't matter too much. Keep in mind Syrians are a lot bigger, but they're suitable for younger owners. I'd recommend a Syrian (but only get one.)

Question: Can I put my hamster's cage on the floor?

Answer: Yes, that's perfectly fine as long as the floor isn't too cold or too hot and there's no danger of anyone accidentally kicking it or disturbing them with noise.

Question: My two hamsters are fighting. They are dwarf hamsters. Should I put them in separate cages or just give them more attention?

Answer: Is their cage big enough? The main reason hamsters fight is that they want more of their own territory. If they're always fighting then yes, it's probably best you separate them before one or both of them gets seriously injured.

© 2018 Poppy


Angela on August 28, 2020:

What do you think the most important thing you got to know about a hamster is?☆

Angela on August 27, 2020:

I am thinking about getting a hamster. And your information really helped! I think hamsters are such cute pets! ⭐︎

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on August 22, 2020:

Some hamsters don't like exercise balls. Let him run around on your hands and arms instead.

Zoey Friedly on August 21, 2020:

My hamster used to love his ball. Recently though he wont even take a step in there. Every single day I grab him and show him his ball , and I try to put him in. What should I do?

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on August 20, 2020:

Thank you, Emaline!

Emalin on August 19, 2020:

I love your page as it has given me many tips on hamsters!!

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on July 31, 2020:

Hello! My hamsters, one male and both female, both smelled the same, though the female tended to be neater with her nest.

on July 30, 2020:

Hi Poppy do you know if it's true that male hamsters smell bad?

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on July 30, 2020:

Leong, check out this article for how to make your hamster friendlier:

As for the water, make sure the bottle is low enough. If it's too high, he might not be able to reach it.

Leong Tze wai on July 29, 2020:

Hi I am a 11 years old kid, I got my hamster a few days ago and it is very cute. The problem is that it keeps on biting my finger and I did not see it drink any water. I am scared that I will die because of no water, what should I do.

Ps: thx so much for your advise!!!!!!

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on July 13, 2020:

A hyper hamster could just mean it's happy, especially if it's young! Does it have a large cage? It might be bored if its cage is too small. Consider upgrading.

Petra on July 13, 2020:

Hello I have a question I let my hamster run around in the ball for a half hour it has its runner inside of his cage but it still seems super hyper what can I do to entertain it more he has the wood chewing toys and stuff I think I'm going to try the toilet paper roll but what else can I do

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on July 07, 2020:

No problem, I hope your hamster is well :)

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on July 07, 2020:

Hi Flying Potato, you can get some good hamster bedding here:

Flying Potato on July 07, 2020:

My hamsters name is Nuttela and im still curious about saw dust, should I still use wooden shavings or should i get shredded tissues. If I should were do i get them from

Vinuji thisathya on July 07, 2020:

This article is very informative thanks poppy for emailing me back the answer I was worried about her

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on June 15, 2020:

Good! That's perfect for them!

Brian on June 15, 2020:

I have read a lot of reviews about fluffy hamster bedding being dangerous so i now tear up lots of UNSCENTED plain toilet roll ( AND ITS CHEAPER )

Olivia on June 13, 2020:

I just learnt so much about hamsters and I needed to because i am getting one soon

bob on June 11, 2020:

good advice

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on March 19, 2020:

You all have to treat it with care and make sure it's used to all of you. DO NOT all go and try to play with it at once; it'll be really frightened if you do that.

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on February 02, 2020:

Anything made of wood the hamster can chew, tubes they can crawl and hide in, anything your pet store suggests :)

Millie on February 02, 2020:

What fun toys could you have

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on October 01, 2019:

Hamsters are a lot of responsibility. I definitely think cleaning your room is a good start! Strong smells, whether it's dirty clothes or old food, can really upset a hamster. If you prove to your dad you can keep your room clean and are ready for the responsibility of taking care of a pet, he might get you one. Just remember you have to clean its cage every week and you need to give it fresh water and food every day. You also need to play with it and get it lots of toys to keep it happy and entertained.

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on July 27, 2019:

Small hamsters don't live as long but they also don't need such a large cage. Syrians are bigger and very cute but they need more exercise and bigger cages. You also can't put more than one Syrian in the same cage.

Hamster on July 27, 2019:

I am getting a hamster what type should I get

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on June 19, 2019:

Thank you for your comment, Pam!

Pam on June 19, 2019:

Ok I just learned a Lot about hamsters thank you so much

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on March 01, 2019:

Sorry to hear that. Put some treats near her cage. Be very still and quiet and you might hear her rustling about. If she escaped her cage, buy a better one. When you take her out in the future, don't let her out of your sight.

Morgan on March 01, 2019:

My hammster is missing her name is hazzlenut

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on November 08, 2018:

Thank you, Liz. I hope it will help people help their hamsters be happier and live longer.

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on November 08, 2018:

That’s so funny that she kept escaping! What a mischievous little girl. What a relief she never got hurt or squashed while she was out. Yes, you have to be careful with wet fruit and veg as it can cause diarrhea. Thank you for the cute story.

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on November 08, 2018:

I’m sure your hamster was happy with you when you were a child, though :) thank you so much for commenting!

Ellison Hartley from Maryland, USA on November 08, 2018:

This is really informative! I never knew many of these things. I have a Guinea Pig named Ivy, and had hampsters as a kid but not as an adult. As a kid I just thought about feeding it and holding it, there is a lot more to it. You know your stuff!

Liz Westwood from UK on November 08, 2018:

Great advice here for hamster owners and prospective owners.

FlourishAnyway from USA on November 08, 2018:

Your photos are adorable and your advice is sound. I haven't had hamsters in years. I had one in college who was a master at escaping her aquarium even though it had a metal top on it with "latches." I even put books on top and somehow she'd get out. It befuddled me.

She would always end up in my closet climbing my sweaters, peering at me sweetly. The exercise ball you referred to helped a lot.

I'd often give her empty tissue boxes and oatmeal boxes in her aquarium as well as toilet paper rolls to keep her interested, plus hamster snacks, fruits and seeds. I do recall having to limit the wetter fruits and vegetables because of the incidence of wet tail. Her name was Hannah Jayne.

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on November 08, 2018:

Hi there! Thanks for your article. I’m glad you enjoyed it and that you learned something new. Hopefully hamster owners will as well.

carolynkaye from USA on November 08, 2018:

This is a very informative article. I learned a lot of about hamsters that I didn't know. Very cute pictures too. Thanks for sharing!

Poppy (author) from Enoshima, Japan on November 08, 2018:

Hi Louise! Thank you for commenting. Hamsters are super easy to take care of and such sweet little things. If you don’t want to commit two years to one, you could buy an older one from a pet store. Before I got Zelda and Hemingway, I got an older hamster and he was actually free because he was already a year and a half old. I named him Shakespeare and he was the sweetest thing, really cute and affectionate. Had him for about seven months before he passed away. They may be small but they are lovely little animals.

Louise Powles from Norfolk, England on November 08, 2018:

I love hamsters. They are such cute little creatures. I used to have a hamster years ago. Had him quite a while too. I shall have to consider getting another one.